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inclination in the choice method of his studies, ranging freely and at large through the pleasant fields of polite literature; and being ravished with the sweet pursuit he prosecuted it with incredible diligence and alliduity.

It appeared from his loose papers, termed by him Adversaria, that before he was eight years standing in the university he had read over and made Reflectionson twenty-two thousand and odd hundred books and manuscripts, a few of which we shall give belowt

citizens of eminency have been wrote. “ It is a pity, continues le, “ if none or few are found. Whether there is not a life wrote “ of my grandfather La Motte : he was a merchant of note.” With regard to his fortune, we are informed in the Account of his Life, that he enjoyed a pretty paternal eftate in Middlesex and elsewhere; and our Author himself occasionally mentions his estates in Northampton and Leicesterthire. The paffage is in his Animadversions on Lord Molesworth's Account of Denmark, which because it will furnith no unfit specimen of the taste and manner of that piece, we thall present our readers with it as follows. In answer to fome of his Lordship's remarks on the poor diet in Denmark he writes thus: “Their peasants “ live as plentifully as in other countries; they have good " fleth and falt fish, white meats, roots, &c.; but what figni. “ fies all this (according to our Author, p. 11.) fince necella66

ry freth fish is wanting? I could heartily condole their con“ dition if my tenants in Northampton and Leiceftershire “ would not take exception; for if they found me once so in“ dulgent to the peasants of another nation, they would cer“ tainly expect a double barrel of Colchester oysters by the “ next carrier; and without a cod's head, smelts, or turbot, “ I might even go to plough myself for Hodge and Sawney.”

+ Diogenes Laertinti, book i. “ 'Thales being asked liow a as a specimen, in order to let the reader into the humour and taste of our Author.

“man might moft eafily brook misfortunes? answered, “ if he “ saw his enemies in a worse condition.” It is not agreed con“ cerning the Wise Men, or whether indeed they were Seven. “ Solon ordained that the guardians of orphans should not “ cohabit with their mothers, and that no person thould be a “ guardian to those whose ellate descended upon them at the

orphan's decease; that no sealgraver should keep the feal “ of a ring that was fold; that if any man put out the eye of " him who had but one he thould lose both his own; that " where a man never planted it thould be death to take

away; that it thould be death for a man to be taken in “ drink. Solon's letters, at the end of his life in Laertius, give “ us a truer idea of the man than all he has written before, “ and are indeed very fine. Solon's to Croesus are very gen" teel; and Pittacus's, on the other side, as rude and philofo“phical : however, both thew Croesus to have been a very “ great man.--Anacharfis has an epiftle to Croesus to thank “ him for his invitation; and Periandet one to all the Wife “ Men to invite them to Corinth to him after their return from “ Lydia.--Epimenides has an epiftle to Solon to invite him “ to Crete under the tyranny of Pififtratus. Epimenides often “ pretended that he rose from death to life. Socrates is said " to have affifted Euripides in his tragedies. He was a great “champion of democracy, and extols pleasure as the best “ thing a man could enjoy, as Xenophon witnesses in his Sym“ pofium.-Xenophon was modeft to excess, and the most “ lovely person living.--Bion used to say it was more easy to “ determine differences between enemies than friends; for “ that of two friends one would become an enemy, but of “ two enemies one would become a friend.--Aristippus was

a man of a soft temper, and could comply with all perfons, “ places, and seasons. He could enjoy and scorn pleasure if “ too expensive to his way of living. He said pleasure was no “ crime, but it was a crime for a man to be a Nave to his “ pleasure. We can have no true character of Hiin fruin his

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He took his first degree in arts December 8t! 1685, and thence proceeded regularly to that of Ma

“ life in Laertius, for it is certain he was an exact courtier, an “the rest of the philosophers, the Grecians, were generall “ averse to him because he could endure to live in the cour “of Dionysius, whereas they were all for a democracy, an “ could not endure to see a Greek complaisant to a monarchi " being a thing, as they thought, below the dignity of lii fer July 6th in the year of the Revolution, and the same year commenced author, He had the happiness of being endued with a religious turn of mind t,

birth. Pleasure was the thing he sought after; and the He “gefiacks, his followers, tell us there was nothing either plea “ sant or unpleasant by nature; but that through scarcity “ novelty, and satiety, some things were delightful, other " diftasteful; that wealth and poverty had no relation to plea “ sure, for that the pleasures of the rich and the pleasures o “ the poor were still the same. They were of opinion that th “transgresions of men were to be pardoned, for that no mai " coinmitted a voluntary sin but by the impulse of some na ""tural passion or other ; that a man ought to propose to him “self, as his chicfest end, to live a life freest from trouble and “ pain, which happens to them who are not over eager in the "! chase and pursuit of pleasure. See in the life of Aristippu “ the notion of the Cyreniacks about friendthip, and how they “ thow the pleasure that is in it.---Theodorus the Atheist de “ nied friendihip, as neither appearing really in fools noi " wife men; for in the first as soon as the benefit ceases the “ friendthip dies; and wise men trust so much to their own “ abilities that they ftand in need of none.--Laertius ha “ made verses on most of the philosophers which are very “ dull.-The Phrygians profuse in their tempers.-Menede“ mus, when a stupid fellow talked impertinently to him “ said, “ Haft thou 'any lands?" The fellow answered, “ Yes “ several farms.” “ Go, then,” said he, " and look after “ them, left thou lose thy wealth, and come to be a poor fool.' “ Timon, an inveterate enemy to the Academick philosophers, “ has written a satire upon them all. There is a very fine (odc of Ariftotle's in Diogenes Laertius concerning virtue and

“ friendship which wants to be translated from the Greek.“ Diogenes's sayings are moft of them puns. He said oppo“ fition was the study of his whole life.--Hypparchia, a wo“ man of a good birth and fortune, fell in love with Crates “ the nafty Cynick, and would needs marry him, and live after “ his fathion. Crates made her brother become his auditor by " letting a f. These Cynicks were nasty brutes.--The logick “ of the Stoicks seems to me, as far as I can make any thing “ of Laertius, to be nothing but words. They held felfpre« servation to be the firft of all defires infused into all crea“ tures.-Erillus maintained there were things indifferent “ between virtue and vice.”—From these Observations on Laertius the reader will be able to form a judgment of others. We need not take notice that this method of making remarks upon the authors he read is very far from being peculiar to the Doctor; it is the general way of overy student; but nothing discovers the tafte and temper of his genius more than the turn and nature of his Adversaria : it is there that shew how freely the Doctor ranged in the fields of polite learning, as well as what sort of flowers pleased his fancy moft. None of the humorous kind seem to have escaped his notice, especially if dressed up in verse, of which the following may serve for a specimen :

Mirth makes them not mad,
Nor fobriety sad,
For of that they are seldom in danger:
At Paris, at Rome,
At the Hague, they 're at home:

The good fellow is no where a stranger. + This was so much his difpofition, that he would never enter upon any business of the day till he had performed his devotions, and read several portions of Scripture out of the Pralms, the Prophets, and the New 'Teftament, on which he would often make his remarks, taking a fresh piece of paper

which being joined to the warmest regard for the ho. nour of his country t, prompted him to rescue the

every morning in his hands, on which he always begun with Zúv Deç, By God's permission ; and this paper he kept at hand all day, to write down whatever occurred to his mind or pleased his fancy; these he called Hints, which he could refer to at pleafure: accordingly we find several of these upon the subject of religion and the church, as well as virtue and morality. Such, for inftance, are these : « The second of “ Efdras seems to me full of tautologies and childith inftan“ces of God's power and explanation of his secret designs. “ Chryfoftome speaks expressly of Jesus Chrift.--See Bartolus “ Agricola de Advocato. Having taught the advocate to be “ a good man, he proceeds to make him a good Christian. " There is such an air of piety runs through all Hackluit's “ discoveries that makes it seem as if that alone made them “ successful. What fignified all the Buccaneers' prosperity “ without virtue! to what authority did all their wars and " conquests bring them but to make one another rich and vi“ cious?"

+ In this spirit, at the head of a very large number of his Adverfaria we find " Criticisms and remarks in poetry, &c. " as might tend to the honour of the Britith name and litera“ ture." To encourage a collection of this kind our Author recommends a prodigious number of observations on books, manuscripts, and what else he had met with to promote the faid work. These observations fill up above twenty pages in odavo, and are most of them exceeding curious. The great number of the valuable smaller poetical pieces referred to and mentioned in them are a conspicuous proof of our Author's judgment as well as diligence. Among other rare pieces he mentions the Polemo Middiano, a Macaronick poem by Drummond of Hawthornden, which, as he intimates, was publithed by Dr. Gibson, late Bithop of London. He takes notice also of the Bithop of Litchfield's Technical verses for Chronology as a Atupendous work, comprehending that learning through many

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