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When they talk of him, they shake their s. To form a kind of musical sound by an heads,
inarticulate modulation of the breath. And whisper one another in the car. Sbaksp.
I've watch'd and travell'd hard : Give sorrow words; the grief that does not speak
Some time I shali sleep out, the rest I'll wbistle.
Let one whistle at the one end of a trunk,
and hold your ear at the other, and the sound a man should think such a card.
shall strike sa sharp as you can scarce endure it. The steward whispered the young Templar,
Bacone that's true to my knowledge.
While the plowman near at hand a. To utter in a low voice.
W bistles o'er the furrow'd land. Milton.
He whistled as he went for want of thought,
Dryden. And weepe without doors.
Chapman. The ploughman leaves the task of day, They might buzz and whisper it one io an- And trudging homeward wbistles on the way. other, and, iacitly withdrawing from the apostles, noise it about the city..
Bentley 2. To make a sound with a small wind 3. To prompt secretly.
instrument. Charles the emperor, Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,
3. To sound shrill. For 'twas indeed his colour, but he came
His big manly voice
Changing again toward childish treble pipes,
Soft whispers run along the leafy woods,
And mountains wbistle to the murm’ring floods. Jow soft voice ; cautious and timorous
Rhætus from the hearth a burning brand The extension is more in tones than in Selects, and whirling waves; till from his hand speech; therefore the inward voice or whisper The fire took fame, then dash'd it from the right cannot give a tone.
Bacon. On fair Charaxus' temples, near the sight Strictly observe the first hints and whispers of Then whistling past came on. Dryden. good and evil that pass in the heart, and this When winged deaths in whistling arrows fly, will keep conscience quick and vigilant. Soutb. Wilt thou, though wounded, yet undaunted stay, Soft wbispers through th' assembly went. Perform thy part, and share the dangerous day? Dryden.
Prior. He uncall’d, his patron to controul,
The wild winds whistle, and the billows roar, Divulgd the secret whispers of nis soul. Dryd. The splitring raft the furious tempest tore. With such like false wbispers, informer
Pope. reigns, the ears of princes have been poisoned. TO WHI'STLE. v.a. To call by a whistie.
Darenant. Let him whistle them backwards and forwards, WHISPERER. n.s. (from whisper.]
till he is weary.
South. 1. One that speaks low.
He chanced to miss his dog: we stood still till, 2. A private talker ; a teller of secrets; a
he had wbistled him up.
When simple pride for flate'ry makes demands, conveyer of intelligence,
May dunce by dunce be wbistled of my hands! Kings trust in eunuchs hath rather been as to good spials and goud wbisfarers than good Whistle. n, s. (hpistle, Saxon.]
Pucon. WHIST. (This word is called by Skinner,
1. Sound made oy the modulation of the who seldom errs, an interjection com
breath in the mo ith.
My sire in caves constrains the wind, manding silence, and so it is commonly
Can with a breath their clam'rous rage appease; used; but Shakspeare uses it as a verb,
They fear his cubistle, and forsake the seas. and Milton as an adjective or a partici
2. A sound made by a small wind instru. 1. Are silent.
ment. Come unto these yellow sands,
3. The mouth; the organ of whistling. And then take hands;
Let's drink the other cup to wet our whistles, Curt'sied when you have, and kist,
and so sing away all sad thougbts. Walton. The wild waves whist.
Sbaksp. 4. A small wind instrument. 2. Still; silent; put to silence.
The masters and pilots were so astonished, that The winds, with wonder wbist,
they knew not how to direct; and it they knew, Smoothly the waters kiss'd,
they could scarcely, when they directed, hear Whispering new joys to the mild ocean. Milt.
their own whistle.
Behold WHIST. n. s. A game at cards, requiring
Upon the hempen tackle shipboys climbing; close attention and silence : vuigarly
Hear the shrill wbistle, which doth order give
Siakspeare. pronounced whisk.
Small-wbistles, or shepherds oaten pipes, give The clergyman used to play at wbist and a sound because of their extreme slenderness, swobbers.
whereby the air is more pent than in a wider
The bells she gingled, and the whistle blew. WI'STLE, V.1, [hpisela, Saxoo ;
„Popa 5. The noise of winds.
3. Be still.
6. A call, such as sportsmen use to their Past over, to the end they were created, ** dogs.
Would bring wbite bairs unto a quiet grave. Madam, here comes my lord.
Slaks? I have been worth the whistle. Shaksp. 5. Pure; unblemished. The knight, perusing this epistle,
Unhappy Dryden! in all Charles's days, Believ'd he'd brought her to his whistle. Hudib. Roscommon only boasts unspotted lays : Whi'stler. n. s. (from whistle.] One And in our own, excuse some courtly stains, who whistles.
No whiler page than Addison's remains. Psps The prize was a guinea, to be conferred upon
WHITE, N. so the ablest wbist!er, who could whistle clearest, 1. Whiteness; any thing white; white and go through his tune without laughing. Addis. colour. WHIT. n. s. [pıht, a thing; aplit, any My Nan shall be the queen of all the fairies, thing, Saxon.) A point; a jot.
Finely attired in a robe of ulite. Stala We love, and are no wbit regarded. Sidrey.
A friend coming to visit me, I stopped him at Her sacred book with blood ywrit,
the door, and before I told him what the colours That none could read except she did him teach,
were, or what I was doing, I asked him which of She unto him disclosed every wbit,
the iwo apbites were the best, and wherein they And heavenly documents thereout did preach.
differed ? and after he had at that distance viene Spenser.
ed them well, he answered, that they were bh The motive cause of doing it is not in our- good a hiles, and that he could not say wrid selves, but carrieth us as if the wind should drive was best, nor wherein their colours differed. a feather in the air ; we no wbit furthering that
Nestan , whereby we are driven.
Hooker. 2. The mark at which an arrow is shot, Although the lord became the king's tenant, which used to be painted white. bis country was no whit reformed thereby, but If a mark be set up for an archer at a great remained in the former barbarism. Davies. distance, let him aim as exactly as he can, the
Nature's full blessings would be well dispens'd least wind shall take his arrow, and divertit In unsuperfluous, even proportion,
from the ubite.
Dri::. And she no wbit encumber'd with her store. Remove him, then, and all your plots is sure,
Milton. Point blank, and level to the very wbite
Of your designs.
I'll fetch some fax and whites of eggs tisfy any enquirer, if they can be brought any
T'apply to 's bleeding face.
Slah. wbit near one another.
The strongest repellents are the orbita af It is every wbit as honourable to assist a good
new-laid eggs beaten to a froth with alum. minister, as to oppose a bad one. Addison, White. adj. [hpit, Saxon; wit, Dutch.] When fares among the stars do grow, J. Having such an appearance as arises Thou into the close nests of time dost peep; from the mixture of all colours ; snowy.
And there, with piercing eye, When the paper was held nearer to any co
Through the firm shell and the thick bite Jour than to the rest, it appeared of that colour to which it approached nearest ; but when it was
Years to come a forming lie, equally, or almost equally, distant from all the Close in their sacred securdine asleep. Certes, colours, so that it might be equally illuminated What principle manages the wbite and yok of by them all, it appeared wbite. Newton. an egg into such a variety of textures, as is reWhy round our coaches crowd the white quisite to fashion a chick?
Βετία. . glov'd beaus ?
The two in most regions represent the yolk 2. Having the colour of fear; pale.
and the membrane that lies next above it; $9 My hands are of your colour, but I shame
the exterior region of the earth is as the shell of To wear a heart so 'wbite.
the egg, and the abyss under it as the white that
lies under the shell. 3. Having the colour appropriated to happiness and innocence.
4. The white part of the eye.
Our general himself
Sanctifies himself with 's hands,
And turns up th' wbite o'th'eye to his discourse.
Sbatspeare. Wert thou that sweet-smiling youth?
The horny or pellucid coat of the eve doch noc Or that crown'd matron sage, wbite-rohed Truth?
lie in the same superficies with the plite of the Let this auspicious morning be exprest
eye, but riseth up, as a hillock, above its ccavexity.
Rus. With a white stone distinguish'd from the rest,
To White. v.a. [from the adjective.] White as thy fame, and as thy honour clear; And let new joys attend on thy new-added year.
To make white; to dealbate ; to white. Dryden.
wash. To feastful mirth be this wbite hour assign'd, His raiment became shining, exceeding white And sweet discourse, the banquet of the mind. as snow; so as no fuller on earth can wbite them,
Mart. Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend, Like unto wbited sepulchres, which appear And wbite-rob'd innocence from heav'n descend. beautiful outward, but are within full of dead
men's bones. 4. Gray with age.
WHITELE'AD. 1. s.
White lead is made by taking sheet-lead, and That have with two pernicious daughters join'd having cut it into long and narrow slips, they Your high-engender'd battles 'gainst a head make it up into rolls, but so that a small distance So old and white as this.
Shakspeare. may remain between every spiral revolution. So minutes, hours, and days, weeks, months, These rol's are put into earthen pots, so ordered
that the lead may not sink down above half way,
or some small matter more, in them: these have, like that ermine, forsaken the common pots have each of them very sharp vinegar in track of business, which is not always clean. the bottom, so full as almost to touch the lead.
Drydens When the vinegar and lead have both been put Whi'tepot. n. S. A kind of food. into the pot, it is covered up close, and so left Cornwall squab-pye, and Devon whitepol for a certain time; in which space the corrosive brings.
King. fumes of the vinegar will reduce the surface of WHITES. n. s. [fluor albus.] It arises froma the lead into a mere white calx, which they se
a laxness of the glands of the uterus, parate by knocking it with a hammer. There
and a cold pituitous blood. are two sorts of this sold at the colour shops;.
Quincy. the one called ceruse, which is the most pure WhiteTHORN. n. s. [spina alba, Latin.] part, and the other is called white lead. Quincy. A species of thorn.
As little as a whiteiborn and a pear-tree seem Whitelivered. adj. [froin white and
of kin, a cion of the latter will sometimes prosper liver.) Envious ; nalicious; cowardly. well, being grafted upon a stock of the former. Whi'tely. adj. (from white.] Coming
Boyle. near to white.
WHITEWASH. n. s. [white and wash.] A whitely wanton, with a velvet brow, 1. A wash to make the skin seem fair. With two pitch balls stuck in her face for eyes. The clergy, during Cromwell's usurpation,
were very much taken up in reforming the fee Now, governor, I see that I must blush
male world ; I have heard a whole sermon against Quite through this veil of night a wbitela, shame, a whitewasb.
Addisoka To think I could design to make those free
2. A kind of liquid plaster with which Who were by nature slaves.
walls are whitened. Whi’TEMEAT. n. s. [white and meat.] Four rooms above, below, this mansion grac'd, Food made of milk.
With whitewash deckt, and river-sand o'er-caste Much saltness in wbitemeat is ill for the stone.
Harte. Tusser. Whi'TEWINE. n. s. [white and wine.) A The Irish banished into the mountains, lived species of wine produced from the white only upon whitemeats.
grapes. To Whi'TEN. v. a. [from white.] To The seeds and roots are to be cut, beaten, and make white.
infused in white-wine.
Wisemana The smoke of sulphur will not black a paper, Whi'THER. ady. [hpyder, Saxon.} and is commonly used by women to wbiten tiffa- 1. To what place? interrogatively. nies.
Bruun. Flax the soil and climate are proper for whit
Sister, well met; wbitber away so fast?
-No farther than the Tower. Sbaksp. ening, by the frequency of brooks, and also of winds.
The common people swarm like summer flies;
And whither fly the gnats but to the sun? Women of my complexion ought to be more
Shakspeare modest, especially since our faces debar us from
Ah! whither am I hurried ? ah! forgive, all artificial whitenings.
Guardian, Striking her cliff, the storm confirms her
Ye shades, and let your sister's issue live. Dryd
2. To what place : absolutely. pow'r; The waves but whiten her triumphant shore.
I stray'd I knew not wbither. Milton
Prior. 3. To which place : relatively. Whether the darken'd room to muse invite, Whither when as they came, they fell at words, Or whiten'd wall provoke the skewer to write; Whether of them should be the lord of lords. In durance, exile, Bedlam, or the mint,
Spenser. Like Lee or Budgell, I will rhyine and print. At Canterbury, whilber some voice was run
Pope. . on before, the mayor seized on thein, as they TO WHI'TEN, V.n. To grow white. were taking fresh horses.
Wotton. The bark expects its freight;
That lord advanced to Winchester, whither The loosen'd canvas trembles with the wind, sir John Berkley brought him two regiments And the sea whitens with auspicious gales. more of foot.
Clarendon. Smith. 4. To what degree? Obsolete : perhaps
never in use. WH'Tener. n. s. [from whiten.] One
I bither at length wilt thou abuse our patience? who makes any thing white.
Still shall thy fury mock us?
Ben Jonson. WHI'TENESS. n. s. [from white.) WHITHERSOE'ver. adv. [whither and 1. The state of being white; freedom
soever.) To whatsoever place. from colour.
For whatever end faith is designed, and whiThis doch lead me to her hand,
thersoever the nature and intention of the grace Of my first love the fatal band,
does drive us, thither we must go, and to that Where wbiteness doth for ever sit;
end we must direct all our actions. Taylor, Nature herself enamell'd it.
Sidney. Whiteness is a mean between all colours, hay: Whi’TING. n. s. [wittingh, Dutch; albur. ing disposed itself indifferently to them all, so as nus, Latin.] with equal facility to be tinged with any of them. 1. A small sea fish.
Newton. Some fish are gutted, split, and kept in pickle, 2. Paleness.
as cobiting and mackerel.
Carew. Thou tremblest, and the whiteness of thy
The muscular fibres of fishes are more tender cheek
than those of terrestrial animals, and their Is apter than thy tongue to tell thy errand. whole substance more watery. Some fishes, as
Sbakspeare, whitings, can be almost entirely dissolved into 3. Purity ; cleanness.
Arbuthnot. The least spot is visible on ermine; but to 2. (trom white.] A soft chalk. preserve this wbiteness in its original purity, you That this impregnated liquor may be im.
proved, they pour it upon whiting, which is a 1. To cut with a knife. white chalk or clay, finely powdered, cleansed,
2. To edge; to sharpen. Not in use. and made up into balls.
When they are come to that once, and are When you clean your plate, leave the white ing plainly to be seen in all the chinks. Swift.
thoroughly wobitelad, then shill you have thea
cast their wanton eyes upon men's wwes. Whi'tish. adj. [from white.) Somew hit
To Whiz. V. n. (from the sound that it The same aqua-fortis, that will quickly change the redness of red lead into a darker colour,
expresses.] To make a loud humming will, being put upon crude lead, produce a white isb substance, as with copper it did a bluish. Boyle.
The exhalations, whizzing in the air, WHI'TISHNESS. n. s. (from whilisb.] The
Give so much light that I may riad by them.
Sbak.part. quality of being somewhat white.
Turn him about; Take good venereal vitriol of a deep blue, and I know him, he'll but wbiz, and straight go out. compare with some of the entire crystals, pur
Dritan posely reserved, some of the subtle powder of Soon all with vigo::r bend their trusty bzws the same salt, wbich will exhibit a very consi- And from the quiver each his arrow chose: derable degree of wbitishness.
Boyle. Hippocoon's was the first; with forceful sway Whi'TLEATHER. n. s. [white and lea. It few, and rubizzing cut the liquid way. Dys
ther.} Leather dressed with alum, re- WHO. pronoun. genitive whose; other cases markable for toughness.
wbom. [hpa, Saxon; wie, Dutch.) Whole bridle and saddle, wbitlether and nat,
1. A pronoun relative, applied to persons. With collars and harneis.
We have no perfect description of it, nor 227 He bor'd the nerves through, from the heel to
knowledge how, or by zebom, it is inhabited. ch’ankle, and then knit Both to his chariot with a thong of wbitleather, Oft have I seen a timely-parted ghost,
Cbapman, Nor do I care much, if her pretty snout
Of ashy semibiance, meagre, pale, and bloodles, Meet with her furrow'd chin, and both together
Being all descended to the lab'ring heart,
H'bo, in the confict that it holds with death, Hem in her lips as dry as good wbitleutber.
Attracts the same for aidance 'against the eaeSuckling
Stadspurt. WHITLOW. n. S. [hpit, Saxon, and loup, Were the grac'd person of our Banquo present,
a wolf. Skinner. Þpit, Saxon, and low, Whom I may rather challenge for unkindres, a fame. Lye.] A swelling between the Than pity for mischance.
Sbakefalle cuticle and cutis, called the mild whit.
The son of Duncan, low; or between the periosteum and
From whom this tyrane holds the due of birth,
Sead the bone, called the malignant whitlow. 2. Which of many.
Paronychia is a small swelling about the nails and ends of the fingers, by the vulgar people ge
A man can never be obliged to submit to any nerally called wbitflaw.
power, unless he can be satisfied wbo is the pero
son wbo has a right to exercise it. WHI'TSOUR. 11. s. A kind of apple.
We are still as much at a loss be civil poser WHITSTER, or W biter. n. s. [from belongs to. white.) A whitener.
3. As who should say, elliptically for as tut Carry it among the wbitsters in Datchet mead.
who should say.
Sbakspeare. Hope throws a generous contempt upoa WH'TSUL. n. s. A provincial word. usage, and looks like a handsome defiance of 2
Their meat was wbitsul, as they call it; mistortune: as wlo sbould say, you are sottie namely, milk, sour milk, cheese, curds, butter. what troublesome now, but I shall conquer you.
Collier against Despair
. i WHITSUNTIDE. n. s. [wbite and sunday; 4. Whose is the genitive of which, as well
because the converts newly baptized as of wbo, and is applied to things. appeared from Easter to Whitsuntide in Wbose soever sins ye remit, they are revita white. Skinner.] The feast of Pentecost. ted; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are Strephon, with leafy twigs of lacrel tree,
retained. garland made on temples for to wear;
The question whose solution I require, For he then chosen was the dignity
Is, what the sex of women most desije? Desde Of village lord that Whitsontide to bear. Sidney.
Is there any other doctrine, wbsse torners This they employ in brewing and baking
are punished? against W biísuntide.
Carew. 5. It has sometimes a disjunctive sense. And let us do it with no shew of sear;
There thou tell'st of kings, and zbo aspire; Nor with no more than if we heard that England W be fall, who rise, wbo triumph, who do mour, Were busied with a W bitson morrice dance,
Danish Sbakspeuren Tell who loves wbo; what favours some fara WHITTENTREE. n. s. (sambucus aqua
take, tica.) A sort of tree.
Dryden. WHITTIE. n. s. [hpyrel, Saxon.) 6. It is used often interrogatively; as, cuba 1. A white dress for a woman. Not in use. is this ? meaning, what is the character 2. (hyjrel, Saxon.] A knife.
or name of this person? Hbo shall do There's not a wbittle in th' unruly camp this ? that is, where shall any be found But I do prize it at my love, before
that can do this? The reverend'st throat in Athens. Şhaksp.
In the grave wb, shall give thee thanks?
W'bo is this chat darkeneth coupsel by wards TO WHI'TTLE, V, a, (trom the noun.] without knowledge?
Who first seduc'd them to that dire revolt? Some from vanity, or 'envy, despise a valuable The infernal serpent.
Milton. book, and throw contempt upon it by wholesale. Mbo feeds that alms-house neat, but void of
WHOʻLESALE. adj. Buying or selling in Where age and want sit smiling at the gate? the lump, or in large quantities. Who taught that heav'n-directed spire to rise ?
These are usolesale chapmen to Satan, that do The man of Ross, each lisping babe replies. Pope.
not truck and barter one crime for another, but Whoe'ver. pronoun. [who and ever.] take the whole herd. Govern. of the Tongue.
Any one, without limitation or excep- This cost me, at the who'esale merchant's, a tion.
hundred drachmas; I make two hundred by W borcer doth to temperance appuy
selling it in retail.
Addison. His stedfast life, and all his actions frarne, WHO'LESOME. adj. (heelsam, Dutch, heyla Trust me, shall find no greater enemy,
sam, Teutonick: both from hæl, Sax. Than stubborn perturbation to the same. Stens. bealth.] I think myself beholden, wherver shows me
1. Sound. Contrary to unsound, in docmy mistakes.
trine. Whoc'er thou art, that fortune brings to keep The rights of Neptune, monarch of the deep;
So the doctrine contained be but wholesome Thee first it fits, O stranger, to prepare
and ediłying, a want of exactness in speaking The due libation, and the solemn prayer. Pope.
may be overlooked.
Alterbury. 11 loever is really brave, has always this com- 2. Contributing to health. fort when he is oppressed, that it kiiows himself
Night not now, as ere iran fell, to be superior to thuse who injure him, by for- II Palescure, and cool, and mild; but with black giving it.
Pope. WHOLE. adj. (Falg, Saxon; heel, Dutch.] Accompanied, witli damps and dreadful gloom.
Nilton. 1. All; total; containing all.
Besides the abolesome luxury which that place All the wobile army stood agaz'd at hiin.
abounds with, a kitchen garden is a more pleaShak-peare.
sant sight than the finest orangery: Addison This I my glory account,
She held it wbolesomer by much My exaltation, and my whole delight. Milton.
To rest a little on the couch.
Prior. Looking down he saw The whole world tild with violence, and all flesh
3. Preserving; salutary. Obsolete. Corrupting each their way,
The Lord helpeth his anointed, and will hear Wouldst thou be soon destroy'd, and perish
him from his holy heaven; even with the whole whole,
some strength of his right hand. Psalms. Trust Maurus with thy life, and Milbourne 4. Useful; conducive to happiness or with thy soul.
virtue. Fierce extremes
They suffer us to famish, repeal daily any Contiguous might distemper the whole frame. wbolesome act established against the rich, and
Milton. provide more piercing statutes to chain up the 2. Complete ; not defective.
Sbakspeara The elder did whole regiments afford,
'Tis no less The younger brought his fortune and his sword. To govern justly, make your empire flourish,
With wholesome laws, 'in riches, peace, and 3. Uninjured; unimpaired.
plenty ; Anguish is come upon me, because my life is
Than, by the expence of wealth and blood, to yet whole in me.
make For while unhurt, divine Jordain,
Denbam. Thy work and Seneca's remain;
5. Kindly; pleasing. A burlesque use. Thou keep'st his body, they his soul,
I caunot make you a wholesome answer; my He lives and breathes,restor'd and wbole. Prior. wit's diseased.
To wail friends lost, 4. Well of any hurt or sickness, When they had done circumcising all the peo
Is not by much so wbolesome, profitable, ple, they abode in the camp till they were whole. WHOʻLESOMELY.ado. [from wholesome.)
As to rejoice at friends but newly found. Shaks.
Fostua. WHOLE. n. S.
Salubriously ; salutiferously. s. The totality; no part omitted; the
WHO'LESOMENESS. n. s. [from whole. complex of all the parts.
some.] Fear God, and keep his commandments, for
1. Quality of conducing to health ; saluthis is the whole of man.
Ecclesiastes, brity. It contained the whole of religion amongst the His palate was so tractable, and subdued to antients; and made philosophy more agreeable. the dictates of an higher choice, that be really
Broome. thought no meat pleasant, but in proportion to There a metaphysical whole, when the ese its wholesomeness.
Fell. sence of a thing is said to consist of two parts,
We made a standard of the healthfulness of the genus and the difference, i.e. the general the air from the proportion of acute and epideand the special nature, which, being joined toge- mical diseases, and of the wholesomeness of the ther, make up a definition.
Waits. food from that of the chronical. Graunt. 2. A system ; a regular combination. At Tonon they shewed us a great fountain of
Begin with sense, of every art the soul, water, that is in great esteem for its wholesomeParts answering parts shall slide into a wide. ness; weighing two ounces in a pound less than
the same measure of the lake water, Addison. WHOʻLESALE. n. s. (whole and sale. )
Little oresaw he that th' Almighty pow'r, 1. Sale in the lump, not in separate small
Who feeds the faithful at his chosen hour,
Consults not taste, but wholesoweness of food, parcels.
Nor means to please their sense, but do them 3. The whole mass,