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frightful incidents of the catas- closed in upon the scene, large trophe.

bonfires were lit in a circuit round Unhappily, the collapse of the the spot to enable the work of hustructure occurred when the mill manity to be carried on through was peopled with its busy com- the night. Either from one of plement of hands. It is not un- these, or through some unexcommon--indeed, we are thankful plained, though not surprising to say it is common- to read of accident, fire was communicated accidents which might have re- to the mass, and rapidly caught sulted in tragedies beyond belief. hold of it. The rest we can hardly We are frequently told of the fall venture to describe. Imprisoned of a staircase, or a roof, or of a in the ruins of the edifice, manfire in a theatre, or of other casual. gled by the fall, but still living and ties, which might, if they had hap- conscious, hundreds of men and pened ten minutes earlier or later, women were exposed to the most have caused the deaths of bun. shocking of deaths. The flames dreds. We read of railway acci- enveloped them before the very dents, in which, by the narrowest eyes of their relatives and coun. possible chance, a whole train of trymen, and consumed them while passengers escapes instant de. their voices were still heard and struction, and sometimes, perhaps, recognized in unavailing shrieks we reflect for a moment on the for protection. As the telegraph nature of the disaster which was flashed the tidings of the catasso near occurring. At the Pem- trophe to the adjacent States, the berton Mills that kind of disaster horror of the story must have been was actually witnessed. The five inconceivable. At New York the stories of the building fell in, one people learnt the tale piece by after another, upon the heads of piece, so that every successive in600 or 700 work people who were cident had time to sink into the assembled at their trade, and the mind. First came the shock of living and the dead, with the frac- the accident, then the details of tured beams of the edifice and the the rescue ; but before hope could heavy ironwork of the machinery, be well formed it was crushed by were precipitated in one mass to the fresh intelligence of the con. the ground. How many found flagration, the ascendancy of the their deaths on the instant is still flames, and all the realities of the unknown, but it is only too well hecatomb. known that they who did so were The actual extent of the cathe most fortunate of the victims. lamity is not accurately ascerEven this crash itself was as tained. The reports circulated by nothing in comparison with the the excited people represent the scene which followed. As soon as number of the unfortunates buried the news of the disaster got abroad in the ruins to be between 500 thousands of people rushed to the and 800 ; it probably exceeded the rescue, and for some hours toiled former number. How many were prinfully, and not without success, rescued without injury, or with inin extricating sufferers from the juries more or less severe, is not mass of ruin. But a new and more known ; one printed report, issued shocking alarm was presently given. before the second calamity became As the early evening of winter had known, states the dead still in the ruins at more than 200. Another burnt. The mills consisted of two says “ the number will probably buildings, one seven the other not fall short of 300, and may go eight stories in height. The fire up to 400 or 500." The narratives broke out in the former, which of the survivors of their sufferings, was entirely consumed ;

and and of the sufferings of their mi- spread to the latter, which was serable neighbours who perished, partly burnt. The destroyed preare too terrible to relate. Even mises contained 22,000 spindles more frightful are the details of and 138 carding-engines. The loss, the scenes witnessed by those who by the destruction of the buildsearched the ruins and endea- ings, machinery, and stock, exceeds voured to save those who were 25,0001.; and 600 work people are yet living, and whom they were thrown out of employment. compelled to abandon to a linger- On March 10, the cotton mill ing and horrible death.

of Messrs. Haslam, at Preston, Nor was this the only fatal ca- was totally destroyed; it contained tastrophe which marks the do- 29,000 spindles, and employed mestic history of the Union at about 200 persons. The loss exthis period. On the 3rd of Fe- ceeds 20,0001. bruary, a steam-boiler exploded in 16. EXPLOSION AT A FIRE-WORK a hat factory at Brooklyn, causing Factory.—Another explosion, atthe instant death of six persons, tended with the loss of at least and injuring eight or ten others: two lives, has occurred at the fireand on the day previous a fire work factory of Mr. Darby, “the broke out in New York, in which well-known pyrotechnist.” The 50 persons perished.

building in which this dangerous FIRES IN THE PROVINCES. employment is carried on is in Conflagrations have occurred by Regent Street, Lambeth Walk. which property of great value bas In the evening a loud explosion been destroyed, and many hundred and the issue of dense masses of people thrown out of work, in the smoke from the windows of the provinces.

building announced the usual caOn January 12, the spinning- tastrophe. It was found that three mill of Mr. Ward, at Blackburn, men were employed in ramming was destroyed. There were no the composition into cases, with fewer than 26,000 spindles in this a large quantity of “coloured establishment, and the loss is only fires" drying before a stove, when partially covered by an insurance the dangerous compound ignited of 15,0001.

and spread the fire to the stores On January 19, the Essex Steam around. The dense smoke proFlour Mills, at Chelmsford, were duced by the burning materials burnt. The stock of corn and so overpowered the workmen that flour, destroyed or rendered value. they were unable to save themless, is estimated at from 10,0001. selves; and when they were resto 15,0001.; and the loss by the cued by some courageous neighdestruction of these stores and of bours, they were found to be so the buildings and machinery, is seriously burnt that they were said to exceed 25,0001.

taken to Guy's Hospital, where On February 2, the extensive two of them died. The premises Hanover Mills at Manchester were were destroyed.

18. STATUE TO LORD CLIVE.- not mentioned-perhaps was not The tortures of the “* Black Hole known. The hundredth volume of Calcutta," the recapture of records the outbreak of the great that city by Colonel Clive, the Sepoy mutiny by the treacherous siege of Chandernagore, and the onslaught at Meerut, the frightful crowning victory of Plassey, form massacre of men, women, and chil. the first pages of the first volume dren, by the Nana Sahib, the recapof THE ANNUAL REGISTER. In ture of the place by Havelock, recording the inauguration of followed by the flight and obscure the statue of the great com. death of the miscreant; the masmander in his county town of sacres of Delhi, followed by the Shrewsbury, in commemoration of storm of that city, and the final dethe hundredth anniversary of his thronement of the Great Mogul, victory, history seems almost to the mission of Lord Clyde, and the repeat itself, and the hundredth decisive victory at Lucknow. By volume of this work seems to have this marvellous series of events completed the circle where the no native prince is left in India of first begins it. The parallelism power to

power to question our dominion. of events is somewhat remarkable. The statue of the founder of The English garrison of Calcutta our Indian Empire was the result had surrendered to the Surajah of a meeting of private individuals Dowlah, and had received pro- on the hundredth anniversary of mises of good treatment. They the great victory, who thought it were, however, shut up in a dun- disgraceful to the national characgeon to the number of 140, where and derogatory from the all but twenty-three were suffo- glorious history of England, that no cated. The horrible fate of these public monument to one who had persons excited the greatest sen- achieved such vast things for his sation in England ; great exertions country should exist. The bronze were made to reinforce our troops statue, which has no pretensions to in India, and a celebrated com- high art, is the work of Baron mander was sent out expressly to Marochetti

, and simply a portrait conduct the campaigo. Calcutta statue of a short stout gentleman and Chandernagore were retaken, in the costume of the period, and and the cruel deaths of our coun- suggests no ideas of the strong trymen were avenged by the deci. will and grand conceptions of the sive battle at Plassey, fought on heaven-born general." the 23rd June, 1757, drove the Speedier justice has been done treacherous prince from his throne, to the military genius who added and he perished by assassination; the West of India to our dominions and by this great event the founda- as Clive had won the East. Two tions of the marvellous British statues bave been erected to Empire in India were firmly laid. General Sir Charles Napier, one These wonderful events are re-in Trafalgar Square, another of corded in the first volume of The marble in the Heroium" of ANNUAL Register in a form 80 British commanders - St. Paul's succinct, that their vast importance Cathedral. It is a pleasing indiwas evidently not suspected, and cation of the improvement of the even the name of the spot where public conscience, that the pedestal the decisive victory was wou is not of this latter statue bears testimony to Sir Charles Napier, that was the custom that his gig should he was “a Beneficent Governor, leave the Great Eastern and call a Just Man;" words which are not for the captain, at Hythe pier, inscribed on that of the Great Lord every morning at half-past nine, Clive.

whence it conveyed him either to 21. Fatal ACCIDENT TO CAP- the ship or to Southampton, as TAIN HARRISON, OF THE “ GREAT business might require. This EASTERN.”—A fatal boat accident morning the boat left the ship as which occurred at Southampton usual, under the management of this morning, seemed to have con- Ogden, the captain's coxswain, a summated the misfortunes of the fine, active seaman, who had full unlucky Great Eastern. Among experience of the boat, and was an the men of genius and enterprise excellent boatman. Her crew conto whom the construction of the sisted of five picked seamen. At Great Eastern was committed, there Hythe pier, Captain Harrison, Mr. was no one (putting aside, of course, Lay (the chief purser), his son, a the originator and master-mind, fine youth of eighteen, and Dr. Mr. Brunell, and the constructor, Watson, the chief surgeon, emMr. Scott Russell) to whom the barked, for the purpose of going success of the vessel was more to Southampton, where the captain largely owing than to her captain, had to cash certain cheques in Mr. Harrison. This gentleman order to pay wages and disbursehad had the largest responsibility ments on board the ship. The in all those departments of her de. gig was a fine vessel of her class, sign which concerned her interior swift, but hardly strong enough to accommodation and navigation. encounter rough water, She carIn the difficulties and misfortunes ried a lug-sail, which upon this ocwhich awaited the great ship, from casion was close-reefed, for it was the first attempt to launch her to blowing stifly. As in most landher successful trial trip, the energy locked waters, although they are and skill of Captain Harrison were for the most part sheltered from conspicuous. And when, amid the the wind, yet in heavy weather the wreck and ruin of her failure as a gale frequently rushes up or down mercantile speculation, her un- the channel in fierce and unexfortunate shareholders determined pected gusts, or while those parts on a few more efforts, the whole which are under immediate protecconfidence of the Company, and tion from high ground are merely their hope of retrieving their affairs, animated by the breeze, the parts were placed in Captain Harrison. outside that shelter are lashed by It has already been stated (see p. the full fury of the gale. If the 136 of the volume for 1859) that sudden squalls are difficult to guard on the conclusion of her trial trip against, yet experience teaches to to Holyhead the Great Eastern was be prepared; but frequently a vesplaced in her winter berth in South- sel sailing in smooth water, shelampton Water, in the bay formed tered from cold and piercing blasts, by the spit on which Hurst Castle passes without warning into a fierce stands. Captain Harrison resided eddy of wind. Such was the conin a small villa called Hythe dition of Southampton Water on House, further up the river, and this unfortunate morning. The nearly opposite Netley Abbey. It weather had become much worse

during the gig's passage to South- so completely as to rise again with ampton; it blew hard, and was the keel uppermost still. Between piercingly cold. Nevertheless, the this movement of the boat and gig made good way, the water the fury of the sea, Dr. Watson under the banks was smooth, the was separated for an interval from wind fair for her destination. A young Lay, whom he had seized, large inward-bound steamer, the and was courageously supporting, Indus, had been unable to enter and the boat. After a while, the tidal docks the previous even- however, he again succeeded in ing, and was now at anchor in the catching the poor lad and jamming stream, between 150 and 200 yards him in between himself and the of the entrance. The tide, which stern of the boat, onto which he had risen unusually high, was held with one hand, while with the just setting out from the docks, other he tried to support Captain and meeting the wind raised a short Harrison, who was buffeting chopping sea. It appears, in fact, strongly with the waves, by keepthat the space between the docking his hand under his arm. In walls and the Indus was just one this manner some minutes passed, of those places where the eddies and Captain Harrison seemed of the gale struck with great fury. almost powerless, and to be be. As the gig entered the agitated coming insensible. After a short spot, the officers of the Indus ob- while, however, he again threw served that she yawed about and himself on the keel of the boat, seemed not to be under control. and strove to turn it over. The Captain Harrison, who was steer- struggle, however, was, like the ing, seeing the danger, gave orders first, ineffectual, and seemed to to stand by the halyards and lower exhaust his strength, for he relaxed the try-sail. The sail and bal- his hold, threw his arms up, and yards were wet, something went fell back in the waves, after which amiss, the yard after coming down Dr. Watson saw him no more. a foot stuck fast, and the sail being The last gallant effort of the Capstruck at this moment by an eddytain bad, however, again separated from the dock entrance, was "taken Dr. Watson from the boat, and aback," and the consequence was from young Lay, who, before the that the gig being thrown over on doctor could regain his hold of to the side where most of the crew him, went down, beating the water sat, filled and went down. It ap- with his hands as he sank. Mr. peared upon the evidence of Dr. Lay, who was holding on to the Watson, who was picked up insen- boat, shouted loudly for help as sible, that, while swimming, he ob- he saw his child disappear. Dr. served Captain Harrison striking Watson called to them all to hold out bravely towards the boat. Hoon, as a boat was coming. Some of retained full presence of mind, the crew were then clinging to oars and in answer to Dr. Watson ex- and stretchers, but most of them to claimed, “ All right--all right.” the bort. Ogden could not be Captain Harrison reached the boat, seen. It was some minutes longer which was then pitching about keel before any boats could make their uppermost, and made a strong at way to them the

avy tempt to right her; but she was sea, by which tir filled with water, and turned over quished their h

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