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kneeling figures of Sir John and his wife Cecily, daughter of Sir Edmund Ashfield of Tottenhoe; but these can hardly be portraits. The funeral of Fortescue was directed by William Camden, as Clarencieux king-at-arms, who, in his Annals of Elizabeth,' acknowledges the assistance he had received from Joannes Fortescuus, qui mihi hæc scribenti in nonnullis lumen porrexit.' The chancel of Mursley has of late been rebuilt; but this monument, and the yet more stately tomb of Sir Francis Fortescue, son and successor of Sir John, have been duly restored and replaced by the care of Lord Clermont.
Of the domestic life of Sir John Fortescue at Salden we know little beyond the fact that his house was one of extreme hospitality. We have no such an edifying . book of charges? as that of his father, Sir Adrian. But among the Domestic' State Papers of the reign of Elizabeth is preserved a very curious series, giving us the history of a lively quarrel between Fortescue and his neighbour Lord Grey of Wilton, and illustrating one side, at least, of his country life. Lord Grey was the owner of Whaddon Hall, where Elizabeth had visited him, and was keeper of the adjoining district of Whaddon Chase, which bordered on the lands of Salden, over which Fortescue had obtained a right of free warren. Before this, as it appears, the keepers of the chase had been in the habit of following their game over Salden. Fortescue, in the Chamber of Pres*ence at Westminster,' complained to Lord Grey that his servants would not recognise the change of right at Salden, but insisted on breaking the new hedges and enclosures. My lord • therewith in a choller said, “Tush, a lord in your teeth, I will • hunt it and it shall be hunted, spite of all you can do.”' At a second meeting things went on a little more smoothly, and Fortescue, at Lord Grey's request, promised that he would • not be an ill neighbour to the game. After his return to Salden, however, Fortescue found that the keepers of the chase kept to their bounds no better than before, to the injury of his own ‘warren game, partridges, pheasant, hare, and
conies.' There were sundry skirmishes; and on one occasion, according to Lord Grey's deposition, Fortescue himself, with a company of men carrying bows and staves, came on the keepers who were hunting on the Salden side of the hedge, “ bestowed
on them divers blows,' and then ' espying a boy who was with * them, and who had before angered him, he did fall to him,
and having beaten him well, did command his men to take • and hold him whilst he might cut his points to whip him.' The boy and the rest escaped at that time. So,' writes my Lord Grey, “ended this day's pagen' (pageant). But the ill
blood on either side was not lessened; and the following night,
at twelve of the clocke, I,' deposes Fortescue, ' being in bed ' and in sleepe,' one Savage, ranger of the chase came on the Salden land, bringing with him fifteen other persons, with • bows, forest-bills, and long picked staffs. They having cast off hounds, blowing horns, and making hallooing and loud cry, began their hunting, shogging down to the wood close,
where, in the gully between both woods, my servants over« took them.' These were Fortescue's men, who had been roused by the noise, and who came prepared for a fray. They were not disappointed. Many arrows were shot, as well
forked-heads as other. Bartelmew Cornish' was wounded in the thigh with an arrow, and in the head with a forest-bill;' Savage was stricken down and taken,' and four others of Lord Grey's men were very evil hurt, and one to the death,
as since is fallen out.' This seems to have brought the affair to a crisis. Many of the rioters were imprisoned, but only for a time, and Lord Grey made a complaint to the Privy Council that although he had sought redress of so heynous a fact as
the killing,' he had been ordered by their lordships to let the matter alone; "and to see mine adversary so much favoured in • an evil cause, and myself, in seeking of justice, so lightly ac*counted of, besides the wrong doth bring no small grief unto 'me.' Accordingly, he sought justice' with his own hand. In November 1573 he and Fortescue were both in London. Lord Grey knew that Fortescue would pass under Temple Bar about ten o'clock on a certain morning. He waited for his appearance in the shop of one Lewes, a cross-bow maker,' and disposed his twelve serving men divided on every side of the street.' After Fortescue had passed, Lord Grey, coming behind with a crab-tree truncheon, strake me on the head, says the other, in his complaint to the Council, “so sore that I * was astouned and fell from my horse, saying, as the standers .by do report, “ You have spoiled me. Whereunto he • answered, “ Nay, villain, I will have my pennyworth of thee; «« thou shalt not scape so.
There was a fight. The servants on either side set on each other, and there would have been loss of life if the rescue of the street had not been.' Unfortunately this is the last of the papers. We do not know in what manner Fortescue was avenged, and although we find Lord Grey in the Fleet Prison soon afterwards, it does not appear on what charge he had been placed there. A letter from the Fleete,' addressed by him to Lord Burghley, may possibly refer to this matter. In it he says: “It is not to be doubted but that Fortescue will inform anything for the
hettering of his right and obtaining of his will, if words,
however strained, may serve the turn.' The whole story is curious, since it shows us that a quarrel, arising out of rights of sporting,' was, in Elizabeth's days very much the same,
with a difference, as it might be now; and from the picture it affords of such a disturbance as would have been quite in place at that time in the High Street of Edinburgh, but which we should hardly have expected to encounter under the shadow of Temple Bar.
We return to the Irish Fortescues, whose several branches sprang from Sir Faithful, the Cavalier of Edgehill. His grandson, William of Newragh, was the father of Thomas Fortescue, who formed the beautiful domains of Clermont Park and of Ravensdale (both in County Louth), on which are now the principal seats of his representative, the present Lord Clermont. Arthur Young, travelling through Ireland in 1776, describes the situation of Ravensdale as 'very romantic, on the side of a • mountain, with fine woods hanging on every side, with the • lawn beautifully scattered with trees spreading into them, • and a pretty river winding through the vale. Beautiful in
itself, but trebly so on information that before he fixed there it was all wide waste.' His eldest son, William Henry, became Earl of Clermont,* and was an original Knight of St. Patrick on the institution of that order in 1783. Lord Clermont gives an engraving from what appears to be a fine portrait of the Earl by Hudson, the master of Sir Joshua. He was, we are told, a first-rate shot, and is appropriately represented carrying a gun and caressing a pointer. He once, we are told, for a wager killed in one day in Doneweale Wood, on Lord Farnham's estate in Cavan, fifty brace of woodcocks, shooting with a single-barrelled and of course "" flint” gun. Having missed every shot before breakfast, * from the excessive kicking of the gun, he then, by the advice of the late Earl of Enniskillen, who was present, padded his coat sleeve, and in a few hours killed his hundred
birds.' This is the Lord Clermont of whom Sir Nathaniel Wraxall gives an amusing sketch in his . Memoirs,' and of whom he
that he had never known a man more fitted for a companion of kings and queens.' It is true that. Nature
* He was raised to the Irish peerage May 26, 1770, as Baron Clermont. In 1776 he was created Viscount and Baron Clermont, with (as he had no son) a special remainder to his brother; and in 1777 he became Earl of Clermont. His frequent visits to France probably suggested the name of his title.
• had formed his person in an elegant mould,' but Sir Nathaniel's ideal of a royal companion would hardly perhaps be accepted at present.
Such,' he says, ' was Lord Clermont's passion for the turf, that when menaced by his father to be disinherited if he did not quit Newmarket, he refused, preferring rather to incur the severest attacks of paternal indignation than to renounce his favourite amusement. His understanding was of the common order ; but though his whole life had been passed in the sports of the field or among jockeys, yet he wanted not refinement; and he used to shelter himself under Horace's “sunt
quos curriculo pulverem Olympicum,” when justifying his ardour for races.'
At his house in Berkeley Square the Prince of Wales was a frequent visitor. Lord Clermont lived much with Charles Fox; and, says Wraxall, ‘I well remember an extraordinary
bet which he made with Fox and Lord Foley, for a hundred 'guineas; namely, that he would find a heifer which should eat
twenty stone of turnips in twenty-four hours. He won the 'wager.' Of his wife, Frances, daughter of General Murray, of Monaghan, there is a beautiful portrait by Reynolds. She, too, is duly noticed in the pages of Wraxall; and was, as he tells us, an enthusiastic defender of the French Queen Marie Antoinette, at whose court she was a great favourite.
The earldom became extinct on the death of this first Lord Clermont in 1806. The viscounty descended to his nephew, son of his younger brother, who had inherited Ravensdale Park. This nephew died unmarried in 1829, leaving by will his estates in the first place to his only nephew, Sir Harry Goodricke, of Ribston in Yorkshire, with remainder to the heirs issue of Colonel Fortescue, of Dromiskin, who represented the elder line in descent from Sir Faithful of the Civil Wars. Sir Harry Goodricke, well known in the sporting circles of his day, died unmarried in 1833; and the estates then passed to Thomas, son of Colonel Fortescue, of Dromiskin. In 1852 a revival was made in his favour of the barony of Clermont, with remainder to his only brother. It is to Lord Clermont that we are indebted for the exhaustive history of the Fortescues which we have been considering in the present article. How earnestly the true interests of Ireland—agricultural, educational, political-have been supported and advanced by him and by his younger brother, Mr. Chichester Fortescue, created Lord Carlingford in 1874, this is hardly the place to set forth; but the pages which at some future time a competent hand will be called on to append to Lord Clermont's volume, will not be the least interesting or important within its covers. We should add that in 1866 Lord Clermont was created a peer of Great Britain.
Another Irish peerage was created in 1746, in favour of John Fortescue, descended froin a younger son of Fortescue of Filleigh—now Castle Hill. He was a distinguished lawyer, and became a judge successively in the Courts of Exchequer, King's Bench, and Common Pleas. In consideration of his merits
and services' he was created a Peer of Ireland, with the title of Baron Fortescue of Credan, the nanie of a headland on the eastern shore of Waterford harbour, which formed part of his wife's estate. She was the eldest daughter, and eventually the heiress, of Henry Aland, of Waterford. This Lord Fortescue was, for his time, a good Saxon scholar, and held in great regard the works of his famous ancestor, the Chancellor. He was distinguished by a very prominent and remarkable nosea feature which in all the Fortescue portraits is decidedly pronounced. In the case of Lord Fortescue of Credan it is said to have resembled the trunk of an elephant. On one occasion he remarked from the bench to the counsel who was pleading -Brother, you are handling this case in a very lame manner.
Oh no, my Lord,' was the reply; ' have patience with me, 6 and I will make it as plain as the nose in your Lordship's • face.' The barony descended to his only son, who never married. The Irish estates passed to Lord Fortescue of Castle Hill, whose descendant still holds them.
The Fortescues of Castle Hill represent, as we have said, John, the eldest son of Martin Fortescue, heir and only son of Henry VI.'s Chancellor. Martin, with the heiress of Denzille, acquired the estates of Weare Giffard and Filleigh-now Castle Hill. He died before the Chancellor; and his son John succeeded not only to his mother's estates, but to those of his grandfather, Ebrington, in Gloucestershire, and Combe, in South Devon. The earlier Fortescues of this descent lived much at Weare Giffard, and there is an elaborate monument in the church there in which two generations are represented, the last date being 1637. But there had always been a residence at Filleigh (not the same place, it must be remembered, as Buckland-Filleigh, the home of William Fortescue, often mentioned in Pope's letters); and there was born, about 1717, Lucy, daughter of Hugh Fortescue, who married in 1742 the first Lord Lyttleton, distinguished, in Lord Clermont's words, • as an historian, poet, statesman, and Christian philosopher. The wedded happiness of Lord and Lady Lyttleton became almost proverbial; but it was as brief as it was unusual. She died in 1746, and was celebrated by her husband in a • Monody'