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greatly increased thro' the connivance of the King, and the more open encouragement of the Duke of York; and the same year his poems, which had been printed in 1645, were reprinted with the addition of feveral others. His familiar epistles and fome academical exercises, Epistolarum familiarium Lib. I. et Prolusiones quædam Oratoriæ in Collegio Chrifti habitæ, were printed in 1674; as was also his translation out of Latin into English of the Pole's Declaration concerning the election of their king John III, setting forth the virtues and merits of that prince.

He wrote also a brief History of Mufcovy, collected from the relations of several travelers; but it was not printed till after his death in 1682. He had likewife his state-letters transcribed at the request of the Danish resident, but neither were they printed till after his death in 1675, and were translated into English in 1694; and to that translation a life of Milton was prefixed by his ne'phew Mr. Edward Philips, and at the end of that life his excellent fonnets to Fairfax, Cromwell, Sir Henry Vane, and Cyriac Skinner on his blindness were first printed. Besides these works which were published, he wrote a fystem of divinity, which Mr. Toland says was in the hands of his friend Cyriac Skinner, but where at present is uncertain, And Mr. Philips says, that he had prepared for the press an answer to fome little scribbling quack in London, who had written a scurrilous libel against him, but whether by the diffuasion of friends, as thinking him a fellow not worth his notice, or for what other cause Mr. Philips knoweth not, this an{wer was never published. And indeed the beft

F 4

vindicator

vindicator of him and his writings hath been Time. Posterity hath universally paid that honor to his merits, which was denied him by great part of his contemporaries. ' ,116

After a life thus-spent in study and labors for the public he died of the gout at his house in Bunhill Row on or about the roth of November 1674, when he had within a month completed the sixty sixth year of his age. It is not known when he was first attacked by the gout, but he was grievously afflicted with it several of the last years of his life, and was weakened to such a degree, that he died without a groan, and those in the room perceived not when he expired. His body was decently interred near that of his father (who had died very aged about the year 1647) in the chancel of the Church of St. Giles’s Cripplegate ; and all his great and learned friends in London, not without a friendly concourse of the common people, paid their last respects in attending it to the grave. Mr. Fenton in his short but elegant account of the life of Milton, speaking of our author's having no monument, says that “ he desired a friend to inquire at St. Giles's “ Church; where the sexton showed him a small “ monument, which he said was supposed to be “ Milton's ; but the infcription had never been le

gible since he was employed in that office, « which he has possessed about forty years. This “ sure could never have happened in so short a

space of time, unless the epitaph had been in

duftriously erased: and that supposition, says “. Mr. Fenton, carries with it so much inhumanity, “ that I think we ought to believe it was not erected

to

" to his memory.” It is evident that it was not erected to his memory, and that the sexton was miftaken. For Mr. Toland in his account of the life of Milton says, that he was buried in the chancel of St. Giles's Church,“ where the piety of his 5 admirers will shortly erect a monument becom

ing his 'worth and the encouragement of letters in \ King William's reign.”... This plainly implies that no monument was erected to him at that time, and this was written in 1698: and Mr. Fenton's account was first published, I think, in 1725; so that not above twenty seven years intervened from the one account to the other; and consequently the fexton, who it is said had been possessed of his office about forty years, must have been mistaken, and the monument must have been designed for some other person, and not for Milton, A monument indeed has been erected to his memory in Westminster Abbey by Auditor Benson in the year 1737; but the best monument of him is his writings.

In his youth he was esteemed extremely handsome, so that while he was a student at Cambridge, he was called the Lady of Christ's College. He had a very fine skin and fresh complexion; his hair was of a light brown, and parted on the foretop hung down in curls waving upon his shoulders; his features were exact and regular ; his voice agreeable and musical ; his habit clean and neat; his deportment erect and manly. He was middle-fized and well proportioned, neither tall nor short, neither too lean nor too corpulent, strong and active in his younger .years, and though afflicted with frequent head-akes, blindness, and gout, was yet a comely

and

and well-looking man to the last. His eyes were of a light blue color, and from the first aré faid to have been none of the brightest; but after he lost the fight of them, (which happened about the 43d year of his age) they still appeared without spot of blemish, and at first view and at a little distance it was not eafy to know that he was blind. Mr. Richardfon had an account of him from an ancient clergyman in Dorsetshire, Dr. Wright, who found him in a small house, which had (he thinks) but one room on a floor; in that, up one pair of stairs, which was hung with a rusty green, he faw John Milton fitting in an elbow chair, with black clothes, and neat enough, pale but not cadaverous, his hands and fingers gouty, and with chalk stones; among other difcourfe he expreffed himself to this purpose, that was he free from the pain of the gout, his blindnefs would be tolerable, " But there is the less need to be particular in the description of his person, as the idea of his face and countenance is pretty well known from the numerous prints, pictures, bufts, medals, and other representations which have been made of him. There are two pictures of greater value than the rest, as they are undoubted originals, and were in the poffeffion of Milton's widow: the first was drawn when he was about twenty one, and is at prefent in the collection of the Right Honorable Arthur Onslow Efq; Speaker of the Houfe of Commons; the other in crayons was drawn when he was about fixty two, and was in the collection of Mr. Richardson, but has since been purchased by Mr. Tonfon. Several prints have been made from both these pictures ; and there is a

| print done, when he was about fixty two or fixty

three, after the life by Faithorn, which tho' not lo
handsome, may yet perhaps be as true a resemblance,
as any of them. It is prefixed to fome of our au-
thor's pieces, and to the folio edition of his profe
works in three volumes printed in 1698.
In his

way of living he was an example of con briety and temperance. He was very fparing in the use of wine or strong liquors of any kind. Let meaner poets make use of fuch expedients to raise their fancy and kindle their imagination. He wanted not any artificial spirits ; he had a natural fire, and poetic warmth enough of his own. He was likewife very abstemious in his diet, not fastidioufly nice or delicate in the choice of his dishes, but content with any thing that was moft in feafon, or easiest to be procured, eating and drinking, (according to the distinction of the philofopher) that he might live, and not living that he might eat and drink. So that probably his gout descended by inheritance from one or other of his parents; or if it was of his own acquiring, it muft have been owing to his ftudious and fedentary fife. And yet he delighted sometimes in walking and using exercise, but we hear nothing of his riding or hunting; and having early learned to fence, he was such a master of his sword, that he was not afraid of resenting an affront from any man; and before he lost his fight, his principal recreation was the exercise of his arms; but after he was confined by age and blindness, he had a machine to fwing in for the preservation of his health. In his youth he was accustomed to fit up late at his ftudies, and seldom went to bed before midnight ;

but

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