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edy he has neglected, as well as recommend that froin which he has found benefit.

The subjects considered in these volumes have been animadverted on, have been in a manner exhausted, by persons before whose names the Author bows down with the deepest humility; by able professional instructors, by piety adorned with ali the graces of style, and invigorated with all the powers of argument.

Why then, it may be asked, multiply books which may rather inconiber the Reader than strengthen the Cause?

“That the older is better” cannot be disputed. But is not the being "old" sometimes à reason why the be ing “better” is not regarded? Novelty itself is an at. traction which but too often supersedes merit. A slighter drapery, if it be a new one, may excite a degree of attention to an object, not paid to it when clad in a richer garb to which the eye has been accnstomed.

. The author may begiu to ask with one of her earliest and most enlightened friends* _“ Where is the world into which we were born?" Death has broken most of those connexions which made the honour and the happiness of her yonthful days. Fresh links however have continued to attach her to society. She is singularly happy in the affectionate regard of a great number of amiable young persons, who may peruse, with additional attention, sentiments which come recommended to them by the warmth of their own attachment, more than by any claim of merit in the Water. Is there not something in personal knowledge, something in the feelings of endeared ac. guaintance, which, by that bidden association, whence so much of our undefined pleasure is derived, if it does not impart new force to old truths, may excite a new interest in considering truths which are knowo? Her concern for these engaging persons extends beyond the transient period of present intercourse. It would shed a ray of brightness on her parting hour, if she could hope that any caution here held out, any principle here suggested, any habit here recommended, might be of use to any one of theni, when the hand which now guides the pen, can be no longer exerted in their service. This would be remenabering their friend in a way which would evince the highest affection in them, which would confer the truest honour on lierself. Barley Wood, March 1st, 1811.

* Dr. Johnson

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CHAP. I.

CHRISTIANITY AN INTERNAL PRINCIPLE.

CHRISTIANITY bears all the marks of a divine original. It came down from heaven, and its gracious purpose is to carry us up thither. Its author is God. It was foretold from the beginning by prophecies which grew clearer and brighter as they approached the period of their accomplishment. It was confirmed by miracles which continued till the religion they illustrated was estab. lished. It was ratified by the blood of its author. Its doctrines are pure, sublime, consistent. Its precepts just ånd holy. Its worship is spiritual. Its service reasonable, and rendered practicable by the offers of divine aid to human weakpess. It is sanctioned by the promise of eternal happiness to the faithful, and the threat of everlasting misery to the disobedient. It had to collu. sion with power, for power sought to crush it. It could not be in any league with the world, for it set out by de claring itself the enemy of the world. It reprobated its maxims, it shewed the vanity of its glories, the danger of its riches, the emptiness of its pleasures.

Christianity, though the most perfect rule of life that ever was devised, is far from being barely a rule of life. A religion consisting of a mere code of laws, might have sufficed for man in a state of innocence. But man who has broken these laws cannot be saved by a rule wbich he has violated. What consolation could he find in the perusal of statutes, every one of which, bringing a fresh conviction of his guilt, brings a fresh assurance of his condemnation. The chief object of the Gospel is not to furnish rules for the preservation of innocence, but to hold out the means of salvation to the guilty. It does pot proceed upon a supposition, but a fact; not upon what might have suited man in a state of purity, but up. on what is suitable to him in the exigencies of his fallen state.

This religion does not consist in an external conformity to practices which, though right in themselves, may be adopted from human motives, and to answer secular

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purposes. It is not a religion of forms, and modes, and decencies. It is being transformed into the image of wod. It is being like-minded with Christ. It is considering him as our sanctification, as well as our redemp. tion. It is endeavouring to live to him here that we may live with him hereafter. It is desiring earnestly to surrender our will to his, our heart to the conduct of his spirit, our life to the guidance of bis word.

The change in the human heart, which the Scriptures declare to be necessary, they represent to be not so much an old principle improved, as a new one created ; not educed out of the former character, but infused into the new one. This change is there expressed in great varieties of language, and under different figures of speech. Its being so frequently described, or figuratively intimated in almost every part of the volume of inspiration, intitles the doctrine itself to reverence, and ought to shield from obloquy the obnoxious terms in which it is sometimes conveyed. . : . The sacred writings frequently point out the analogy between natural and spiritual things. The same spirit which in the creation of the world moved upon the face of the waters, operates on the human character to produce a new heart and a new life. By this operation the affections and faculties of the man receive a new impulse-his dark understanding is illuminated, his rebellious will is subdued, his irregular desires are rectifie' ed; his judgment is informed, his imagination is chas. tised, his inclinations are sanctified; his hopes and fears are directed to their true and adequate end. Heaven becomes the object of his hopes, an eternal separation from God the object of his fears. His love of the world is transmuted into the love of God. The lower faculties are pressed into the new service. The senses have a higher direction. The whole internal frame and constitution receive a nobler bent; the intents and purposes of the mind a sublimer aim; his aspirations a loftier flight; bis vacillating desires find a fixed object; his vagrant purposes a settled home; his disappointed. heart a certain refuge. That beart, no longer the worshipper of the world, is struggling to become its conqueror. Our blessed Redeemer, in overcoming the world, bequeathed us his command to overcome it also; bat as he did not give the command without the exam,

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