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Reflections on the Ruin that should come on the Jews. 387 are any of the little Interests of Life, that out of Regard to them we Sect. 161. Thould be willing to continue one Moment longer exposed to a Danger, which may fink us into everlasting Perdition and Despair! We have here a lively Description of that aggravated Ruin, which was »

15, 16. brought upon the Jews for neglecting Chrift; even great Tribulation, Mat. xxiv.

iuch as had never from the very Beginning of the World fallen upon any 21. Cother Nation, nor shall ever be equalled. Thus was his Blood upon them,

and their Children. (Mat. xxvii. 25.) May we never know what it is, to have this Blood crying against us, for trampling it under Foot as an unboly

Thing ! (Heb. x. 29.) For surely to the Yews, who thus rejected the Counfel of GOD against themselves, all these Things which they suffered were but the Beginning of Sorrows; and the Famine and Sedition, Pestilence Ver. 7, 8. and Slaughter, by which so many Thousands perished, served only to consign them over to infinitely more terrible Indignation and Wrath, Tribulation and Anguish, which will at last fall on every Soul of Man that doth Evil, whether yew, or Gentile. (Rom. ii. 8. 9.)

These unhappy Creatures eagerly listened to the very Name of a Mel- Mark xiii. hah, by whomsoever it was assumed ;; while they rejected him whom 21, 22. God had sent them, and who had so long, and with so much Importunity, been renewing to them the Offers of Life and Salvation. May none of us ever know the fad Impatience, with which condemned Sinners will wish, and wilh in vain, for those Overtures and Messages of Grace, which they now despise ! În that Sense, wherefoever the Carcafe Mat. xxiv. is, there will the Eagles be gathered together : Where-ever there is the 28. like Unbelief and Impenitence, there will be in its Degree the like Ruin. Christ has graciously told us these Things before : May we humbly attend Mark xiii. to the Warning, that none of this Terror and Destruction may ever 23. come upon us!

CHRIST describes the total Destruction of the Jewish State

by strong Figures, many of them literally suiting the Day
of Judgment; to the Mention of which he proceeds, declar-
ing the particular Time of it unknown. Mat. XXIV. 29,
---36. Mark XIII. 24,---32. Luke XXI. 25,---33.
Luke XXI. 25.

LUKE XXI. 25. AND there shall be Signs O U R Lord proceeded in the awful Repre- Sect. 162. in the Sun, and in the sentation of the Judgments that were com

sing on Jerusalem, and said, Before this Desola- 25.
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Jesus describes the Tribulation of those Days. Sect. 162. tion shall be compleatly come, there shall be (as Moon, and in the Stars; and m a y I told you before, ver. 11.) some extraordinary upon the Earth Diltrels of

Nations, with Perplexity, 25.

Signs in the Sun, and in the Moon, and in the the Sea, and the Waves roaf:
Stars; Eclipses, Comets, and surprizing Mete- ing;
ors; and on the Earth there shall be Anguish and
Distress of Nations; the Sea, and the proud Waves

thereof, roaring, and breaking in upon the Land
26 with an irresistible Inundation; "While Men

shall be almost expiring with Fear (a), and over- them for Fear, and for look. whelmed with the sad Expectation of those cala- are coming on the Earth.

ing after those Things which mitous Things which are coming upon the Land : For this shall not be like former Invasions or Cap. tivities, which only produced some transient Diforders in the State, or, at most, an Interruption in the Government for a few Years; but it shall be attended with such a total Subversion of it, and with such vast, extensive, and lasting Ruin, that it shall be a most lively Emblem of the Deso

lation of the whole World at the Last Day. Mat. XXIV. For immediately after the Affliction of those Mat. XXIV. 29. Im29. Days, which I have now been describing

mediately after the Tribula

tion of those Days, shall the Sun mall as it were be darkened, and the Moon Sun be darkned, and the

all not seem to give her usual Light; and the Moon Thall not give her Stars - Mall fall from Heaven, and the Powers of Light ; and the Stars Thall the Heavens, all the mighty Machines and strong Powers of the Heavens Ihall.

fall from Heaven ; and the Movements above, shall be maken and broken in be shaken. [MARK XIII. Pieces (c); that is, according to the Sublimity of 24, 25. LUKE XXI. -—26.]


. (a) Expiring with freem to be some of the lat pag. 374 375is: bob Tillotson, and

(a) Expiring with Fear.] This is the literal Rendering of arafu xotwn an0 2068. The Signs here spoken of seem to be some of the latest of those mentioned in the Writers referred to above, in Notes (8) and (b) on ver. 10, 15. pag. 374, 375.

(6) Immediately after the Affliction of those Days.] Archbishop. Tillotson, and Brennius, with many other learned Interpreters, imagine, that our Lord here makes the Transition from the Deftručlion of Yerusalem, which had been the Subject of his Discourse thus far, to the General Judgment : But I think, as it would, on the one hand, be very harsh, to suppose all the Sufferings of the Jewish Nation in all Ages, to be called the Tribulation of those Days; so it would, on the other hand, be equally lo, to say, that the General Judgment, which probably will not commence cill at least a Thoufand Years after their Restoration, will happen immediately after their Sufferings ; nor can I find any one Instance, in which arbees is used in such a frange Latitude. What is said below, (in Mat, xxiv. 34. Mark xiii, 30. and Luke xxi. 32. pag. 391.) seems also an unanswerable Objection against such an Interpretation. I am obliged therefore to explain this Section as in the Paraphrase; tho' I acknowledge many of the Figures used may with more literal Propriety be applied to the Last Day, to wich there may be a remote, tho' not an immediate Reference.

(c) The Sun pall be darkened, &c.] It was costomary with the Prophets, as it still is with the Eastern Writers, to describe the utter Ruin of States and Kingdoms, not only in general by an universal Darkness, but also by such strong Figures as those here used, which



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Messengers should be sent to assemble bis Eleft.

that Prophetic Language to which you have been Sect. 162. accustomed, the whole Civil and Ecclesiastical Con

stitution of the Nation shall not only be shocked,
30 And then fhalt appear but totally diffolved. And then all there evi- Mat. XXIV.
Ine Sign of the Son of Man dently abbear such a remarkable Hand of Provi- 30.
in Heaven : and then shall
all the Tribes of the Earth dence in avenging my Quarrel upon this sinful
Imourn, and they shall see People, that it Thall be like the sign of the Son
the Son of Man coming in of Man in Heaven at the Last Day; and all the
the Clouds of Heaven, with
Power and great Glory. Tribes of the Land shall then mourn, and they shall
(Mark XIII. 26. Luke fee the Son of Man, coming as it were in the Clouds
XXI. 27.)

of Heaven (d), with Power and great Glory; for
that Celestial Army, which shall appear in the
Air man halled round the City, Thall be a fure
Token to them, that the Angels of God, and

the great Lord of those Heavenly Hosts, are set,
31 And [then) he fall as it were, in Array against them. And to 31
fend his Angels with a great

pursue the Allusion, as at the great Day the An-
Sound of a Trumpet, and pu
they fhall gather together his' gels shall in a literal Senfe assemble all his Saints
Elect from the four Winds, together ; so also be all then send forth bis Mef-
from one End of Heaven to

o sengers (e) with the great Sound of his Gospel, as
the other, [from the utter-
moft Part of the Earth, to of a loud Trumpet, and they shall assemble his Eleet
the uttermost Part of Hea- from the four Winds, even from one End of the Hea-
ven.] [MARK XIII. 27.]

vens to the other, or from the uttermot Part of the
Earth one Way, to those Climates which lie un-
der the uttermost part of Heaver the other Way:
And Multitudes of all Nations shall obey the
Summons, tho' the Jews have ungratefully and
foolish espised it ; and the Son of Man shall:
be honoured and trusted by Millions now unborn,
when this wicked and perverse Nation is perished


all have their Foundation in that Way of speaking. Compare Isa. xiii. 10. xxxiv. 4,(10.
Ix. 20. Yer. xv. 9. Ezek. xxxii. 7, 8. Joel. ii. 30, 31. jj. 15. and Amos vii. 9.

(d) Coming in the Clouds of Heaven.) Sudden and irresistible Destruction, in which
much of the Hand of God evidently appears, is (as Dr. Whitby justly observes,) often
expressed by God's coming in the Clouds: (Compare Psal. xviii. 9. 1. 3, 4. xcvii. 2, 3:
civ. 3. Jfa, xix. 1. xxvi, 21. lxvi. 15.) But I think, the Celestial Appearances described by
Josephus, (as above, Note (h) on Luke xxi. II. pag. 375.) lead us into the exactest Inter-
pretation of this Text, and greatly illustrate the Propriety of these Expressions here.

le) Send forth his Messengers.] Most of the Translations, as well as our own, greatly obscure this Text, by rendering the Word asyears, Angels; for tho' it generally signify those Celestial Spirits, who are on great Occasions the Messengers of God to our World, it is well known, that the Word refers, not to their Nature, but to their Office; and is often applied to Men, and rendered Messengers. See Mark i 2. Luke vii, 24, 47. ix. 52. 2 Cor. viii. 23. Phil. ii. 25. and Jam, ii, 25. In some of which Places it signifies, as here, Preach. ers of the Gospel, who were to carry on God's great Design of uniting all bis chosen People in onę Society under Christ, as their common Head. Eph. i. 10.

02 Locke



He delivers the Parable of the Fig-tree. Sect. 162. in their Rebellion and Infidelity. And wheri Luke XXI. 28. And these Things begin to come to pass, be not you ter-, wol

when these Things begin to Luke XXI.

*. come to pass, then look up, rified and dismayed, but rather chearfully look up- and lift up your Heads; for wards (f), and lift up your Heads with Joy and your Redemption draweth Afsurance ; for whatever happens, you will be nigh. secure; and as soon as you see the first Appear-, ance of these Signs, you may comfortably con- ' clude, that your compleat Redemption and Deliverance draws nigh (8); for many of you will be safely brought home to the Haven of eternal Peace before these Storins are ended, and the rest of you will not long survive them

And further to illustrate what he had been fay- 29 And he spake to the ing, be spake to them a very easy and familiar Pa- a Parable, [Now] behold rable, saying, Behold now,' [and learn a Parable

[and learn a Parable of ] the

Fig-tree, and all the Trees: from the Example of the Fig-tree, and all the [MAT. XXIV. 32.–

other Trees that drop their Leaves in the Winter: Mark XIII. 28.-] 30 When Buds appear upon the Fig-tree, and its 30 When [his Branch is

Branch is now become tender, and the Sap rising in yet tender, and] they now the other Trees, they shoot forth their young Leaves, and know of your own felves,

shoot forth (Leaves,] ye see and begin to open and spread, you see and know that Summer is now nigh ac of your own felves, by the Observation you have hand: (MAT.XXIV.–32. often made, that Summer is now near at hand, as MARK X111. –28.] these are certain Prognostications of it: So likes 31 So likewise ye, when wise you, when you shall see all these Things come ye [ Mall ] see [ all] these to pass, may affuredly know, that the Destruction ve

á Things come to pass, know

ye that the Kingdom of God of the Jewish State, and the Advancement of is nigh at hand, (even at the the Kingdom of GOD in all its Glory is just at Doors.] {Mat. XXIV. band, even) at the Doors; or that the Time is 33. MARK XIII. 29.) coming, when the Desolation I have been speaking of shall come upon Jerusalem, and the Gofpel shall be propagated all abroad, and take such



be fully redeeme one our Bodiedbe DeliveranLife, nay, noftles Lives bere is Re

(f) Look upwards : avexufale.] This is an Expression, which admirably suits the Load of Labour and Sufferings, under which the Apostles would be depressed in this afflicted State. See Raphel. Annot. ex Herod. pag. 270.

(g) Your Redemption draws nigh.] As the Resurrection is the Time, when we shall in Fa& be fully redeemed, or delivered from all the sad Consequences of Sin, and therefore is called the Redemption of our Bodies : (Rom. viii, 23. Compare Eph. iv. 30. and Hof. xiii. 14.) So in a less proper Sense, the Deliverance from the Toils and Sorrows, Temptations and Infirmities, of this sinful and calamitous Life, may, on the like Principles, be called Redemption. And if we may judge of the Length of the Apostles Lives by the Extent of their Labours, tho' we know not the Time when many of them died, there is Reason to conjecture it was not till about this period; which, by the Way, would be an Argument, they were now most of them young Men.

tion. Maies of this finance, the Delme vii. 23. Consequences of some when

(b) This 30.]

That Generation should not pass, till all was fulfilled. 391

Root in the World, that you may assure your- Sect. 162.

selves it shall never be destroyed. _ 32 Verily I say unto you, And verily I say unto you, and urge you to ob- Luke XXI. This Generation shall not pass away, till all f these serve it, as absolutely necessary in order to under- 32. Things] be fulfilled. [Mat. stand what I have been saying, that this GeneraXXIV. 34. Mark XIII. tion of Men now living hall not pass away, until

all these Things be fulfilled (b); for what I have
foretold concerning the Destruction of the Jewith
State is so near at hand, that some of you shall

live to see it all accomplished with a dreadful
33 Heaven and Earth fhall Exactness; And the rest may die in the Affu- 33
pass away; but my Words
shall not pass away. (Mat. san

rance of it: For another, and yet more awful Day XXIV. 35. MARK XIII. shall come, when in a literal Senfe Heaven and 31.]

Earth mall pass away, and the whole Fabrick of
this visible World shall be diffolved before my
majestic Presence; but my Words shall not pass
away, till they are perfectly fulfilled, and the Ef-
ficacy of them shall remain in the eternal World

which shall succeed these transitory Scenes. MARK XIII. 32. But of But tho' Jerusalem shall be destroyed, before this Mark XIII. that Day and that Hour Generation disappear, yet of that great decisive 32. knoweth no Man, no, not the Angels which are in Day, which is appointed for the Diffolution and Heaven, neither. the Son, the Judgment of the World, and of the Hour

[but or Season, when it shall open upon Men, and

shall bring on their final Sentence, there is no
one who knows the precise Time (i), neither the
Angels in Heaven, nor even the Son of Man him-


houere to understehey collect rianity, pog. 66, the Honours be fulfilled.)

(h) This Generation shall not pass away, until all these Things be fulfilled.] ThoBrennius, and Mede, (in his Works, pag. 752.) have here the Honour to be followed by so great an Authority as Dr. Sykes, (of Christianity, pag. 60.) yet I must beg Leave to say, that I cannot think the Texts they collect sufficient to prove, that by this Generation ( 1 yeved auln ] we are here to understand the Yewish Nation thro all Ages; as if our Lord intended to say, they should continue a distinct People to the Judgment Day. What I have expressed in the Paraphrase is plainly the most obvious. Sense of the Words, and seems to me an evident Key to the whole Context; especially when compared with Mat. xvi. 28. There be some standing here, which mall not taste of Death, till they see the Son of Man coming in his Kingdom. See Note (i) on that Text, Vol. i. pag. 554.

(i) Of that Day and Hour no one knows.] I cannot agree with Dr. Clarke, in referring this. Verse to the Destruction of Yerusalem, the particular Day of which was not a Matter of great Importance; and as for the Season of it, I see not how it could properly be said to be entirely unknown, after such an express Declaration, that it should be in that Generation ; and yet at some considerable Distance, for otherwise there would not have been Room for the gradual Accomplishment of the many Predictions uttered above. It seems therefore much fitter, with Dr. Whitby, (after Grotius,) to explain it of the Las Day, when Heaven and Earth mall pass away, which is sometimes called that Day with a peculiar Emphasis ;

Phrase answering to the great, or remarkable Day. Compare 2 Tim. i. 12, 18. and iv. 8.

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