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592 : Reflections on the miserable End of Judas. Sect. 193. letting loose his own Thoughts upon him, to prey upon his Heart like so w many hungry Vulturs; and make him a Terror to others, and an Execu

"... tioner to himself. un i v. :::... :. .:::. 9.'! Ver. 4. We must surely admire the Wisdom of Providence, in extorting, even

from the Mouth of this Traitor, fo' honourable a Testimony of the Innocence, of Jesus, tho’ to his own Condemnation. And who could have imagined, that the Supream Court of Israel itself Thould have been so - little impressed with it, as coldly to answer, What is that to us? See thou to that. Is this the Language of Rulers, yea, of Priests? But they had cast off the Fear of that GOD, whose Ministers they were, and had devoted themselves to Gain and Ambition. They therefore felt no Remorse, even when yudas trembled before them, and appeared almost distracted, under the Sense of a Crime, in which they had been Confederates with him. But their Consciences were feared as with a red lot Iron, and all their familiar Converse with Divine Things served only, in such a Circumstance, to harden their Hearts ; as tempered Steel gathers

Strength from the Furnace and the Hammer. Ver. 5.

Judas repents; he confesses his Crime; he throws away the Reward of his Guilt : Yet was there nothing of Godly Sorrow in all this. Despairing, he becomes his own Executioner ; and flies to Death, and to Hell, as a Refuge from the Rage and Fury of an awakened Couscience. Fatal Expedient ! thus to seal his own Damnation ! But the righteous Judgment of God erected him as a Monument of Wrath, and verified our Saviour's Declaration, It had been good for that Man, if be had never been born. (Mat. xxvi. 24. and Mark xiv. 21. pag. 435.) Tremble, oh our Souls, at this Thought! that Yudas, even one of the Twelve, should fall into such Depths of Sin and Ruin ! May we each of us be jealous over

ourselves ! and may we never presume to censure whole Bodies of Men Ver. 64. for the Fault of particular Members, when we find there was a Traitor

and Reprobate among the holy Band of the Apostles. Ver. 63. We see the restless and implacable Malice of Christ's Enemies, which

pursued him even to his Tomb, and there endeavoured to blast his Memory as an Impostor. They demanded, and procured a Guard for his

Sepulchre. And here also we have a repeated Instance of God's taking Ver. 65, 66. the Wife in their own Craftinefs. (Fob v. 13.) The Seal, and the Guard

served only more fully to attest the Doctrine of Christ's Resurrection, which they were intended to overthrow, and to grace the Triumph they opposed. Thus shall all the Rage, and all the Artifice of his Enemies, at length, promote the Purposes of his Glory : Thus shall Meat at length come out of the Eater, and sweetness out of the Strong. (Judg. xiv. 14.) The Wrath of Man, oh Lord, mall praise thee ; and the Remainder of it Salt thou restrain, and shalt triumph over it, either by thy Grace, or thy Vengeance. (Psal. lxxxyi. 10.)


After the Sabbath, the Women go very early to the Sepulchre.


CHRIST rising from the Dead, the Guards flee away in Asto-

nishment : Mary Magdalene finding the Sepulchre open,
calls Peter and John, who having entered into it, return;
while Christ himself makes bis First Appearance to her.
Mat. XXVIII. 1,---4. Mark XVI. 1, 2, 3, 4. Luke
XXIV. 1, 2. 12. John XX. 1,---17.


MARK XVI. I. AND when the Sabbath AND when the Sabbath was over (a), which Sect. 194. A was paft, Mary Magda- n ended in the Evening, (as was often observed lene, and (the other Mary,] maryd before,) Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, ..

Mark XVI. the Mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet who was [the Mother] of James and Joses, and Spices, that they might come Salome, and Joanna, (compare Luke xxiv. 10. and anoint him. (Mat. Sen XXVIII. 1.-]

Sect. 195.) and some other pious Women, were
so intent on embalming the Body of Jesus, that
they had another Consultation about it; and not
satisfied with the Preparation they had made be-
fore, they bought more Spices and Ointments (6),
that after a short Repose, as soon as ever they
could see to do it, they might go and anoint him
with them, and inter him in the most honourable

Manner they could contrive. :
2-And very early in the And accordingly they were all ready before it 2
Morning, [JOH. when it was Day: and setting out very early in the Morn-
was yet dark,] [as it began
to ing, while it was yet Dark, as it began to dawn


that the Controver; as in Phileltly the preceding was in the End of the me the form of the former, ein Majus and it was plan is, wh

(a) When the Sabbath was over.] This, which Mark expresses by day svouer! 78 0466a7o, Matthew expresses by another Phrase, onts 8d66aw, in the End of the Sabbath, or when the Sabbath, and consequently the preceding Week, of which the Sabbath was the last Day) was over ; as in Philostratus, enfe uusupov is, when the Mysteries were ended. So that the Controversy between Majus and Wolfburg, on this Subject, seems needless ; as the Criticism of the former, who supposes these Words in Matthew to belong to the Close of the former Chapter, and to refer to the Time of Sealing the Sepulchre, is very unnatural ; as Wolfius has shewn, in his learned Note on Mat. xxviii. 1.

(b) They bought more Spices &c.] Luke had before observed, (Chap. xxiii. 56. pag. 584.) that they prepared Spices and Ointments, and then refled the Sabbath Day according to the Commandment: And Mark here says, that day EVOLLEVE 0466als, when the Sabbath was over, 17 oparav, they bought, (not, they had bought] Spices, and then (ver. 2. very early in the Morning) came to anoint him. This I look upon as a strong Intimation, that some Time after Six in the Evening, (on what we call Saturday Night,) when the Sabbath was over, as it was then lawful to perform any common Work, their generous Hearts prompted them to purchase a larger Quantity of Aromatick Drugs for this pious Purpose. VOL. II.


(c) Some


Judas repents, when Jesus was condemned. Sect. 192. left him in the Sepulchre of Joseph, whom they expected to have seen on the

w Throne of David? We leave for the present his Enemies in Triumph, Mat. xxvii. and his Friends in Tears, till bis Refurre&tion ; which foon confounded

the Rage of the former, and revived the Hopes of the latter ; Hopes, which must otherwise have been for ever intombed under that Stone, with which they now covered him. But happy and comfortable is the Thought, that this his transient Visit to the Grave has (as it were) left a Perfume in the Bed of Duft, and reconciled the Believer to dwelling a while in the Place where the Lord lay!

Judas confeffing bis Guilt, returns the Money he had received

from the Chief Priests, and then bangs bimself. The Jews.
the next Day demand, and procure a Guard to be set on:
Christ's Sepulchre. Mat. XXVII. 3,-10. 62, to the




MAT. XXVII. 3. Sect. 193. ÍTAVING thus finilhed the Account of THEN Judas which had

D1 the Death of Jesus, it may be convenient, betrayed him, when Matth.

he saw that he was conhere to mention the miserable End of that per

pet- demned, repented himself, fidious Disciple, by whom he was betrayed into the Hands of his Enemies. The Jewish Rulers having delivered Jesus to the Roman Governour, and having prevailed upon him to give Orders for his Execution, then Judas, who had betrayed bim, when he saw to his Surprize, that he was condemned by Pilate, and that they were leading him forth to die upon the Cross, to which he seemed determined to submit, tho' he could so easily have rescued himself from it (a), was seized with


(a) Then Judas, &c.] For the proper Place of this Story, which is here inserted out of its Order, fee Note (a) on John xix. 16. pag. 556. Matthew has introduced it immediately after the Jews had delivered Jefus to Pilate; but after this, the Jews were so intent on persuading Pilate to consent to his Death, that there was hardly Time for the Santedrim's adjourning to the Temple, where this Occurrence happened, before they had prevailed with Pilate to condemn him ; and as Judas must have often heard his Mafter say, he Thould be crucified, Pilate's Order for his Execution must have more sensibly affected him, than the Jows passing Sentence on him, who had not then the Power of putting any one to Death. The Word Tols, then, with which the Evangelis begins this Story, may be taken in


He returns the Money to the Priests, and goes and bangs himself. 587 and brought again the Thir- great. Terror and Agony of Conscience; and re-Sect. 193. ty Pieces of Silver, to the penting of the fatal Bargain he had made, where i n Chief Priests and Elders, by he had brought such a Load of Guilt on his was


VII. 3, own Soul, he carried back the Thirty Pieces of Silver, which they had given him, to the Chief Priests and the Elders, while they were together in the Temple that Morning; for they resorted thither with a specious Appearance of Piety, be

fore they followed the. Multitude to Calvary to
4 Saying, I have finned, see the Execution. And coming in among 4
in that I have betrayed the them in a wild Disorder, he said to them, Oh
innocent Blood. And they
Said. What is that to us í Sirs! I bave pinned in a most desperate Manner.
see thou to that.

in that I have betrayed innocent Blood to you ; for
I am well convinced, that Jesus my Master has
done nothing to deserve this Punishment, to which
you have delivered him; and I am not able to
bear the Thought of the Concern I have had in
it. And they answered with the steady Coolness
of those who knew no Shame or Remorse for
their Wickedness, What [is that] to us, whether
thou thinkest him innocent, or not? See thou sto

that :) It is sufficient for us, that we know he

:: is Guilty, whether such a Wretch as thou art, ap5 And he cast down the proveft, or condemnest our Sentence. And s Pieces of Silver in the Temple, and departed, and went ID

throwing down the pieces of Silver Money in the and hanged himself. Temple, in their very Presence, with all the Marks

of Agony and Distress, be withdrew ; and going
away to the Brow of a Hill, in some retired and
melancholy Place, be there hanged himself; but
the Rope breaking by the Force with which he
threw himself off, he fell down the Precipice, and
burst asunder with the Force of his Fall, so that
all his Bowels gushed out (6); and he lay ex-

piring, some Latitude, to introduce the Mention of an Occurrence, which happened about that Time, whether a little before or after, and need not be interpreted with so much Rigour, as to determine it to an Assertion of observing the exacteft Order in all Circumstances, See Note (a) on Mat. xxvii. 27. pag. 545.

(b) And going away, be hanged himself; but the Rope breaking &c.] This Method, which Mr. Le Clerc (Harm. pag. 527.) and several other learned Criticks have taken, of reconciling Matthew with what is afterwards said of this Fact, Aets i. 18. (that falling headlong, be burst asunder in the midst, and all his Bowels guped out ;) appears to me much preferable to that of those, who would render aning Eało, he was fifled, or suffocated with Excess of Grief ; (see La Motte of Inspir. pag. 155.) a Derhon, which none of the Authorities I have seen, seem fufficient to justify. "Nor is it necessary to suppose with Dr. Lightfoot, (Hor. Hebr. on Mat, xxvii. 5. and Acts i. 18.) that Judas was carried away by the Devil, and ..Eeee 2


594 An Angel had been there before, and rolled away the Stone. Se&. 194. towards the First Day of the Week, they went to to dawn towards the Firt

y vist the Sepulchre, bringing the Spices with them, Day of the Week,] (Luk. Mark XVI.

so they came] (to see the Sec " which (as was said before,) they had prepared to pulchre, l Lux, bringing

embalm the Body of Jesus, and which indeed the Spices which they had
were a considerable Weight :
conliderable Weight :

And some sothers] prepared ; and certain o

And some Lorders] ibers with them; Mar. of their Female Friends went also with them to XXVII.

ke affist on this Occasion (c).

XXIV. 1. JOHN XX. And as they were advancing towards the Se- 1:-1, , pulchre, they were not under any Apprehension

3 And they faid among

themselves, Who Thall rol from the Soldiers that were set to guard it, who' us away the Stone from the had been stationed there without their know. Door of the Sepulchre? ledge on the Sabbath-Day; (Sect. 193. pag. 590.) but remembring the Stone that was placed at the Mouth of it, they said among themselves, Wbo ball roll away the Stone for us from the Door of the

Sepulchré, which all of us together have not 4 Strength to remove ? For they had seen Nico --4. For it was very great.

demus and Joseph stop up the Entrance with it;

and it was indeed very large and heavy. Matth.

But this Perplexity of theirs was altogether. MAT. XXVIII. 2. And XXVIII. 2. needless ; for God had provided a very extraor- Earthanake: for the Angel

behold, there was a great dinary Way to remove that Obstruction. And of the Lord descended from behold with due Regard and Admiration, it was

Heaven, this : There was but a little before they arrived there. a great Earthquake, (which would naturally awaken the Guards, if any of them had fallen alleep ;) and very awful and astonishing were the Circumstances that attended it; for an Angel of the Lord descending from Heaven bad


(CJ Some others of their Female Friends went also with them. J. It was indeed a Circum. stance of Decency, considering the Office they were intending to perform, that the Men, and the Women should perform their respective Parts in it by themselves ; which according. ly the Evangelists plainly intimate they did. Their setting out alone was a remarkable Inftance of their Zeal and Courage : Perhaps some Appointment might be made with Peter and John, (who were early up, as it should seem, on this Occasion,) either to meet them, or come after them, to assist in removing the Stone, tho' not in embalming the Body. — I think Majus and Elsner juftly observe, that the xxiiid Chapter of Luke Dhould not have ended at the Place it does ; for here, as in several other places, a Sentence is divided : [T. μεν σαςςαλον ησυχασαν, -τη δε μια των σαςςαίων - Ηλθαν σε.] Such Divifions are grect InItances of Negligence in the Person by whom they were first made ; but in a Work like this Harmony, they are less material, and hardly in some Cares avoidable. I have here 'rendered the Word na dov, went, (and have likewise explained the Word interes in the fame manner in the first Verse of this Section,) which agrees better with the Order of the Story, and is frequently the Sense, in which our Transators have rendered it elsewhere. See Met. xii. g. xiii. 36. xiv. 12. Mark ii, 19. Luke ii. 44. xiv, 1. John iv. 45. vi. 17. 475 iv. 23. xxviii. 14.

(1) They

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