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joined the royalists in the West, whence ‘from the army near

the rebels in Lostwithiel' he wrote, August 23, 1644, to his friend Colonel Seymour, of Berry Pomeroy. The king was himself at Lostwithiel; and Fortescue, at the request of Seymour, had been pressing for troops to assist in the redemption * of those parts (probably part of Devonshire) from the perjured

devils that are now in them. Charles and Lord Hopton denied him, and he continues

“This made me almost mad, and then having a dish of claret, I hartily chirped your health, and another to the fair lady governess, and then again to the noble governor on top; and after some few rounds, as long as the French spirits lasted, in a merry and undeniable humour I went to Maurice, of whom I had good words and promises, which again was assured me by Wagstaff-one that loves you—and I am confident I shall prevail very speedily for some horse, either Sir Thomas Hele’s, or Sir Henry Casey's regiment.'

But a few days after this letter was written the king's forces pressed so hard on those of the Earl of Essex that he was forced to embark from Fowey, and so escape to Plymouth. Sir Edmund was no longer needed in Cornwall; and he is next found repairing the fort of Salcombe, which protects the harbour of that name, at no very great distance from Fallapit. For this purpose he had received a commission from Prince Maurice. The fort, which stands on a rock cut off from the mainland at high water, was efficiently repaired, and received the name of Fort Charles. A true and just particular' of all the ' victuallynge 'within the place, at the time (Jan. 15, 1645) when Fairfax appeared before it, makes it clear that the 'ma• lignants' did not propose to themselves an uncomfortable life within its walls. To say nothing of an ample supply of “ hogsheads of beefe and porke, dried whitings, pease, and sides of bacon, there were ten hogsheads of punch, ten tuns of cider, and a butt of sack; besides almonds, lemons, two cases of • bottles full with rare and good strong waters,' 'twenty pots

with sweetmeats, and a great box of all sorts of especially 'good dry preserves,' and 'ten rolls of tobacco, being 600

weight. There was a garrison of 66 men, three of whom ‘ran away.' They held out for nearly four months; and on one occasion the leg of the bedstead on which Fortescue was sleeping was carried away by a shot, so that'he appeared sud• denlie among his men in his shirt.' Fort Charles was finally surrendered to Colonel Ralph Weldon, on very honourable terms, May 9, 1646. The governor, and all in the fort, had free liberty to march thence to Fallowpit with there usuall armes, drumes beating and collers flyinge, with bondelars full


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of powder and muskets apertinable.' At the gate-house of Fallapit they' yielded up their arms:' but the great key of the fort was retained by Sir Edmund Fortescue, and long afterwards hung as a trophy in the hall of the mansion. It is still in the possession of his representative. The officers were allowed three months to make their peace with the Parliament or to go beyond seas. Fortescue made the latter choice, and took up his abode at Delft, where he died in the following year. A monument was erected to his memory in the great church at Delft-the same which contains the elaborate memorial of William the Silent and the tomb of Grotius. Lord Clermont gives a facsimile from a very rare print engraved at the Hague shortly before the death of Sir Edmund, which displays his 'vera ac viva effigies.' It is a comely, but not very intellectual countenance, with long locks falling on a plain white collar, turned over his armour. The existence of such a print indicates the popularity of Fortescue among his brother-cavaliers.

There were others of his family active on the same side; and especially Sir Faithful Fortescue, whose name, from the part which he played in the battle of Edgehill, has received a distinction of somewhat doubtful character. What he did on that occasion is, however, fairly explained by Lord Clermont, whose ancestor he was; and Clarendon, who tells the story, plainly implies (perhaps it was hardly to be expected that he would do otherwise) that Sir Faithful was justified in the course he took. But on this point there will always be a difference of opinion, according as the sympathies of the judge are with the king or with the Parliament. Faithful Fortescue-- whose Christian name, an early example of a class which afterwards became frequent, first appears in the family as that of his uncle, born about 1512, and knighted by Elizabeth at Tilbury-was of the Buckland-Filleigh branch, and was educated in the household of his maternal uncle, the first Lord Chichester; one of the many Devonshire men who rose to distinction and to fortune in Ireland, in the latter years of the sixteenth century. A curious biographical notice of this Lord Chichester, drawn up by his nephew Fortescue, exists, and has been printed at length by Lord Clermont. He was for some years Lord Deputy of Ireland, and was evidently a man of considerable ability. He was, we are told,

noe very good orator, but had a singular good espression with his pen, sublime and succinkt, according to the subject whereof he wrote and the person to whom. His letters to King James were so acceptable, as he gave him encouragement and command to write often to him; and once, wl en the king received a letter from him, he gave it

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to liis favourite, Somerset, bidding him learn it without book, saying he had not received such a letter since he was king of England-and the Secretary of State, the Earle Salisbury, and Lords of the Councill, would give the lynes high praise.'

All civill becoming sports, games, and recreations' he loved and encouraged; and when first he went into Ireland he carried with him a certain Bartholomew Fortescue, one of the best *wrestlers in those times.' (Wrestling, it may be remembered, was then the great civill sport' of Devonshire and Cornwall; and a pair of Devonshire wrestlers were once sent up from the West in order that they might display their skill in the presence of Henry VIII.) Lord Chichester procured for himself a )

. considerable estate in Ireland; and his nephew Sir Faithful, who was made by him Governor of Carrickfergus, was equally fortunate. He obtained from the Crown the grant of a large tract of land in the county of Antrim, which the patentó erects. • into the Manor of Fortescue,' a designation still surviving, although the lands have passed from the family. Ireland thus became the permanent home of Sir Faithful Fortescue; who sat once or twice in Dublin parliaments, and who, as the times became more and more troubled, was recognised as a man of • honour and experience,' whose support and assistance was of no small value. After the fall of Strafford he is especially recommended by the Parliament to the new Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of Leicester, and was governor of Drogheda when the rebellion suddenly broke out in the North of Ireland in October 1641. His eldest son died during the siege of that place, and his second was killed by the rebels there. Sir Faithful himself went at once to London, to urge the sending of men and supplies to Ireland; and the necessity was strong enough to compel an agreement between Charles and the Parliament- then all but in arms against each other—to provide troops for that special service. Thus Sir Faithful, still in England, raised and commanded as colonel the third troop of horse engaged for the Irish expedition, for which the officers were chosen by special commissioners in June 1642, the king consenting to sign their commissions.

When the royal standard was raised at Nottingham in August of the same year, this troop of horse, together with a company of foot also raised by Fortescue for the same purpose, were draughted into the army of the Parliament, without any regard to the opinions or inclinations of officers or men.

The horse had arrived at Bristol, ready to embark. They were now compelled to march towards Worcestershire, and to join the troops of the Earl of Essex, already pressing, by forced marches, on those of



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Charles; and in this manner Sir Faithful Fortescue, with his newly raised regiment, found themselves on October 23 in the plain under Edgehill, arrayed in opposition to the king and, it may well have been, to their own sympathies and affections. What followed was the carrying out of a preconcerted arrangement between Fortescue and his men. The fight, as we know, began about three in the afternoon, when the guns of the Parliamentarian army opened from their right flank. Prince Rupert, with his cavalry, was stationed on the king's extreme right, high on the ridge of Edgehill, above the little village of Radway. The descent is short but very steep. The royal horse had reached the plain in order, and were advancing against the enemy's left wing, in which Fortescue and his troop had their place, when, in Clarendon's words, ' his whole troop advanced 7 from the gross of their horse, and discharging all their pistols on

the ground, within little more than carabine shot of his own • body, presented himself and his troop to Prince Rupert, and immediately, with his Highness, charged the enemy.' The desertion entirely confused the Parliamentarians. Their left wing broke, and fled before Rupert's troopers, and the pursuit lasted across the open fields for nearly three miles, as far as the town of Kineton, where Rupert allowed himself to be detained for hour in plundering the baggage of Essex's soldiers, which had been left in the streets; a delay which was fatal to the real success of the king's army. Fortescue, it is said, contrived before the beginning of the fight to send his cornet, who seems to have been his own son Thomas, to announce his intention to Prince Rupert. However that may have been, his action was a surprise to Rupert's officers; and, again to quote Clarendon, his men had not as good fortune as they deserved; for by the negligence of not throwing away their orange-tawney scarfs, which they all wore as the Earl of Essex's colours, . many of them, not fewer than seventeen or eighteen, were suddenly killed by those to whom they had joined themselves.'

After Edgehill, Fortescue remained with the army, and was with the king for some time in Oxford. In 1646 he appears again in Ireland. He was afterwards imprisoned by the Parliament in the castles of Carnarvon and Denbigh, but must have been released before 1651, in which year he was with Charles II. in Scotland, and we recognise him among the

strangers that followit and dependit on the king,' as recorded in Nichols' Diary, although his name is there Scotticized into • Sir Faithful Faskie.' It is pleasant to find that on the Restoration Charles did not forget the old soldier who had been so truly faithful' to his father. His age was now nearly eighty.


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If he recovered his estates in the north of Ireland, it was to find them neglected and half ruined ; and the governorship of Carrickfergus, which was restored to him, must have been welcome. He remained himself with the court, and was named a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. When the plague, in 1665, drove from London all who could leave it, Fortescue went to the Isle of Wight, where in May of the following year he died in the manor-house of Bowcombe, about a mile from Carisbrook. He was buried either in Carisbrook church or churchyard. In 1866, a tablet, recording his name and services, was placed by Lord Clermont, ‘his eldest male representative, in the chancel of the church there.

The Fortescues of Buckland-Filleigh and of Fallapit became united by the marriage, in 1709, of William Fortescue of Buckland and Mary Fortescue of Fallapit, co-heiress of her father. This is the William Fortescue to whom Pope addresses his Imitation of the first satire of Horace :

• Tim'rous by nature, of the rich in awe,
I come to counsel learned in the law :
You'll give me, like a friend both sage and free,

Advice; and (as you use), without a fee.' Fortescue was at first of the Middle, and afterwards of the Inner Temple. His intimacy and correspondence with Pope had already begun in 1714, and lasted until the death of the poet in 1744.

But it is evident that he lived in the society of the most eminent 'wits' of the day; and his own vein of humour is preserved to us in his contribution to Martinus • Scriblerus '--the report of the case of Stradling versus * Stiles, or the Pyed Horses '—in which was debated the will of Sir John Swale, of Swale Hall, in Swale Dale, fast by the

river Swale,' who left to his much-honoured and good friend Mr. Matthew Stradling all my black and white horses.' It appeared that the testator had six black horses, six white horses, and six pyed horses. The debate, therefore, was

· whether or no the said Matthew Stradling should have the said pyed horses by virtue of the said bequest.' There was much argument on either side. Finally, ‘le Court fuit longe'ment en doubt de c'est matter; et après grand deliberation * eu, judgment fuit donne pour le Pl. nisi causa.' There followed a motion in arrest of judgment, that the pyed horses 'were mares; and therefore an inspection was prayed. Et sur ceo le Court advisare vult. William Fortescue, of whom there is a good portrait by Hudson, in his robes of office, and who had the family features strongly marked, became a Baron of the Exchequer in 1736, was removed to the Common Pleas


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