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not very well pleased with living fo obscurely in the country: but his mother dying, he prevailed with his father to let him indulge a defire, which he had long entertained, of seeing foreign countries, and particularly Italy: and having communicated his defign to Sir Henry Wotton, who had formerly been embaffador at Venice, and was then Provost of Eton College, and having also fent him his Mask of which he had not yet publicly acknowledged himself the author, he received from him the following friendly letter dated from the College the 10th of April 1638.

S IR, “ It was a special favor, when You lately bestowed

upon me here the first taste of Your acquaintance, " tho' no longer than to make me 'know, that I “ wanted more time to value it, and to enjoy it

rightly. And in truth, if I could then have ima

gined Your farther stay in these parts, which I “ understood afterwards by Mr. H., I would have “ been bold, in our vulgar phrase, to mend my

draught, for You left me with an extreme thirst, ” and to have begged your conversation again jointly « with Your faid learned friend, at a poor meal or

two, that we might have banded together some

good authors of the ancient time, among which I “ observed You to have been familiar.

“ Since Your going, You have charged me with new obligations, both for a very kind letter from You, dated the sixth of this month, and for a

dainty piece of entertainment, that came there“ with; wherein I should much commend the tragical part, if the lyrical did not ravish with a


se certain Doric delicacy in Your songs and odes, « wherein I must plainly confess to have seen yet “ nothing parallel in our language, Ipfa mollities. « But I must not omit to tell You, that I now only « owe You thanks for intimating unto me, how " modestly soever, the true artificer. For the work “.itself I had view'd some good while before with “ fingular delight, having received it from our com

mon friend Mr. R. in the very close of the late ". R's poems printed at Oxford; whereunto it is " added, as I now suppose; that the accessory might

help out the principal, according to the art of

ftationers, and leave the reader con la bocca dolce. 1:" Now, Sir, concerning Your travels, wherein I

may challenge a little more privilege of discourse " with You; I suppose, You will not blanch Paris « in Your way. Therefore I have been bold to « trouble You with a few lines to Mr. M. B. whom " You shall easily find attending the young Lord S. " as his governor; and You may surely receive from “ him good directions for shaping of Your farther

journey into Italy, where he did reside by my “ choice fome time for the king, after mine own re« cess from Venice.

“ I should think, that Your best line will be “thro the whole length of France to Marseilles, “ and thence by sea to Genoa, whence the passage “ into Tuscany is as diurnal as a Gravesend barge. I “ haften, as You do, to Florence or Sienna, the ra“ ther to tell You a short story, from the interest “ You have given me in Your safety.

“ At Sienna I was tabled in the house of one Alberto « Scipione, an old Roman courtier in dangerous VOL. I.


“ times,

times, having been steward to the Duca di Pag“ liano, who with all his family were strangled, “ fave this only man, that escaped by foresight of " the tempeft. With him I had often much chat “ of those affairs ; into which he took pleasure tő

look back from his native harbour, and at my de

parture toward Rome, which had been the center “ of his experience, I had won confidence enough

to beg his advice, how I might carry myself securely there, without offense of others, or of my own conscience: Signor Arrigo meo, says he, i pensieri stretti, & il viso sciolto, that is, Your

thoughts close, and your countenance loose, " will go fafely over the whole world. Of which " Delphian oracle (for fo I have found it) Yout

judgment doth need no commentary, and there

fore, Sir, I will commit You with it to the best “ of all securities, God's dear love, remaining Your çt friend, as much at command as any of longer - date.

H. Wotton. P.S. “ Sir, I have expressly sent this by my foot« boy to prevent Your departure, without some ac* knowledgment from me of the receipt of Your “ obliging letter, having myself thro' some business, " I know not how, neglected the ordinary convey

In any part where I shall understand You " fixed, I shall be glad and diligent to entertain " You with home-novelties, even for some fomen* tation of our friendship, too soon interrupted in « the cradle."

Soon after this he set out upon his travels, being of an age to make the proper improvements, and



not barely to see fights and to learn the languages, like most of our modern travelers, who go out boys, and return such as we see, but such as I do not choose to name. He was attended by only one servant, who accompanied him through all his travels; and he went firft to France, where he had recommendations to the Lord Scudamore, the English embassador there at that time, and as soon as he came to Paris, he waited upon his Lordship, and was received with wonderful civility; and having an earnest defire to visit the learned Hugo Grotius, he was by his Lordship’s means introduced to that great man, who was then embassador at the French court from the famous Christina Queen of Sweden ; and the visit was to their mutual fatisfaction; they were each of them pleased to see a person, of whom they had heard such commendations. But at Paris he stayed not long; his thoughts and his wishes hastened into Italy; and fo after a few days he took leave of the Lord Scudamore, who very kindly gave him letters to the English merchants in the feveral places thro' which he was to travel, requesting them to do him all the good offices which lay in their power.

From Paris he went directly to Nice, where he took shipping for Genoa, from whence he went to Leghorn, and thence to Pisa, and so to Florence, in which city he found sufficient inducements to make a stay of two months. For besides the curiosities and other beauties of the place, he took great delight in the company and conversation there, and frequented their academies as they are called, the meetings of the most polite and ingenious persons, which they have in this, as well as in the other

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principal cities of Italy, for the exercise and ime. provement of wit and learning among them. And in these conversations he bore so good a part, and produced so many excellent compositions, that he was soon taken notice of, and was very much courted and caressed by several of the nobility and prime wits of Florence. For the manner is, as he says himself in the preface to his second book of the Reason of Church-government, that every one must give some proof of his wit and reading there, and his productions were received with written encomiums which the Italian is not forward to bestow on men of this fide the Alps. 1. Jacomo Gaddi, Antonio Francini, Carlo Dati, Beneditto Bonmatthei, Cultellino, Frefcobaldi, Clementilli are reckoned among his particu-lar friends. · At Gaddi's house the academies were, held, which he constantly frequented. Antonio Francini composed an Italian ode in his commendation. Carlo Dati wrote a Latin eulogium of him, and corresponded with him after his return to England. Bonmatthei was at that time about publishing an Italian grammar; and the eighth of our author's familiar cpistles, dated at Florence Sept. 10. 1638, is addressed to him upon that occasion, commending his design, and advising him to add fome observations concerning the true pronunciation of that language for the use of foreigners.

So much good acquaintance would probably have detained him longer at Florence, if he had not been going to Rome, which to a curious traveler is certainly, the place the most worth seeing of any in the world. And so he took leave of his friends at Florence, and went from thence to Sienna, and from

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