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ground it. This latter text has in reality nothing to do with literal sisters, but forbids the marriage of any wife in addition to the first, so as “to vex her;" i. e, by doing it without her consent at the time, or vexing her afterwards,--the marriage, in short, of a rival woman, yuvaika artísnov, as the LXX. express it. Not, however, but that it may also be considered (as Hammond considers it) as a prohibition of any polygamy to mankind in general, a laying down of the general law, from which the Jews and the patriarchs appear to have been exempted by a special permission; if not, where is polygamy prohibited at all in

express words ?

Dr. Adam Clarke is quite mistaken in saying that the LXX. understand Lev. xviii. 18 as he does : they translate literally, and (together with our own and the other versions) must be explained by the Hebrew idiom, in which the terms brother and sister belong as properly to any fellows, even to the fellow-curtains of a tent, as to the children of common parents. See, however, the whole question admirably handled, and settled with overwhelming evidence, in Dr. Hammond's “Resolution of Six Quæres."

Beyond the correction of these leading mistakes, I will only observe that the primitive and universal Church of Christ having stigmatised such cohabitations as scandalous and incestuous, and that on the strength of the scripture prohibition,-omnipotent though we presumptuously boast our parliament to be, no act of parliament will clear the incestuous in the day of judgment, or give the "unclean person" "any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.” Because of “these abominations” even the earthly Canaan “vomited out her inhabitants,"

spued out" even the uninstructed heathen ;-and shall the heavenly Canaan better bear to be “ defiled?” “They committed all these things, and therefore I ABHORRED them,” is God's declaration : “ Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things,” is God's command : and therefore, whatever parliament may decide, incest will still be “abomination " in the sight of God, and “the abominable," defended in vain by parliament, still “have their part in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."


ON SAINTS'-DAY SERVICES. MR. EDITOR,—Can any of your clerical readers point out the rule to be observed in the case stated below? Suppose, as frequently happens, that a saint's day falls on a Sunday. The saint's day has a collect, epistle, and gospel, and appointed lessons, as well as the Sunday. The epistles and gospels and lessons for both, of course, cannot be read: which, therefore, takes precedence—the saint's day or the Sunday? I can find no directions in the Prayer Book, and the clergy in my neighbourhood observe no fixed rule ; some giving the saint's day precedence, some the Sunday. My own custom has been to give the Sunday precedence, because many of the saint's day lessons are taken from the Apocrypha ; but I always read both the collects. Very possibly I am wrong, but I wish to do right if I knew how. Now, if there is no actual rule in the Prayer Book to guide us in this case, there may be some ancient custom of the Church, which may have almost the force of a rule. Is there any such rule or custom ? I ask for authority, not for individual opinion; and if any of your readers will direct me to any authority in the case above stated, I shall be much obliged.

T. M.


SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. The Standing Committee have given 10001. to be placed at the disposal of notice that at the General Meeting on the Bishop of Australia for the purOctober 6, it will be proposed to grant poses of the Society in his Diocese.

SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL. The Society have received from Lower with large classes, who were young Canada (July 22d) a very interesting people belonging to our own estate, document from the Bishop of Mon- who had been born, bred, and schooled treal, being the journal of his Lordship’s on the property, and who now came visitation of the districts of Montreal, forward willingly and cheerfully to Three Rivers, and St. Francis ; by assist their minister in forwarding which it appears that he held thirty- the great and important work of eight confirmations, at which more religious instruction. Indeed, withthan 1100 young persons were con- out their assistance, and that of four firmed, held one ordination, and con- young men from the college, it would secrated several new churches.

be impossible for me to give due and Extract of a letter from the Rev. T. proper attention to so large a school as Watts, Chaplain on the Codrington we now have, the names on the list being Estate, dated May 23d, 1840 :

about 200.” “I witnessed on Sunday last a cir- The Bishop of Jamaica is extremely cumstance which struck me forcibly, anxious to introduce into his Diocese and which will be as gratifying for the graduates from the Universities, and has Society to hear as it is for me to com- requested those gentlemen who are demunicate. On looking round the sirous of becoming candidates for the Sunday School, which contained on Curacies which he has to offer, to make that day 119 adults, all from the immediate application to him. The neighbouring estates (except two from stipend is about 400l. per ann. our own) I reckoned nine teachers

NATIONAL SOCIETY. The Meetings of the National Society mittee of Council upon the subject of this month were attended by the Abp. Inspection had come to a satisfactory of Canterbury; the Bps. of London, termination, and that their Lordships Durham, Bangor, Lincoln, Llandaff, had agreed to lay the following MiChichester, Gloucester and Bristol, nute before Parliament: Lichfield, Salisbury, and Norwich; “1. That before any person is rethe Lords Kenyon, Sandon, M.P.; commended to the Queen in council, the Dean of Chichester; the Revs. to inspect Schools receiving aid from H. H. Norris, T. T. Walmsley, H. H. the public, the promoters of which Milman, John Jennings, J. Sinclair ; state themselves to be in connexion T. D. Acland, M.P.; W. Cotton, W. with the National Society or the Davis, G. F. Mathison, R. Twining, Church of England, the Abps. of S. F. Wood, and Joshua Watson, Canterbury and York be consulted Esqrs.

by the Committee of Privy Council, On the 15th inst. his Grace the each with regard to his own province; President informed the Committee and that they be at liberty to suggest that his negociations with the Com

any person or persons for the office

of Inspector, and that no person be which the School is situate, for his appointed without their concurrence. information.

“2. That the Inspectors of such “ 4. That the grants of money be in Schools shall be appointed during proportion to the number of children pleasure; and that it shall be in the educated, and the amount of money power of each Archbishop at all times, raised by private contribution, with with regard to his own province, to the power of making exceptions in withdraw his concurrence in such ap- certain cases, the grounds of which pointment, whereupon the authority will be stated in the annual returns to of the Inspector shall cease, and a Parliament. fresh appointment take place.

“5. That a Minute embracing these “ 3. That the instructions to the points be laid before Parliament." Inspectors, with regard to religious When the above Minute had been instruction, shall be framed by the read, the Committee of the National Archbishops, and form part of the Society unanimously agreed upon the general instructions to the Inspectors following Resolution :-of such Schools; and the general in- “ That the best thanks of the Comstructions shall be communicated to mittee be conveyed to his Grace the the Archbishops before they are finally President, for the trouble he has taken sanctioned.

in conducting the negociations with the " That each Inspector shall, at the Committee of Council, and for consame time that he presents any report cluding an arrangement by which the relating to the said Schools to the National Society is enabled to resume Committee of the Privy Council, its recommendation of cases for aid transmit a duplicate thereof to the out of the sums voted by Parliament Archbishop, and shall also send a for education. copy to the Bishop of the Diocese in

CHURCH BUILDING SOCIETY. A Special Meeting of the Committee building the Chapel at Newcastle,

Ju 29th. - Present, the Emlyn, Carmarthenshire :-building a Bp. of Bangor (in the chair); the Bps. Church at Sheepscar, Yorkshire :of Exeter, Ripon, Norwich, Ely, and building a Chapel at Cwmumman, Llandaff; Lord Kenyon; the Dean of Llandilofawr, Carmarthenshire; at Chichester; the Revs. Dr. Shepherd, Luton, Chatham, Kent; at Woodsetts, J. Jennings, T. Bowdler, J. Lonsdale, Yorkshire :-enlarging the Church at and B. Harrison ; Sir T. D. Acland, Fulham, Middlesex; at Church Oakley, Bart. M.P.; W. Cotton, N. Connop, Southampton; at Tweedmouth, Berjun., Joshua Watson, W. Davis, W. wick-on-1 weed :-erecting galleries ir Gladstone, J. W. Bowden, and A. Hatherop Church, Gloucestershire; at Powell, Esqrs.

Penllech, Carnarvonshire : -- building Among other business transacted, a Tower and new roofing the Church Grants were voted towards rebuilding at Asmanhaugh, Norfolk :-building a the Church at Rawcliffe, Snaith, York- Gallery in the Church at Llansamlet, shire; at Romford, Essex; at Robes- Glamorganshire, and repeuing the ton Wathan, Pembrokeshire: Church at Horley, Oxfordshire.

ADDITIONAL CURATES FUND SOCIETY. Tus Society is in very great need of 30 fresh incumbents have applied for support. its funds are all appro- its assistance; and only four hare priated. Since our statement in April, been enabled to receive it.

PASTORAL AID SOCIETY. The income for the year ending supported at a charge of 17,1841. per March 31, 184 was 16,1771. 6s. 10d. annum. 27 grants, amounting to 14711. being an increase of 5653l. 2s. 5d. on have been made towards the building, the preceding year. At a meeting of purchase, and fitting up of Chapels

the Committee on May 8, twelve ad- and school-rooms, to be licensed for • ditional grants were voted. 196 cler- public worship

gymen and 36 lay assistants are now

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LONDON DIOCESAN EDUCATION BOARD. The first Annual Meeting was held on districts the distributors of the public July 16, the Bishop of London in the grant are to have the power of grantchair. His Lordship spoke at some ing money on a different principle, but length on the objects of the Board, every such exception, with the reaand the inportance of carrying them sons of it, is to be stated in an annual out efficiently; and after stating that return to Parliament.

I think we one main purpose which they contem- have as much security as we could plated was an efficient inspection of reasonably demand, and therefore we schools, and thanking the Judges and may look to get our proportion of others who had kindly undertaken the the public grant made by Parliament. office, the Bishop proceeded :

The Inspectors are to make their rea “I would here allude to a circum- port not only to the Privy Council, but stance which I trust will be hailed by to the Bishop of each diocese, and to the Clergy as an omen of a better un- the Archbishops. Let the Clergy now derstanding between the Church and bestir themselves to raise subscriptions Government of the country upon for the erection of schools, for the the subject of education. The Church greater the subscriptions the more have at length concurred with the extensively will they partake of the Committee of Privy Council in a plan Parliamentary bounty." of inspection of those schools that A very able Report was then read shall receive any portion of the Go- by the Secretary, the Rev. J.S. Boone, vernment money. That plan has been upon whom, in the course of the prosubmitted to the Bishops of the Church, ceedings, the Bishop passed a high and acquiesced in by the National Society, well-merited eulogium, which was and I trust will be readily accepted by warmly responded to by the meeting. the Clergy at large. The terms will We extract some of the most important be embodied in a Minute of Council, parts, and hope on a future occasion to and laid before Parliament. Those give the substance of the Inspector's terms relate principally to the subject Report, and of the valuable remarks on of Inspectors. The Inspectors, who Sunday Schools. may visit schools in connexion with “ It had long been matter of regret, the Church receiving any part of the that the Clergy, as well as other perGovernment grant, are not in any sons interested in the advancement of case to be appointed without the Arch- popular education in connexion with bishops being previously consulted, the Established Church, enjoyed few they (the Abps.) having the power of or no means and opportunities of murecommending such Inspectors them- tually receiving and imparting informselves, and of objecting to them if re- ation on the subject ;-of comparing commended by the Committee of Privy their several plans, the working of Council; and the Archbishops, if they them, and the results,—the methods have reason to disapprove of any In- adopted and the books used :—that spector appointed, can withdraw their they had no facilities for becoming sanction of the appointment. This, I conversant with the most recent imthink, is as much as can be expected provements or experiments :-in short, by the Church. The instructions to îhat they were unacquainted not be given to the Inspectors are to be merely with the general process of drawn up by the Archbishops and the instruction pervading the Diocere, but Privy Council; the portion respecting even with the system followed in the religion exclusively by the Archbishops. neighbouring parishes. It was thought, Grants will be made to schools in con- therefore, that much good might acnexion with the Church in proportion crue from establishing some regular to the number of scholars and the organization, in some fixed spot to amount of subscriptions; with a re- which intelligence might converge, servation, however, in favour of cases and from which it might issue; where of poor districts, where the amount of periodical meetings might be held; subscriptions may be quite inadequate where each might have easy access to to the wants of the poor. In those the knowledge possessed by others; and where a person might be in at- ready received into union with the tendance to afford any explanations Central Board in London; fresh which should be expedient : in other notifications, in which the printed words, by establishing a central board forms are filled up, arrive from day in the Metropolis, having branches in to day; and in the great majority the rural portions of the Diocese. The of answers from the incumbents of the construction of this machinery has various parishes, a willingness to enter already given a fresh impulse to the into such a relation has been expressed, exertions in the cause of education, although a formal union may not yet both in London itself and in the me- have taken place, in consequence of tropolitan counties; but the results some local and temporary impediment. cannot fail to become more and more With regard to the important busiapparent, in proportion as the forma- ness of inspection, the whole matter tion and locality of the Board shall has been of the Bishop's express apbecome better known, and its aims pointment; and the Inspectors are to and proceedings more generally un- be considered as reporting to the derstood. An ample schedule of que- Bishop through the Board. ries, relating to the numerical and “His Lordship has nominated as Infinancial parts of educational statis- spectors five of the Judges of the land, tics—as, for instance, the amount of with five other laymen, and eleven schools, and the funds by which they clergymen. Several meetings of the are supported—has been sent round to Inspectors were held, that they might the Clergy of the several parishes or proceed upon their office after due districts. The number of copies cir- deliberation, and with a competent culated amounts to about 850; the knowledge of each other's views; and number of returns to between 700 and an Inspector's Paper was drawn up, 750. Probably it will be always an in order to give a specific direction to impracticable attempt thoroughly to the inquiries, and to secure uniforinity collect, by the mere circulation of in the manner of the returns. No inprinted queries, however carefully de- considerable portion of the Christmas vised, the extent of education as com- vacation was devoted by the learned pared with the population of a parish Judges and their colleagues to this or district, and the obstacles which interesting task. The method emimpede its extension and efficiency. ployed was, for a clergyman and a The work, which is one of extreme layman to visit a school together, importance, as bearing upon the phy- the consent of the managers having, sical, the intellectual, and the moral in every instance, been previously condition of the people,—their habits, obtained. Remarks were inserted in their tastes, their standard of comfort, the spaces left for them upon the and the value which they set both paper; and when all the schools, at upon religion and upon knowledge, the time open to inspection, had been seems to require a special and personal examined, the Inspectors collated their investigation for its proper and ade- several opinions, and put forth the quate performance. But if district joint Report which appears in the Apvisitors, or paid agents of visiting so- pendix. cieties, could, under the sanction of “ In Essex a Branch Board has the Clergy, connect themselves with been established for the county; and this Board, by gathering such inform- Local Boards, or District Committees, ation, and forwarding it as to a com- are likely to be formed in each of its mon centre, an example might be set rural deaneries. The funds of the by the Metropolitan Diocese which the Essex Board already amount to 12621. ; whole kingdom would follow; the and in addition to the five objects actual state of things might be ascer- which the Central Board has been tained on the one side, the possible and hitherto enabled to pursue, it proposes the desirable on the other; a strong to devote immediate attention to midlight might be thrown on the social dle schools, and to assist in the erection economy of the country at large; and and maintenance of schools in poor a vast benefit might be eventually districts. effected. 242 schools have been al- “ The Board has placed itself in

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