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ILLUSTRATED AND EXPLAINED.
2 Cor. 13. 14 HE grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of
God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all evermore. Amen.
Paraphrafe on the Blejing. My christian brethren, I shall now conclude this part of the service with the benediction used by St Paul, (2 Cor. xiii. 14.) committing both you and myself to the care and protection of the ever-blessed trinity ; intreating the great God, in whom three persons are united, that we may be absolved by the grace, obtained for us by our blessed Lord and Saviour in the great work of redemption ; that we may be justihed by the love of the Father, who is now reconciled to us by his blood: and that, finally, we may be fanctified by partaking of the communication of the Holy Ghost. Amen. Here endetb the Order of Evening Prayer throughout the Year.
l'pon these Feafts ; Christmas-day, the Epiphany, St Matthias, Easterday, Afcenfion-day, Whitsunday, St John Baptist
, St James, St Bartholomew, St Matthew, St Simon and St Jude, St Andrew, and upon Trinity-Sunday, hall be sung or said at Morning Prayer, instead of the Apofiles Crud, ibis Confeffion of our Christian Faith, commonly called The Crud of St Athanafius, by the Minister and People, fianding.
cessary that he hold the Catholick Faith.
PA RA P H R A SE. 1. Since the gospel is to be preached to every creature, (Mark 16. 15:) who are to be baptized in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghof, (Matt. xxviii. 19.) in order to obtain falvation ; it is neceffary that every man believe in these three persons of the holy Trinity, in the nanes of whom he is baptized.
2. And since we are direcied by the apostle to hold fast the form of found words; (2 Tim, i. 7.) and since it is enjoined us to contend carnestly in the faith once delivered to the faints ; ( Jud. 111.) fince the hereüer, which oppose this doctrine, are declared to be damnable, and since all twife shall be damned who do not believe these fundamentais of christian t, wijch are essential qualifications for baptism, we cannot think ii ?
3. And the Catholic Faith is this : That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity.
4. Neither confounding the Persons; nor dividing the Substance.
5. For there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son: and another of the Holy Ghost,
6. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is all one : the Glory equal, the Majesty coeternal.
7. Such as the Father is, such is the Son : and such is the Holy Ghost.
The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate : and the Holy Ghost uncreate.
The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible : and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible.
The Father eternal, the Son eternal: and the Holy Ghost eternal;
8. And yet they are not three eternals : but one eternal.
As also there are not thrce incomprehensibles, nor three uncreated : bụt one uncreated, and one incomprehensible.
So likewise the Father is Almighty, the Son Almighty : and the Holy Ghost Almighty ;
And yet they are not three Almighties : but one Almighty.
PA RA PHRASE. breach of chriftianity to say, that they who make heretical innovations, contrary to this faith, thall, without doubt, perith everlastingly,
3. This catholic faith, which was formerly delivered to the apostles, implies that we are bound to worship the three Persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghof, in an unity of eilence.
4. Neither should we, by confounding the persons, make them one person under different denominations ; nor make them three Gods by dividing the essence.
5. For Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, are three different hypoftases of the divinity, and have each of them their personality.
6. But there is but one Godhead belonging to these three persons, they all partake of equal glory and of eternal majesty.
7. And every person Mares of the essential attributes of God, being all uncreated, incomprrhenfible, eternal and omnipotent.
8. Yet we should not understand hereby, that they are three diftinct, uncreated, incomprehensible, and eternal beings.
So the Father is God, the Son is God: and the Holy Ghost is God;
And yet they are not three Gods : but one God.
So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord: and the
So are we forbidden by the Catholic Religion, to say,
9. The Father is made of none : neither created, nor begotten.
10. The Son is of the Father alone: not made, nor created, but begotten,
11. The Holy Ghost is of the Father, and of the Son : neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.
12. So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts.
13. And in this Trinity none is afore or after other : none greater or less than another ;
14. But the whole three Persons are co-eternal together : and co-equal.
15. So that in all things, as is aforesaid : the Unity in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity, is to be worshipped.
PA RA PHRASE. 9. The Father is felf-existent as his being was not conferred upon him by any other ; not being created by men or angels, nor begotten like the lon.
10. The Son derives his exillence from the Father, not being produced 25 a creature, but from all eternity, in a manner not to be conceived. This origination is, in the scripture phrases, itiled, begetting.
11. The Holy Ghost derives his essence equally from the Father and the Son, and this, in the language of scripture, is calied going out or perceeding.
12. So that only one of these persons is Father, one is Son, and one
Holy Ghoft: none of the personal attributes of any being communicate to the other two.
13. Nor is any of these persons fuperior to the other two, either in dignity or power. 14. All of them are equal in eternity, dignity, and power. 15. So that when, in our addresses to the Godhead, we pay our adora
16. This tion to any one person, we, in effect, worship all three.
16. He therefore that will be saved, must thus think of the Trinity.
17. Furthermore it is necessary to everlasting salvation, that he also believe rightly the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Chrift.
18. For the right Faith is, that we believe and confess, that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and
19. God, of the Substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds : and Man, of the Substance of his mother, born in the world ;
20. Perfect God and perfect Man: of a reasonable soul, and human fesh subsisting;
21. Equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead : and inferior to the Father, as touching his Manhood;
22. Who although he be God and Man: yet he is not two, but one Christ.
23. One; not by conversion of the Godhead into Alesh : but by taking of the Manhood into God;
PA RA PHRASE. 16. This is the orthodox christian faith, concerning the trinity, and by this only we can hope for falvation,
17. We should likewise endeavour to believe rightly concerning Christ's incarnation, in order to render our faith perfect.
18. For we are bound to believe that both the divine and human natures are united in our bleffed Saviour Jesus Christ.
19. As he is God, he derived his divine nature from the Father, by a generation that preceeded all time: as he was man, he was composed of the bodily substance of his mother, and born in time.
20. Not being merely, according to the heretical opinion of Arius and his followers, à being of an exalted nature, but true and perfect God, nor was his humanity, according to the opinions of the Apollinarians, absorbed lvy his divinity, but he was perfect man likewise ; which manhood of Christ consists in the union of a rational soul with a human body.
21. Being entirely upon an equality with the Father, in respect of his being God: but inferior to him, as participating of human nature,
22. But tho' our blessed Saviour united the divine and human nature, we should not conclude, as the Nestorians have done, that he comprises two persons ; but that, by the union of deity with humanity, he became that one fingle person, who goes by the apellation of Jeius Christ.
23. Having become one by bearing the human nature, in conjunction with the divine, and not by converting the divine nature into a human body,
24. One altogether ; not by confusion of Substance : but by unity of Person.
25. For as the reasonable soul and Aleth is one Man : so God and man is one Chrift.
26. Who suffered for our salvation : descended into hell, rose again the third day from the dead.
27. He ascended into heaven, he sitteth on the right hand of the Father, God Almighty; from whence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
28. At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies : and shall give account for their own works.
29. And they that have done good, shall go into life everlasting: and they that have done evil, into everlatting fire.
30. This is the Catholic Faith : which except a man believe faithfully, he cannot be saved.
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son: and to the Holy Ghost;
As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world wichout end. Amen.
PA RA PHRASE 24. And this by a very close and perfect union, yet not such as to confound the human and divine nature, and to make Christ have but one will, (which was the herefy of the Eutychians and Monothelites) but by a personal unity resembling that which we perceive in our own nature.
23. For as the rational Toul and human body constitute an individual, in iske manner God and man make but one Chrift.
25. We believe that our blessed Lord suffered death upon the cross, in crler to procure us the remission of our sins; that he descended into hades
hell; and on the third day rose from the dead.
27. I believe likewile that he ascended into heaven, and is now seated in the plenitude of glory at God's right hand, from whence, in process of time, be shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
28. And at his coming all men shall appear before his judgment feat, that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that be hath done, whether it be good or bad. 2 Cor. v. 10.
29. And bad men thall go away into everlalting punishment; but the righteous into life eternal. Matt. xxv. 46.
30. This being the catholic faith preached by our bleted Saviour and his apostles, they cannot, from God's ordinary mercy, hope for salvation, tihey renounce their wicked errors and heretical pravity.
1. O bea.