Sivut kuvina

. 297 the cause of the King of the Two capitulation, and of saving His Sicilies against the popular march Majesty from becoming the priof the forces under Garibaldi, and soner of the King of Sardinia. against the army under the King Whatever the Emperor might of Sardinia, and the vote by uni think of the conduct which the versal suffrage which has just King of Sardinia was pursuing, been taken in Naples and Sicily. His Majesty had no desire to

You are instructed to ascertain interfere in the internal affairs of from M. Thouvenel in which of the Two Sicilies; but when apthese two aspects the present pealed to by the King of Naples, measure of the Emperor of the who had followed his advice by French is to be regarded. endeavouring to make an alliance I am, &c.

offensive and defensive with Sar(Signe 2) J. Russell. dinia, His Majesty felt that he

should be neither just nor gene

rous were he not to rescue the No. 143.--- Earl Cowley to Lord J. King from the ignominy of beRussell.- (Receired Norember 1.) coming the King of Sardinia's (Extract.)


M. Thouvenel said further, Paris, October 31, 1860.

that he had addressed a despatch In obedience to the instruc" on this subject to the French tions contained in your Lord Chargé d'Affaires in London, ship's despatch of yesterday, which would be transmitted to which I had the honour to re- him to-night, and which would ceive this morning, I have stated contain full explanations of the to M. Thouvenel the two aspects Emperor's views and intentions. under which the presence of the French fleet may be regarded, and I have asked him whether it No. 173.-General Casella to is intended as a mode of saving Count Ludolj.- (Communicated the King from the risk of per- to Lord J. Russell by Count sonal capture by the naval and Ludolf, Vocember 21.) military forces now in arms

(Translation.) against him, or as a mode of espousing the cause of the King

Ga-ta, November 19, 1860. against the popular march of the Signor Conte,- Although the forces under Garibaldi, the army revolution of the Two Sicilies, under the King of Sardinia, and prepared long beforehand with the vote by universal suffrage clandestine and iniquitous arts, which has just been taken in has completed with wonderful Naples and Sicily.

rapidity the ruin of the kingM. Thourenel replied that it dom, nevertheless His Majesty was neither a political nor a mili- has never ceased his resistance tary measure which had been to it, and in this not less glorious laken, and that the Emperor, in than unfortunate work of detersending his fleet to Gaeta, had mined defence, heroic efforts of no other intention than to give constancy and energy have been the king of Naples the oppor- made, which will leave an imtunity of making an honourable mortal monument for history,

His Majesty has been urged to succeeded within a very brief this by the consciousness of two time in recovering himself, and duties strongly rooted in his in reconstructing an army by no royal mind, whose noble thoughts means numerous, but having have always resulted from that faith and valour ready to try moral law which is the supreme again the fate of battles. guide of men's actions, and espe- The glorious actions of that cially of those of monarchs. handful of brave men are known

These duties are, firstly, the to all Europe, and even the lying obligation to preserve and defend and wicked press of the revothe Monarchy of the Two Sici- lution has not been able, has not lies, the august inheritance en- dared to deny it. trusted to him by his prede- The enemy was repulsed in cessors; secondly, his respect his attacks, and driven from his for that brotherly claim which strong positions, the valuable should bind monarchs together, lives of the royal princes were in consequence of the divine exposed to great perils on the mandate which they have in fields where the victories of their common, and of the similarity of ancestors were gained ; even the their interests.

King was first among the comThere is no need of any long batants, and saw those valorous reasoning on the first obligation men fall at his side who sacrificed which is incumbent on His Ma- themselves for his holy cause. jesty, nor on the way in which it The revolution was alarmed has been fulfilled.

and astonished, the faithful people Every Government which has who suffered the tyrannical yoke lasted for ages, which has its with impatience began to agitate, raison d'être in itself, in historical and everything presaged a hasty traditions, and in the conditions return of the lawful king to the of peoples, considers it its first bosom of his capital, when an. duty to maintain itself

, to defend other king, a faith-breaking and itself, and to combat whatever disloyal monarch, descended at menaces its existence.

once, at the head of a powerful Now it is known to all the army, into the States of the King, army that, disordered and dis- that all Europe might know that solved by the malignant arts of the revolution was his work, and the revolution, the navy deserted that he was unwilling to lose and lost, treason and worthless- the shameful fruit of it. ness penetrating even the palace It then became necessary to and the council,—that this has renounce the first idea of the war, frightfully tended to an imminent and to confine it solely to decatastrophe, and to the disso- fence, as it was not possible with lution of the entire kingdom. that little army, already weary

Nevertheless, his Majesty the with the labours, privations, and King, resisting with heroic virtue dangers it had suffered, to con. the vile counsels of those who ex- tinue its march in advance, horted him to a shameful flight, leaving behind it a strong and had recourse to the first bulwarks disciplined enemy who was come of the realm, and there, employ- to assail it. ing every art and every means, A series of strategic retreats,

among which the Piedmontese the kingdom, continually more army cannot reckon one decisive openly favoured by a perverse victory, was then undertaken, and perjured Government, the and the Royal troops found them- King our Master has been able selves in part compelled to pass to obtain nothing from the most the Pontifical frontier, and in powerful Sovereigns of Europe, part to shelter themselves under to whom he hoped his cause the walls of Gaeta.

would be dear, but inefficient exAt the moment in which I pressions of affectionate symwrite to you, nothing is left to pathy. the King but this sole fortress The great dangers of a little and that of Messina, the last army, the extreme and urgent bulwarks of the autonomy and needs of the Royal Treasury, the independence of the beautiful insolent violation of the Law of and once strong kingdom of the Nations, the unlimited ambition Two Sicilies.

of a revolution which will never These will be defended with stop, everything. in short, was that valour and constancy which placed before the eyes of the are the distinguishing virtues of Great Powers of Europe, and to the august dynasty of the Bour- all this, no other reply would or bons; but as the resistance of could be returned than wishes fortresses depends on a thousand and advice. various causes which need not be Neither the interests of dy. enumerated, it is very probable nasties, nor common dangers, that such defence may not be so nor the ties of blood, nor the long as the Sovereigns of Europe bonds of old friendship and alliseem to desire.

ance, availed to move the CabiWhen the inevitable hour for nets of Europe from the political surrender shall arrive, our august indifferentism which they have Sovereign, with that dignified exhibited, by looking on impas. resignation which is the dis- sably at the fall of an ancient tinctive character of his august monarchy. family, will descend from his The Emperor of the French throne, and will remember with alone (it is due to justice and just and noble pride that he has gratitude to confess it loudly) not been wanting in the fulfil. gave the generous example of ment of any of his duties. his desire to come forth out of

It remains for me now to in- this state of universal apathy, quire if His Majesty, generously and loyal and monarchical Eng. paying that duty which bound land did not hesitate to reprove him to other Sovereigns, has re- him bitterly for it, whilst the ceived in exchange those aids other Cabinets were satisfied to and good offices which he had a leave him alone in the magnani. right to expect from them; but mous action which he attempted. you will understand, Signor The sending of a French squaConte, that this, my second task, dron to the waters of Gaeta, and will be as easy and conclusive as the fraternal welcome given on my first.

the Pontifical territory to the For seven months that the faithful and bold advance of the revolution has been raging in Royal troops by the soldiers of France, these are traits which the successive demolition of all will always remain engraven on thrones, because each will be sethe heart of the King our Sove- parated from that great associareign; and they far surpass the tion of Princes which was the wordy protestations of amity safeguard of Crowns, and the offered to His Majesty by the guarantee of the peace and welrest of Europe.

fare of peoples. Finally, the King was in hopes Such things being premised, that the meeting of Warsaw you will readily understand with would give rise to a European what grief the heart of our august Congress, which was favoured by Sovereign will be afflicted if so nearly all the Governments of notable a design should fail by Europe, and which alone would the act of any Power which should have been able to place a bul- prefer its own private rancour, or wark against the rude violence of questions of secondary importforce, which throws down and ance, to the great principles of mocks at all the most ancient universal order and the security and sacred laws.

of thrones. To the new principle of popu- Therefore, I charge you, in the lar sovereignty which has been so Royal name, to advocate the above strangely abused, it was neces- idea with the Cabinet to which sary to oppose ancient public you are accredited; and if it be law, the result of the wisdom and not appreciated there in the same morality of ages, in order that way as we appreciate it, formally by the pacific discussion of their to inquire of the Foreign Minisopposing principles, and an im- ter what are the intentions of the partial examination of all con- British Government relative to trary pretexts, a new order should the imminent and final misforarise, entrusted to the unanimous tune, the fall of the monarchy of agreement of Princes, and the the Two Sicilies. universal good sense of peoples In furtherance of such sorestored to reason and tranquil. vereign command, you will read lity.

and give a copy of the present Without the realization of this despatch to the aforesaid minisgrand idea there will never be ter, and promptly inform me of peace for Europe, and every the result of such communica. State, confining itself to the ma- tion, in order that His Majesty terial defence of its immediate may take note of the same for the interests, cannot but lead the way regulation of his future conduct. to the revolution which tends to

(Signed) CASELLA.


Passed in the SECOND SEssion of the Eighteenth Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

23• & 24° TICT.

PUBLIC GENERAL ACTS. Desertion, and for the better Pay.

ment of the Army and their Quar TA'Maria to rende crapid cestarin

ters. Marriages in the Chapel of Saint X. An Act for the Regulation of Her Mary in Rydal, in the County of Majesty's Royal Marine Forces while Westmoreland.

on shore. II. An Act to apply the Sam of four XI. An Act to amend the Law relating

hundred and seven thousand six to Endowed Schools. hundred and forty-nine Pounds out XII. An Act to apply the sum of Eight of the Consolidated Fund to the hundred and fifty thousand Pounds Service of the Year ending the out of the Consolidated Fund to the Thirty-first Day of March One thou- Service of the Year ending the sand eight hundred and sixty.

Thirty-first day of March One thouIII. An Act to apply the sum of Four sand eight hundred and sixty.

million five hundred thousand Pounds XIII. An Act to prevent the Members out of the Consolidated Pund to the of Benefit Societies from forfeiting Service of the Year One thousand their Interest therein by being eneight hundred and sixty.

rolled in Yeomanry or Volunteer IV. An Act to enable the Commis. Corps.

sioners of Her Majesty's Treasury XIV. An Act for granting to Her to defray One Moiety of the Expenso Majesty Duties on Profits arising of the annual Revision of the Valua- from Property, Professions, Trades, tion of Rateable Property in Ireland and Offices

out of the Consolidated Pund. XV. An Act for granting to Her V. An Act to regulate Probate and Majesty certain Duties of Stamps.

Administration with respect to cer. XVI. An Act to make further Provision tain Indian Government Securitics; concerning Mortgages and other to repeal certain Stamp Duties; and Dispositions of Property belonging to extend the Operation of the Act to Municipal Corporations in Ery. of the 'Twenty-second and Twenty. land and Ireland. third Years of licoria, Chapter XVII. An Act to authorize the Inclo. Thirty-nine, to Indian Bonds.

sure of certain lands in pursuance VI. An Act to transfer to the lost. of a Report of the Inclosure ('om.

master General Securities entered misioner for England and Wales. into with the Commissioner of the XVIII. An Act to amend the Acts reAdmiralty in relation to the Packet lating to Marriages in England and Service

Ireland, by extending certain ProVII. An Act to amend the Medical visions thereof to Persons professing Acts.

with the Society of Friends called VII. An Act to amend the Law re- Quakers

Inting to the unlawful administering XIX. An Act to extend the Act to of Poison.

facilitate the Improrement of landed IX. An Act for punishing Mutiny and Property in Ireland, and the Acta

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