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Jesus weeps over Jerusalem.

297 into Rage.

Oh that there may be none, under all the Engagements of a Sec. 146. Christian, and even of a Ministerial Profession, who proclaim Chrif with great Appearances of Zeal, only that they may exalt themselves; and wilh Prosperity to his Kingdom, only as it may promote their own Interest in a World, from which it was the great Design of his Death, to redeem his Servants !

SECT. CXLVII.

CHRIST having wept over Jerusalem, enters into it, and

vindicates the Temple a second Time, from the Prophanation of the Traders. Mat

. XXI. 10,---16. Mark XI. 11.- Luke XIX. 41, to the End.

City T

LUKE XIX. 41.

LUKE XIX. 41. ,

HUS our Lord went on, in his triumphant Sect. 147. near, he beheld the City,

Progress toward Jerusalem and when he and wept over it,

Luke XIX. was come near it, and had now the View of it

41.
before him, (the Place where he was command-
ing an extensive Prospect of it,) bebolding the City
in all its present Beauty and Glory, and consider-

ing the Calamities which would shortly be its 42 Saying, If thou hadst Ruin, he tenderly wept over it,

Saying, ob

42 known, even thou, at least that thou hadst known (a), even thou unhappy City, which belong unto thy Peace which art now on the very Point of being de

but voted to final Destruction ! oh that at length, tho'

with the greatest Obstinacy thou hast despised the
Messages of all thy Prophets, thou hadft but
known and seriously regarded, at least in this tby
latest Day and Opportunity of Grace, the im-
portant Things which belong to thy Peace, and on

which

(a) Ob that thou hadst known.] It is certain, as we have observed elsewhere, (Note (a) on Luke xii. 50. pag. 125.) that the Particle et is sometimes used to express an ardent Wish; (compare Numb. xxii

, 29. and Joh. vii. 7. Septuag.) and the Connection here will very well bear it. If our Translation be retained, it must be acknowledged, that the broken Manner of speaking is very emphatical : Our Lord will then seem to pause, in a silent Reflection on the happy Consequences, that would have attended their obedient Regard to his Invitations and Addresses. -But to add the Words, [it had been well,] which some have proposed, would rather enervate, than help the Sense; as I think it would do in most of the Passages, which learned Criticks have produced from the Greek Writers, as Instances of a like Figure of Speech. See Mr. Hailet, on Script. Vol. i. pag. 11. Vol. II.

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42.

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He enters the City, and goes to the Temple, Sect. 147. which thy final Happiness depends ! But now, but now they are hid from Luke XIX.

alas, they are hid from thine Eyes, and God will thine Eyes.

leave thee in his righteous Judgment to this af

fected Ignorance and obstinate Perverfeness, till 43 it end in thine utter Ruin. For the Time

43 For the Days fhall haftens on, and in a little while the Days Mall come upon thee, that thine come upon thee, when thou shalt suffer all the about thee, and compass thee Hardships of the closest Siege, and thine Enemies round, and keep thee in on shall draw a Trench about thee, and compass thee every Side, round, and press thee in on every Side, so that thou

neither shalt be able to resist, nor to escape them: 44 And they hall level thee with the Ground on which 44 And Ihall lay thee thou standest, and crush thy Children within thee even with the Ground, and

thy Children within thee ; under thy Ruins ; and shall not leave so much as and they shall not leave in one Stone upon another in thee (b) of all thy fplen- thee one Stone upon anodid and facred Structures : And all these terrible ther: because thou knewest Calamities shall overwhelm thee, because thou didst tation.

not the Time of thy Vilien not know and consider the appointed Season of thy merciful Visitation, nor attend to those Overtures of Grace, which I have come in Person so frequently to make, and have still urged with so

much Seriousness and Tenderness. Mat. XXI. And Jesus entered into Jerusalem with great

MAT. XXI. 10. (And Solemnity, amidst the joyful Acclamations of the Jesus entred into Jerufat

lem :) and when he was People ; and as be made bis Entrance in such a

come, all the City was publick and remarkable Way, the whole City was moved, saying, Who is this? in a great Commotion at so uncommon an Appear-'[MARK XI. 11.-] ance, saying, Who is this, that comes in all this

Pomp, and is attended with these high CongraItulations ? And the Multitude that came with I And the Multitude him said, This is Jesus the great Prophet, who is of faid

, This is Jesus, the ProNazareth in Galilee, even He that is so celebrated phet

, of Nazareth of Galiall over the Country, for the Fame of his Doctrine and Miracles.

And yejus having come into the City by the 12 And Jesus went into Eastern Gate, alighted from the Colt, and went the Temple of God, and

[when he had looked round directly into ihe Temple of GOD, to worship there, and to preach to the People : And when be bad looked round about, and made his Obfer

vation

10.

12

about

(b) Shall not leave one Stone upon another in thee.) Josephus has fo particularly and affece tionately recorded the Accomplishment of every part of this Prediction, especially in the Sixth Book of his Jewish War, that I cannot but recommend the Perusal of it to every Christian, who has an Opportunity of reading it.

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and drives out them that bought and sold there. 299 about upon all Things,) vation upon all Things there (e), as he perceived Sect. 147 (LUK. began to cast out those Prophanations were again renewed, which

Mat. XXI. [LUK. them that] bought he had formerly so folemnly chastised soon after in the Temple, and over- he entered on his publick Ministry, he began with threw the Tables of the Mo- a holy Indignation to animadvert upon them, as of them that fold Doves : he had done Three Years before (d), and to drive [MARK XI.-11.-Luke out all them that fold and bought in the Outer Court XIX. 45.]

of the Temple, which was appointed for the Gen-
tile Proselytes to worship in, but was made use of
by the Jews as if it were a common Market-
place ;

and with an irresistible Authority he over-
threw the Tables of the Exchangers of foreign Mo-
ney into the current Coin, which those that came
from distant Parts might want to offer for the
Service of the Sanctuary ; (see Exod. xxx. 13,

and likewise overturned the Seats of them 13 And said unto them, that fold Doves for Sacrifices.

And be said to 13
It is written, My House them as he turned them out, Such Practices as
{is, and) thall be called the
House of Prayer ; but ye

these profane the House of God, and shame-
have fully pervert the Use for which it was designed ;

for it is written, (Isa. lvi. 7.) My House hall
be called an House of Prayer," and shall be fet
apart

for the Performance of Religious Worship:
But you have turned it into an House of Mer-
chandise, and made it (as the Prophet speaks,

Jer.

14.)

(c) When he had looked round about upon all Things.] It is plain from this Expression of St. Mark, that Jesus, when he went into the Temple on the Day of his publick Entry, took particular Notice of all Things there ; which it is hardly probable that he would do, without reforming the Abuses with which the Jews fo Namefully profaned it; and Matthew so expressly joins his driving out the Traders with the Transactions of this Day, that howsoever it appears from several Instances, that the Evangelists are not always exact in observing the Order of Time, it is highly reasonable to suppose, that Jesus purged the Temple on this Day. Yet it appears so evident from Mark's Account, (ver. 12, —-17.) that the Traders were driven out on the next Day, when Christ returned from Bethany to the Temple, after he had cursed the Fig-tree, that I cannot but suppose with Mr. Whiffon (in his View of the Harmony, pag. 130, 131.) that this Occurrence happened twice : And therefore I have only given here what Matthew and Luke relate of this Matter, reserving Mark's Account to the next Day : (See Sect. 150. Note (a) on Mark xi. 15.) Tho', after all, I dare not be confident in a Case, where the greatest Criticks are so much divided in their Sentiments.

(d) As he had done Three Years before.] I see no Reason to wonder at the Repetition of such an Action as this, or to imagine that John would have placed this story so early in his History, as he does, if it had not happened then, as well as now. (See Yohn, 11, 12, -56. Vol. i. pag. 140, 141.) – Some have observed a greater Severity in our Lord's Treatment of those that sold Doves now than before, as he now overthrew their Seats, whereas he formerly contented himself with ordering the Owners to take them away.: (John ii. 16.) But I will not answer for the Solidity of the Remark.

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The Blind and Lame come to bim, and are healed. Sect. 147. Jer. vii. 11.) a Den of Robbers (e), a Place where have made it a Den of

Traffick is carried on by Persons of the most in- Thieves. [Luke XIX.46.] Mat

. XXI. famous Character, who live by Deceit and Op13.

pression, and pra&tise the vilest Extortion, even in
the House of the Righteous and Blessed God.
(Compare John ii. 14, — 16. Sect. 21. and Mark

xi. 15, 17. Sect. 150.)
14 And there were many of the Blind and Lame (f), 14 And the Blind and
who had no sooner heard of his Arrival in the the Lame came to him in

the Temple, and he healed City, but they immediately desired to be led to them. the Place where he was; and they came to bim in the Temple, and be graciously healed them in the

Presence of all the People. 15

But when the Chief Priefs and Scribes bebeld 15 And when the Chief the Wonders be performed, and observed how the Priests and Scribes faw the

wonderful Things that he very Children were crying out in the Temple, and did, and the Children cry continued the Song which the Multitude had be- ing in the Temple, and say, gun, saying, Hosannab to the Son of David! ing, Hosanna to the Son of With joyful Acclamations we congratulate his

David ; they were fore dil:

pleased.
“ Coming, and bid him welcome into the City
“ of his Royal Father !” instead of being open

to Conviction, they were filled with Indignation
16 and Resentment, And they said to him, Dost

16 And faid unto him, thou hear what these Children say ? and judge it fay?? And Jesus faith unto

Heareft thou what these proper to encourage these unthinking Creatures in them, Yea; have ye never such Language as this ? And Jesus says unto them, read, Out of the Mouth of Yes, I am sensible enough of what they say, nor

Babes and Sucklings thou: is it needful, or fit, that I should reprove

haft perfected Praise?

them
for it. Are you unacquainted with the Scriptures,
you that would have the People to regard you as
the
great

Teachers of the Law? or have you never
read what David says, (Pfàl. viii. 2.) Out of the
" Mouth of Babes and Sucklings thou hast or-
« dained that Strength, whereby thou hast per-
fested thine own Praise, by the Weakness of

the

(e) A Den of Robbers.] Bishop Smallbrooke well observes, (in his Answer to Woolllon, Pol. i. pag. 168.) that our Lord in this Expression seems to allude to the Custom, which Robbers in those Parts had of Theltering themselves in Dens and Caves in the Wilderness, where great Multitudes of them often joined in sharing their Plunder.

(f) The Blind and Lamé.) Many such would, no doubt, be waiting in the several Avenues of the Temple, to afk Alms at a Time when there would be such a vast Concourse of People : And there seems a peculiar Propriety in our Lord's multiplying these astonishing Miracles, both to vindicate the extraordinary Act of Authority he had just been performing, and to make this his last Visit to Jerusalem as convincing as possible, that those who would not submit to him might be left fo much the more inexcusable.

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The Priests would destroy him, but are afraid of the People. 301

" the Instruments made use of in thy Service (8)?” Sect. 147 You cannot but have read it, and I assure

you,

Mat. XXI.' that as God in many Instances has used, and in a little while will eminently use, some of the weakest and meanest of Mankind to accomplish his great and glorious Purposes ; so this Event is a most signal Illustration of those Words; and it is by a secret Influence of God on the Minds of these Little ones, that they are led, as it were, to upbraid your Silence and Insensibility, by so

remarkable and suitable an Exclamation.
LUKE XIX. 47. _And And thus he was till the Time of the Passover, Luke XIX,
he taught daily in the Tem which was celebrated within Five Days after 47.
and the Scribes, and the this (b), teaching daily in the Temple : But the
Chief of the People, fought Chief Priests and the Scribes, and others of the
to destroy him;

Rulers of the People, who had before decreed his
Death, were still contriving how they might ex-

ecute their horrid Design, and diligently fought
48. And could not find an Opportunity to defroy bim : But they knew 48
what they might do: for all not how to effect it, and could not immediately
the People were very atten-
nive to hear him

find out what they might do for that Purpose, or
what safe Method they might take to seize him ;
for all the common People listened to him with so
great Attention and Pleasure, that they hung as
it were on his Lips while he spake (i), and pressed
upon each other for an Opportunity of hearing
him. The Magistrates therefore feared, lest the
Populace should tumultuoully rise in his Defence,
if they offered any publick Violence to him, and
that thus they might endanger themselves, while
they sought to destroy Jesus.

IMPROV E

(8) Out of the Mouth of Babes, &c.] To ordain Strength, which is the Phrase the Pfal-
mill uses in the Passage here referred to, was in effect (as the Seventy render it,) to perfect
Praise ; so that there is no need to be solicitous about that little Variation in the Quotation.

This general Observation of David was greatly illustrated, by the Hosannahs of these
Childrex ; and yet much more, by the Triumph of the Apostles, weak as in many Respects
they were, over all the Oppolition of Jews and Gentiles.

(b) Celebrated within Five Days after this.] This was the First Day of the IVeek, or our Lord's-Day; in Commemoration of which Palm-Sunday was long ago denominated, and as Ceremonies increased, was particularly observed. The Palfover was celebrated by Christ on the Thursday- Night following, and he was crucified on Friday. Some Transactions of cach intervening Day, are marked in the following History:

(i) They hung as it were on his Lips while he fpaké.] This is the literal Import of: sex peualo, aulx axywv. To render it, (as in a late Version) The Populace were strongly attached' to bis Doctrine, is far from exprefsing the full Sense.

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