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of timely instruction it falls out that many of Curate from very advanced years neither understand that into his faith. which is necessary to be known, nor assent to that which is necessary to be believed. But it The methods may perhaps be convenient to proceed in ano- those who ther way with respect to those who really have, imagine that or imagine that they have a greater degree of a greater knowledge, and to lead them, if they shall ap- the Christian pear to need a more perfect knowledge of any led more disarticles of faith, to a clearer perception thereof, understand either by means of commendation, or dedication, or supplication, or some expression of gratitude, or by exciting hope ; and by advising the sick (the Curate leading the way) that he commend himself to the Holy and Divine Trinity, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost ; to the Father as Creator of all things visible and invisible ; to the Son, born from everlasting of the Father by an eternal and ineffable generation, who in the fulness of time for the salvation of man was sent into the world, conceived by the operation of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered, died, was buried, descended into the abode of departed
spirits, rose again, ascended into heaven, sitteth there at the right hand of the Father, and will finally come to judge the living and the dead, and render to every one according to his works, either eternal happiness or misery; that he commend himself to the Holy Spirit, proceeding from the Father and the Son, who quickeneth one holy and Catholic Church: the sick, I say, may be led with varied method thereupon, one while to commend themselves, at another while to dedicate themselves, at another to supplicate, at another to place their hopes in that self-same Trinity; mention of these mysteries of faith being always distinctly made, the same may be carried out either by the former or the latter method.
The Curate should show, in many or few The necessity words, as it is expedient, that an earnest reand its avail pentance is essential for the salvation of all;
and he may prove from Scripture, that that is sufficient for this purpose, since it renders the most grievous sinners capable of receiving
Its nature unfolded.
Since there is much ground for supposing Tenth Rule. that the true nature of repentance is not understood by the greater portion of mankind, it should for the most part be shown that by far the greatest difficulty of sick persons consists in arriving at a stedfast conversion of heart from evil unto good, grounded upon love for God, and always evidenced by a circumspect eschewing of every vice, and diligent practice of every virtue.
The Curate may instruct the sick that an accurate examination of his past life is neces- An examinasary, in order to attain to true repentance, life requisite and should exhort him diligently to enter on repentance. the same. And that this may be duly performed,
He should advise the sick to read atten- Twelfth Rule. tively some catalogue of sins, or, if some one The sick else should distinctly read the same, to give advised to his attention thereto, and seriously deliberate to the reading with himself concerning every sin, whether he catalogue of has at any time been guilty of it; for it is not safe for any one in so momentous an affair to trust entirely to his own memory, or to spurn
out to him
the assistance of others: it will therefore behim by read- come the faithful Minister of Christ frequently ing out the Decalogue to admonish the sick respecting this duty, and pointing the things
and not unfrequently to assist him by briefly which they citing the Ten Commandments, and by point
ing out to him in few words the derelictions they prohibit; and in most cases I would prefer this latter method to the former, because it will teach any illiterate person a method by which he may most easily examine himself, a method which (being deprived of all assistance from others) he can use whenever he pleases.
The Curate should also advise him to reflect how often he has committed each offence, and what were the circumstances of aggravation.
And since the end and design of these selfsions ought to be strictly examinations are none other than that he What should should, with humble and lowly mind before be the end and design of God, bewail and detest his old and hitherto
beloved sins, he ought to supplicate the Almighty to pardon them, and resolve against the same for the future.
He should exhort the sick person that he
Rule. The frequency and circumstances of his transgres
to the end
sick for his secret faults.
ought (the examination being completed) The sick to acknowledge his unworthiness, and most exhorted to humbly confess that he laments his sins, that examination he implores God to forgive them, and lastly, proposed. that he firmly resolve for the future, as far as he can, to avoid the like. And,
Since it cannot but happen that some faults Fifteenth even after the closest research will remain undiscovered he should be incited to petition asked by the God, as did the Psalmist, to be purged from his hidden, and cleansed from his secret faults.
If the sick person evince either by his Sixteenth countenance or words any inward grief on if the sick account of his former transgressions, inquiry the cause should be diligently made, whether this grief should be
inquired into. arises from a servile fear of punishment, or in very truth from the circumstance that he has failed in his duty, and that, too, in opposition to God's infinite mercy; for although the former description of grief ought to be cherished as the most natural entrance upon penitence, yet no one can safely be satisfied therewith; and, therefore, the sick person must be excited to a grief dependent upon