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The frere arose,
Better pass over an affront from one scoundrel, But I suppose,
than draw the whole herd about a man's ears. Amased was his bed,
L'Estrange. He shoke his eares
Fools go together by the ears, to have knaves run And from grete feares, away with the stakes.
la. He thought hym well yfied.
A mean rascal sets others together by the ears withSir T. More. out fighting himself.
Id. Poor naked men laboured one another with shagged The eur being to stand open, because there was sticks, or dully fell together by the ears at fisty-cuffs. some danger that insects might creep in thereat;
More. therefore hath nature loricated or plaistered over the Sir J. Perrot ordered the Irish to mark all their sides of the hole with earwas, to entangle insects. oattle with pitch or ear-mark, on pain of forfeiture.
Ray on the Creation. Cor. Hist. Ireland. Be not alarmed, as if all religion was falling about For feare lest we like rogues should be reputed
Burnet's Theory. And for eare-marked beasts abroad be bruited.
It is usual to set these poor animals by the ears, Spenser.
Addison. All present were made earwitnesses, even of each
All Asia now was by the ears, particular branch of a common indictment. Hooker. And gods beat up for volunteers. Prior. With gold and silver they increase his store,
A quilted night cap with one ear,
Congrece. Way of the World.
Swift. Their warlike force was sore weakened, the city
Doll never flies to cut her lace, beaten down about their ears, and most of them Or throw cold water in her face, wounded.
Knolles. Because she heard a sudden drum, An unworthie counceller is a wicked charme in the Or found an earwig in a plum.
Id. king's eare, a sword of terror in the aduice of tyranny.
may say of bim (Mr. John Smith) in Antonias's
Breton. 1616. phrase, he was—dipped into justice, as it were, crer You have heard of the news abroad : I mean the head and ears; he had not a slight superficial tinc. whispered ones; for they are yet but ear-kissing ar- ture, but was dyed and coloured quite through with it. guments. Shakspeare.
Bp. Patrick The burst
In cases where there is little expected but the And the eardeafening voice of the oracle,
pleasure of the ears and eyes, the least diminution Kin to Jove's thunder. Id. of that pleasure is the highest offence.
Steek. 0, farewell!
Eloquence, that leads mankind by the ears, gives a The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife,
nobler superiority than power that every dunce may The royal banner; and all quality,
use, fraud that every knave may employ, to lead Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious war! Id. them by the nose.
Bolingbroke. What fire is in my ears? Can this be true ?
If on a pillory, or near a throne, Stand I condemned?
Id. Much Ado. He gain his prince's ear, or lose his own. Pope. Aristippus was earnest suitor to Dionysius for some Earless on high stood unabashed Defoe, grant, who would give no ear to his suit: Aristippus And Tutchin fagrant from the scourge below. Id. fell at his feet, and then Dionysius granted it.
Valsalva discovered some passages into the regiou Bacon's Apophthegms. of the ear-drum ; of mighty use, among others, to Himself he on an earwig sel;
make discharges of bruises. Yet scarce he on his back could get,
Derham's Physico-Theology So oft and high he did curvet. Drayton's Nymphiada She used to carry tales from one to another, till Princes, that will but hear, or give access
she had set the neighbourhood together by the car.. To such officious spies, can ne'er be safe :
Arbuthnet. They take in poison with an open ear,
A lady bestowed earrings upon a favourite lamprey. And, free from danger, become slaves to fear.
Id. Ben Jonson. The histories of mankind, written by eye or ear. Nor can I bide to pen some hungrie scence witnesses, are built upon this principle. For thick-skin eares, and undiscerning eyne.
Watts's Lagick. Bp. Hall. Satires. Earwigs and snails seldom infect timber. O age well thriven and well fortunate,
Mortimer's Husbandry. When ech man hatb a muse appropriate ;
From several grains he had eighty stalks, with very And shee like to some servile eare-boared slave, large ears, full of large corn.
Id. Must play and sing when and what he would have. An opera, like a pillory, may be said
Id. To nail our ears down, but expose our head. This gold is now grown to a calf; let no man think
Young. that form came forth casually out of the melted ear- But corn was housed, and beans were in the stack; rings : this shape was intended by the Israelites, and Now therefore issued forth the spotted pack, perfected by, Aaron.
Id. Contemplations. With tails high mounted, ears hung low, and throats There are some vessels, which, if you offer to lift With a whole gamut filled of heavenly notes ; by the belly or bottom, you cannot stir them; but are For which, alas! my destiny severe, soon removed, if you take them by the ears.
Though ears she gave me two, gave me no ear. Taylor's Rule of Holy Living.
Cowper. He laid his sense closer, and in fewer words, ac- He calls for Famine, and the meagre fiend cording to the style and ear of those times. Denham. Blows mildew from between his shrivelled lips, The leaves on trees not more, And taints the golden ear.
12. Nor bearded ears in fields, nor sands upon the shore. Lit by the brilliant spark, from grain to grain
Dryden. Runs the quick fire along the kindling train; Gomez, stand you out of earshot.--I have some- On the pained ear-drum bursts the sudden crash, thing to say to your wife in private.
Starts the red-fame, and death pursues the fash. Id. Spanish Friar.
As the car-was in animals seems to be in part de- The covert of the thrice eared field signed to prevent Beas and other insects from getting Saw stately Ceres to her passion yield. into their ears.
Pope's Odyssey. Sylphs! on each oak-bud wound the wormy galls, EARL, n. s. Sax. eorl, which SpelWith pigmy spears, or crush the venomed balls;
others have Fright the green locust from his foamy bed,
Earl-Marʻshal, I thought synonymous with Unweave the caterpillar's gluey thread;
ealderman; but see Turner's Anglo-Sax. vol. ii. Chase the fierce earwig, scare the bloated toad,
233. Wachter thinks earl a diminutive of are, Arrest the snail upon his slimy road.
Sax.; Belg. eer; Ger. er (ere, English): hence Ear. See Anatomy, Index, and Deaf, seniority and priority. A nobleman who ranks where the structure of this important organ is next to a marquis: an earl-marshal is a superinfully developed. Suetonius mentions the beauties tendant of high or military solemnities. of Augustus's ear; and Ælian, describing the
The duke of Clarence having married the heir of beauties of Aspasia, observes she had short ears. Martial also ranks large ears among deformities. the earl of Ulster, and by her having all the earldom
of Ulster, carefuily went about redressing evils. Among the Athenians, it was a mark of nobility
Spenser's Ireland, to have the ears bored or perforated : but among
Thanes and kinsmen, the Hebrews and Romans, it was a mark of ser
Henceforth be earls, the first that ever Scotland vitude. Several naturalists and physicians have
For such an honour named. Shakspeare. Macheth, held, that cutting off the ear rendered persons
When I am king, claim thou of me barren and unprolific; and this idle notion was
The earldom of Hereford. Id, Richard III. what first occasioned legislators to order the ears of thieves, &c., to be cut off, lest they should
The earl of Newcastle, in the depth of winter, produce their like.
rescued the city of York from the rebels. Clarendon. EAR, in botany, is usually called spica. The The marching troops through Athens take their way; flowers and seeds of wheat, rye, barley, lavender, The great earl-marshal orders their array. Dryden. &c., grow in ears. The stem of the ear means An Earl ranks between a marquis and a visits tube or straw; the knot of the ear, the lobes or count. The title is so ancient, that its original cells wherein the grains are enclosed, &c. cannot be clearly traced out. It is, however,
EAR, in music. See Music. In music we certain, that among the Saxons they were called seem universally to acknowledge a kind of inter- ealdormen, quasi elder men, signifying the same nal sense, distinct from the external one of hear- with senior or senator among the Romans: and ing; which we call a good ear. And the like also schiremen, because they had each the civil distinction we should probably acknowledge in government of a division or shire. On the irrupregard to our other senses, were our ideas of the tion of the Danes they changed their uames to differences equally clear. Something like this is eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the universally acknowledged with regard to a criti- same in their language. In Latin they are called cal and accurate perception and judgment of the comites from being the king's companions and objects of sight; though, by a familiar metaphor, associates. After the Norman conquest they these sensations are transferred to a sense that were for some time called counts, from the French; has no connexion with them. Thus a greater but they did not long retain that name, though capacity of perceiving the beauties of painting, their shires are thence called counties, and their architecture, &c. is called a fine taste.
wives countesses, to this day. It is now become Ear, v. a. & v. n. Norm. Fr. eare; Sax. a mere title : their lordships have no official conEAR'ABLE, adj. erian; Brit. ueren ; Germ. nexion with the government of the county; which EAR'ED, adj. eren ; Goth. arian ; Lat. is now entirely devolved on the sheriff, the earl's EAR'ING, n. s.
Earth, says Mr. H. deputy, or vice-comes. In writs, commissions, Tooke (Diversions of Purley ii. 417, 8), is that and other formal instruments, the king, when he which one ereth, or eareth, i. e. plougheth; the mentions any peer of the degree of an earl, third person of the indicative erian, arare, to ere, usually styles him trusty and well beloved eare, or plough. Erd, i.e. ered, er’d, that which cousin :' an appellation as ancient as the reign of is ploughed; the past tense of the same verb. Henry IV; who being either by his wife, mother, To till; to plough; to shoot into ears. Earable or sisters, actually related or allied to every earl is the origin of•our modern word ARABLE, winch in the kingdom, artfully acknowledged that conEaring, a plowing of land.
nexion in all his letters and other public acts; But who of you hath a seruaunt eringe or lesenringe
whence the usage has descended to his succesoxis which seith to him, whanne he turneth agen frosors.
An earl is created by cincture of sword, the feeld, anoon go and sitte to mete.
mantle of state put upon him by the king himself, Wiclif. Luk. 17.
a cap and a coronet put 4 rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown. upon his head, and a
Deut. charter in his hand. An Five years, in the which there shall neither be earl's coronet is comearing nor harvest,
Gen. xlv. 6. posed of eight pearls He that ears my land spares my team, and gives raised upon points, me leave to enjoy the crop.
with small leaves beShakspeare. All's Well That Ends Well. tween, above the rim, Menecrates and Menas, famous pirates,
as in the diagram anMake the sea serve them, which they ear and wound nexed. With keels of every kind. Id. Antony and Cleopatra, EARL MARSHAL. See MARSHAL
EARʻLY, adj. & adv. 7 Sax. ærlice; Goth.
I can't say whore;
To do the act, that might the' addition earn,
Not the world's mass of vanity could make me.
Shakspeare. quality of being soon.
Those that have joined with their honour great And al the puple roos eerli to come to him in the perils, are Icss subject to envy; for men think that temple, and to heere him. Wiclif. Luk. 21.
they earn their honours hardly. Bacon's Essays. So had I spokin with them everych one, That I was of ther felaship anone;
Winning cheap the high repute, And made forward erli for to rise,
Which he through hazard huge must earn. Milton. To take our weye, thes as I did devise. Chaucer.
Men may discern
From what consummate virtue I have chose
This perfect man, by merit called my Son,
To earn salvation for the sons of men. Id. With rosy cheeks, for shame as blushing red.
So Labeo weens it my eternal shame
Spenser, To prove I never earned a poet's name. I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Bp. Hall, Satires Meetest for death : the weakest kind of fruit
This is the great expence of the poor, that takes up Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me.
almost all their earnings.
The poems gained the plagiary wealth, while the The goodness of the crop is great gain, if the good. author hardly earned his bread by repeating them. ness answer the earliness of coming up. Bacon.
Pope on Homer. . It is a curiosity to have several fruits upon one
After toiling twenty days, tree ; and the more when some of them come early,
To earn a stock of pence and praise, and some come late. Id. Natural History.
Thy labour's grown the critick’s prey. Swift. None in more languages can show Those arts, which you so early know. Waller.
EARNE, Lough, a lake of Ireland, in FermaThe next morning we, having striven with the nagh, Ulster, the second in that island for magnisun's earliness, were beyond the prospect of the high- tude. It is about thirty-five miles in length, but est turrets.
of very unequal breadth, being in some places ten, God made all the world, that he might be wor- and in others not above one. It is properly twó shipped in some parts of the world, and therefore, lakes, which are joined by a narrow channel at in the first and most early times of the church, what the town of Inniskilling, both branches contractcare did he manifest to have such places erected to ing towards this point. There are a number of his honour ?
South. small rivers, that fall chiefly from the heights of The princess makes her issue like herself, by in- the northern and southern confines, which, after stilling early into their minds religion, virtue, and enriching the country, supply this large basin. honour.
The only outlet is a short and rapid river that Sickness is early old age : it teaches us diffidence in our earthly state and inspires us with thoughts of The Lough abounds with pike, perch, trout, eel,
runs to the sea by the port of Ballyshannon. a future.
and numerous other species of fresh-water fish. Oh early heroe ! Smith's Phadra and Hippolitus.
Salınon emigrate a considerable length, but are Early submission is the truest lesson to those who usually caught at Belleek village. The beauties would learn to rule.
Goldsmith. of this lake have long been the boast of the This method fixes the attention of children ex. country and the admiration of strangers. The tremely to the orthography of words, and makes them vast variety of figures and assemblages, in which good spellers very early.
Franklin. nature is here displayed, can hardly be conceived, The great misfortune of my life was to want an but from actual observation. The country is of aim. I had felt early some stirrings of ambition, but that diversified character, which loses not by they were the blind groupings of Homer's Cyclops abundance of the same materials. The mingled round the walls of his cave.
I saw my
prospect of water, wood, islands, and mountains, situation entailed on me perpetual labour. Burns.
is inconceivably picturesque and grand. The From the earliest dawnings of policy to this day, islands are so thickly clustered and interspersed, the invention of men has been sharpening and im- that they are almost innumerable. The natives proving the mystery of murder, from the first rude essay of clubs and stones, to the present perfection of say there are 365, or one for each day in the gunnery, cannoneering, bombarding, mining. Burke.
year. They are every where crowned with deep
aspiring woods and luxuriant pastures, which The year 1731-2, which is the earliest date of any
evince the fertility of the soil. The solitary trials for these offences, that I happen to have met with, was only thirty-two years after the act of King recesses of these islands are the habitation of the William had passed, and only sixteen after that of stag and the roebuck; the rocky cliffs, of the Queen Anne, and during that period there had been ospray and the sea eagle. The islands in some scarcely any sensible diminution in the value of places slope gradually to the water-edge, and in money.
Sir S. Romilly.
others rise in bold shores. The coasts of the With more capacity for love than earth lake ascend gradually to lofty eminences, which Bestows on most of mortal mould and birth, tower in solemn grandeur above the milder beauty His early dreams of good outstripped the truth, of the scene below, And troubled manhood followed baffled youth. EARÖNEST, adj.& n. s. ? Byron.
from the EAR'NESTNESS,
} Saz. verb earnian
, EARN, v. a. 7 From Sax, earnian, to pur- to pursue (see Earn). Ardent; intent; warm; EARN'ING, n. s. S sue. To win; deserve; la- importunate; serious. As a substantive, earnbor for; gain.
est is reality;" seriousness; opposed to joking: and a pledge given to prove a serious intention, mark of it, viz. the not entertaining any proposition or a bargain made. Earnestness is also serious- with greater assurance than the proofs it is built upon
Locke. ness, and synonymous with earnest as a sub- will warrant. stantive.
It may be looked upon as a pledge and earnest of quiet and tranquillity.
Smalridge. Which is the cernys of oure eritage into the re
We shall die in earnest, and it will not become us dempcioun of purchesyng into hertyng of his glory.
to live in jest.
Government of the Tongue. Wiclif. Effesies. 1.
Sempronius, you have acted like yourself; This Palamon, when he these words herd,
One would have thought you had been half in earnest. Dispiteously he looked and answerd,
Addison. Whether sayest this in ernest or in play?
Marcus is overwarm; his fond complaints
Have so much earnestness and passion in them,
I hear him with a secret kind of horror, jest.
And tremble at his vehemence of temper. He which prayeth in due sort, is thereby made the
Id. Cato. more attentive to hear; and he whică heareth, the
Pay back the earnest penny received from Satan, more earnest to pray for the time which we bestow, as
and fing away his sin.
Decay of Piety. well in the one as the other.
There never was a charge maintained with such a The apostles term it the handsel or earnest of that shew of gravity and earnestness, which had a slighter which is to come.
Atterbury. That high All-seer, which I dallied with,
The mercies received, great as they are, were earnHath turned my feigned prayer on my head,
ests and pledges of greater.
Id. And given in earnest, what i begged in jest.
And then fair Haidee tried her tongue at speaking, Shakspeare.
But not a word could Juan comprehend, You have conspired against our person,
Although he listened so, that the young Greek in Joined with an enemy proclaimed, and from his
Her earnestness would ne'er have made an end. coffers
Byron. Received the golden earnest of our death. Id. Why so earnestly seek you to put up that letter? Id.
EARNEST, ARRHA. By the civil law, he who Í observing,
recedes from his bargain loses his earnest, and if Took once a pliant hour, and found good means
person who received the earnest give back, he To draw from her a prayer of ernest heart,
is to return the earnest double. But with us, the That I would all my pilgrimage dilate,
person who gave it, is in strictness obliged to Whereof by parcels she had something heard, abide by his bargain; and in case he decline it, But not distinctively.
Id. Othello. is not discharged upon forfeiting his earnest, but Often with a solemn earnestness,
may he sued for the whole money stipulated. More than, indeed, belonged to such a trifle,
ÉAR-RING, in the sea language, is that part of He begged of me to steal it.
the bolt-rope which at the four corners of the Audacity and confidence doth in business so great sail is left open, in the shape of a ring. The two effects, as a man may doubt, that besides the very uppermost parts are put over the ends of the daring and earnestness, and persisting and importu- yard-arms, and so the sail is made fast to the nity, there should be some secret binding, and stoop- yard; and into the lowermost ear-rings, the ing of other mer's spirits to such persons.
sheets and tacks are seized or bent at the clew. Bacon's Natural History.
EARSH, n. s. From ear, to plough. A My soul, more earnestly released, Will outstrip her's; as bullets flown before,
ploughed field. Not now in use. A latter bullet may o'ertake, the powder being more. Fires oft are good un barren earshes made,
Donne. With crackling flames to burn tbe stubble blade. Nor can I think that God, Creator wise !
May's Virgil. Though threatening, will in earnest so destroy
Sax. eard, earth: Us, his prime creatures.
eareth, says Mr. For one forbidden tree, a multitude
Tooke. See EAR,
EARTH'BRED, Now risen, to work them further woe or shame.
v. a. But a similar Earth'CREATED,
word is found in Id. EARTH'CREEPING,
the Oriental lanWhen earnestly they seek Such proof, conclude they then begun to fail. Id. Earth’en,
as Arab. They are never more earnest to disturb us, than EARTA'FED,
erd; and Heb. 87%, when they see us most earnest in this duty. Duppa. EARTH'FLAX, n. s. from 37, to break Which leader shall the doubtful victory bless,
in pieces (ParkAnd give an earnest of the war's success. Waller. EARTH'LING,
hurst) or crumble. But the main business and earnest of the world is
Earth'-LOVING, adj. The terraqueous money, dominion, and power. L'Estrange. EARTH'LY, adj.
globe; the world, With overstraining, and earnestness of finishing EARTH'MOVING, 11. s.
or some modificatheir pieces, they often did them more harm than EARTH'NUT, n. s.
tion of it.
As a good. Dryden. EARTII'QUAKE,
verb active, to hide, Take heed that this jest do not one day turn to EARTH'SHAKING,
bury, or deposit in Sidney. Earth'WORM,
the earth: as a Shame is a banishment of him from the good opinion of the world, which every man most earnestly
EARTH'Y, adj. J neuter verb, to redesires.
tire, or lie hid in the ground. An earth-board is a How a man may know whether he be so in earnest particular part of a plough: earth-created is used is worth inquiry : and I think there is one unerring by Young for made of the earth: earth-fed means
low, abject; and this term, in composition, Such earth-fed minds
B. Jonson. ling an inhabitant of earth; a mortal : earthnut,
These tumults were like an earthquake, shaking the a pignut, or root of the appearance of a nut.
very foundations of all, than which nothing in the
world hath more of horrour. The other compounds seem to require no expla
King Charles. ;
Peasants :-earth-bred worms! Brewer. nation.
Earthly greatness is a nice thing, and requires so Nile ye deme that I came to sende pees into erthc :
much chariness in the managing, as the conteniment I cam not to sende pecs, but swerd.
of it cannot requite.
Hall. Wiclif. Matthew 10. I saigh whanne he hadde opened the sixte seel,
There is many a rich stone laid up in the bowels of and lo a greet erthemouyng was maad.
the earth, many a fair pearl laid up in the bosom of Id. Apocalips 6.
the sea, that never was seen, nor never shall he, The whole earth was of one language. Gen. xi. 1.
Bp. Hall. Contemplations. Whereby he (Virgil] would insinuate that there is Earth up with fresh mould the roots of those auri. an igneous, luminous, or athereal vehicle alwaies in- culas which the frost may have uncovered. timately adhering to the soul, though it be much
Evelyn's Calendar slaked or damped with the gross and crude moisture
We should affirm, that all things were in all things; of the body during this earthly peregrination.
that heaven were but earth celestified, and carth bat More. App. to Def. of Phil. Cab. fol. 134. heaven terrestrified; or that each part above had infigOur common necessities, and the lack which we all ence upon its affinity below. have as well of ghostly as of earthly favours, is in
Browne's Vulgar ers. Hooker.
Vor is each kind easily known.
flame Great grace that old man to him given had,
So earthy, as to need the dull material force For God he often saw, from heaven hight,
Of eyes, or lips, or cheeks. Denham's Sophy. All were his earthly eyen both blunt and bad.
Wherefore did Nature pour her bounties forth
Spenser. With such a full and unwithdrawing hand, All the world by thee at first was made,
Covering the earth with odours, fruits, and flocks, And daily yet thou dost the same repair :
Thronging the seas with spawn innumerable, Ne nught on earth that merry is and glad,
But all to please and sate the curious taste? Milton. Ne ought on earth that lovely is and fair,
When faith and love, which parted from thee But thou the same for pleasure didst prepare.
never, Nought so vile that on the earth doth live,
Had ripened thy just soul to dwell with God, But to the earth some special good dotb give.
Meekly thou didst resign this earthly Load
Shakspeare. Of death, called life
By the earthshaking Neptune's mace,
And Tethy's grave majestic pace.
Id. Were thinly scattered.
Id. Him lord pronounced, he, O indignity!
Id. And flaming ministers to watch and tend
Id. Paradise Lost. Lay open to my earthy gross conceit,
The master saw the madness rise ; Smothered in errors.
His glowing cheeks, and ardent eyes; They can judge as fitly of his worth,
And, while he heaven and earth defied, As I can of those mysteries which heaven
Changed his hand and checked his pride. Dryden. Will not have earth to know, Id. Coriolanus. But I remember now
In ten set battles we have driven back
These heathen Saxons, and regained our earth, I'm in this earthly world, where to do harm Is often laudable; to do good, sometime
As earth recovers from the ebbing tide Id.
The wounds I make but sow new enemies; Accounted dangerous folly.
Id. Macbeth. Who can impress the forest, bid the tree,
Which, from their blond, like earthborn brethren rise.
Id. Unfix his earthbound root ?
Was it his youth, his valour, or success,
These might perhaps be found in other men :
'Twas that respect, that awful bomage paid me; To keep your earthly audit. Id. Henry VIII.
That fearful love which trembled in bis eyes, If you be born so near the dull-making cataract of
And with a silent carthquake shook his soul. Id. Nilus, that you cannot hear the planet-like music of
Those earthy spirits black and envious are ; poetry, if you have so earth-creeping a mind that it
Id, cannot list itself up to look to the sky of poetry ;
I'll call up other gods of form more fair. Thus much curse I must lend you The fox is earthed; but I shall send my two terin the behalf of all poets, that while you live, you
riers in after him.
Id. Spanish Friar. live in love, and never get favour for lacking skill of This solid globe we live upon is called the earth, a sonnet.
Sir P. Sidney. which word, taken in a more limited sense, signifies But from this earth, this grave, this dust,
such parts of this globe as are capable, being exposed My God shall raise me up I trust. Raleigh. to the air, to give rooting and nourishment to plants,
The great winding-sheets that bury all things in so that they may stand and grow in it. Locke. oblivion are two, deluges and earthquakes.
Bacon. Where there are earthnuts in several patches, Worms are found in snow commonly, like earth. though the roots lie deep in the ground, and the worins, and therefore it is not unlike that it may like- stalks be dead, the swine will by their scent root only wise put forth plants.
Id. Nat. Hist.
Ray. It is heaven upon earth to have a man's mind move Upon a shower, after a drought, earthroom and in charity, rest in providence, and curn upon the land snails innumerable come out of their lurting. poles of truth, Lord Bacon. places.