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and betrays the Son of Man with a Kiss.

507 and faith, [ Hail] Master, fairest Appearances of Duty and Friendship, Hail Sect. 183. Master; and killed him. to thee, Rabbi, Rabbi! May the greatest Pleasure w [MAT. XXVI. 49. LUKE XXII. -47.]

ke and Happiness continually attend thee! And upon Mi Mar.XXVI.50.-[But] this he killed him. But Yesus, well understand- Mat. XXVI. Jesus said unto him, Friend, ing the perfidious Purposes concealed under this 50. wherefore art thou come ? [ Judas, betrayelt thou the son

fond Address, answered with great Mildness, yet Son of Man with a Kiss?] with becoming Spirit, and said to him, Friend, [LUKE XXII. 48.] wherefore art thou come ? and whence is all this

Ceremony and Transport? Think of it, Judas!
Is this the Friendship thou hast so often boasted?
Alas, doft thou betray him, whom thou canst not
but know to be the Son of Man, with such a
treacherous Kiss (e)? And dost thou think, that
he can be imposed upon by this poor Artifice ?
or that God, who has promised him so glorious
and triumphant a Kingdom, will not punish such

Baseness and Cruelty to him? John XVIII. 4. Jesus Then Jesus, thó' he fully understood what John XVIII. therefore knowing all Things was to follow this perfidious Salutation, as know- 4. that should come upon him, ing all the dreadful Things that were coming went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? upon him (f), yet did not attempt to escape,

or to withdraw himself out of the Power of his
Enemies : Nevertheless, he determined to shew
them, that he could easily have done it; and
therefore, as they now, upon the Signal that was
given them, were drawing near to seize him,
he went forth towards his Enemies, and said to
them, with the greatest Composure of Mind,


(e) Dost thou betray the Son of Man with a Kiss?] There is great Reason to believe, that our Lord uses this Phrase of the Son of Man to udas on this Occasion, (as he had done the same Evening at Supper twice in a Breath,) in the Sense here given ; (compare Note (b) on Mat, xxvi. 24. pag. 434.) and it adds a Spirit to these Words that has not often been observed, which the attentive Reader will discern to be attended with much greater Strength and Beauty, than if our Lord had only said, Deft thou betray me with a Kiss ?

(f) Knowing all Things that were coming upon him.] Our Lord not only knew in general, that he should suffer some great Evil, or even Death itself; but was acquainted also with all the particular Circumstances of Ignominy and Horror, that should attend his Sufferings, which accordingly he largely foretold, (see Mat. xx. 18, 19. and the parallel Places, pag. 264.) tho' many of these Circumstances were as contingent, as can well be imagined.It is impossible to enter aright into the heroic Behaviour of our Lord Jesus Christ, without carrying this Circumstance along with us. The Griticks are in Raptures at the Gallantry of Achilles, in going to the Trojan War, when he knew, (according to Homer,) that he Thould fall there : But he must have a very low Way of thinking, who does not see infinitely more Fortitude in our Lord's Conduct on this great Occasion, when this Circumstance, so judiciously, tho' so modestly suggested by St. John, is duly attended to.

(8) They

hould fall'obiere going to the long with us oic Behaviour of our can well be implaces, pag.

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508 Jesus comes forward, and the Soldiers fall to the Ground. Sect. 183. Whom do you come to seek here ? And they 5 They answered him, Je

w were so confounded at the Air of Majesty and sus of Nazareth. Jefus faith JohnXVIII

unto them, I am be. And • Intrepidity with which he appeared, that with- Judas also which betrayed out saying, they were come for him, they only him, stood with them. answered bim, We are come to seek Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus says to them, You have the Person then before you; I am (he.) And yudas also who betrayed him, then stood with them; and he who formerly had followed Christ as one of

his Disciples, now sorted with his open and 6 avowed Enemies. Then as soon as he said to 6 As soon then as he had

them, I am [he,] there went forth such a secret said unto them, I am be, Energy of Divine Power with those Words, that fell to the Ground.

they went backward, and all their united Force was utterly unable to resist it; so that they presently drew back, as afraid to approach him, tho' unarmed and unguarded; and fell at once to the Ground (g), as if they had been struck with Lightning. Yet a few Moments 7. Then asked he them after, recovering from this consternation, they again

again, Whom seek ye? And

hey they said, Jesus of Nazaretha. arose and rallied again ; and then as they came up the second Time, be asked them again, Whom do you seek ? And they said to him as before, Jelas the Nazarene. Fesus answered them, I have 8 Jesus answered, I have already told you thăt I am The :) If therefore you told you that I am be. If seek me alone, you may let thefe my Companions these go their Way :

therefore ye seek me, let and Friends go their way in Safety (h); and indeed I shall insist upon that, as a Condition of surrendering myself to you, which you may easily per

ceive (8) They drew back, and fell to the Ground:] As there were Stribes and Priests among them, they must have read of the Defruction of those Companies, which came to seize the Prophet Elijah; (2 kings i. 10, 12.) a Fact, which bore so great a Resemblance to this, that it is an amazing Instance of the moft obdurate Wickedness, that they should venture to renew the Assault un Chrift, after so sensible an Experience both of his Power and Mercy. Nothing seems more probable, than that these Wretches might endeavour to persuade them. selves and their Attendance, that this strange Repulse was effected by some Damon, in Confederacy with Jefus, who opposed the Execution of Justice upon him; and they might, perhaps, ascribe it to the special Providence of God, rather than to the Indulgence of

efus, that they had received no farther Damage. The most corrupt Heart has its Realonings to support it, in its absurdeft Notions, and most criminal Actions.

(5) Let these go their Way.] What Tenderness was here towards those, who had fo lately neglected him, Creeping while he was in such an extream Agony, ) that yet he would not suffer them to be terrified by so much as a short Imprifonment? And the Words also intimate, that he intended presently to dismiss ther, as probably not thinking it convenient to appear before his Judges with such an Attendance. His Disciples, perhaps, might confider this Speech as an Excuse for their forfaking him; but had they viewed it in a juft Light, it would rather have appeared a strong Engagement upon them to have waited for that fair Dismifion, which our Lord seemed about to give them.

They seize upon Jesus, and Peter cuts off Malchus's Ear. 509 . 9 That the Saying might ceive I could refuse, if I thought fit. And Sect. 183. be fulfilled, which he spake, this he faid

kez this he said, that the Saying be bad uttered before, S

that the Saving be ba Of them which thou gavest me, have I loft none.

" might farther be illustrated and accomplished, of Jo

those whom .thou, my Heavenly Father, bast
given me, I bave lost, and will lose, none (i).

(See John xvii. 12. pag. 487.) MAT.XXVI.-50.Then And then, as he was speaking this, they that Mat. XXVI. came they, and laid (their) were fent

heir were sent to apprehend him came, and laid their 50. Hands on Jesus, and took him. (MARK XIV. 46.] Hands upon Jesus, and took him Prisoner, without

Luke XXII. 49. When his making any Manner of Resistance. Now Luke XXII.. they which were about him, upon this, when bis Disciples faw that they had 49. faw what would follow, they faid unto him, Lord, thaíl féized him, and began to apprehend' what would we (mite with the Sword ? be the Consequence of these Things, they said to:

him, Lord, shall we smite these impious Wretches
with the Sword? for we doubt not, but as few

as we are, thou canst render. us victorious over Mat. XXVI. 51. And this armed Multitude. And without staying Mat. XXVI.. behold, one of them which for his Answer: bebold; one of them that were 51. were with Jesus, (Jonii.e. Simon Peter, having a with

seven) Simon Peter (k), having a Sword,] stretched out his sword, stretched out his Hand, and drew it with a Hand, and (Joh. drew it, rash inconsiderate. Zeak and smote a Servant of the and] ftruck ä Servant of the High Priest's, (Joh. and cut:

High-Priest; whose Name was. Malchus, and who off his Right Ear, The Ser- seemed peculiarly officious in seizing Christ (l); vant's Name was Malchus.]' and he struck full at his Head, intending to cleave (MARK XIV. 47• Luke him down, but the Stroke glanced a little on one XXII. 50. JOHN XVIII. 10.]

Side, so that he only cut off his. Right Ear.. 52 Then said Jesus unto Then Jefus. being determined to surrender him- 52 (Peter,] Put: up again thy felf into the Hands of his Enemies, and still to


Thew that such a Surrender was the Effect, not.
of Compulsion, but of Choice, said unto Peter,


None of the Erhers omitted, eded no such prechlesias Bishop Hahl

(i) I have loft none.] Jansenius juftly observes, that it was a remarkable Instance of the Power of: Christ over the Spirits of Men, that they so far obeyed this Word, .as. not to seize Peter, when he had cut off the Ear of Malchus, or John while he stood .by the Cross, tho' they must know them to have been of the Number of his most intimate Associates.

(k) Even Simon Peter.] None of the Evangelists, but yohn, mentions the Name of Peter on this Occasion ; which, perhaps, the others omitted, left it should expose him to any Pro-. secution ; but John, writing long after his Death, needed no such Precaution.

(1) Smote a Šervant of the High-Priest, &c.] One would have thought, as Bishop Hall observes, he should rather have fruck Yudas; but the Traitor, perhaps, on giving the Signal had mingled himself with the Croud; or Pieter might not understand the treacherous Design of his Kiss; or (eing Malchus more eager than the rest in his Attack on Chrift, he might postpone all other Relentments, to indulge the present Sally of his Indignation. Tho' this might seem a couragious Action, it was really very imprudent; and had not Chrift by some secret Influence over-awed their Spirits, it is very probable, (as thc.pious Sir Matthew Hale observes,) that not only Peter, but the rest of the Apostles, would have been cut 10 Pieces. (Hali's Contemplations, pag. 254.)

(m). More.


Peter is rebuked for using his Sword. Sect. 182. Return thy Sword into the Sheath again; for I Sword into (the Sheath;} for will not have Recourse to this, or any other

er all they that take the Sword, Mat. XX

Thall perish with the Sword. 1. Method of Defence: And indeed, all that take (John XVIII. 11.-1 52.

the Sword, wall perish by the Sword, and they
that are most ready to take up Arms, are com-
monly the first that will fall by them; thereby,
perhaps, intending farther to intimate, that the
Jews, who were now drawing the Sword againft
him, should e'er long perith by it in a very mise-
rable Manner, as they quickly after did in the
Roman War; and that the Sword of Divine Ven-
geance, in one Form or another, would quickly
find out all his implacable Enemies. And 53 Thinkeft thou that I
besides, Peter, dost thou think, that I want the cannot now pray to my Fa-
Aid of thy feeble Arm, and that I cannot now

ther, and he thall presently

give me more than twelve pray to my Father, and have such Interest with Legions of Angels ? him, that he would presently furnish me with a Celestial Army for my Guard, marshalled in

dreadful Array, and consisting of more than
54 Twelve Legions of Angels (m)? But how then, 54. But how then shall
if I Thould thus stand on my Defence. Mall the Scriptures be fulfilled,

that thus it muft be?
the Scriptures be fulfilled, even the very Prophe-
cies which I came to accomplish, which have so
expressly foretold, that thus it must be? Or how

should í approve my Submission to him that sent Joh. XVIII. me? You only look at Second Causes, and John XVIII. -11. The 11,

have but an imperfect View of Things; but I Cup which my Father hath consider all the Sufferings I am now to meet as my

e given me, shall I not drink under a Divine Direction and Appointment, and regard them as the Cup which my Father has given me; and when considered in that View, all I not willingly submit to drink it? Shall I not acquiesce in what I know to be his Will? or would it be the part of a dutiful and affectionate Son, to dispute the Determinations of his Paternal Wisdom and Love?


(m) More than I welve Legions of Angels.] The Roman Armies were composed of Legions, which did not always consist of the same Number of Men, but are computed at this Time to have contained above Six thousand; and Twelve Legions were more than were commonly intrusted with their greatest Generals. (See Note (e) on Luke viii. 30. Vd. i. pag. 420.) How dreadfully irresistible would such an Army of Angels have been, when one of thele Celestial Spirits was able to destroy 185,000 Allyrians at one Stroke? 2 Kings xix. 35.

Jesus submits to bis Enemies, and cures Malchus's Ear 511 12 Then the Band, and Then without any Opposition he surrendered Sect. 183. the Captain, and Officers of himself into the Hands of those that came to the Jews, took Jesus, and

apprehend him: And all uniting in their Enmity Joh. XVII. bound him.

12. . against him, the Band of Roman Soldiers, with the Captain at their Head, and the Jewish Officers that came with them, seized Jesus as a Male

factor, and bound bim to prevent his Escape. LUKE XXII. 51. And And as they were binding him, Yesus answered Luke XXII. Jesus answered and said, and said, Suffer ve me at least to have my Hands 51. Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his Ear, and healed at Liberty thus far, and stay but for a Moment, him.

while I add one Act of Power and Compassion
to thofe I have already done : And calling Mal-
chus to him, be touched bis Ear, and immediately

bealed him (n).
52 Then Jesus said [in Then Yesus said in that fame Hour, to the 52
that same Hour) unto the
Chief Priests, and Captains Chief Priests, and to the Captains of the Temple
of the Temple, and the El- Guard (), and to the Elders of the People, or to

e to those Members of the Sanhedrim, who (as was him,[and to the Multitudes,] Be ye come out as against

said before, pag. 506.) were so forgetful of the a Thief, with Swords and Dignity of their Character, as to come to him themStaves (for to take me?] felves with] the Dregs of the Populace at this un[MAT. XXVI.. 55. — seasonable Time and on this infamous Occasion ; MARK XIV. 48.]

For what imaginable Reason are you come out"
against me, as against a Robber that would make
a desperate Resistance, armed in this Way with

Swords and Staves, as if you came to seize me at the
53 When I was daily with Hazard of your Lives? When I was with you 53;
you (and sat teaching) in the every Day, as I have been for some Time past,
Temple, ye(MAR. took me
not, and aretched forth no [and] publickly fate teaching in the Temple, you
Hands against me : but this had Opportunities enough to have secured me, if

is there was any Crime with which you could have

charged me; yet then you did not apprehend me,
[or] offer to stretch out ( your] Hands against me.

But (n) He touched his Ear; and healed him.) As this was an Act of great Compassion, so likewise it was an Instance of singular Wisdom ; for it would effectually prevent those Rellections and Cenfures on Jefus, which the Rashness of Peter's Attack might otherwise have occasioned.

(0) The Captains of the Temple.] There was indeed a Roman Guard, and commanding Officer, which attended near the Temple during the Time of the great Feasts, in order to prevent any Sedition of the Jews. (See AEls xxi, 31, & feq. Jofeph. Antiq. lib. xviii. cap. 4. [al. 6.] $. 3. and Bell. Jud. lib. v. cap. s. sal. vi. 6.] 8. 8.) But it is to be remembered, that as the Priests kept Watch in three parts of the Temple, and the Levites in twenty-one, so their Leaders were called Captains of the Temple; and Josephus more than once speaks of one of the fewish Priests by this Title. ( Antiq. lib. xx. cap. vi. [al. 5.] $. 2. cap. 9. [.al. 8. ] $. 3. and Bell. Jud. lib. ii. cap. 17. §. 2.) See Dr. Whitby in loc. and Mr. Lardner's Credib. vol. i, book i. ch. 2. §. 15.

W) That

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