Sivut kuvina

· Jesus comes to Bethphage near Jerusalem."

289 what Tomb could he not again have recalled him? Yet something like Sect. 145. this, is the Madness of all who hate and persecute others, for being the m i Trophies of the Redeemer's Victory and Grace.

But let not his Servants fear: Their Redeemer is strong, the Lord of Hosts is his Name. (7er. 1. 34.) His work is perfe&t; and the Day and Hour is approaching, in which his Triumph over all his Enemies' shall be so compleat, that his Friends shall be for ever secure, not only from being destroyed, but from being alarmed by them. .

CHRIST rides in Triumph to Jerusalem, on an Alles Colt.

Mat. XXI. 1,---9. Mark XI. 1,---10. Luke XIX.
29,---40. John XII. 12,----19.
MAT. XXI. 1.

MAT. XXI. 1. AND (Luk. it came to AND after Jefus had been anointed by Mary, Sect. 146. A pafs, ] [ Joh. on the n in the Manner related above, it came to pass y next Day,] when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and

on the next Day, which was the First Day of the Mat. XXI. 1. were come to Bethphage Week, that he proceeded on his Journey with [and Bethany,) unto the his Disciples; and when they drew nigh to JeruMount of Olives, then sent Jesus Two [of his] Disciples,

+ salem, and were come to Bethphage and Bethany,

(MARK XI. 1. LukeXix. or to the outward Boundaries of these two
29. JOHN XII. 12.-) Places (a), at the foot of the Mount of Olives,

which lay to the East of the City, then Jesus, as
the Time appointed for his Sufferings was just at
hand, being resolved that he would make a pub-

lick Entry into Jerusalem, fent out Two of his
2 Saying unto them, Go Disciples, Saying to them, Go your Way into 2
[your Way) into the Vil: thé Village which lies yonder over-against you ;
lage over-against you ; and
straightway as soon as ye be and immediately, as soon as you enter into it, you


(a) Were come to Bethphage and Bethany. ] As Bethany was the Town, from which our Lord set out, some have supposed there were Two Places of this Name; of which the one was Fifteen Furlongs from Jerusalem, (as it is said, John xi. 18.) and the other, that he now was come to, joined to the Mount of Olives, and was but a Sabbath-Day's Journey, or but Eight Furlongs distant from the City. (Compare Luke xxiv. 50. and Aets i. 12.) But it is hardly probable, there were Two Places of the same Name within a Mile of each other; and it is much more natural to suppose, that the Limits of Bethany might extend to the Mount of Olives, and be contiguous to the Boundaries of Bethphage, which was part of the Suburbs of Jerusalem, and reached from the Mount of Olives to the Walls of the City. See Lightfoot, Harmon, N. T. $. 72. and Whitby on Mark xi. 1. : VOL. II.


(6) Just

290 He sends -Two of bis Disciples for an Asses Colt. Sect. 146. Mall there find a She-Ass tied at a Door, and. a entred into it,] ṣe shall find young Foal tied with ber, on which no Man ever an Ass tied, and a Colt with

her, (whereon never Man Mat. XX1.2. yet Jate; lay hold of the Foal, and untie bim [Luk. yet) fat: Jloofejhim,j

directly without any farther Scruple, and bring and bring[LUK. him lither 3: Thim) bither to me :' And if any Man should unto me., [MARK XI. 2. take Notice of what you are doing, and say to “z And if ani Man fav

Luke XIX. 30.) you, Why do you offer thus to untie the Foal, and unto you, [Luk. Why do lead shim) away? you · Mall reply and say thus to ye loole him?] ye ih bim, Because Jesus the Lord has need of bim : And cause the Lord hath need of

; (Luk. thus unto him, Be· I know the Owner will not at all seruple to lend him:) and straightway he him, upon the Authority of my Name and Cha- will send ( him hither. 1

[MARK XI. 3. LUKE racter ; but he will immediately send him bither MARSA. 3. with the Damn, that I may use either of them as I shall chuse, to ride into the City : So that. you may bring them both hither, without any

* Apprehension of Accusation or Scandal. Mark XI. 4. And the 'Two Disciples that were. fent on this MARK XI. 4. And (the Errand, presumed not to debate the Reasonable. Difciples] [Luk. that were

fent] went their Way, and ness of the Orders he had given them ; but pre- found Fluk.even as he had ... fently went their Way, and found, just as he had said unto them,] the Colt

faid unto them (b), the Colt with its Dam tied tied by the Door without, ii. anos abroad at the Door of a House, which stood in a met: and they looke hiñ.

in a Place where two Ways abroad at toe. very open Place at the Entrance of the Vi [as. Jesus commanded them.) - where two Roads met : And, as Jefus : commanded (MAT. XXI. 6. LUKE them, they immediately began to untie the Colt,

that they might lead him away. Luke XIX...

... But as they were thus untying the Colt, Provi- Luke XIX. 33. And as 33. dence so ordered it, effectually to prevent any Cla- .

they were loosing the Colt,

[certain of them that stood : mour or Reflection (c), that the Owners of it were there, the Owners thereof, near at hand, with several other Persons. And said unto them, (What do fome of them that food by there, and particularly ye?) why loose ye the Colt?

(MARK XI. 5.)
the Owners of it, said unto them; What are you doing
there? Why do you offer to untie the Colt, which
you know well enough to be none of your own?


XIX. 32.]

(b) Juff as he had said unto them.] The exa& Knowledge, which our Lord Thewed, of so many minute and most fortuitous Particulars, muft furely impress the Minds of these Messengers greatly, and establish the Faith of his Followers. It is observable, that many such Things occurred a little before his Death, which considered in this View have a peculiar Beauty. Compare Mat, xxvi. 31, -35. Mark xiv, 15, 16. and Luke'xxii. 10,–13.

(c) Effectually to prevent any Clamour or Rcflection.} Perhaps had not the Owners of the Beasts happened to be by, and had not Luke expressly mentioned them, the Malice of antient or modern Infidels would have found some Occasion for raising an Outcry, on the Ambiguity of the Words, The Lord has need of him. Its being a weak and contemptible Cavit, would not have prevented their using it, as we learn by abundant Experience.

(d) They

They set him on it, and the People Arew the Way before him. 291

Mark XI. 6. And they And they faid to them, even as Jesus had ordered, Sect. 146.,
said unto them, even as Le- We have no Defign of doing any Injury to you, w
fus had commanded ; [The
Lord hath need of him :or to the Colt; but Jesus, the Messenger of the ma
and they let them go. Blessed God, the great Lord and Proprietor of
(Luke XIX. 34.]

all, bas need of him, and would borrow him for
a little while, to ride into the City; and his Cha-
racter is too well known, to give you any Reason,
to fear you shall lose any thing by your Readi-,
ness to accommodate him in this little Instance,

And on this they were thoroughly satisfied, and

let them go away with it (d). 7 And they brought the And thus they brought the Colt to Yesus, and the 7 Colt (and the Ass) to Jesus, Ass its Damn went with it: And as they had nei. and cast their Garments [on .

e ther of them any Saddle, they threw their loose
them ;] [Luk. and they set mer of them any saddle, the
Jesus thereon. ] [Mat. Mantles upon the Backs of them both, that Jesus.
XXI. 7. Luke XIX. 35.) might take his Choice which he would ride, and

might fit the more easily and decently on either :
And as he chose the Colt, tho' (as was just now
said,) it had never been broke or backed before,

they set: Jefus thereon.
8 And many [even a very And many, (even) a very great Multitude, who 8
great Multitude,] [LUK. as now surrounded him, as he fate on the young
he (Joh. sat on the young
Afs, and went on, spread Ass (e), [and] went on to the City, in Token of
their Garments in the Way: their Respect to him, spread their Mantles in the
and others cut down Branches Way, that he might ride as upon one continued
[from) off the Trees, and
Trawed them in the 'Wav. Carpet ; and others cut down little Branches from
(Mat. XXI. 8. LUKE the Trees, that stood by the side of the Road,
XIX. 36. JOHNXII. 14.-) and gathered Flowers which grew near it, and

strewed them in the Way; according to the usual
Custom of expressing the publick Joy on the Ar-
rival of any illustrious Prince: (Compare 1 Mac.
xiii. 51. and 2 Mac, x. 7.). .


(d) They let them go.] Jf these people were not (as they possibly might be,) the Acquaint. ance of Christ, they might easily meet with him at Yerusalem, if they had a mind to enquire after the Ass and Colt; or they might be left according to their Direction at some House in the City, or be sent back by some of our Lord's Attendants; tho' the Evangelists do not descend to such minute Particulars. There is no Appearance of Christ's intending to thew his Sovereignty in transferring the Property of these Creatures ; and tho', no doubt, he had a Power to do it, his usual Prudence would probably direct him to wave it at a Time, when so many Eyes were upon him for Evil.

) As he fate on the young Afs.] John fays, that Iefus, when he had found a young Afs, Jate thereon: But as the larger Accounts given by the other Evangelifts in a great measure supersede this, I could only bring in a part of that Clause here; tho' in the whole of this Work I am as careful as possible, to omit no one Circumstance, that any of the Sacred Writers mention.

292 : What Zechariah prophefied was now fulfilled. Sect. 146. Now all this was done, and permitted by Jefus, Mat. XXI. 4. All this w that what was prophesied of old concerning the publed which was ronken.

was done, that it might be Mat,XX1.4. Messiah might be fulfilled in him ; and that by by the Prophet, saying, sas

this Occurrence it might be literally accomplished it is written,] [John°XII.

which was spoken by the Prophet Zechariah (1), -14.] 5 saying, (as it is written, Zech. ix. 9.) « Say 5 Tell ye the Daughter

ri ye to the Daughter of Sion, Rejoice greatly, and of Sion, [Fear not;] behold, “ 'shout, oh Daughter, or Inhabitant, of Jerusa-th

thy King cometh unto thee,

meeks “ lem, and fear not any of thine Enemies: For behold, with pleasing Amazement, thy King “ the great expected Mefliah cometh unto thee, meek, and having Salvation; and in Token of “ the Gentleness of his Administration, and his s strict Obfervance of the Divine Law (g), he “ Thall make his publick Entrance into thy City, “ not, as other Princes affect to appear, in a “ proud triumphal Chariot, or riding on a stately “ managed Horse, decked with a Variety of “ splendid Ornaments, and attended with a pom« pous Cavalcade ; but he shall appear, like one « of thine antient Patriarchs or judges, in the “ earliest and best Ages of thy Commonwealth,


fitting ' It might be literally accomplished which was spoken &c.] I shall not enter on a particular Detail of the Reasons, which induce me to believe, that the Prophecy of Zechariah is here quoted according to its primary and literal Sense; but content myself with referring the Reader to Bishop Chandler's Defence of Christianity, pag. 102,-107. and Mr. Bullock's Vindication, pag. 175, 176.

(8) His strict Observance of the Divine Law.] The learned and ingenious Bishop Sherlock has set this Fact in a most just and beautiful Light, in his Fourth Dissertation annexed to the laft Edition of his Discourse on Prophecy. GOD, that he might keep the People of Israel in a more sensible Dependance on himself, forbad the Use of that strong, generous, and majestic Animal the Horse (7 ob xxxix. 19,-25.) in their Armies, as also of Chariots. Deut. xvii. 16. (Compare Joh. xi. 6. J udg. v. 15.) David therefore, who rode himself on a Mule, and ordered Solomon to do so on his Coronation-Day, (1 Kings i. 33, 34.) burnt the Chariots he took from the Enemies, and hamstrung their Horses, to make them unfit for War. (2 Sam. viii. 4.) And afterwards when Solomon, (1 Kings iv, 26.) and succeeding Princes, multiplied Horses, they were rebuked by the Prophets, and chastised by God for it. (See Ifa. ii. 6, 7. xxxi. 1. and Hf. xiv. 3.). And the Removal of them is spoken of, as Matter of Promise in the Days of the Mefiah. Hof. i. 7. Mic. v. 10, 11. and Zech. ix, 10.

It is therefore with great Propriety, that Christ in his most publick Triumph chose, acccording to the Prophecy before us, to ride on ax Ass. Nor are we to imagine, there was any Thing mean and ridiculous it it ; for the Eastern Afles are a much larger and more beautiful Animal than ours; and it plainly appears, the Patriarchs and Judges of the Jewish Nation thought it no Disgrace to ride upon them; of which Abraham, (Gen. xxii. 3.) Mojes, (Exod. iv. 20.) and Jair's Family, Fudg. x. 4.) are Instances. Nay, Magistrates are spoken of by the general Description, of those that rode on white Alles. Judg. v, 10. (Com. pare Numb. xxii. 21. 2 Sam. xvi. 2. xvii. 23. xix. 26.) So that all the Ridicule which has fallen on this Passage, must, to speak with all possible Charity, be retorted on the Ignorance of those, who have taken upon them to censure what they did not understand.

(6) H

the ruoted according to whích induce memos spoken &c.) I shall

beaution thoughand in Descripti. 2. xvülich all po what they

The People come in Crouds to meet him.

.293 mheek, and fitting upon an fitting upon an Ass; yea, he shall come upon Sect. 146. Ass, and a Colt the Fole of « Colt the Foal of an Ass, which, tho' it had an Ass. (JOHN XII. 15.] ,

" never been backed before, shall in his miracu

“ lous Hands be tractable and gentle.”
John XII. 16. These Now it is to be observed, that bis Apostles and John XII.
Things understood not his other Disciples did not understand these Things at "
Disciples at the first: but
when Jesus was glorified. first, nor recollect the Correspondence between
then remembred they that the preceding Prophecy and the Event: But when
these Things were written of Jesus was raifed from the Dead, and glorified at
him, and that they had done the Right Hand of the Father, from whence he
these Things unto him.

sent down his Spirit to instruct them in the Myste-
ries of his Word and Kingdom, then they remem-
bered that these Things were written concerning bim
as the Messrah; and that they had done these Things i
unto him, without any designed Reference to the
Prophecy, which at the Time of its Accomplish-

ment they did not so much as think of. Luke XIX. 37.— And And when he was come nigh to the City, sand Luke XIX, when he was come nigh, was) now at the lower Part of the Descent of the 37. even now at the Descent of the Mount of Olives,

Mount of Olives, which lay, as was said before, to

the East of Jerusalem, and was but a few Furlongs John XII. - 12. Much from it, A great Multitude of People, who John XII. People that were come to were come from Galilee and other Parts to celebrate 12. the Feast, when they heard the Feast of the Passover, having beard by some that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

who had run before the rest of the Company,
that Jefus was coming in this solemn Pomp to

rufalem, immediately resolved to go and viher him
13 Took Branches of in with all possible Respect: And accordingly 12.
Palm-trees, and went forth they took Branches of Palm-trees, which were
to meet him, and cried, Ho-
fanna, blessed is the King of

commonly carried before those who rode in pubIfrael, that cometh in the lick Triumph, and went forth to meet him, and Name of the Lord. cried, Hosannah! May Ğod save and prosper 14:p.291.

him (h)! Blessed be the King of Israel, who comes 1514.293. fuji.

in the Name, and by the Authority of the Lord 1677

our GOD, to redeem us, and to rule over us.

(Compare Psal. cxviii. 25, 26.): | 17 The People therefore. Now as he rode along in all this Pomp,, the 17 that was with him when he People who were with him (i), when he called Loza. called


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(b) Hosannah! May God save and prosper him!j I. suppose few Readers need to be inte formed, that the Hebrew Word Hosannah signifies, Save we beseech thee.

(i) Now the People who were with him.] It is impossible, that their not understanding the Prophecy of Zechariah now, or recollecting it afterwards, (which are the Things mentioned in the preceding Verse, John xii. 16.) should be the Reason of what follows here. It appears


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