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Jesus sets out on his last fourney to Jerusalem, Sect. 142. Paffover : And as in Pursuance of this Design they fore them; and they were w were in the Way going up to Jerusalem, 7 efus, to
amazed, and as they fol.
lowed they were afraid. Mark X. 32. Thew his Readiness to meet Sufferings and Death And he took again [Luk.
in such a Cause, went before them; and they were unto him) the Twelve (Diexceedingly amazed at the Spirit and Ardor which fciples apart in the Way,]
and began to tell them what he discovered in so dangerous an Expedition ; and Things Thould happen unto as they followed him, they were afraid, both for him ; [and said unto them,} themselves, and him. And while their Hearts
(MAT. XX. 17. LUKE
would so severely try it. And be faid to them,
Jerusalem, [LUK. and all
Y Things that are written by of this Kind we shall ever take ; for now all Things the Prophets concerning the which are written by the antient Prophets, concern- Son of Man shall be accoming the Sufferings of the Son of Man shall be ex
oll he ev plished :) and the Son of
Man shall be [betrayed and] actly fulfilled ; and the Son of Man shall be betrayed delivered unto the Chief by one of his own Company, who has professed Priests, and unto the Scribes: the greatest Duty and Affection to him, and shall and they shall condemn him
to Death, [MAT. XX. 18. be ungratefully delivered to the Chief Priests and 1..
ind LUKE XVIII.-31.] the Scribes (a), particularly to those who constistute the Sanhedrim, and who have already published so severe an Edict against him ; (John xi. 57. Sect. 141.) end, when they have him thus in their Power, they shall with great Formality condemn
him to Death as a publick Enemy and Disturber : 34 And, as they have not now the Power of Capi- 34 And shall deliver him tal Executions in their own Hands. they hall de to the Gentiles ; and they
lhall mock him, (Luk. and liver bim up to the Gentiles, even to the Roman
spitefully Governor and his Soldiers ; and They, instigated by the Malice of the Jews, and utterly ignorant of the Dignity and Glory of his Person, Mall
(a) Shall be betrayed and delivered &c.] The Word Wolpad odnoslas is the same, both in Matthew, and Mark; but plainly includes, both his being treacherously discovered by Judas, and given up into the Hands of his Enemies. I have therefore retained the different Words, by which our Transiators render it, in the one Place, and the other.
and by the way foretells his Death and Resurrection. 265 ,
put him to a most ignominious and painful Death,
89. and Mat. xvii. Sed. 92.)
reconcile his being Nain, with the Possession of which were spoken. that Kingdom which he was to inherit; and this
Matter was hid from them, to so great a Degree,
Meaning of the Things which were spoken. (Com
tä pare Luke ix. 44, 45. pag. 15.) Mat. XX. 20. Then. Nevertheless, they apprehended thus much, Mat. XX. came to him the Mother of that whatever Difficulties lay in the Way, they 20. Zebedee's Children,' with her Sons (James and John,] in
îshould certainly end in his Triumph and Glory. worshipping him, and defir- And upon this Presumption then, the Mother of ing a certa in Thing of him, Zebedee's Children came at their Instigation to him,
Llaying, with her Sons James and yohn, who were pecu
liar Favourites of our Lord; and they all Three
266 James and John ask for the highest Pofts in his Kingdom. Sect. 142. Master, we would earnestly beg, that thou Mouldst [saying, Master, we would w
give us a general Promise to do for us whatsoever that thou thou dit do for us
give us a general Promne to do for us wpat joever whatsoever we shall desire.] Mat. **. we shall request of thee; for it would be a very [MARK X. 35.] 20.
great Grief to us, if we should not succeed in the
important Petition we have to present. Mark X. 36. And be said to ber sand to them, You cannot Mark X. 36 expect, that whatsoever Kindness I have for you, bever Kindpera have for you said [unto her, and] unto
them, [What wilt thou ? I should at all Adventures enter myself into fo 037 What would ve that I rash an Engagement; tell me therefore particularly, should do for you? (Mat. What wouldīt Thou have? [or] What would You so XX, 21.-] earnestly desire, that I should do for you, if I was fully disposed to grant your Request?'
She says unto him, I intreat thee to grant that 37 [She faith unto him, these my Two dear Sons, who have done so much Grant that these my Two for the Service of thy Cause and Interest, may Grant unto us,' that we
Sons, ] and they said, be preferred to Stations of the highest Dignity, may fit, the one on thy Trust, and Profit; fand they joined with her in Right Hand, and the other the fame Requeft, and said, 'Grant us, that when or
on thy Left Hand, in thy
[ Kingdom and ] Glory. thou art established in thy glorious Kingdom, which, MAT. XX.–21.1 as we apprehend, will shortly be erected in the World, we may not only have a Place there, but may be fixed near thy Throne, and fit in distinguished Honour and Authority, the one at thy Right Hand, and the other at thy Left, as thy
Chief Ministers of State. Mat. XX. But Jesus said to them in Reply, Alas, you are Mat. XX. 22. But Je under the Force of such carnal Prejudices and
sus answered and said [unto mistaken Views, that you know not what you ask, ve ask: Are ye able to drink
them,] Ye know not what or you would be ashamed of fo unreasonable a of the Cup that I shall drink Petition. This is not a Time to think of Tem- of, and to be baptized with. poral Grandeur and Authority; but it is much
the Baptism that I am bap
tized more proper, that I should ask you, and that you should put the Question to yourselves, Are you able to drink of the bitter Cup, of which I am now about to drink so deep (c), and to be baptized with the Baptism, and plunged into that Sea of Sufferings, with which I am shortly to be bap
(c) To drink of the Cup, &c.] It was customary among the Antients, to assign to each Guest at a Feast a particular Cup, as well as Dim; and by the Kind and Quantity of the Liquor contained in it, the Respect of the Entertainer was expressed. Hence Cup came in general to signify a Portion aligned, (Psal. xvi. 5. xxiii. 5.) whether of Pleasure, or Sorrow; and many Instances occur in which it refers to the latter. Compare Psal. xi. 6. lxxiii. 10. Ifa. li. 17, 22. Jer, xxv, 15, 17. Zech. xii. 2. Yohn xviii. 11. and Mat. xxvi. 39, 42.
with: but to sit on my ed (d); for you ihall endure gical
They are only for those for whom the Father has prepared them. 267 tized with ? [ And ) they tized, and, as it were, overwhelmed for a Time? Sect. 142. fay unto him, We are able.
le. And they say to him with a self-confident Assurance, w (MARK X. 38, 39:-)
Yes, Lord, we doubt not but that for thy Saké Mat,x
we are able to undergo all this. 23 And [Jesus] faith unto And Jefus says unto them, You Mall indeed both 23 them, Ye Thall drink indeed of you drink of this my Cup, of which I am to of my Cup (that I drink of,] and be baptized with the
hd drink, and be baptized' with the Baptism of ex
for you shall endure great Extremities for
teiben in its Defence : But as to what you have now for whom it is prepared of desired, to fit on my Right Hand, and on my Left, my Father. [MARK X.
in my Kingdom of Glory, this is not a Privilege –39, 40.]
which is mine to give by partial Friendship, or to
Holiness which are attained in this.
an equal Claim; [andas they were moved with
ter with some Severity.
vailed among them, Jesus called them all to him,
(d) You fall indeed drink of my Cup, &c.] Accordingly it is observable, that this James was the first of all the Apostles, who suffered Martyrdom for Chrift: (Aets xii. 2.) And John was scourged by the Jews; Aets v. 40.) and afterwards banished by Domitian into the Isle of Patmos, where he speaks of himself as a Companion of Christ's Tribulation : (Rev. i. 9.) Not to mention Tertullian's Tradition, that at Rome he was plunged into boiling Oil, by which, it is said, instead of being destroyed, he was sensibly refreshed ; (Tertull. Prafirip. cap. 36.) nor what the pretended Prochorus says, of the Attempt made by some Hereticks to poison him ; which is generally referred to in the Pictures of this Apostle, where the Venom is ridiculously represented, as coming out of the Cup in the Forn of a Serpent, to signify that the Poison did not take Effect.
268 He that would be Chief, should be the Servant of all. Sect. 142. of the Heathen Nations (e) lord it over them in a Princes of the Gentiles exw very imperious Manner, and their Great Men,
ercise Dominion over them; Mat. XX.
Lent, and [their Great ones] exin Stations of subordinate Government, imitate ercise Authority upon them. 25.
their tyrannical Masters, and exercise an arbitrary [MARK X. 42.]
Stations, which may give them an Opportunity
Nature, and it shall not be so among you; for among you : but whosoever instead of appointing any one among you as the
will be great among you,
let him be your Minister, Chief, who should govern the rest (f), I tell you [MARK X. 43.] plainly, that you are to look on each other as Brethren and Equals, or rather, each to esteem others as worthier of Regard than himself: Indulge not therefore an ambitious Temper, but whosoever would indeed be great among you, let bim, instead of aiming at Power and Authority, chuse to be your Minister, and attend on the rest with all the humblest Offices of Condefcension and Love. And whosoever would be Chief among 27 And whosoever will you, or first in my Esteem, and in future Ho- be chief among you, let him
be your Servant, yea, the nour and Happiness, let him be ready to behave on Servant of all.] MARK X. all Occasions as your Servant ; [yea,] let him be 44.] the Servant, not only of your little Fraternity, but of all that are about him (8); not despising
(e) The Princes of the Heathen Nations.). Mark expresses it by on foxxyles apX6V Twy ebrat, which we render, they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles; but this (with Gataker, Cinn. lib. i. cap. 3.) I take to be a Pleonasm, and think it should be translated, they who rule over the Gentiles; and so it coincides with the Clause inserted from Matthew.. (Compare i Cor. xi. 16. xii. 23. xiv. 37. and Phil. iii. 4. Gr.) Instances are produced of the like Use of the Phrase in the best Greek Authors, by Mr. Blackwall, in his Sacred Clasies, Vol. i. pag. 74. to which may be added, tus dorsulas aditev, for ad exolas, Polyb. lib. i. cap. 5. and TWV EV UTEPOXn foxxylow, Epictet. Enchirid. cap. 30. §. II.
(f) Instead of appointing any one among you as the Chief, &c.] As the Requeit of these Two Brethren plainly shewed, that they did not understand our Lord's Words to Peter, (Mat, xvi. 18, 19. Sect. 88.) as designed to invest him with any Authority over the rest of his Brethren; so the Answer which Chrift here gives them, far from intimating any Thing of that Kind, concludes as ftrongly against any such Authority, as a Negative Argument can be supposed to do, and seems abundantly to justify the Turn given in the Paraphrafe.
(g) The Servant of all.] There is a Gradation here, not commonly observed. The Word dlakavos in the former Verse, which for want of a better Word we render Minister, is a Name which might be given to any, who occasionally attended others, or was statedly employed to render them any particular Kind of Service ; but Mrros; Servant, fignifies one, whose whole Business it is to serve, and who is indeed the Property of another. The Words of all, do likewise increase the Gradation.