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6. Rotation ; revolution.

Look not too long upon these turning mubeel's of vicissitude, lest we become giddy: Bacon.

According to the common vicissitude and Tubeel of things, the proud and the insolent, after long trampling upon others, come at length to be trampled upon themselves.

South. 7. A compass about; a track approaching to circularity He throws his flight iir many an airy wheel.

Milton To WHEEL. V. n. (from the noun.] 1. To move on wheels. 2. To turn on an axis.

The moon carried about the earth always shews the same face to us, not once wheeling upo: her own center.

Bentley. 3. To revolve; to have a rotatory motion.

The course of justice wheel'd about, And left thee but a very prey to time. Sbaksp. 4. To turn; to have vicissitudes. 5. To fetch a compass.

Spies Held me in chace, that i was forc'd to wbeel Three or four miles about. Sbakspeare.

You, my Myrmidons, Mark what I say, attend me where I wheel


Sbakspeare. Continually wheeling about, he kept them in 80 strait, that no man could, without great danger, go to water his horse.

He at hand provokes

and plies him with redoubled strokes; Wheels as he wbuels.

Dioden. Half these draw off, and coast the south With strictest watch; these other whell the

north); Our circuit meets full west: as flame cher part, Hali wbeding to the shield, half to the spear.

Milton. Now smoothly steers through air his rapid

Aipht, Then wheeling down the steep of heav’n he fies,

And draw's a radiant circle o'er che skies. Pope. 6. To roll forward.

Thunder Must wheel on the earth devouring where it rolls.

Milton. T. WHEEL. v.a. To put into a rotatory molion; to make to whirl round.

Heav'n rowl'd

as the great first Mover's hand First wbeels their course.

Milion. WHEE'LBARROW. n. s. [auheel and bar

row.) A carriage driven forward on one wheel.

Carry bottles in a wheelbarrow upon rough ground, but not filled full, but leave some air.

Bacun. Pippins did in webeelbarrows abound. King. WHEE'LER. n. s. [from wheel.] A maker

After local names the most have been derived from occupations, as Potter, Smith, Brasier,

Camden. WHEE'LWRIGHT.n.s. (wheel and wright.]

A maker of wheel carriages.
It is a tough wood, and all heart, being good

Mortimer. WHEE'LY. adj. (from wheel.] Circular; suitable to rotation.

Hinds exercise the pointed steel On the liard rock, and give a wisely form


TO WHEEZE. V.". [hpecson, Sax.) To breathe with noise.

The construction of the trachæa streighiens the passage of the air, and produces the moscere ing in the asthma.

flyer. "It is easy to run into ridicule the best descrips tions, when once a man is in the humour laughing, till he wrócezes at his own dull jest.

Dryden. The fawning dog runs inad; the wbrezing With coughis is chcak'd.

Dryden. Prepare balsamick cups, to wheezing lungs Medicinal, and short-breath'd. Philips

Ibeecing asthma loth to stir. பியர், WHELK. ^.s. (See To WELK.] 1. An inequality; a protuberance.

His face is all bubuckles, and wheiks, and knobs, and flames of fire.

Sbakspeare. 2. A pustule. (See WEAL.] To Whelm.v.a. [aphılpan, Sax. wilma,

Islandick.] 1. To cover with something not to be thrown off; to bury.

Grievous mischiefs which a wicked fay Had wrought, and many whelmi'd in deadly pairia,

Spenser. This pink is my prize, or ocean wobelm thera all.

Sbakspears. On those cursed engines triple row They saw them whelm'd, and all their confidence Under the weight of mountains bury'd deer.

Mill02. So the sad offence deserves, Plung'd in the deep for ever let me lie, W belm'd under scas.

Addison. Discharge the load of earth that lies on you, like one of the mountains under which the poets say the giants and men of the earth are whelmed'.

Pope. Deplore The whelming billow and the faithless oar. Gay. 2. To throw upon something so as to cover or bury it.

Whelm some things over them, and keep them there.

Mortimer. WHELP. *. s. (welp, Dutch; buolpur,

Isl indick; bwalp, Swedish.] 1. The young of a dog; a puppy. They call'd us, for our fierceness, English

dogs; Now, like their whelps, we crying ran away.

Sbakspeare. Whelps come to their growth within three quarters of a year.

Bacera W!elps are blind nine days, and then begin to see, as generally believed; but, as we have else. where declared, it is rare that their eye-lids open until the twelfth day.

Browse 2. The young of any beast of prey. The lion's whelp shall be to himself unknown.

Sbakspeare Those unlickt bear whelps.

Denna. 3. A son, In contempt.

The young wobelp of Talbot's raging brood Did flesh his puny sword in Frenchmen's blood.

Sbakspeare. 4. A young man. In contempt.

Slave, I will strike your soul out with my foot, Let me but tind you again with such a face, You mbelp!

Bon Tonsoles That awkward wbelp, with his money bags, would have made his entrance Addison. TO WHELP. v. n. To bring young. Ap

plied to beasts, generally beasts of prey

Her motions,

of wheels.

W becier, Wright.

for the wheelwrights.

To the expected grinde

A lioness hath wbelp'd in the streets,

I have shewn whence the understanding may And graves have yawn'd. Sbakspeare. get all the ideas it has.

Locks. la their palaces,

8. From which cause. Where luxury late reign'd, sea-monsters whelp Ulcers which corrode, and make the windpipe And stabled.


dry and less flexible, whence that suffering proIn a bitch ready to whelp we found four pup- ceeds.

Blackmore. pies. When. adv. [whan, Gothick ; hpænne; 9. From WHENCE. A vitious mode of

speech. Sax, wanneer, Dutch.)

From whence he views, with his black-lidded 1. At the time that.

eye, Divers curious men judged that one Theodo- Whatso the heaven in his wide vault contains. sius' should succeed, when indeed Theodosius

Spenser, did.

Camden. To leave his wife, to leave his babes, One who died several ages ago, raises a secret His mansion, and his titles, in a place fondness and benevolence for him in our minds, From wberce hiniself does fiy. Sbakspeare. tuben we read his story.

Addison. O how unlike the place from whence they fell! 2. At what time? interrogatively.

Miltes. W ben was it she last walk ?

10. Of WHENCE. Another barbarism. -Since his majesty went into the field.

He ask'd his guide, Sbalspeare. What and of wřence was he who press'd the If there's a power above us,

hero's side?

Dryden. And that there is all nature cries aloud

WhenCESO E'VER. adv. [wbence and Through all her works, he must delight in virtue,

ever.] From what place soever ; from And that which he delights in must be happy.

what cause soever. But when? or where?

Addisox. 3. Which time.

Any idea, whencesoever we have it, contains in

Locke, I was adopted heir by his consent;

it all the properties it has. Since wben, his oath is broke.

Wretched name, or arbitrary thing!

W bence ever I thy cruel essence bring, 4. After the time that.

I own thy influence, for I feel thy sting. Prier. When I have once handed a report to another, Whene'ver. | adv. (when and ever, how know I how he may improve it. Governıent of the Tongue.


or soever.) At what. 5. At what time.

soever time. Kings may

O welcome hour whenever! Why delays Take their advantage ruhen and how they list. His hand to execute ?

Milton, Daniel, Men grow first acquainted with many of these 6. At what particular time.

self-evident truths, upon their being proposed; His seed, wben is not set, shall bruise my

not because innate, but because the considerahead.

Milton. tion of the nature of the things, contained in 7. When as. At the time when ; what

those words, would not suffer him to think

otherwise, how or wbensoever he is brought to time. Obsolete.


Lxde. This when as Guyon saw, he 'gan enquire

Our religion, whenever it is truly received inWhat meant that preace about that lady's throne.

to the heart, will appear in justice, friendship, Spenser. and charity.

Rogers, When as sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the hunid How'rs, that breath'd WHERE. adv. (hpær, Sax. waer, Dutch.} 'Pheir morning incense, came the human pair. 1. At which place or places.

Milton. She visited that place where first she was so WHENCE. adv. (formed from where, by happy as to see the cause of her unhap. Sidney. the same analogy with bence from here.]

God doth in publick prayer respect the so1. From what place ?

lemnity of places, wbere his name should be called on amongst his people.

Hooker. W bence and what art thou, execrable shape?

In every land we have a larger space, Milton.

Wbere we with green adorn our fairy bow'rs. 2. From what person ?

Dryden. W bence, feeble nature ! shall we summon aid,

In Lydia born, If by our pity, and our pride betray'd ? Prior. W bere plenteous harvests the fal fields adorn. 3. From what cause ?

Dryder. W bence comes this unsought honour unto me? The solid parts, wbere the fibres are more W bence does this mighty condescension flow? close and compacted.

Blacksert. Fenton. 2. At what place ? 4. From which premises.

Where were ye, nymphs, when the remorseTheir practice was to look no farther before

less deep them than the next line; whence it will follow, Clos'd o'er the head of your lov'd Lycidas? that they can drive to no certain point. Dryden.

Milten, s. From what place or person : indefi- Ah! where was Eloise?

Pope nitely.

3. At the place in which. Grateful to acknowledge wbence his good de- Where I thought the remnant of mine age scends.

Milton. Should have been cherish'd by her child-like 6. For which cause.

duty, Recent urine, distilled with a fixed alkali, is

I now am full resolv'd to take a wife. Sbalsp. turned into an alkaline nature; whence alkaline 4. Any WHERE. At any place. salts, taken into a human body, have the power 'Those subterraneous waters were universal, of turning its benign salts into fiery and volatile. as a dissolution of the exterior earth could not

Arbutbut. 7. From what source : indefinitely,

be made any wbere but it would tall into waters

Burada in use.

a man.

spent herein.

§. WHERE, like here and there, has in fury; whereat he was no less angry, and ashama composition a kind of pronominal sig.

ed, than desirous to obey Zelmane. Sidney,

This is, in man's conversion unto God, the nification; as, whereof, of which.

first stage whereat his race towards heaven bem It bas the nature of a noun. Not now



W bereat I wak'd, and found
He shall find no where safe to hide himself. Before mine eyes, all real, as the dream
Spenser. Had lively shadow'd.

Milton Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind; When we have done any thing whereat they Thou losest here a better where to find. Sbucks. are displeased, it they have no reason for it, we WHEREA ROU'T. adv. [wbere and about.) should seek to rectity their mistakes about it, 1. Near wha: place? as, whereabout did

and inform them better,

Kettlewell. you lose what you are seeking ?

2. At u hat? as, whereat are you

offended ? 2. Near which place.

WHEREBY'. adv. [where and by.]
Thou firm-set earth,

1. By which. Hear not my sters, which way they walk, for Eut even that, you must confess, you have fear

received of her, and so are rather gratefully to The very stones prate of my whereabout. Shaksi

thank her, than to press any further, till you 3. Concerning wlich.

bring something of your own, wbereby to claim The greatness of all actions is measured by it.

Sidney, the worthiness of the subject from which they Prevent those evils whereby the hearts of proceed, and the object whereabout they are men are lost.

Hooker. conversant: we must of necessity, in both re.

You cake my life, spects, acknowledge that this present world af. When you do take the means wbereby I live. fordeth not any thing comparable unto the due

Sbaks, eare. ties of religion.

Hooker. If an enemy hath taken all that from a prince WHEREAʻs. adv. [where and as.]

whereby he was a king, he may refresh himself 1. When on the contrary.

by considering all that is left him, whereby be is

Taylor. Are not those found to be the greatest zealots who are most notoriously ignorant? Whereas

This is the most rational and most profitable true zeal should always begin with true know

way of learning languages, and whereby we may ledge.

best hope to give account to God of our youth

Milton. The aliment of plants is nearly one uniform juice; whereas animals live upon very different

This delight they take in doing of mischief, sorts of substances,


wbereby I mean the pleasure they take to put 2. At which place. Obsolete.

any thing in pain that is capable of it, is no They came to fiery flood of Phlegeton,

other than a foreign and introduced disposition

Locke. W bereas the damned ghosts in torments fry.

Fairy Queen. 3. By what? as, whereby wilt thou aca Prepare to ride unto St. Albans,

complish thy design? W bereas the king and queen do mean to hawk. WHERE'ver. adv. [where and ever.] At

Shakspeare. whatsoever place. 3. The thing being so that. Always re- Which to avenge on him they dearly vow'd, ferred to something different.

Wberever that on ground they mought him finda Whereas we read so inany of them so much

Spenser. commended, some for their mild and merciful

Him serve, and fear! disposition, some for their virtuous severity, Of other creatures, as him pleases best, some for integrity of life; all these were the Wherever plac'd, let him dispose. Miltona fruits of true and infallible principles delivered Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins unto us in the word of God.'

Hooker. Salvation shall be preach’d; but to the sons Whereas all bodies seem to work by the com- Of Abraham's faith, wherever through the world. munication of their natures, and impressions of

Milton. their motions; the diffusion of species visible Wbere-e'er thy navy spreads her canvas wings, seemeth to participate more of the former, and Homage to thee, and peace to all, she brings. the species audible of the latter. Bacon.

Waller. W'bereas wars are generally causes sf poverty,

The climate, about thirty degrees, may pass the special nature of this war with Spain, if for the Hesperides of our age, whatever or made by sea, is like to be a lucrative war. Bacon. where-ever the other was.

Temple. W bereas seeing requires light, a free medium, He cannot but love virtue, wberever it is. and a right line to the objects, we can hear in

F. Atterbury: the dark, immured, and by curve lines. Holder. Wherever he hath receded from the Mosaick

Whereas at first we had only three of these account of the earth, he hath receded irem naprinciples, their number is already swoln to tive.- tre and matter of fact.

Woodwird. Baker. Wherever Siakspeare has invented, he is 4. But on the contrary.

greatly below the novelist; since the incidents One imagines that the terrestrial matter,

he has added are neither necessary nor probable. which is showered down with rain, enlarges the

Sbakspeare Illustratedo bulk of the earth: another fancies that the earth WHEREFORE. adv. [where and for.] will ere long all be washed away by rains, and 1. For which reason. the waters of the ocean turned forth to over

The 8x and the ass desire their food, neither whelm the dry land: wbereas, by this distribute tion of matter, continual provision is every

purpose they unto themselves any end cuberes fore.

Hookers where made for the supply of bodies. Woouw. WHEREA'T, adv. [where and at.]

There is no cause wherefore we should think

God more desirous to manitest his favour by 2. At which.

temporal blessings towards them than towards This he thought would be the fittest resting us,

Huokite place, till we might go further from his mother's Shall I tell you why? VOL. IY,

3 H

Not proper.

-Ay, sir, and wberefore; for, they say, So looks the strand, arberson th' imperious food every why hath a wherefore. Siakspeare. Hath left a witness'á estirpation. 'Shakoptare. 2. For what reason ?

He lik’d the ground arborroa she trod. Mill.
Wherefore gaze this goodly company, 2. On what? as, wbtren did he sit?
As if they saw some wond'rous monument? WHE'RESO. 7 auv. (wbere and see

Skakspart. WHERESO E'VER, ever.)
O wherefore was my birth from heav’n foretold
Twice by an angel?

I bereso is ob.

1. In what place scever.

solete. WHEREIN. adv. (where and in.]

That short revenge the man mor overtake, a. In which.

Wlereso he he, and soon upon him light. Spessa When ever yet was your appeal denied ?

Poor naked wretches, urberesce'er you are, Wberein have you been galled by the king ? That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,

Shakspeare. How shall your houseless heads defend you Try waters by weight, wherein you may find From seasons such as these? Sbakspeert. some difference, and the lighter account the

He oit better.

Bacon. Frequented:heir assemblies, wherese mei. Mit. Hcay'n

2. To what place soever. Is as the book of God before thee set,

Can misery no place of safety know? W berein to read his wond'rous works. Milton.

The noise pursues me ubez.sve'er I go. Drid. Too scop for us the circling hours, This drended time have compast, rberein we

WHERETO'. | ada. [where and to, or Must bide the stroke of that long threaten'd

WHEREUNTO'. } unio.)

Milton. 1. To which.
This the harry morn

She bringech forth no kind of creature thereto Wherein the son of heav'n's eternal King

she is wanting in that shich is neediul. Hetker. Our great redemption from above did bring! What scripture doth plainly deliver, to that

Milton. the first place both of credit and obedience is Had they been treated with more kindness, due; the next ubereunto is, whatsoever any man and their questions answered, they would have can necessarily conclude by force of reason; taken more pleasure in improving their know- after these, the voice of the church succeedeth. ledge, wberein there would be still newness.

Hesker. Locke. I hold an old accustom'd feast, Their treaty was finished, wherein I did them Whereto I have invited many a guest. Sbetik, beveral good offices by the credit I now had at Whereto th’Almighty answer'd, not displeas'd. court, and they made me a visit. Swift.

There are times berein a man ought to be 2. To'what? to what end? as, wbcrite is cautious as well as innocent.


this expence? 2., In what?

WHEREUPO'N. adv. [wbere and upon.) They say, wherein have we wearied him?


Upon which. WHEREI'Nto. adv. [where and into.]

The townsmen mutinied, and sent to Esser;

whereupon he came thither, Clarends Into wbich.

W bereupon there had risen a war betwist Where's the palace whereinto foul things them, if the earl of Desmond had not been sent Sometimes intrude not? Sbakspeare: into England.

Davies. Another disease is the putting forth of wild WHEREWITH. oats, whereinto corn oftentimes degenerates.

adv.(where and witby WHEREWITHA'L. S Bacon.

or witbal.] My subject does not oblige me to point forth

1. With which. the place wbercinto this water is now retreated. As for those things abrevitó superstition Woodward. worketh, polluted they are.

Hucker. Whereness. n. 5. (from where.] Ubi

Her bliss is all in pleasure and delight,

W berewith she makes her lovers drunken. ety; imperfect locality.

Sperset A point hath no dimensions, but only a zbere

Northumberland, thou ladder wheretvirtud ness, and is next to nothing.


The mounting Bolingbroke ascends WhereoʻF. adv. (where and of.]

throne. my

Shatspeare 3. Of which.

In regard of the troubles ubere with this žing A thing wheroof the church hath, ever sithence was distressed in England, this army was not of the first beginning, reaped singular commodity. sufficient strength to make an entire conquest Hooker. of Ireland.

Davies. I do not find the certain numbers whereof The builders of Babel still, with vain design, their armies did consist.

Davies. New Babels, had they colerewitbul, would buud. "Tis not very probable that I should succeed

Mi:on. in such a project, wobercofI have not had the You will have patience with a debtor, who least hint from any of my predecessors, the has an inclination to pay you his obligations, if poets.

Dryden. he had wherewitbal ready about him. W zaberley a. Ot what: indefinitely.

The prince could save from such a number of How this world, when and wbereof created. spoilers wherewithal to carry on his wars abroad. Milton.

Das erant. 3. Of what? interrogatively: as, whereof

The frequency, warmth, and affection, ubertwil they are proposed.

Rogers. was the house built?

But it is impossible for a man, who openly WHEREO'N. adv. (where and on.)

declares against religion, to give any reasonable 1. On which.

security that he will not be false and cruel, As for those things wherern, or else where- whenever a temptation offers which he values with, superstition worketh, poiluted they are by more than he does the power wbrewith he was such abuse.


Aniected be the air wherein they ride. Sheksp. 2. With what ? interrogatively.

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If the salt hath lost its savour, where with An iv'ry table is a certain whet; shall it be salted?

Mattbew. You would not think how heartily he 'll eat. 3. I know not that wherewithal is ever

Dryderia used in question.

He assisted at four hundred bowls of punchs Te WHERRET. v. a. (corrupted, I sup. Wheʼther. adv. (hpaden, Saxon.) A

not to mention sips, drams, and wheis. Spects pose, froin ferret.)

particle expressing one part of a dis1. To hurry; to trouble; to tease. A low

junctive question in opposition to the colloquial word.

other : answered by or. 2. To give a box on the ear. Ainsworth.

As they, so we have likewise a publick form, Whe'r2Y. n. s. [of uncertain deriva. how to serve God both morning and evening, tion.) A light boat used on rivers. wbether serions may be had or nø. Hooker. And falling down into a lake,

Resolve wbether you will or no. Sbaksp. Which him up to the neck doth take,

Perkin's three counsellors registered themHis fury somewhat it doch slake,

selves sanctuary-men; and whether upon pardon He calleth for a ferry;

obtained, or continuance within the privilege, What was his club he made his boat,

they were not proceeded with.

Bacon. And in his oaken cup doth float

If we adjoin to the lords, whether they prevail As safe as in a wberry: Drayton. or not, we engulph ourselves into assured dana Let the vessel split on shelves,


Hayward. With the freight enrich themselves:

Then didst thou found that order; zberber love
Safe within my little avberry,

Or victory chy royal thoughts did move,
All their madness makes me merry. Swift.

Each was a noble cause.

Denham. TO WHET. v. a. [lipertan, Sax. wetten,

It has been the question of some curious wits, Dutch. ]

W berber in the world there are more heads of feet?

Holiday. 1. To sharpen bv attrition.

Epictetus forbids a man, on such an occasion, Fool, thou wlet'st a knife to kill thyself.

to consult with the oracle whether he should do

Thou hid'st a thousand daggers in thy thoughes,

it or no, it being necessary to be done. Which thou hast whettei on thy stony heart,

Decay of Piety.

Wbeiber by health or sickness, life of death, To stab at half an hour of my trail life. Shaksp.

mercy is still contriving and carrying on the spiThis visitation ritual good of all who love God.

South. Is but to whet thy almost blunted purpose.

This assistance is only offered to men, and not

Sbakspeare. forced upon them whether they will or no. Unsophisticated vitriol, rubbed on the whetted

Tillotson blade of a knife, will not impart its colour. Bovle. When our foreign trade exceeds our exporta

There is the Roman slave wbetting his knife, tion of commodities, our money must go to pay and listening.


our debts, whether melted or not. Locke Eloquence, smooth and cutting, is like a razor

W bether it be that the richest of these discowbetted with oil.


veries fall not into the pope's hands, or for some 2. To edge; to make angry or acrimo- other reason, the prince of Farnese will keep

nious: it is used with on and forward, this seat from being turned up, till one of his but improperly.

own family is in the chair,

Addison. Peace, good queen!

WHE’THER. pronoun. Which of two. O whet not on these too, too furious peers;

Whither when they came, they fell at words For blessed are the peace-makers! Shakspeare.

Wbelber of them should be the lord of lords. Since Cassius first did whes me against Cæsar,

Speuter. I have not slept.


Whether of them twain did the will of his faI will whet on the king.


Matthew He favoured the christian merchants; and, the Whether is more beneficial, that we should inore to wbet him forwards, the bassa had cun- have the same yearly quantity of heat distributningly insinuated into his acquaintance one ed equally, or a grcater share in summer, and Muléarabe. Knolles. in winter a less?

Bentley Let not thy deep bitterness beget

Let them take whether they will : if they deCareless despair in me; for that will whet duce all animals from single pairs, even to inake My mind to scorn.

Donne the second of a pair, is to write after a copy. The cause why onions, salt, and pepper, in

Bentley baked meats, move appetite, is by vellication of Whetstone. n. s. [ubet and stone. those nerves; for motion wbesteth. Bacon.

Stone on which any thing is whetted, A disposition in the king began to be disco

or rubbed to make it sharp. vered, which, nourished and wbetted on by bad

The minds of the afHicted do never think they', counsellors, proved the blot of his times; which was the crushing treasure out of his subjects

have fully conceived the weight or measure of purses by penal laws.


their own woe: they use their affection as a "Tis sad that we should sacrifice the church's

whetstone both co wit and memory: Hooker.

What avail'd her resolution chaste, peace to the whetting and inflaming of a little vain curiosity.

Whose soberest looks were whetstones to desire? Decay of Piety.

Fairfax. Great contemporaries ubet and cultivate each,

These the chetstone sharps to eat, other.

Dryden, Himself invented first the shining share,

And cry, millstones are good meat. B.Jonson. And whetied human industry by care;

Diligence is to the understanding as the wbete Nor sutter'd sloth to trust his active reign.

stone to the razor; but the will is the hand that Dryden.

South, must apply the one to the other.

A whetstone is not an instrument to carve Whet. n. s. [from the verb.]

with, but it sharpens those that do. 1. The act of sharpening.

Shakspeare Illustrated, 2. Any thing that makes hungry, as a WHE’TTER. 1. s. (from whét.] One that dran,

whets or sharpens.

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