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taining our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man

III. Besides this law, commonly called Moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances ; partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits d; and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties Aí which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the new testament f.

IV. To them also, as a body politick, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of

that

of stone like unto the first : and. I ei Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore will write upon these tables the the old leaven, that ye may be a words that were in the first tables, new lump, as ye are unleavened : which thou brakest.

for even Christ our passover is © Matth. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto sacrificed for us. 2 Cor. vi. 17. him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy Wherefore come out from among God with all thy heart, and with them, and be ye separate, saith all thy soul, and with all thy mind. the Lord, and touch not the unVer. 38. This is the first and great clean thing; and I will receive you. commandment. Ver. 39. And the Jude, ver. 23. And others save with second is like unto it, Thou shalt fear, pulling them out of the fire ; love thy neighbour as thyself. V. 40. hating even the garment spotted by On these two conimandments hang the flesh. all the law and the prophets.

f Col. ii. 14. Blotting out the III. (Heb. Chapter ix.] Heb. x. 1. hand-writing of ordinances that was For the law having a shadow of against us, which was contrary to good things to come, and not the us, and took it out of the way, very image of the things, can never nailing it to his cross. Ver. 16. Let with those sacrifices, which they no man therefore judge you in meat, offered year by year continually, or in drink, or in respect of an holymake the comers thereunto perfect. day, or of the new moon, or of the Gal. iv. 1. Now I say, that the heir, sabbath-days: Ver. 17. Which are as long as he is a child, differeth a shadow of things to come; but nothing from a servant, though he the body is of Christ. Dan, ix. 27. be Lord of all; Ver. 2. But is And he shall confirin the covenant under tutors and governors, until with many for one week : and in the time appointed of the father. the midst of the week he shall Ver. 3. Even so we, when we cause the sacrifice and the oblation were children, were in bondage to cease ; and for the overspreading under the elements of the world, of abon inations he shall make it Col. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of desolate, even until the consumma. things to come ; but the body is of tion, and that determined, shall be Christ.

poured upon the desolate. Eph. ii. 15.

Having

8

that people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require 5.

V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God, the Creator, who gave it: Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation *.

VI. Although Having abolished in his flesh the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle enmity, even the law of command- the mouth of the ox that treadech ments contained in ordinances, for out the corn. Doth God take care to make in himself of twain one for oxen? Ver. 10. Or saith he it new man, so making peace; Ver. 16. altogether for our sakes? for our And that he might reconcile both sakes, no doubt, this is written : unto God in one body by the cross, that he that ploweth should plow having slain the enmity thereby. in hope; and that he that thrash.

IV. 8 (Exod. Chapter xxi. Exod. eth in hope should be partaker of xxii. 1. to the 29th Verse. See both

his hope. in the Bible.] Gen. xlix. 10. The V. h Rom. xiii. 8, 9. (See above sceptre shall not depart from Judah, in letter b.] Ver. 10. love worknor a lawgiver from between his eth no ill to his neighbour : therefeet, until Shiloh come; and unto fore love is the fulfilling of the law. him shall the gathering of the peo- Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and ple be. With 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit mother, (which is the first com, yourselves to every ordinance of mandment with pronise.) 1 John man for the Lord's sake : whether ii. 3. And hereby do we know it be to the king, as supreme :

that we know him, if we keep his Ver. 14. Or unto governors, as

commandments. Ver. 4. He that unto them that are sent by him saith, I know him, and keepeth for the punishment of evil-doers, not his commandments, is a liar, and for the praise of them that and the truth is not in him. Ver. 7 do well. Matth. v. 17. Think not Brethren, I write no that I am come to destroy the law mandment unto you, but an old or the prophets : I am not come commandment which ye had from to destroy, but to fulfil. With the beginning : the old commandver. 38. Ye have heard that it ment is the word which ye have hath been said, An eye for an eye,

heard from the beginning. Ver. 8, and a tooth for a tooth. Ver. 39. Again, a new commandment I write But I say unto you, That ye resist unto you, which thing is true in not evil : but whosoever shall smite him and in you, because the darkthee on thy right cheek, turn to ness is past, and the true light now him the other also. I Cor. ix. 8. shineth. Say I these things as a man? or i James ii. 10, 11. (See in letter b.] saith not the law the same also ? k Matth. v. 17. [See in letter 8,] Vor. 9. For it is written in the Ver. 18. For verily I say unto you,

Till

new com

VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned'; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly m; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives"; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may

m

come

Till heaven and earth pass, one And by him all that believe are jot or one tittle shall in no wise justified from all things, from which pass from the law, till all be ful- ye could not be justified by the filled. Ver. 19. Whosoever there. law of Moses. Rom. viii. 1. There fore shall break one of these least is therefore now no condernnation commandments, and shall teach men to them which are in Christ Jesus, so, he shall be called the least in who walk not after the flesh, but the kingdom of heaven : but who- after the Spirit. doever shall do and teach them, the m Rom. vii, 12. Wherefore the law same shall be called great in the is holy; and the commandment holy, kingdom of heaven. James ii. 8. and just, and good. Ver. 22. For I [See in leiter b before.] Rom. iii. 31. delight in the law of God after the Do we then make void the law inward man. Ver. 25. I thank God, through faith? God forbid : yea, through Jesus Christ our Lord. So we establish the law.

then, with the mind I myself serve VI. 1 Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall the law of God; but with the flesh not have dominion over you : for the law of sin. Psal. cxix. 4. Thou ye are not under the law, but under hast commanded us to keep thy pregrace. Gal. ii. !6. Knowing that cepts diligently. Ver. 5. O that my a man is not justified by the works ways were directed to keep thy staof the law, but by the faith of Jesus tutes! Ver. 6. Then shall I not be Christ; even we have believed in ashamed, when I have respect unto Jesus Christ, that we might be all thy commandments. 1 Cor. justified by the faith of Christ, vii. 19. Circumcision is nothing, and and not by the works of the law : uncircumcision is nothing, but the for by the works of the law shall keeping of the commandments of no flesh be justified. Gal. iii. 13. God. Gal. v. 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, Christ hath redeemed us from the 21, 22, 23. See in the Bible. curse of the law, being made a

n Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say curse for us : for it is written, Cursed then ? Is the law sin? God forbid, is every one that hangeth on a tree. Nay, I had not known sin but by Gal. iv, 4, But when the fulness the law; for I had not known lust, of the time was come, God sent except the law had said, Thou shalt orth his Son, made of a woman,

not covet, Rom. iii. 20. Therefore made under the law, Ver. 5. Tó by the deeds of the law there shall redeem them that were under the no flesh be justified in his sight : law, that we might receive the for by the law is the knowledge of adoption of sons. Acts xiji, 39. sin.

• James

Chap. XIX.

The Confession of Mill.

come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sino; together with a clearer stekt of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his dbedience P. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrai_their corruptions, in that it forbids sin"; and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law! The

promises

• James i. 23. For if any be a Do not kill. Now, if thou comhearer of the word, and not a doer, mit no adultery, yet if thou kill, he is like unto a man beholding thou art become a transgressor of his naturai face in a glass; Ver. 24. the law. Psal. cxix. 101. I have For he beholdeth himself, and go- refrained my feet from every evil eth his way, and straightway for- way, that I might keep thy word. getteth what manner of man he was. Ver. 104. Through thy precepts Ver. 25. But whoso looketh into ! get understanding ; therefore i the perfect law of liberty, and con- hate every false way. Ver. 128. tinueth therein, he being not a for

Therefore I esteem all thy precepts getful hearer, but a doer of the concerning all things to be right; work, this man shall be blessed in his and I hate every false way. deed. Rom. vii. 9. For I was rEzra ix. 13. And after all that alive without the law once ; but is come upon us for our evil deeds, when the commandment came, sin and for our great trespass, seeing revived, and I died. Ver. 14. For that thou our God hast punished we know that the law is spiritual ; us less than our iniquities deserve, but I am carnal, sold under sin. and hast given us such deliverance Ver. 24. 0 wretched man that I as this; Ver. 14. Should we again am! who shall deliver me from the break thy commandments, and join body of this death?

in affinity with the people of these P Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law abominations I wouldest not thou was our schoolmaster to bring us be angry with us, till thou hadst unto Christ, that we might be jus- consunied us, so that there should tified by faith. Rom. vii. 24. Sce be no remnant nor escaping ? Psal. before in letter 0. Verse 25. in lit. Ixxxix. 30. If his children forsake ter m.] Rom. viii. 3. For what the my law, and walk not in my law could not do, in that it was judgments; Ver. 31. If they break weak through the flesh, God send- my statutes, and keep not my ing his own Son in the likeness of commandments; Ver. 32. Then sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned will I visit their transgression sin in the flesh: Ver. 4. That the with the rod, and their iniquity righteousness of the law might be with stripes. Ve 3. Neverthefulfilled in us, who walk not after less my loving-kindness will I not the flesh, but after the Spirit. utterly take from him, nor suffer

9 James ii. 11. For he that said, my faithfulness to fail. Ver. 34. Do not commit adultery, said also, My covenant will I not break, nor

alter

promises of it, in like manner, shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof', although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works': so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace".

VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply

with

my lips.

alter the thing that is gone out of vants ; we have done that which

was our duty to do. S[Levxxvi. to the 14th Verse.] u Rom. vi. 12. Let not sin therefore With 2 Cor. vi. 16. And what reign in your mortal body, that ye agreement hath the temple of God should obey it in the lusts thereof. with idols ? for ye are the temple of Ver. 14. For sin shall not have domithe living God; as God hath said, nion over you: for ye are not under I will dwell in them, and walk in the law, but under gracę. 1 Pet. üi. 8. them; and I will be their God, and Finally, be ye all of one mind, having they shall be my people. Eph. vi. 2. compassion one of another, love as breHonour thy father and mother, thren, be pitiful, be courteous: Ver. 9.. (which is the first commandment Not rendering evil for evil, or rail. with promise ;) Ver. 3. That it nraying for railing ; but contrariwise, . be well with thee, and thou mayest blessing : knowing that ye are therelive long on the earth. Psal. xxxvii. 11. unto called, that ye shouid inherit a But the meek shall inherit the earth; blessing. Ver. 10. For he that will and shall delight themselves in the love life, and see good days, let him abundance of peace. With Matth. refrain his tongue from evil, and his. v. 5. Blessed are the meek: for they lips that they speak no guile: Ver. 11.. shall inherit the earth. Psal. xix. 11. Let him eschew evil, and do good; Moreover, by them is thy servant let him seek peace, and ensue it, warned: and in keeping of them Ver. 12. For the eyes of the Lord : there is great reward.

are over the righteous, and his.. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man ears are open unto their prayers :is not justified by the works of the but the face of the Lord is against law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, them that do evil. With Psal.

we have believed in Jesus xxxiv. 12. What man is he thąt. Christ, that we might be justified desireth life, and loveth many days, by the faith of Christ, and not by that he may see good ? Ver. 13.. the works of the law; for by the Keep thy tongue from evil, and works of the law shall no flesh be thy lips from speaking guile. Ver. 14.. justified. Luke xvii. 10. So like. Depart from evil, and do goods wise ye, when ye shall have done seek peace, and pursue it. Ver. 15. all those things which are command- The eyes of the Lord are uran ed you, say, We are unprofitable ser. the righteous, and his ears

open

even

are

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