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" About an hour after this the In the evening it was observed whole of the forts on both sides of that the garrisons of the South the river hauled down their war Forts were abandoning them, and banners, and hoisted flags of truce. English and French troops crossed General Montauban and I sent the river in boats, and occupied each an officer to ask their mean- them without any opposition. ing and summon them to surrender, The whole of the forts, which but they only received an evasive contained about 400 guns, many and insolent reply, and were defied of which were of a very large calito come on to the attack." bre, were now in possession of the
The outer North Fort was next allies, and the enemy had entirely attacked. Sir Hope Grant says: disappeared."
"This fort was stronger than In the meantime, some evasive the first. They are all constructed attempts were made by the Chinese on the same plan, being redoubts Government to put a stop to hos. with a thick rampart heavily armed tilities by negotiation, and Lord with guns and wall pieces, and Elgin was informed, by a despatch having a high cavalier facing sea- from Hang and Wan, two miniswards, the guns of which were all ters of State, that Kweiliang, with turned in towards us: they have whom he bad negotiated the treaty two unfordable wet ditches, be- of 1858, and Hang Fuh, the Gotween which and the parapet sharp vernor-General of the province of bamboo stakes were thickly planted, Chi Li, had been appointed Imforming two belts, each about fif- perial Commissioners to treat for teen feet wide, round the fort, an peace with the Plenipotentiaries abattis encircling the whole, and at Tien-tsin. Admiral Hope profurther covered by pieces of water, ceeded to Tien-tsin up the Peiho which force an advance to be made river on the 23rd of August, aconly on a narrow front."
companied by Cousul Parkes in No resistance, however, was made the Coromandel, with a division by the governor of this Fort. The of five gunboats. They anchored allied infantry pushed on, crossed about ten miles below the city, the ditches, and scaled the walls where they ascertained that the without a shot being fired by the Tartar General in Chief, Sang-koenemy, and 2000 Tartars were lin-sin, had, after abandoning the made prisoners.
Taku forts, passed Tien-tsin on the previous day, with a small body of
horsemen, and that there was no to forse his way through an embrasure, but was driven back. He ran to another, intention of defending the works but it was too high for him. Lieutenant which he had caused to be thrown Lenon, 67th, came to his assistance, up to protect the place, from which forced the point of his sword into the the garrison and all the guns had Leutenant Rogers leaped through the been withdrawn. Upon this Ad. erubrasure just after Jean Pauebard, miral Hope determined to occupy drummer of the French 102nd, had got Tien-tsin with the small force over at the right angle. Lieutenant Rogen acted with conspicuous gallantry. He was the first Englishman in the place, and was afterwards of the greatest ser
Our lons on this occasion consisted vine in sexisting others through the em. of - Killed : men, 17. Wounded : off branures."
cers, 22, men, 161.
under his command; and having vesting them with the requisite reached the city and landed a body authority, they admitted that they of marines, he hoisted the English had none, except one, to which and French flags over the east gate they referred, and which was mani. of the city. Mr. Parkes then had festly insufficient. They then proan interview with the Viceroy and posed to write to Pekin for the Commissioners, and arrangements powers required, and desired that were made for supplying the Bri- the Allies should wait "three tish troops with provisions, which days or so" at Tien-tsin until an were punctually furnished, and the
was received from the inhabitants evinced a friendly dis- capital. Lord Elgin, however, reposition, without appearing to be solved not to be thus trifled with, much alarmed at the presence of and on the 7th of September be their “barbarian " visitors. A wrote to the Commissioners, and Chinese proclamation by Sang-ko- after reproaching them with their lin-sin, issued about a week pre- want of good faith, said that he viously, was observed the would not submit to the delay walls, which announced that the which the necessity of a referallies had been defeated, and ence to Pekin would involve, and were suing for peace, and that added, therefore the people need not be " He has accordingly called alarmed nor remove from the city. upon his Excellency the General Mr. Parkes also had an imperial Commanding Her Britannic Maedict shown to him, by which Sang- jesty's army in China to provide ko-lin-sin was deprived of his him with such a force as will enthree-eyed peacock's feather, and able him to proceed without loss his Command - in - Chief of the of time to Tang-chow; and he has Manchoo-bordered blue banner, as further to intimate to the Imperial a mark of the Emperor's displea- Commissioners, that he can neither sure at his conduct of the cam. receive their visit nor enter into paign.
any convention with them for the In consequence of the professed re-establishment of peace till he desire of the Chinese Imperial shall have reached that city." Commissioners to negotiate a On the 9th of September, theretreaty of peace, Lord Elgin, in fore, the Allied forces left Tienthe belief that they had full tsin, and General Sir Hope Grant powers for that purpose, desired says :his secretaries, Messrs. Parkes “On the 13th inst. I reached and Wade, both thoroughly ac. Hooseiwoo, forty miles from Tienquainted with the Chinese lan- tsin, and, as several letters bad guage, to wait on them with the been received by Lord Elgin from draft of a convention containing some fresh Commissioners of high the terms upon which alone peace rank, I halted while Messrs. Parkes would be concluded by the Allies. and Wade went on to meet them At the interview, however, it trans- at Tangchow, twenty-five miles dispired that there was considerable tant. On the 15th these gentlemen doubt as to the extent of the returned, having made satisfactory powers possessed by Kweiliang arrangements with the Chinese and his colleagues, and on being Commissioners, by which it was pressed to produce any edict in agreed that the Allied forces should halt at Chang-tsia-wan, orderly of the King's Dragoon five miles short of Tangchow, to Guards, to see the High Commis. which place the Ambassadors sioner and ask the reason of this should advance, with an escort, move. Mr. Loch came on to tell and sign the convention.
me of this, and Colonel Walker "Mr. Parkes rode on to Tang. and Deputy - Assistant - Commischow to arrange matters for Lord sary-General Thompson remained Elgin's reception, and to make on the ground with four men of sure of the agreement as to our the King's Dragoon Guards and advance, that a collision might not one sowar, where they were to take place by inadvertence, it hav- await Mr. Parkes's return." ing been settled that the Chinese Mr. Parkes was accompanied by army should fall back from Chang- Mr. De Norman, attaché to the tsia-wan. Mr. Parkes was accom- British Legation, and by Mr. panied by an escort of Fane's Bowlby, correspondent of The Horse, under Lieutenant Ander- Times newspaper, who were desson, and by Mr. Loch, private tined to meet a tragic and cruel secretary to Lord Elgin.
fate. Mr. Loch returned with Sir " At daybreak on the 18th I Hope Grant's orders, and Captain marched, and, after going about Brabazon, R.A., volunteered to four miles, I came in sight of a accompany him. They accordvery large force of Chinese, both ingly started under a flag of truce cavalry and infantry. While halt- for Tangchow, with orders for Mr. ing to form my force, Mr. Loch Parkes and the whole party to regalloped in with three sowars,* turn to head-quarters. Sir Hope and informed me that, on going into Grant thus relates what followed. Tangchow the previous day, they " Meanwhile the Chinese cahad found every thing quiet on valry advanced in great numbers the road; the Commissioners had on both flanks, and their infantry agreed to all Mr. Parkes's arrange- poured down on our right front, ments; and that, accordingly, leay. which was enclosed ground and ing Lieutenant Anderson and his carefully intrenched. I was exso wars at Tangchow, Messrs. tremely anxious not to engage, for Parkes, Loch, Thompson, and fear of compromising our officers, Lieut-Colonel Walker, with five who were in their lines. I there. men of the King's Dragoon fore covered both my flanks with Guards, had come out to meet cavalry and ordered the baggage us, and show us our camping to be hastened on and massed on ground, which was a mile and a a village in our rear, where it half south of Chang-tsia-wan. could be defended by a small
"On arriving at that spot, how. force. This latter operation, ever, they found it occupied by a cupied nearly two hours, og Jarge Chinese army, while bat- which time the enemy's als teries had been hastily thrown up had almost entirely sorando and armed, so as to flank
the pro- our foutcient til posed site of our camp. From the clapped for all of Ir parte commanding officer Mr. Parkes turn from Tengchow and beca could obtain no satisfaction, so he anxious for bir saty. started back to Tungchow, with an den motion
opened fire, and Colonel Walker's tablish itself so near his lines at party dashed out of the midst of Chang-tsia-wan. He sought to their ranks. Colonel Walker re- counteract the evil effect of this ported that, while waiting for Mr. by making a great swagger of paParkes, a French officer joined rade and preparation to resist when him, who was suddenly set upon the allied armies approached the and cut down by a Chinese soldier, camping ground allotted to them. and, on his riding up to prevent Several of our people-Colonel his being murdered, his own sword Walker, with his escort, my priwas snatched from his scabbard, vate secretary Mr. Loch, Barou and some men tried to throw him Gros' Secretary of Embassy, off his horse. Seeing that it was Comte de Bastard, and othersa deliberate attempt to assassinate passed through the Tartar army the whole of them, Colonel Walker during the course of the morniug, set spurs to his horse and galloped on their way from Tang-chow, out with his party, under the fire without encountering any rudeof the Chinese line. One of his ness or ill-treatment whatsoever. men was wounded and one horse, At about a quarter to ten, how. Mr. Thompson receiving a spear: ever, a French commissariat ofthrust in his back ; but they fortu- ficer was assaulted by some Tar. nately managed to reach our lines, tar soldiers, under circumstances their wounds not being severe. It which are not very clearly aswas now useless to wait longer, certained, and this incident gave and the attack was immediately rise to an engagement, which soon formed."
became general. On the whole, I The result was that the enemy come to the conclusion that, in the commanded by the Tartar General proceedings of the Chinese PleniSan-ko-lin-sin was completely de- potentiaries and Commander-infeated, and the Allied forces ad- Chief in this instance, there was vanced beyond the village of that mixture of stupidity, want of Chang-tsia-wan.
straightforwardness, suspicion, and The account which Lord Elgin bluster which characterise so genegave in bis despatch of the causes rally the conduct of affairs in this which led to hostilities on the 18th country, but I cannot believe that was the following :
after the experience which San“ To hazard conjectures as to ko-lin-sin had already bad of our the motives by which Chinese superiority in the field, either he functionaries are actuated, is not or his civil colleagues could have a very safe undertaking, and it is intended to bring on a conflict in very possible that further infor- which, as the event has proved, mation may modify the views he was sure to be worsted. At which I now entertain on this the same time, the facts that he point. I am, however, disposed covered by his guns and a porat present to doubt there having tion of his troops the ground asbeen a deliberate intention of signed to us, and that a French treachery on the part of Prince officer returning from Tang.chow Tsai and bis colleague ; but I ap. with the knowledge and conesprehend that the General-in-Chief, the Chinese Plenipotentiar San-ko-lin-sin, thought that they assaulted and killed on h had compromised his military po- entirely justify both the el Ition by allowing our army to es- bad faith which has been