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spars, for the waves were breaking proper to marine mourning. A conover them and all were more or less siderable sum was subscribed for exhausted and insensible before the benefit of the bereaved family. they were rescued. The officers 21. FATAL COAL-MINE ACCIof the Indus, who were watching DENTS.-On the 21st January, the progress of the boat with so four men and three boys got into much interest, no sooner witnessed a "skip" to descend a colliery the catastrophe than they hastened near Wolverhampton. The drum, to launch boats, others put off around which the wire rope had from the docks, and a very short been coiled, had been imperfectly space of time had elapsed before connected with the engine, which they arrived at the spot. The body consequently had no command of Captain Harrison was found over it. The "

skip” and its unfloating about a foot under water; happy freight therefore descended it was quite cold, and all efforts to with constantly-accelerating velorestore animation were vain. The city, and struck the bottom with coxswain was found insensible near tremendous force. The poor felthe spot where his master had lows were probably killed by the been picked up. He was restored shock—but if any were injured to consciousness, but died the same only, their sufferings were but of evening. The corpse of young a moment's duration, for the drum Lay was not found till late in the and machinery above flew to pieces afternoon. The other seamen and by the velocity of their revolutions, passengers were, as before stated, and the whole wire-rope descended rescued. It appeared to be the the shaft and crushed the men and opinion of the medical men that “skip” into the earth. Captain Harrison's sudden relin- 22. WRECK OF A PORTUGUESE quishment of the struggle for life Max-of-War. Intelligence has was caused by apoplexy induced been received of the loss of a vessel by the intense cold. The unfortu- of war through stress of weather. nate event occasioned great regret The Portuguese brig-of-war Monin all parts of the kingdom. The dejo being on her voyage to Eucareer of the Great Eastern was so rope from China, met with very bound up in the minds of men bad weather in the Straits of with the energy and resources of Sunda. The crew made great her commander, that his sudden exertions to keep the ship afloat; death excited a painful foreboding but the storm continued without of the failure of the enterprise. cessation, the men were utterly In Southampton the disaster occa- exhausted, and it was evident that sioned equal sorrow and consterna- the ship was sinking. At this tion; the shops were closed, and moment of despair, an American the vessels carried their flags half- merchant ship, the Uriel, came in mast high. In Liverpool, where sight; her commander made great the deceased was well known, the efforts to rescue the brig's crew; regret was widely felt. His funeral but such was the tempestuous partook somewhat of the character state of the sea, that some of the of a public ceremony; and on the boats were stove in; the captain, day of his interment the shipping officers, and 56 of the crew were in the principal ports testified their got on board the Uriel with diffivalue for the deceased by the signs culty; as some boats were returning for the remainder, the brig indicator; the feed-pump was went down, carrying with her 44 worked from time to time by victims.

hand, and it was the custom to 31. DESTRUCTION OF AN Emi- tie down the safety-valve in order GRANT SHIP BY FIRE.—The Endy- to obtain a greater pressure of mion, a fine ship of 1374 tons, steam. All these preliminaries was lying in the Mersey ready for having been thus carefully presea. She bad, beside her crew of pared, what is called “ an acciabout 30 men, and a valuable dent" occurred. The boiler had cargo, about 25 second-cabin pas- been heated to the utmost, the sengers. At daybreak she was engine had driven the fan at speed, observed to be on fire. In a and the ore was molten and ready harbour so crowded as the Mersey, for casting. The engine, having there was no lack of assistance. done its work, was at rest; the The burning vessel was speedily workmen went to tea, leaving Mr. surrounded by steam-tugs and Heath and his two sons to watch boats, who conveyed away the ter- the furnace. Perhaps the safety. rified passengers and their lug- valve was tied down as usual -gage ; fire-engines were sent off, possibly the water in the boiler and every exertion made to extin- had been allowed to get too low, guish the flames. These, how- until steam was generated to a ever, made such progress, that the fearful pressure :—but the boiler captain thought it necessary to burst with a tremendous explosion scuttle the vessel, and run her that shook the whole neighbourashore. This was done; but, as hood as an earthquake: the boiler, the tide was receding, without the which was riven into three fragdesired effect. As the masts and ments, was forced through the cordage were consumed, the former wall into the next house; the fell, tearing up the decks, and engine was crushed, and the buildthus admitting air. The flames ing (three stories) was shattered. consequently rose with fresh When the daring exertions of the vigour, and the interior of the neighbours had searched the ruins, vessel was almost totally destroyed. undeterred by the vapour, dust, The loss is estimated at upwards and molten metal, the bodies of of 20,0001.

the father and his two sons were FATAL BOILER EXPLOSIONS.- found, horribly burnt and bruised. On Wednesday the 4th, a boiler One son was quite dead, the other explosion at Middlewich was at so injured that his life was held in tended by very melancholy con- great danger, and the father, just sequences. At the iron-foundry of alive, but without hope of recovery. Mr. Samuel Heath, an engine of In February, a similar "acci6 or 7-borse power was used to dent" occurred at Messrs. Tod's, drive a fan to give blast to a at Edinburgh. The engine was furnace in which the ore was stopped while the men had their heated. The steam was generated breakfast: some went home, those in a boiler which had been bought who did not came to the enginesecond-hand about fourteen years room. In order to obtain a goud before, and was quite worn out; head of steam for the re-start, the it had an old-fashioned safety. engineman placed a heavy iron rake valve, but no steam-gauge or on the safety-valve. The conse


quence was that the boiler burst, ATROCITIES ON AMERICAN MERand the rush of super-heated CHANT SHIPs.-The cruelties for steam was such that the people which the United States' merchant around were frightfully scalded, and service has of late years become three of them died in agony. justly infamous, demand the im

On March 27, a steam boiler in mediate attention of their Executhe Blaydon Maine Colliery, near tive Government if they wish to Newcastle, exploded with fatal retain the character, or indeed the effect. The engine was employed condition, of a civilized people. in pumping the water out of the Deeds of violence cannot be perworks, which it did at the rate of petrated with impunity without 600 gallons a minute, and worked quickly demoralizing the commuday and night. It was supplied nity which suffers them. In a few with steam by three boilers. The years an American merchantman whole were supposed to be in ex- will be a floating hell; every boy cellent order. The two engineers who goes on board will learn the were on the top of the boilers horrible lesson, and by the time he examining them, and having found has strength to use marlinespikes them well supplied with water, and knuckle-dusters he will be too were about to descend, when one bad for anything but the gallows. exploded with great violence. One The British Government have of the men was blown up some concluded with the Government of height, but strange to say was the United States an extradition little injured. The other was treaty (the 6th & 7th Vict. c. 76), killed instantly; as were also and are known to have called the man and boy near. The machinery special attention of the latter to and engine-house were much in the cases of murder which have jured ; but although a large num- occurred on board American merber of pit-men were assembled on chant ships while out of our juristhe bank ready to descend into diction, but apparently with little the pit, happily none were hurt. effect; they have themselves shown

31. Bank RATE OF Discount.- what their view of this class of Symptoms of a withdrawal of bul- crimes is, by hanging a British merlion from the Bank vaults induced chant-captain, and sending into the Directors to raise the rate of penal servitude for life an American discount from 24 per cent. to 3 per who had unadvisedly indulged in cent. The export of gold con- torturing a brother American to tinued during the month until death in a British port. Our aunearly 2,000,0001. had been with thorities are said to have fully drawn, and the Directors made a made up their mind that every further advance in the rate. This man who comniits a murder on increase in the value of money board a British ship, or on board caused no surprise, as the cause of any ship in British waters, shall the export was known and legiti- be prosecuted and hanged, or other. mate. It has been found that the wise punished. Indian “Rupee Stock” could be Several shocking cases of this purchased in India on terms much class of murders have been recently more favourable than in England, brought under the notice of our and large sums were therefore re magistrates. mitted for the purpose.

Few more horrible tales have

been told than that of which the died, and the witness swears that scene was the American barque he found the bone of the forehead Anna. The two mates, Lane and broken in the centre. A youth Hires, were brought before the named Johnson and a man named magistrates of Southampton early Frank also died after being illin January, charged with having treated in the most frightful mancaused the death of no fewer than ner by the mates, and, though the six of their seamen (all blacks) by deaths may not have been immea series of atrocious cruelties. The diately the result of the beating yellow fever, however, had been on and the choking, yet, supposing the board the vessel, and possibly more negroes to have been in a weakly than one of these deaths may be state from fever, there can be little attributable (as was alleged by the doubt that such usage must bare mates) to that disease. The deaths tended to produce fatal conseof two of the six were, however, quences. In all, six coloured men certainly the direct results of the perished, and their deaths were all acts of the accused.

charged to the mates by the surThe first part of the statement viving seamen. made by John Thomas, one of the As the offences were committed surviving coloured men, relates to on board an American vessel and the murder of James Armstrong. on the high seas, the American Lane, the chief mate, gave an order Minister in this country sent a to this unhappy creature. He did protest against the jurisdiction of not attend to it as quickly as the ihe court, and nothing remained mate wished, and Lane, taking up for the magistrates but to dismiss a mallet, struck him with it over the charge. The American Ministhe eye. The man "jumped up, ter having, however, made the defell on the main-deck with his head mand with the formalities required forward, and then leaned over the by the treaty, the ruffans were chain. I went to his assistance, again arrested. The necessary put my hand on his head, and evidence was taken before the pulled it back, and I saw that his magistrates, who were of opinion left eye was running out.” Arm- that four charges were so far substrong was then sent half insen- stantiated that they were justified sible down on the martingale in committing the prisoners to under the bowsprit to clear the gaol, until they should be delivered earring." He was washed off the to American authorities under warmartingale and towed along in the rant from the Secretary of State. water by the earring, round which The investigation into the case his arm was coiled. As Abraham of the Anna was still proceeding, Rock, another coloured seaman, when George Dower or Stevens, the was about to haul him in, the chief second mate of the American ship mate said, " Don't haul that nigger Deronshire, was brought, under in; cut the earring, and let him the extradition treaty, before the go!" About two minutes after Bow-street magistrates, charged Armstrong let go his hold, and was with the wilful murder of a seaman lost. Another man, John Turtle, named Humphreys. was dragged down by Hires, the It appeared that the accused was second mate, who stamped on his a man whom the whole crew held head with his sea-boots. Turtle in dread, and that the deceased had been subjected to much ill prisoner strike or ill-use the deusage. The first day the ship left ceased, and that he did nothing port, the mate knocked him down whatever to him at the time he with a belaying-pin by a blow in went overboard, the magistrate the face. The assaults were re- thought that they proved rather peated day after day, sometimes too much, and that it was the with weapons, at others with fists, duty of the United States' triand always by kicks when down. bunals to decide which narrative The ship sailed from New York on was the true one; the accused the 30th November ; before the was therefore ordered to be re. 8th December the victim was tained in custody, to be handed bruised from head to heel, and over to the American authorities. spat large lumps of blood. On the The ruffian was convicted at New night of the 8th the ship was off York of manslaughter, and senthe banks of Newfoundland; the tenced to three years' confinement crew were reefing the main-top- and a fine of 300 dollars. sail. The witnesses heard the At the same time, a seaman of prisoner order Humphreys in the American ship, Wizard King, the most brutal and disgusting died within our jurisdiction; and language to go down to the deck, a coroner's inquest was held on and immediately kick him sa- his body. The jury, however, vagely about the face with heavy found that he died of exhaustion, boots. The poor man descended and that he was grossly and cruelly some way, when he was stopped by neglected. The details of the the other men being on the ropes; cruelty of the officers to the unwhereon the prisoner rushed upon fortunate man were of the grossest him, and by kicks on the head and description. face, blows, and other violence, so Charges of gross cruelty, and maltreated his victim that he fell even of murder, are too frequently from the rigging clear into the sea. brought against the masters of No effort was made to save him, and English merchant ships ; but they the poor wretch perished. One of the are certainly not so frequent as to crew——it is incredible how free men be formed into a distinct class. can submit to such an existence - When they occur, they fall naturemarked afterwards to the pri- rally into our criminal records. soner, that “the poor fellow was gone, and he did not know how soon it might be his turn to follow;" to which the prisoner said “ The — was no sailor, and I calculated to drown him anyhow before getting to London." For the

FEBRUARY prisoner it was alleged that the man had fallen overboard by accident, 4. Daring ESCAPE OF Two Coxand by his own unskilfulness, and victs. — Two convicts escaped from that all the usual efforts had been the custody of their gaolers in a made to pick him up. As this very daring and extraordinary exculpation was further accom- manner. A gang of convicts, thirpanied by declarations of witnesses teen in number, were ordered to that they had never seen the be removed from Dartmoor to

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