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582 Joseph goes to Pilate, and beg's the Body af JE:S U S. Sect. 192. and he was named Yoseph, and was a Person of seph, [MA R. an honourLuk.xxiii.C. ♡ Iconsiderable Note, being an honourable Counsellor. able Counsellor,] and he was

a good Man, and a just : .XXlll. or Member of the Sanhedrim, who had a gene- [MAT. XXVII.–57.50.

ral Reputation as a 'benevolent and upright Man. Mark XV. 43.- Luke
The same was not concerned with the rest of his XXIII. 51:-)
Fellow Senators in putting Jesus to Death, and
enators in putting Jelus to Death, and

51 The same had not

consented to the Counsel - kad not given the Concurrence of his Vote to the and Deed of them ; but Counsel and Astion of them that condemned him; was one who also himself

waited for the Kingdom of [but was one) who also himself humbly and af

GOD, (Joh. being a Diffectionately waited for the Kingdom of GOD, be- ciple of Jesus, but fecretly. ing indeed a Disciple of yesus, tho secretly ; be. for Fear of the Jews. ][MAŤ. cause he durft not openly profess him for Fear XXVII.–57. MARK XV.

- 43. – JOHN XIX. of the Jews and their Rulers, who were to strong- T 52 ly prejudiced against him. This Man, awaken- 52 This Man went [Max.

ed by the Prodigies attending his Death to greater in boldly? unto Pilate, and Courage than he had before, tho' he knew it take away the Body of Te.

begged (Joh. that he might must necessarily draw upon him the Hatred and fus.] (MAT. XXVII.58.Contempt of his Brethren, yet went in boldly to Mark XV.–43. John the Presence of Pilate (i), and begged his Per

XIX.-38.-)
mission, that he might take away the Body of Je-
Jus, to preserve it from further Insults, and bury

'it in a decent and respectful Manner. Mark XV. And when Pilate heard his Request, consider- MARK XV. 44. And 44. ing how lingering an Execution that of the Cross Pilate marvelled if he were

already dead : and calling was, he thought it frange if he were already dead, unto him the Centurion, he and would not easily believe it ; and therefore asked him, whether he had having called the Centurion to him, who was ap- been any while dead.

pointed to guard the Bodies, be asked him whether .45 he had been dead any Time. And when he knew 45 And when he knew Titl of the Centurion, and was certainly informed. it of the Centurion, (Joh.

Pilate gave him leave,] [and that besides all the Appearances of his having been

commanded the Body to be dead before, he was afterwards stabbed to the delivered) to Joseph. (Mat. very Heart, Pilate, without any farther Scruple, XXVII.---58. John XIX. gave him leave, sand] commanded the Body to be dea -38.livered to Joseph ; which he might be the more willing to do, as he was thoroughly convinced that Jesus was innocent; and as the Heathens generally thought, that the Spirits of the Departed

received

(i) IVent in boldly to Pilate.] It was indeed a couragious Ad for this rich and noble Se nator thus publickly to own his Friendship to Christ in the midst of his greatest 'Infamy ; and a Person of such Sagacity could not but know, that if a Resurrection Thould happen, nothing would have been more natural, than that he should have been brought into question as a Confederate in the pretended Fraud of conveying him away.

(k) Swathed

He and Nicodemus bury it in a new Sepulchre. 583

received some Advantage from the Honours of a Sect. 192. Funeral paid to their Bodies.

m 46—And [Joseph] bought And Yoseph therefore having bought a large Mark XV. fine Linnen, and (Joh. Piece of fine Linnen, came to Calvary, and with 40. came therefore, and] took down (Joh, the Body of proper Assistance took down the Body of Jesus Jefus,] and wrapped (it in a from the Cross, and wrapped it up in a kind of cleanLinnenCloth.](MAT. Winding-Sheet of clean Linnen Cloth. XXVII. 59. LukeXXIII. 52.- John XIX.-28. And there came also at the same Time with John XIX.

John. XIX. 39. And Joseph to the Cross, Nicodemus, another Member 39. there came also Nicodemus, of the Sanhedrim, of whom we have made re(which at the first came to Jesus by Night,) and brought

peated Mention in the preceding Story, and who à Mixture of Myrrh and was he that at the first Beginning of his publick Aloes, about an hundred Ministry came to Yesus by Night ; (John iii. 1, 2.) Pound weight.

and as he was now grown more couragious than
before, to testify his great Regard for Jesus, he

came bringing a Mixture of Myrrh and Aloes,
40 Then took they the [that weighed) about an hundred Pounds. And 40
Body of Jesus, and wound to prepare for his Interment, without regarding
it in Linnen Clothes, with
the Spices, as the manner of the Reproach to which it might expose them, they
the Jews is to bury.. took then the Body of Fesus, and swathed it up in

a great many Folds of Linnen (k), together with
the Spices, according to the Jewish Custom of bury-
ing, intending to embalm him in a more exact
Manner, as soon as the Sabbath was over ; and
hoping that in the mean time the Spices lying
near him might be a Means of preserving it from

the least Taintiof Corruption.
41-Now in the Place Now it happened very commodiously, that al. 40
where he was crucified, there most in the very place where he was crucified, there
was a Garden ; and in the
Garden a new Sepulchre

was a Garden ; and in the Garden a new Sepulchre

was a Garde
42. There laid they Jelus belonging to Joseph. There laid they Yesus 42:
therefore [in Joseph's own therefore in ('ofeph's) own new Tomb, which he
new Tomb, which he had į
hewn] [Lúk. in Stone 7 bad lately ordered to be bewn in Stone out of a
[MAR. out of a Rock,j folid Rock, to which therefore there could be no
(Joh. wherein was never Passage but by the Door, and in which no Man
Man yet laid :): because

Luki' that Day was thes was ever yet laid, so that there could be no Room
Jews (Luk. Preparation, to imagine any other Person rose from thence.

and And this they did, without first carrying the Body

into any House to embalm it ; because (as - we
have said before) it was the Jewish Preparation-

Day,
(k) Swathed it up in Linnen.) This I take to be the most literal Transation of the
Words of no ocv auto olovlais : for at orice were a Kind of Linnen Rollers, in which, as Ellner has
shewn, (Objerv.. Vol. i. p. 347.) the Easterns swathed up their Dead. It was, no doubty:
by Miracle, that when Christ arose, he disentangled himself from these Swathes.

584

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The Women observe where his Body was laid. Sect. 192. Day, and the Sabbath drew on, which did not al. and the Sabbath drew on ;}

low their undertaking a Work of so much La- for the Sepulchre was nigh John XIX. bour and Time : To be ready therefore for the 60. – MARK XV.-46. —

at hand. [MAT. XXVI. 42.

Rest commanded on the Sabbath-Day, they used Luke XXIII. -53, 54 no farther Ceremony in interring him, and chose John XIX.—41.]

a most convenient Place to do it with Dispatch, Matth. for the Sepulchre was very near at hand. And MAT.XXVII.-60. And XXVII, 60

· Joseph having thus interred him in his own Tomb, he rolled a great Stone to the and so " made his Grave with the Rich in his

'n Door of the Sepulchre, ard

departed. [MARK XV. .“ Death,” as it was prophesied concerning the --46.) Messiah, (Isa. liii. 9.) he took care to make all Things secure, and having rolled a great Stone to the Door of the Sepulchre, to block up the En

trance, he went away to his own Home. Luk. XXIII. And when Joseph and Nicodemus came, and LUKE XXIII. 55. [And 55.

took down Jesus from the Cross, Mary Magda- Mary Magdalene, and the lene, and the other Mary, who (as was laid before,) Mother of Jotes,] and the

other Mary] [MAR. the was the Mother of James and Foses, (Mat. xxvii. Women alio which came 56. pag. 579.) and the rest of the Women also, with him from Galilee, folwho came with him from Galilee, and so affectio- lowed after, and (litting o

ver against the Sepulchre,]
nately attended during the Time of his Crucifixion, beheld MAR. where) and
were now desirous to see how they disposed of how his body was laid.
him ; and therefore when they carried off the My
Core when they carried off the [Mat. XXVII. 61. MAR.

XV. 47.]
Corpse, these pious Women followed after them,
and fitting over against the Sepulchre, into which
they saw them enter, beheld with diligent Obser-

vation, where, and how, his Body was laid.
+56 And perceiving that they did not embalm him, 56 And they returned,

but only wound him up in Linnen with the dry and prepared Spices and Spices, they resolved to perform

Ointments; and refted the

this last Office Sabbath-Day according to of Duty and Affection to him in the compleatest the Commandment. and most respectful Manner they could ; and therefore they immediately returned into the City, and before the Day of Preparation was quite finished, they provided a great Quantity of Spices and Balms for that Purpose, that nothing might prevent them from engaging in it, as soon as the First Day of the Week ihould open ; and, in the mean Time, they rested on the Sabbath-Day, according to the Divine Commandment, which they would not violate even on so solemn an Occasion as this.

IMPROVE

Reflections on the Regard fhéwn to the Body of Christ. 585

IMPROV E M E N T. W E have seen the Sorrows of our expiring Lord : Let us now, Sect. 192.

VV like these pious Women, raise our Eyes to him with an holy and unfeigned Affection, and behold him pale and breathless on the accursed Mat. xxvii. Tree. Let us view him by Faith, till the Eye affects the Heart, and 55, 5o. till we learn to glory in nothing but his Cross, whereby the World may be crucified to us, and we may be crucified to the World. (Gal. vi. 14.)

How wonderfully does the Providence of God appear to have re-John xix. garded the Body of Jesus, which had so long been the Temple of the in-31,-33. dwelling Deity; even when it was deserted of that Spirit, which had lately animated it; and while it bung, (amazing Thought, that it ever Thould have bung !) between the Bodies of two Thieves on a Cross, without the Gates of Yerusalem! He, who has all Hearts in his Hand, interposed by a secret, but powerful Influence on the Soldiers, who brake the Legs Ver. 33, 36. of the Malefactors, to fpare those of Christ ; that so nothing which look.ed like a Prophecy of him, Tould want its proper Accomplishment. But bis Side was pierced ; and how deep was the Wound, when immediately Ver. 34. there came out of it Blood and Water ? Happy Emblem of the blessed Effect of his Death! He came both by Water and Blood, (as be who saw Ver. 35. and testified this important Fact, leads us to improve it; 1 John v. 6.) and at once atones the injured Justice of God, and purifies the Souls of them that believe in him. · Our Indignation rises against the Man, that could, by such an Outrage as this, abuse the dead Body of our Redeemer ; but oh, let us feriously remember the Hand, which our Sins had in all that was now done. He was wounded for our Transgressions ; he was bruised for our Iniquities : (Ifa. liii. 5.) And therefore it is said, concerning those on whom the Ends of the World are to come, that they shall look on him whom they have pierced, Ver. 37. and mourn. (Zech. xii. 10.) May we mourn over him with a genuine evangelical Sorrow, when we consider whom we bave pierced ; and how deep, and how often, we have pierced him ; and upon what slight Temptations, and under how many Engagements, rather to have bathed his Wounds with our Tears, and even to have exposed our own Hearts to the sharpest Weapon, by which the Madness of Sinners might have attempted to injure him !

The Boldness of yoseph, and even of Nicodemus himself, deserves our Mark xv. Notice on such an Occasion. They are not askamed of the Infamy of 43;...... his Cross, but come with all holy Reverence and Affection to take down 20. xlx. those facred Remains of Yesus ; nor did they think the finest Linnen, or the Mark xv. choicest Spices, too valuable on such an Occasion. But who can describe 46. their consternation and Distress, when they saw him, who they trusted Lohn xix. should have delivered Ifrael, a cold and bloody Corpse in their Arms; and Vol. II. . Eeee

left

586

60.

Judas repents, when Jesus was condemned. Sect. 192. left bim in the Sepulchre of Yoseph, whom they expected to have seen on the

w Throne of David? - We leave for the present his Enemies in Triumph, Mat. xxvii. and his Friends in Tears, till bis Resurrection ; which foon confounded

the Rage of the former, and revived the Hopes of the latter ; Hopes,

2 muft otherwise have been for ever intombed under that Stone, with which they now covered him. But happy and comfortable is the Thought, that this his transient Vift to the Grave has (as it were) left a Perfume in the Bed of Duft, and reconciled the Believer to dwelling a while in the Place where the Lord lay!

SECT. CXCIII.
Judas confessing bis Guilt, returns the Money he had received

from the Chief Priests, and then bangs bimself. The Jews.
the next Day demand, and procure a Guard to be set on
Christ's Sepulchre. Mat. XXVII. 3,-10. 62, to the
End.

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MAT. XXVII. 3.

MAT. XXVII. 3. Sect. 193. İLJAVING thus finished the Account of THEN Judas which had N the Death of Jesus, it may be convenient,

Laline it moes he convenient I betrayed him, when. Matth.

he saw that he was conXXVII. 3. here to mention the miserable End of that

er demned, repented himself, fidious Disciple, by whom he was betrayed into. the Hands of his Enemies. The Jewish Rulers. having delivered Jesus to the Roman Governour, and having prevailed upon him to give Orders for his Execution, then Judas, who had betrayed bim, when he saw to his Surprize, that he was condemned by Pilate, and that they were leading him forth to die upon the Cross, to which he seemed determined to submit, tho' he could so easily have rescued himself from it (a), was seized with

great (a) Tben Judas, &c.] For the proper Place of this Story, which is here inserted out of its Order, fee Note (a) on John xix. 16. pag. 556. Matthew has introduced it immediately after the Jews had delivered yefus to Pilate; but after this, the Jews were so intent on persuading Pilate to consent to his Death, that there was hardly Time for the Santedrin's adjourning to the Temple, where this Occurrence happened, before they had prevailed with Pilate to condemn him ; and as Judas must have often heard his Mafter fay, he should be crucified, Pilate's Order for his Execution must have more sensibly affected him, than the Jews pashing Sentence on him, who had not then the Power of putting any one to Death. The Word tóls, then, with which the Evangelist begins this Story, may be taken in

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