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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD, Alabama, Chairman.
CHOICE B. RANDELL, Texas.
LINCOLN DIXON, Indiana.
CORDELL HULL, Tennessee.
WINFIELD 8. HAMMOND, Minnesota.
ANDREW J. PETERS, Massachusetts.
Tariff hearings were begun on January 6, 1913, pursuant to the following notice:
The Committee on Ways and Means announces to all concerned that it will hold hearings at Washington, D. C., looking to the revision of the present tariff act as per the following schedule:
Schedule A: Chemicals, oils, and paints; Monday, January 6, 1913.
Schedule B: Earths, earthenware, and glassware; Wednesday, January 8.
Schedule C: Metals and manufactures of; Friday, January 10.
Schedule D: Wood and manufactures of, and schedule L: Silk and silk goods; Monday, January 13.
Schedule E: Sugar and manufactures of, and Schedule H: Spirits, wines, and other beverages; Wednesday, January 15.
Schedule F: Tobacco and manufactures of, and Schedule M: Pulp, paper, and books; Friday, January 17.
Schedule G: Agricultural products and provisions; Monday, January 20.
Schedule I: Cotton manufactures; Wednesday, January 22.
Schedule J: Flax, hemp, and jute, and manufactures of; Friday, January 24.
Schedule N: Sundries; Wednesday, January 29.
Free list: Administrative features and miscellaneous; Friday, January 31.
The hearings will be conducted in the hearing room of the committee, 321 House of Representatives Office Building.
Sessions will begin at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m. unless otherwise ordered.
Persons desiring to be heard should apply to the clerk of the committee previous to the date set for the hearing, to be assigned time on the program for that day. In making such application the following information should be given:
Name; permanent address; temporary address in Washington; person, firm, or corporation represented; paragraphs of the act concerning which testimony will be given; brief mention of attitude to revision of the tariff; and the amount of time desired.
In addition to this the person intending to give testimony should forward in advance to the clerk a copy of his brief and of any documents he desires to file with the committee. In preparing this brief it is desired that the following outline be observed: 1. State by items and paragraphs the changes in duties recommended, assigning in each instance reasons for recommendations.
2. Estimate the increase or decrease of imports by paragraphs and items, which would result from suggested modifications of duties.
3. Explain methods or experience relied upon in making estimates.
4. Suggestions as to changes in phraseology of present tariff law.
5. Suggestions as to the betterment of the administrative features of the present
All briefs and other papers filed with the committee should have indorsed on them the name and address of the persons submitting them and the numbers of the paragraphs of the present tariff law to which they relate.
DECEMBER 11, 1912.
O. W. UNDERWOOD,
The time devoted to the hearings in accordance with this notice. was distributed by tariff schedules as follows, the committee sitting as a rule in both day and evening sessions:
..January 29 and 30.
Free list, Administrative and Miscellaneous. Beginning with January 10 and with the testimony on Schedule C, all witnesses appearing before the committee were sworn before giving testimony.
The stenographic minutes of each day's proceedings, together with the briefs and memorials filed, were printed and distributed usually on the day following and about 2,500 copies of this first print were thus disposed of through a mailing list of requests and on personal application. Copies were sent to each witness with the request that he make necessary corrections for clearness in his statement and return the revised copy to the clerk. Such corrections have been observed in preparing this revised edition of the hearings. In this revised edition the chronological order of the statements has been disregarded and the oral testimony and the papers filed on each subject have been grouped and arranged as near as practicable, according to the paragraphs of the present tariff law.
A large number of letters filed with the committee, merely stating the attitude of the writer or substantially repeating arguments already appearing in the hearings, have not been printed in this revised edition but such letters are in the committee's files and accessible to the committee. By this means the size of the volumes has been somewhat reduced, the printing has been expedited, and repetitions and duplications avoided.
FEBRUARY 1, 1913.
DANIEL C. ROPER, Clerk, Committee on Ways and Means.
SCHEDULE A.-CHEMICALS, OILS, AND PAINTS.
COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS,
January 6 and 7, 1913.
The committee met at 10 o'clock a. m., Hon. Oscar W. Underwood in the chair.
Present with the chairman: Messrs. Harrison, Shackleford, Kitchin, James, Rainey, Dixon, Hull, Peters, Payne, Hill, Needham, Palmer, Longworth.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. The clerk will dispense with the roll call.
STATEMENT OF HENRY HOWARD, BOSTON, MASS., CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS' ASSOCIATION.
Mr. HOWARD. Mr. Chairman, Mr. Weed is secretary of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association, and he can not attend. I am appearing for the executive committee, being chairman of the executive committee. My name is Henry Howard.
The CHAIRMAN. Henry Howard?
Mr. HOWARD. Henry Howard.
The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Howard, the committee will be glad if you can make your statement in 15 minutes.
Mr. HOWARD. I can easily do that. In view of the fact that the Manufacturing Chemists' Association of the United States has been assigned among the first to be heard at the opening hearing of your committee on January 6, it is perhaps proper that this association should first raise the question of the best method of procedure with respect to all investigations regarding Schedule A, to the end that the true conditions of the chemical industry may be fairly and accurately ascertained.
Furthermore, this association must necessarily confine itself to the broad question of the character and method of investigation, as the association has not the available data necessary to enable it to speak specifically regarding the many and varied items of the chemical schedule. The association will therefore address itself to the fundamental principle of expert investigation, pointing out in this regard certain errors and inconsistencies which have resulted from past methods of procedure, and leave the question of the discussion of individual items to individual witnesses.
The association has for years given much study to the question of tariff and tariff revision. As a result of the experience thus gained the association has reached the conclusion that no adequate and