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The Guards were terrified, and fled away. Heaven, and came and rolled approached in Sight of the Guards, and rolled Sect. 194. back the Stone from the away the Stone from the Door, and fate down upon Door, and sat upon it.

Matth. it. And, at the very same Time, Jesus, like a xxvi. 2. sleeping Conqueror awaking on a sudden, burst"

asunder the Bands of Death, and sprung up to a 3 His Countenance was new and immortal Life. But none of the 3 Hike Lightning, and his Rai

Guards saw him rise, being struck into the utmost ment white as Snow.

Consternation at the Sight of the Angel, who
appeared to remove the Stone : And well indeed
they might be so ; for his Countenance was like
the Brightness of Lightning, and his long flow-
ing Garment was as white as Snow, glittering

with extraordinary Lustre beyond what their Eyes
4. And for Fear of him could bear. And the Guards, tho' Romans and 4
the Keepers did shake, and

Soldiers, trembled for Fear at the Sight of bim, became as dead Men.

and became like so many dead Men, falling down
on their Faces in a mort helpless Condition. But
quickly after presuming to lift up their Eyes, and
finding he had disappeared, and left the Sepulchre
open, they fled to some distant Place, to consult
their own Safety in so surprizing an Occur-

rence (à). John XX.-1. And Ma- By this Time the Women, whom we men- John XX. 1. ry Magdalene seeth the Stone tioned before, were near the Place ; and Mary taken away from the Sepul

Magdalene, transported with the distinguishing
Ardour of her Affection, advanced a little before
the rest ; and, it being now Light enough to dif-
cern Objects, as soon as the came thither, she
faw to her great Surprize, that the Stone was al-
ready taken away from the Sepulchre (e), and that

the

chre.

(d) They fled to some diftant Place, &c.] As nothing is said of any Interview between them and the Friends of Christ, there is great Reason to believe, that this was the Case ; as indeed it is on other Accounts probable it should be.

(e) Mary Magdalene saw that the Stone was taken away &c.] Every attentive Reader, may have observed, how difficult it is, to form the Evangelists into one coherent Story here, and to reconcile some seeming Contrarieties in their Accounts : Nevertheless I hope, on a careful Examination of this, and the following Sections, it will be found not impra&icable. I shall not mention the very different Schemes other Criticks have taken, nor the particular Objections against them ; but would only add a Word or two concerning that of Dr. Guyse, which is both new and ingenious, yet not to me satisfactory. He supposes, (in his Note on John xx. 2.) that there were Two Appearances of the Angels to the IV omen; and that Mark and Luke speak only of the First, and Matthew and John of the Second ; that is in other Words, (as I understand it,) That as soon as it was Light, these good Women came to the Sepulchre, and saw an Angel, who told them, “ He knew they fought Yefus, « but that he was risen;" and inviting them “ to come and see the place where he was laid,charged them “ to go and tell his Disciples, that he would go before them into G2Ffff 2

lilee."

596 Mary finding the Sepulchre open, runs and tells Peter and John. Sect. 194. the Tomb was open. And she was greatly Luke XXIV. 2. And

W astonished and alarmed at the Sight, and presently when they also looked, 1 Luk.XXIV.

They found the Stone rolled '• concluded that the Body was removed. She there- away from the Sepulchre.

fore stepped back, and informed her Companions [MARK XVI. 4.-)
of this Circumstance ; upon which they (also] look-
ed, and plainly found that it was as she represent-
ed, and that the Stone was indeed rolled away

from the Entrance of the Sepulchre, John XX. 2. And not reflecting on the Assurance Jesus had John XX. 2. Then the given them of his rising again from the Dead, runneth, and cometh to Si

mon Peter, and to the other they knew not how to account for the Removal Di

w to account for the Removal Disciple whom Jesus loved, of the Stone ; but Mary Magdalene and the other and faith unto them, They Women having consulted a little together, as well

have as the Confusion they were in would admit, it was thought best that some of the Disciples should be immediately acquainted with it : She therefore runs back to the City with all possible Dispatch (f), and knowing where they lodged, the comes to Simon Peter, and to John, that other Disciple, whom Jesus peculiarly loved, (by whom this Part of the Story is most exactly and circumstantially recorded ;) and finding them already, up, and full of Solicitude about the Events of this important Day, she says to them, Oh my Friends, the Sepulchre is broke open, and some or other must have been there, who have removed the Stone ;

nor

nmediately; me unknown tagain to their it were perfect

Thanas laid him they be another, or the cells them jih ringan, bihotes that he went to any than an n by any former was risen ;” andain « to go anf Words and he Scheme I offe

lilee." Upon this they go immediately, and tell the Disciples, (without saying any Thing, that we find, of the Vision,) « that some unknown Persons had taken away the Lord, and laid him they knew not where :" And then returning again to the Sepulchre, in less than an Hour, they see another, or the same Angel as before, who, as if it were perfearly unknown by any former Declaration, tells them just in the same Words, “ He knew the fought Jefus, but he was risen;" and inviting them again, “ to come and see the Place " where he had lain," charges them again to go and tell his Disciples, that he went be. fore them into Galilee.This is such a similarity of Words and Actions, immediately succeeding each other, as I believe can no where be parallelled.--The Scheme I offer here, (which is that, which twice at the Distance of several Years, presented itself to me, on a View of the Evangelifts alone,) is incumbered with no such Difficulty, nor indeed with any worth naming, except what arises from the Transposition of Mark xvi,-2. and Luke xxiv. 12. on which fee Note (b) in this Section, and Note (a) in the next.

(f) She therefore runs back to the City &c.] It is not expressly said, whether the créer Women staid any where near the Sepulchre, or whether they returned to the City with her; but considering that yohn, who was an Eye-Witness, has mentioned only Mary Magdalene, and says that me ran, (which with their Load of Spices they could not all do,) it seems most probable, they staid at some Distance, till Peter and John came, and had viewed toe Sepulchre. John hints nothing at all of Mary's having look'd into the Sepulchre, before The ran back to him ; and his Narration being the last, and most circumftantial, muft guide us in adjusting all that is ambiguous in the rest.

(8) Torg

Peter and John run to the Sepulchre, and go into it. . 597 have taken away the Lord nor is there any room to doubt but they have Sect. 194. out of tbe Sepulchre, and taken away the Lord out of the Sepulchre (, and y o u we know not where they have laid him.

we know not where they have laid bim ; so that I, John
and my Companions, whom I have left behind
me, cannot find any Method of performing that
last Office of Respect and Affection, which you

know we intended. LUK E XXIV., 12. — And upon hearing this, without so much as Luk.XXIV.. Then arole Peter (and went staying to make any Reply, Peter, whose Heart"forth, and that other Dirciple and came to the Se- was struck with such a Circumstance, arose in a pulchre.] [John XX. 3.) Transport of various Passions (h), and that other

Disciple whom we mentioned before, [and] went

directly out, and never stopped till they came to JOHN XX. 4. So they the Sepulcbre. And not contented with the John XX. 4.. ran both together : And the swiftest Pace with which they could walk, they other Disciple did out-run Peter, and came first to the both ran together ; and as that other Disciple was Sepulchre.

the younger Man, he out-ran Peter who had the

. Start of him at the Beginning, and came first to . 5. And he stooping down, the Sepulchre : And stooping down [to look into 5i. and looking in, saw the Lin- it, i he saw the Linnen Clothes, or Rollers, in nen Clothes lying; yet went he not in.

which the Corpse had been wrapped up, lying

there by themselves ;. but he did not at first enter 6 Then cometh Simon in to the Sepulchre. Then came Simon Peter, 6. Peter following him, and

nd very quickly following him, and having stooped
[stooping down he] went
into the Sepulchre, and feeth down to view the Sepulchre, as John had done
the Linnen Clothes (laid by before, he was not satisfied with this, but that
themfelves;][LUKEXXIV. he might examine this important Affair with such
-12.-]

Exactness as it deserved, he went into the Sepulchre,,
and found the Body was gone, but faw the Lin-
nen Clothes, with which it had been covered, laid
by themselves, as John had observed from with-

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cos in Lubérciples, Scheme be Ti anlatmake i

(8) They have taken away the Lord &c.] It is difficult to suppose with Dr. Clarke, Dr. Guyse, and many other Criticks, that she would have spoken thus, if the Angels had before this expressly assured her of Christ's Refurreétion, and sent her back with such a Mefsage, as they did, to the Difiiples. Compare Note (m) on ver. 13

(b) And Peter arose.] These Words in Luke come in after the Account given by the Women to the Eleven, and all the rest of the Disciples, (ver. 9.) of the Angels appearing to them, &c. and so make the chief Objection against the Scheme here offered to the Reader : But the Word Then, with which this Verse is introduced by our Translators, docs not well answer to de in the Original ; and as we have often shewn before, that Luke is not always so exact in his Order, as not to admit of some Transposition, so it will run us into greater Difficulties, not to allow it in the present Care, in which it is apparently reasonable to follow John's Order, who was an Eye-Witness, and who gives the last and largest Account. And indeed if no Transposition may be allowed, it is absolutely impossible to make any consistent Harmony of the Evangelists at all, not only in this Story, but in many more ; as every attentive Reader must have often observed.

(i) But

0, inat the would have spoken thus, if the bar Thele worcompare Notein and fene her back if the Angels haci make the chief of of the Difcicome in after:

598 They find nothing there but the Clothes, and return in Surprize. Sect. 194. out. And he discovered another material Cir. 7 And the Napkin that cumstance, which had not been remarked before, had not been pemarked before was about his Head, not ly

sing with the Linnen Clothes, 7: namely, that the Napkin which was about his but wrapped together in a

Head, was not laid with the Linnen Clothes, but Place by itself.
was folded up in a Place by itself (i), in such an
orderly Manner, as plainly Thewed, that the Body
was not hastily hurried away, either by Friend,
or Enemy; but made the Sepulchre appear rather

like a Bed-Chamber, which a Person on his awak-
8 ing in the Morning had leisurely quitted. Then 8 Then went in also that
that other Disciple, who came first to the Sepulchre,

other Disciple which came

first to the Sepulchre, and he and being less adventurous than Peter stood hi- law, and believed, therto without, went in also to view it; and when be saw the several Parts of the Funeral Dress in this Situation, he was immediately convinced, and believed it at least to be now very probable, that his dear Master was indeed revived (k). For hitherto they did not know the full Meaning of 9 For as yet they knew those various Intimations of Scripture to which not the Scripture, that he

must rise again from the Jesus had so often referred to convince them, Dead. *** that he must certainly rise from the Dead; which if they had considered, they would chearfully have expected the sure Accomplishment of them, and would not have been so much surprized at

the News which Mary brought them. 10 Then both the Disciples went away again to 10 Then the Disciples their Companions in the City (1), [Peter] not be- own Home,

went away again unto their

Peter won. ing so thoroughly satisfied as John was, yet greatly

dering

won(i) But folded up in a Place by itself.) Perhaps our Lord Frimself folded up the Napkin; and this remarkable Circumstance might be intended to signify the perfect Calmness and Composure, with which he arose, transported with no Rapture or Surprize at his awaking out of this long Sleep. It would be very impertinent, to enquire whence he had his Clothes; the Angels no doubt furnished him with them; and perhaps the Diversity of their Colour, or Form, might prevent his being known by his Friends at first sight.

(k) He faw, and believed.) Many Interpreters explain this only of his believing that the Body was not there; but that he must have believed before, on looking into the Sepulcbro: I rather understand it as a modest Intimation, that he, first indeed of all others, believed the Truth of Christ's Resurrection, inferring it, as he reasonably might, from the Order in which he found the Sepulchre. These Words have a Force, and a Grace, on this Interpretation, which I think no other can give them. Much of the Beauty of John's Manner of Writing consists in such Hints as these, which few the Temper of that excellent Man; and were he to be considered merely as a Human Historian, add great Weight to his Testimony. See Note (d) on John xxi. 20. Sect. 201.

(!) Went away again to their Companions.] So afos saules seems evidently to signify: (Compare Elsner. Obferv. Vol. i. pag. 348.) Accordingly presently after the Women found the Eleven, and the rest together. (Luke xxiv, 9.) Antealev apos causou never that I know of lige nifies, to come to one's self, or to the Exercise or Pofleflion of one's own Mind, as some

give them. Much Force, and might, from the

12.).

Mary fands weeping at the Sepulchre, and fees Two Angels. 599 dering in himself at that wondering in himself at what had happened, and Sect. 194. which was come to pass.] very dubious as to the Event of so surprizing am o (LUKE XXIV.-12.).

Beginning. 11 But Mary stood with. But Mary stood near the Se pulchre after Peter John XX. out at the Sepulchte, weep- and John were gone from it, not indeed going 11. ing: and as she wept, the into it as they had done, but weeping without : ftooped down, and looked into the Sepulchre, And as she wept, he also bowed herself down, [and

12 And seeth Two Angels looked) into the Sepulchre ; And there she saw 12 . in white, sitting, the one at the Head, and the other

of with great Surprize Two Angels in white Habits, at the Feet, where the Body fitting, one at the Head, and the other at the Feet, of Jesus had lain : of that Niche in the Sepulchre, where the Body

13 And they say unto her, of Jesus had been laid. And they said to ber, 13; Woman, why weepest thou?

Woman, wby. dost thou weep thus? And Me said to She faith unto them, Because they have taken away my

me them, Alas, I have Reason enough to weep; it is Lord, and I know not where because they have taken away the Body of Jesus they have laid him,

my dear Lord, and I know not where they have
laid him, or how the sacred Corpse may be neg-

lected, or abused (m).
14. And when she had And just as she had said this, hearing a sudden 14.
thus said, she turned herself
back, and raw Telus Rand: Noile behind her, she turned back, before the
ing, and knew not that it. Angels could give her any Answer; and the faw
was Jesus.

Jesus himself standing near her : And she knew
not at first that it was Jesus, his Habit being
changed, her Eyes also overflowing with Tears,
and her Mind being so far from any Expectation
of his Appearance, and so much distrefied, that
she did not so mnch as look up to the Face of

the Person who appeared. 15. Jesus faith. unto her, Then Jesus said to her with a gentle Voice, 15 , Woman, why weepest thou? Woman, why dost thou weep thus ? and whom dost whom leekest thou? She supposing him to be the Gar- thou seek ? And he, Jupposing him to be the Gardener, faith unto him, Sir, diner (n), said to bim, Sir, if thou hast for any if thou have born him hence, unknown Reason borne him away from hence, tell

where:

have strangely interpreted these Words. Luke's Expreffion in that Case is different; Luke xv.. 17. where he says of the Prodigal, es eaulou en dan, when he came to himself. It was very: prudent in Peter and John to retire immediately, left they should have been questioned by the Rulers, if found near the Sepulchre.

(m) They have taken away my Lord, &c. This Expression may very easily be accounted : for, in our Manner of ranging this Story; but it is very harsh to suppose, she should speak in this Manner, if one of the Angels had a few Minutes before told her, that Christ was: risen. She perhaps thought, they came to do a Kind of Homage to the Place where he had lain, if the apprehended them to be Angels; which whether the did, or did not, we do not. certainly know.

(n) Supposing him to be the Gardiner.] It is very probable, Christ might speak low, or: in a different Way from what he usually did ; and her taking him for the Gardiner, seems.

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