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When he was lifted up, he would draw all Men to him.

307 Taid, An Angel spake to while others, who were nearer, said, It was an Sect. 148. him.

Angel spake to bim from Heaven. 30 Jesus answered and

But Jefus answered and said to his Disciples, John XII. faid, This Voice came not who stood near, and distinctly heard it, This Voice 30. because of me, but for your from Heaven came not chiefly for my Sake, who fakes.

was before assured of the Affection of my Father,
and knew the Purpose he had formed to glorify
himself by me; but it was uttered for yours, that
you may not be offended, and quit your Hope
in me and Regard for me, on Account of any

of the Sufferings which are coming upon me.
31 Now is the Judgment This indeed is a very critical and important Time; 31
of this World : now shall for now is the Judgment of this World (g), which
the Prince of this World be
cast out.

I am going to conquer and condemn, that by my
Death my Followers may be taught, and enabled,
to triumph over it, and those

may

be convinced of Sin, that believe not in me: (Compare Gal. i. 4. and John xvi. 8, 9.) Yea, now shall Satan, the Ruler and God of this World, be cast out from that Empire, which he has so long usurped over the Minds of Men, and especially over the Hea

then Nations. (Compare Eph. ii. 2. and 2 Cor.
32 And I, if I be lifted iv. 4.) And when I am lifted up from the 32
up from the Earth, will Earth (b), tho' I may seem thereby to be made
draw all Men unto me.

the Trophy of mine Enemies, yet such shall be
the Effect of that important Event, that I mall
thereby draw all Men to me ; i. e. I shall lay a
Foundation for conquering the most stubborn
Hearts by so rich a Display of my Love, and
shall by a secret, but powerful Influence on their
Minds, persuade Multitudes of all Ranks, and

all

as the great Prophet of the Church, at his Transfiguration ; (Mat, xvii. 5.) and now again, when he had made his publick Entry into Jerusalem, as a King.

(8) Now is the Judgment of this World.) Mr. Massey renders this, (in his Vernac. Sacra, pag. 8, 9.) Now is this World come to its Crisis: And Grotius, and More, (in his Theological Works, pag. 207.) explain it of the Redemption of the World, or its Vindication from the Bondage of Satan. But this is so unusual a sense of the Word, that I chuse with Dr. Whitby to understand it, of the Condemnation of the World, or of the Judgment passed upon its wicked Principles and Practices, and of the Victory which Christians were to gain over it in Consequence of the Death of Christ. See John iii. 18, 19. xvi. 8, 11.

(b) When I am lifted up from the Earth. I think Dr. Whitby's Note on this Text sufficiently vindicates this Version of eay utwba. See the Greek Version of Deut. vii. 1. Judg. vi. 3. xxi. 21. 2 Sam. vii

. 12. 1 Kings xiii. 31. Job vii. 4. Prov. iii. 24. iv, 12. Jer. iii. 16. and compare John xiy. 3. 1 John iii. 2. and 3 John ver. 10. where Edv enow may fignify, when I come.

R 9 2

(i) Who

308

33

die.)

And in ge

ever,

The Jews are offended at what he says of the Son of Man Sect. 148. all Nations, to list themselves under the Banner

I raise. (Compare John iii. 14, 15. Sect. 26.)
John XII.
Now this be spake, of his being lifted up from

33 (This he said, fignithe Earth, as fignifying by what Death be should fying what Death he should die, even by Crucifixion, in which the Person

suffering was lifted up on high, and hung as it 34 were between Heaven and Earth.

34 The People answered neral, it was understood by the People, as im- him, We have heard out of plying some violent Death shortly to come upon for ever : and how fayeft

the Law, that Christ abideth him. The Multitude therefore answered him, We thou, The Son of Man must have heard it taught as a certain Truth out of the be lift up? who is this Son:

of Man?
Law, or out of the Volume of our Sacred Wri-
tings, that the Messiah is immortal, and abides for

“ that his Kingdom is an everlasting King-
“ dom, and his Dominion continues unto all Ge-
“ nerations :” (2 Sam. vii. 16. Psal. lxxxix. 29.
cx. 4. Ifai. ix. 7. Ezek. xxxvii

. 25. Dan. ii. 44• vii. 14.) And how then dost thou, who now plainly profesfest thyfelf to be the Messiah, say that the Son of Man must be lifted up from the Earth, and die a violent Death ? Who is this Son of Man (i)? Is he, as such Language as this might seem to intimate, a different Person from the Messiah, whom we have been taught to expect under the Title of the Son of Man ? This was faid by some of the Multitude, who were illaffected towards him, and desired to find something to object against him.

Then Jesus said to them, Do not cavil at what 35 Then Jesus said unto I now say; but remember, how short this Op- the Light with you: walk

them, Yet a little while is portunity is, which thro' the Divine Goodness

you now enjoy : Yet a little while is the Light with you,

which you may derive from me, or my Servants, who shall come to

you

in
my
Name; walk

35

while

there

(i) Who is this Son of Man?] A Writer of great Note interprets this, as if they had faid, “ Who is this, that fo absurdly, and inconsistently with the Prophets, speaks of him“ felf as the Son of Man, while he talks of being lifted up, and dying ?" (See Dr. Sykes of Christianity, pag. 110.) But the Sense given in the Paraphrase appears to me more natural, and I am pleased to find it in Grotius. This was a real and important Difficulty; but it was fit fome Obscurity should for the present be left upon it, left the Plainness of the Prediction should have prevented its Accomplishment. Our Lord therefore gave the Dif

a useful Turn, and a few Days more proclaimed the Mystery, which he had before revealed to his Apostles in private, when he set out on his laft Journey to Jerusalem. (See Mat, xx, 18, 19. pag. 264.)

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He retires in the Evening to Bethany.

309 while ye have the Light, left therefore while you have the Light; comply with Sect. 148. Darkness come upon you: the gracious Purposes of God in making these

John XII. ness, knoweth not whither Discoveries to you, and regulate your Temper and

35 he goeth

Conduct by them ; that Darkness may not overtake
you,

that you may not be deprived of the Gospel,
and left in a Night of Ignorance and Misery : For
you know it is a most uncomfortable Thing for
a Traveller to be benighted in his Way, as he that
walks in Darkness wanders from Place to Place,
and knows not whither he goes, or into what Dan-
gers
he

may fall the very next Step he takes; and
much more dreadful will it be for you, to be de-
serted of God, and left to the Darkness and

Folly of your own Hearts. (Compare John xi. 36 While ye have the 9, 10. Sect. 139.)

Let me therefore once 36
Light, believe in the Light, more seriously and kindly exhort you, that while
that ye may be the Children
of Light.-

you have the Light thus clearly shining around you,
you believe in the Light, and honestly follow it,,
that you may be the Children of Light, who being
now truly wise and good, shall be the Heirs of

Holiness, Glory, and Joy everlasting.
These Things fpake These Things Jefus spake, when the Greeks

ap-
Jesus, [and he left them, plied themselves to him ; and as the unbelieving
now the Even - tide was Jews were greatly irritated by the Actions and
come, he went] [out of the Discourses of the Day, and would not be awaken-
City unto Bethany (MAR. ed to Conviction, he left them, and departed thence
with the Twelve ;] (and he
lodged there,] and did hide to a retired Place : And when now it was late in
himself from them. (Mat. the Evening, he privately went out of the City to
XXI.17. Mark XI.-11.). Bethany, with none to attend him but the Twelve

Apostles ; and knowing that his Enemies were
watching to destroy him, and might have at-
tempted to seize him by Night, if he had tarried,
at Jerusalem, be lodged there at Bethany, and con-
cealed himself from them, to avoid the Affaults of.
their deliberate Malice till his Hour was come.

97-6.311

IMPROV E M E N T.

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W HO can wonder at the Defire these Greeks expressed, to see fo Johnxii. 20,,

celebrated a Person as Jesus was ! We hope there was something 21. more than mere Curiosity in it, and that at length they saw him with believing Eyes, and according to his Prediction glorified bim by, a cordial Ver. 23.

Accept

Ver. 24

Ver. 25.

Ver. 27

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310

Reflections on the happy Fruits of the Death of Christ. Sect. 148. Acceptance of his Gospel. — His Disciples, we fee, were ready to intro

duce them : And surely every faithful Minister of Christ will undertake Ver. 22.

the Talk with Pleasure, when he sees Souls awakened by Divine Grace,
and enquiring after Jesus with affectionate Concern.

Blessed be God, it has already in many Instances been seen, that by
the Death of Christ an immortal Seed was sown, which has multiplied
in all Ages, and is still multiplying : Oh that it might have a greater
Increase ! One would think, that Words so gracious as these should pro-
mote that Increas, and operate upon every Heart, to produce a Love
to him fufficient to conquer every Danger and Opposition, which may

be met with in his Cause : Behold the Promise, which he has left upon Ver. 26. Record; “ If any Man, be he ever so mean or unworthy, will but faith

“ fully serve and followo me, whatever his former Wanderings and Rebel-
“ lions may have been, where I am, there hall also

my Servant be."
Happy State indeed! not only, like these Greeks, to have a transient Sight
of Christ, but to be for ever with him !

How admirable is the Love and Stedfastness of our Redeemer, who procured so great a Happiness for us at so dear an Expence ! and even when his innocent Soul was troubled in the View of his Sufferings, instead of declining them, met them with Joy! How should it animate us to renew that general comprehensive Petition, than which none can

be more suitable to us with regard to all the Divine Dispensations ; Ver, 28. Father, glorify thine own Name ! Glorify thyself, O Lord! and to that

great End dispose of us as thou pleasest; for we should abhor ourselves,
if we had any Interest separate from thine !

We may be assured, as certainly as by a Voice from Heaven, that this

great End shall be answered ; and in this we should rejoice. Behold, the Ver. 31, 32. Prince of this World is cast out! Behold, Satan is vanquished by Christ!

and Jesus is lifted up on the Cross, for a Standard to all the Nations.
Behold the attractive Magnet, by which all Men are to be drawn, by
which all his chosen People shall be brought to him, and so raised up
to Heaven itself ! Let us look unto him from the Ends of the Earth, and
labour with our cold Hearts, to awaken them to that lively and ardent
Affection, which we owe to him who was crucified for us.

For ever adored be Divine Grace for this Gospel Light, which disco-
vers to us so excellent an Object ! May we use it to saving Purposes, and
so walk in it, as that we may appear to be the Children of Light ! Let
us think of that last Distribution of Mankind, when the Children and
Heirs of Light and Darkness are once for all to be separated. Let us
think of the Gloom of eternal Night, which will shortly overtake those,
by whom the Gospel is now despised ; and remember how much it will
be aggravated by the Light we have so long seen. Do thou, Oh GOD,
at whose Word Light arose out of Darkness, send fortb by thine Influ-

Ver. 35, 36.

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The Jews are hardened, and will not believe.

311 ences on our Hearts thy Light and thy Truth, that they may lead and Sect. 148. bring us to thine holy Hill ; (Psal. xliii. 3.) and that we may have the Satisfaction of knowing whither we go, even when we walk thro' the dark Valley of the Shadow of Death ! (Psal

. xxiii. 4.)

SE CT. CXLIX.
John's Reflection on the Infidelity of the Jews. As CHRIST

was returning the next Morning to Jerusalem, be curses
the barren Fig-tree. John XII. 37,---43. Mat. XXI.
18, 19.

Mark XI. 12,---14.

JOHN XII. 37.

John XII. 37. BY o Triathy Mihechos de lone Now such was the Perverseness of the Jews, Sect. 149

and such the Prejudice they had conceived them, yet they believed not on him : against our Lord, that tho' he had sufficiently

John XLI. declared himself to be the true Meffiah, and tho

37 he had done so many undeniable and glorious Miracles at this and other Times before them, in their most publick Places and most numerous Assemblies; yet the greater Part of them were hardened in their Infidelity, and notwithstand

ing all that he had said and done, they did not 38. That the Saying of generally believe on him as the Messiah. So 38 Esaias the Prophet might that the Saying of Isaiah the Prophet was plainly Lord, who hath believed fulfilled and verified in them (a), which he spake eur Report? and to whom in the Name of Christ and of his Servants, rehath the Arm of the Lord ferring expressly to the Gospel Times, (Isa. liii. 1.) been revealed ?

Lord, who hath believed our Report ? and to " whom hath the Arm of the Lord been so effectu. ally revealed or made bare (b), as to conquer

" those

(a) So that the Saying of Isaiah was fulfilled.] It is apparent, (as the late judicious Mr.. Jeffery has observed, in his True Grounds &c. pag. 110.) that the Accomplishment of this Prophecy could not be the End they proposed to themselves in their Unbelief; and consequently, that the Expression eve aanpaon must be rendered, as it is here : Which may be applied to several other Passages, and thews, by the way, how precarious that Remark of Mr. Pierce is, by which he would make that Phrasé an Argument, that the Scripture introduced by it is quoted, not in any Instance by way of Accommodation, but always, according to its original Design and literal Meaning.

(6) Hath the Arm of the Lord been revealed ?] I apprehend this Phrase may allude to the Habit generally worn by the Easterns, and especially by Persons of Rank, which was a

long

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