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51.

184 As he went to Jerusalem, the Samaritans would not receive him. Sect. 127. dispatched the Ministry which he was to discharge ceived up, he stedfastly set u on Earth ; notwithstanding all the painful Scenes hi

his Face to go to Jerusalem, Luke IX.

thro' which he was yet to pass, his Heart was so
animated with a Regard to his Father's Honour,
and the Salvation of Men, and so cheared with
the Views of his own approaching Exaltation and
Glory, that in Defiance of all his most inveterate
Enemies, be refolutely set his Face to go up to Je-
rufalem, tho' he knew it was the last Journey

he should take from Galilee thither, and that
52 Tortures and Death awaited him there. And 52 And sent Messengers
as he was travelling thro’ Samaria, being a Stranger went and entred into a

before his Face : and they there, he sent Messengers before his Face, who in Village of the Samaritans to their Progress entered into a Village of the Sama- make ready for him. ritans, to prepare Entertainment for him ; and

only desired to take a Lodging there, and pay 53 for their Accommodation. But the Samaritans 53 And they did not re

had such a National Grudge against the Jews, that ceive him, because his Face they would not receive him, nor grant him

was as though he would go

the to Terufalem."
common Rites of Hospitality due to any Stranger,
because his Face was directed towards Jerusalem ;
and they knew by the Season of the Year, that
he intended that Visit as a peculiar Honour to the
Temple there (c).

And

which would make it no exact Date at all, but might indifferently be applied to any other Feast. Heinfius confounds it with utmois, and interprets it of his being lifted up on the Cross; tho' it is certain, the Ideas of being lifted up to a State of Suspension, and taken, or received up, are extreamly different. - A learned Friend, for whose Judgment I have juftly a great Regard, observing that anakes sometimes signifies a Seizure, ingeniously conjectures, that aveantes may signify Christ's being seized again ; imagining it may refer to a former Seizure at Nazareth, Luke iv. 29. urging farther, that arahap.6 aww fignifies to take again, and referring (I think without sufficient Evidence,) to Axts xx. 13, 14. xxiii. 31. compared with ver. 10. and Eph. vi. 13. compared with ver, 11. in Proof of it. But I beg Leave with all due Deference to observe, that owadaubarw is the Word which Luke uses for taking, in the Sense this worthy Person supposes, as denoting to seize ; (compare Aets i. 16. and Luke xxii. 54.) in which he is supported by the Authority of Aristotle, Euripides, and the best Greek Clasicks. And therefore since the Word is plainly used with Reference to Christ's Afcenfion, Mark xvi, 19. Asts i. 2, II, 22. 1 Tim. iii. 16. as also to that of Elijah, 4. Kings ii. 10, 11. Septuag. and since in all the Places referred to above, it may be rendered by taking up, tsee Grotius on Mark xvi, 19.) I scruple not at all, with the most antiint Verfions, and the Generality of Criticks, to follow the usual Interpretation, which refers waamfes to Christ's Afcenfion ; especially since no considerable Difficulty would be removed by admitting any of the preceding different Interpretations. That the Word Days fignifies no more than Time, and sometimes is used to express what passes in an Instant, is very evident from 3 Kings ii. 1. and Gen. xxv. 24. Septuag.

(c) As a peculiar Honour to the Temple there.] None of the Feafts observed at Jerusalem could be more remarkable in this View, as this was kept in Commemoration of the Templi's heing purified, after it had been polluted by Antiochus Epiphanes, to whose idolatrous Impo

fitions

ChKings ii. 10, 11. Septuantes on Mark xvi. 19.follow the usual |

He rebukes the intemperate Zeal of James and John. 185 54 And when his Disci- ' And when his Disciples, James and John, who Sect. 127. ples, James and John, faw

W attended him
attended hi

(d), saw it, they said, "Lord, wilt this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command Fire thou that we speak for Fire to come down from Hea- Usca:54.. to come down from Heaven, ven to destroy them, as Elijah did with regard to and consume them, even as his Enemies? (2 Kings i. 10, 12.) for surely one Elias did ?

Word in such a Case will do it, and the Artillery
of Heaven will be much more ready to avenge
such an Affront offered to thee, who art so much
superior to any of the Prophets.

But [ Yesus] turning short upon them, rebuked 55
rebuked them, and said, Ye them with a becoming Severity, and said, Ye know
know not what manner of not what Kind of Spirit ye are of; you neither
Spirit ye are of.

consider the Genius of the Gospel, so much more
gentle than that of the Law, nor do you suffici-
ently know your own Hearts; and if you were
more diligently to examine them, you would soon
find, that there is a great deal of personal Resent-
ment, and Oftentation mingled with all that Zeal

for me, which you so warmly express on this Oc-
56 For the Son of Man casion. But I reject your Motion, as absolutely 66
is not come to destroy Men's unfit to be complied with ; for the Son of Man
Lives, but to save them. And
they went to another Vile came not into the World, to erect his Kingdom

by military Force, or by any other Method to
destroy Men's Lives, but to save them; and there-
fore will exert his miraculous Power in Works of
Mercy and Benevolence, and not of Terror and
Vengeance. And they departed from that Place,

and went on till they came to another Village. LUKE XVII. 12. And And as he entered into a certain neighbouring Luke XVII. as he entred into a certain Village, there met him Ten Men who were Lepers, 12. Village, there met him Ten Men that were Lepers, and who on that Account were shut out from which stood afar off : the Towns to which they belonged; and as in

this miserable State they could have no Society
with any but themselves, both Jews and Sama-

ritans

lage.

et med by their mahn, who left to Nations might be relented as memujalen

sitions the Samaritans had willingly offered to fubmit; as was observed on John iv. 9. Note (8), Vol. i. pag. 172. Jofephus observes, (Antig. lib. xx, cap. 6. (al. 5.) S. 1. & Bell. Jud. lib. ii. cap. 12. (al. 11.) S. 3.) that the Yews going from Galilee to Jerusalem at their publick Feafts, took Samaria in their way; and it might be resented as something of an Affront, considering the Antipathy of the two Nations.

(d) James and 7 ohn, who attended him.] That these Disciples, so remarkably distinguished by their Lord's Favour, should have some distinguished Zeal and Faith, may seem less wonderful, than that a Person of so sweet a Disposition as Yohn should make so severe a Proposal. (Compare pag. 36.) - The Affinity which this Story has to the others, with which Luke has connected it, is (as Grotius justly observes,) a sufficient Reason for his having thus transposed it. VOL. II.

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186 Ten Lepers are cleansed, and but One returns to give Thanks. Sect. 127. ritans conversed promiscuoufly together. And 13' And they lifted up f tanding afar off, lest they should pollute Pafsen- their voices, and faid, Jesus

Master, have Mercy on us. gers who might come too near them, they lifted 13.

up their Voice, and said with great Earnestness,
having heard of the Fame of Christ, Jesus Mas
ter, we beseech thee to bave Mercy upon us, as

thou hast already extended it to others in these
14 deplorable Circumftrnces. And seeing them, 14 And when he favo

he said unto them, Go, pero yourselves to the them, he said unto them, Priests; intimating that the Cure should be per- the Priests. 'And it came to

Go fhew yourselves unto formed by the Way. And it came to pass, that pass, that as they went, they as they were going on, they were all miraculously were cleansed. cleansed by the Power of Christ, operating at a Distance, as well as near.

And one of them, perceiving he was healed, 15 And one of them, was so affected with it, that he immediately re- when he saw that he was

healed, turned back, and turned, glorifying GOD with a loud Voice, and with a

with a loud. Voice glorified made a free and open Acknowledgment of so God; 16 signal a Mercy. And presenting himself before 16 And fell down on his Jesus, he fell down on his Face at his Feet, giving Face at his Feet, giving him

Thanks : and he was a Sathe most affectionate Thanks unto him; and it is maritan. remarkable, that he was a Samaritan. And 17 And Jesus-answering

Yesus observing it, answered and said, Were there faid, Were there not Ten. not Ten Lepers cleansed? but where fare) the other

cleansed ? but where are the:

Nine?
Nine, of whom it might have been expected,
as they were Jews, that they should have ex-
pressed a greater Sense of Piety, and have been

more ready to thank God for their Deliver-
18 ance? How is it, that of all that were cleanro: 18 There are not found
ed, none are found who have returned to give Glory that returned to give Glory

to God, fave this Stranger.
to GOD, but this poor Stranger to the Common-
19 wealth of Israel ? And he said to him, Arise, 19 And he said unto him,
go thy Way; this thy Faith in my Power bas Arile, go thy Way; thy

Faith hath made thee whole.
Javed thee, i. e, it has been the Means of thy
Cure; and while thou perceivest these grateful
Sentiments in thine Heart, thou mayest conclude
it comes in Mercy.

IMPROV E M E N T.

Luke ix. 53. WITHO would not have imagined, that the Blefied Jesus should

W have been most cordially welcome, where ever he came, when there was Grace in all his Words, and Benevolence in all his Actions ?

Yet

187

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Reflections on the Evil of a Perfecuting Spirit. Yet these Samaritans would not receive him, because he was a Jew. And Sect. 127. thus do unhappy Prejudices, taken up on imaginary Grounds, against w Men, and Things in the general, sometimes injure the best of Men, and prove much more hurtful to the Persons themselves by whom they are entertained. • The rash Disciples would have called for Fire from Heaven ; and Ver. 54. let us observe how Christ treated the Proposal. He treated it like himself; like the kind compaflionate Friend of Human Nature; and also like one, who well knew what was in Man, (John ïi. 25.) and how little Human Terrors and Severities can do towards producing a real Conversion. Yet Fire from Heaven might have carried along with it some rational Ground of Conviction, which penal Laws and fanguinary Executions can never produce. What then would Chrif have said to these Disciples, if they had themselves proposed to smite with the Sword, or to cast Fire-brands into the Houses of these unhospitable Men ? Lits tle do they know their own Spirit; little do they understand, either the Ver. 55. true Genius, or the true Interest of the Gospel, who have Recourse to such Methods as these, to extirpate Heresy, and to propagate Truth, Let us bless God, that neither the Guilt, nor the Misery of such a Conduct, is ours.

Let us learn to search our own Hearts, that we may form a thororgh Acquaintance with ourselves; which will greatly promote, both the Comfort, and Usefulness of Life. Especially let us attend to our Aims and Intentions, and be greatly jealous over our own Hearts, left we indulge our irregular Passions under Religious Pretences, and set up the Standards of Malice and Pride in the Name of the Lord.

From the Story of the Ten Lepers let us learn, importunately to seek Luke xvii. the Influences of Christ, to purge us from that far more odious and 12---16. fatal Disease, which Sin has spread over our whole Nature; and after the Example of the Samaritan, let us own the Mercy we have received. Have we not Reason to fear, that of the Multitudes who are indebted to the Divine Goodness, there is not One in Ten who has a becoming Ver. 17, 18. Sense of it? Let us labour to impress our Hearts deeply with such a Sense. Let us remember what it is that God expects of us; and let us farther consider, that as the Exercise of Gratitude towards such a Benefactor is most reasonable, fo also in Proportion it is most delightful to the Soul ; it is indeed ( as One well expresses it,) like the Incense of the Yewish Priest, which while it did an Honour to God, did likewise regale with its own Fragrancy the Person by whom it was offered

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188

The Pharisees enquiré, when the Kingdom of GOD will come.

20.

IS. E C'T. CXXVIII.
Our Lord cautions the Jews, against expecting a pompous

Kingdom of the Messiah; and warns them of the approach-
ing National Destru£tion, which would be the Consequence
of rejecting him. Luke XVII. 20, to the End.
LUKE XVII. 20.

LUKE XVII. 20. Sect. 128. T HUS our Lord went on in his Journey, AND when he was deI and at length came to Jerusalem. And it co

a manded of the Phari

fees, when the Kingdom of Luke XVII. was about this Time, that being asked by some of God thrould come; he an

the Pharisees (a), when the Kingdom of GOD, swered them, and said, The which he had so often mentioned as approaching. Kingdom of God cometh

not with Observation. pould actually come; he answered them, and said, The Kingdom of GOD cometh not with that external Pomp and Observation of Men which you , • expect. Neither Mall they point to this, or 21 Neither shall they fay, that remarkable Place, and say, Behold [it is] here, Lo here, or, lo there : for or, behold [it is) there. For behold, and observe it!

behold, the Kingdom of God

is within you.
attentively, the Kingdom of GOD is already among
you (b); tho', because it is an inward and spiritual
Kingdom, erected in Men's Hearts, and not at-
tended with outward Grandeur, you overlook it
as unworthy your Regards.

And he afterwards said to the Disciples apart, 22 And he said unto the
Tho' you do indeed undergo some present Diffi- Disciples, The Days will

come when ye shall desire culties, in Consequence of your Adherence to me, to see one of the Days of the yet you have so much greater Extremities before Son of Man, and ye shall you, that the Time will come, when you shall wish not see it. to see one of these Days of the Son of Man, and mall not fee it; and the whole Jewish Nation having rejected Me the true Meffiah, shall yet long for the Appearance of him, whom they expect under that Character, and eagerly listen to every one

that

'n be exact Criticks in the findication of vices to whom

(a) Being asked by some of the Pharisees.] I pretend not to say, whether this was at Jerusalem, or some neighbouring Place; nor is it any way material to determine it.

(6) The Kingdom of GOD is among you.) So I render colos vuw, referring the Reader to those exact Criticks in the Greek Language, Beza, and Raphelius, (Annot. ex Xen. pag. 109, 110.) for a more particular Vindication of it. It is certain, our Lord could not properly say, the Kingdom of God was in the Pharisees to whom he spoke, whose Temper was entirely alienated from the Nature and Design of it.

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