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preserved the lot of the righteous, be. cause they have hated and rejected the world of iniquity, and have detested all its works and ways, in the name of the Lord of Spirits. In those days shall the kings of the earth, and the mighty men, become humble in countenance. In his presence shall they fall and not be raised up again, nor shall there be any one to take them out of his hands and to lift them up; for they have denied the Lord of Spirits and the Messiah. The name of the Lord of Spirits shall be blessed!" p. 49.
This extract will show that the book of Enoch is sufficiently curious, at least, to draw the attention of the learned ; and, at any rate, all Christians who feel that their faith will bear the light of day, would prefer that the evidences of their Scrip. tures should be inquired into, rather than they should be kept concealed, as if there was something behind the scenes which could not bear inspection.
R. M. BEVERLEY.
THE CLAIMS OF SUPERANNUATED MINISTERS..
Dear Sir, Permit one who is a fellow-labourer, and in circumstances of comfort, through the medium of your miscellany, to give publicity to a subject which has long and often pressed upon his thoughts.
In advocating whatever is humane and Christian, the Evangelical Magazine has ever been the steady and unwearied friend ; and the wide circulation which it has obtained secures to its merciful proposals something of that consideration, at least, which their authors desire.
Amid all the noble institutions which adorn our native Isle, and render her the admiration of the world, one, it strikes the writer, is yet wanting ;-namely, an institution or fund exclusively directed to the assistance of those holy men, whom early affliction, or length of days, has disqualified for further labour in the vincyard of the Lord.
Few of our brethren, comparatively, can look at earthly wealth as their attendant. For the greater part, they and their growing families are dependent upon the voluntary offerings of the people among whom their labours are spent; and when they look at the future, and think upon the period when the buoyancy of youth, and the vigour of riper years, shall be succeeded by the decrepitude and weaknesses of old age, the sigh of deep anxiety will heave the bosom.
That such as have filled the office of the Christian ministry with fidelity, ar. dour, zeal, and with unsullied reputation, should, in their declining days, when every energy fails, be left the mere objects of charity, dependent upon the bounty of the passing Samaritan, is what the Christian church should devote every energy to obviate or prevent.
With this in view, the writer thus seeks to bring the subject before his brethren, the churches, and the readers of the Evangelical Magazine. Why might not a permanent fund for the object stated be established ? Surely, as protestant dissenters of the congregational order, we have the resources within ourselves.
Suppose there are, within the United Kingdom, 1,500 organized churches, From these, at the average of one pound each, £1500 per annum might be raised. To the above sum, let every pastor whose annual income reaches a certain marimum, subscribe not less than a definite sum, hereafter to be determined, annually. These amounts, together with donations, bequests, lay-subscriptions, and, if practicable, collections, would make a clear income of some thousands per annum.
To give stability to the measure, a certain capital should be at first realized. But on this, and other closely connected particulars, such as trustees, qualifications of applicants, &c. &c., I forbear at present enlarging. I merely throw out the above hints to provoke further laudable discussion. The plan is worthy of consideration. Let but some of our leading brethren in the metropolis and the country take up the matter, and the churches all around will be found ready to co-operate. Should this communication lead some of your more able correspondents to resume the subject, the writer will feel happy at uniting his efforts with theirs, in the accomplishment of an object so ne. cessary and important.
I am, Dear Sir,
REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.
THE CHRISTIAN'S HOPE OF MERCY. A
Funeral Discourse on the Death of the Rev. George Burder, delivered at Fetter Lane Meeting, on Lord's-day, June 10, 1832. By Joseph FLETCHER, D.D. To which is prefixed, the Address at the Interment, June 5, 1832. By ROBERT WINTER, D.D. 8vo. pp. 48.
Westley and Davis. The decease of such a man as the Rev. George Burder is an event of peculiar interest and solemnity, inasmuch as he was one of the remaining few who connected the past with the present, and who carried back the associations of the Christian public to the early history of those distinguished efforts of Christian activity and benevolence, which have shed lustre on the present age, and which furnish increasing promise of the approaching glory of the latter day. There were scarcely any of our great societies to the formation or prosperity of which the den ceased did not contribute. And it is a pleasing recollection of this departed servant of God, that his mind was never permitted, through a long and active life, to indulge in a single speculative tendency on any one great point; and that amidst all the changes and vicissitudes of religious opinion which obtained in his day, he was steadfast and immoveable to the last, always abounding in the work of the Lord.
Dr. Fletcher's funeral discourse is a highly suitable tribute to the memory of an indi. vidual so much revered as the deceased. As a sermon it is full of rich unction and scriptural illustration. The text, which, we understood, was chosen by Mr. Burder himself, is selected from JUDE, 21.-“ Looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.” In discussing these words, the preacher takes occasion to examine the OBJECT, the Source, and the HABITUAL ExERCISE of Christian hope. Apart from the relation which this discourse bears to our late venerable friend, it may be regarded as an able and impressive exhibition of the nature and influence of that hope which maketh not ashamed, and which will realize its brightest and most blessed consummation in that mercy which will be so gloriously displayed in the final award to the righteous of life eternal. In the memoir department for the present month, we have, with the author's permission, inserted the whole of that portion of his discourse in which he has traced the early history, depicted the character, described the usefulness, and unfolded the closing scene of the deceased. We beg particularly to recommend to our readers the perusal of the whole, as greatly fitted to subserve the great ends of " godly edifying."
Dr. Winter's address at the funeral is cha. racterized by that propriety, sound sense, and enlightened piety, which run through all his public exercises. We beg to lay the whole of it before our readers.
“We are assembled in this house of prayer on an occasion of great solemnity. Death is always solemn. And the burial of the dead calls up so many remembrances of those whom in this world we shall see no more, and makes such irresistible appeals to the living, all of whom will sooner or later be summoned to the grave, that, with the thoughtful, an attendance on a funeral must be a serious employment. But, dissevered from the light of Christianity, and from all pleasing reference to the influence of Christianity on the deceased, it is a most gloomy and heartless employment. It is at the burial of a true Christian, more than on any other occasion, that we adopt the apostolic anthem :“O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory ? The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.'
" That our beloved and venerated friend, the Rev. GEORGE BURDER, was a firm believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, who that knew him could doubt ? Our great consolation this day is just the consolation which we should derive from the glorious and everlasting gospel, on the decease of the most obscure of Christ's disciples. And what lustre does this reflect on Christianity, while it diminishes all the circumstantial differences between one Christian and another, that the same word of promise is applicable to all, and has been fulfilled in each!
“Yet, as one star differeth from another star in glory,' we are allowed to extract both comfort and admonition from the circumstances of each individual case. In this case there are many particulars which claim our attention. Some of these allow me to place before you. It shall be my effort so to do it, as not to intrude on the duties which will devolve on my friend and brother, the Rev. Dr. Fletcher, who is to preach next Lord's-day morning to the bereaved church, which has been called upon to part with a beloved pastor, after a union of twenty-nine years.
"It is delightful, at such a moment as this, to look back on a lengthened course of devotedness to God. Such was the life which is now closed, and which, had it been extended only to THIS DAY, would have completed exactly fourscore years. The eightieth anniversary of his birth thus celebrated, although but a circumstance, is one which is much calculated to impress on relatives and friends sentiments which it may be profitable to cherish, and which may render this birth-day of our now deceased friend more beneficial in its consequences than any which preceded. A large proportion of a life unusually long has been occupied in the service of Christ. On much more than half a century thus em ployed we may unhesitatingly fix our thoughts. In youth, in mature years, and amidst the infirmities of age, he was the same humble, de. pendent, devoted servant and follower of his adorable and beloved Lord. His was the path of the just,' and, like the shining light of the morning, it shone more and more unto the perfect day.'
“During nearly the whole of this lengthened period he has been a faithful minister of the gospel-active, laborious, persevering-even to the last feeble remainder of his ability to serve his Lord, and to be instrumental in saving the souls of his fellow-creatures. His ministry has been blessed with signal useful ness through every stage into which it was divided. The morning of his professional life at Lancaster, the meridian of his exer, tions at Coventry, and the long-protracted summer evening at Fetter Lane-the spot where he had been trained by parental affec. tion-where he profited by the judicious ministry of one of his honoured predecessors, and where he commenced a profession of the gospel, will unitedly bear witness that he laboured not in vain, and spent not his strength for nought. When such a life has been prolonged nearly fourscore years, and such a ministry continued within three months of the final hour, how beautiful, how lovely is the retrospect!
“But the ministry of the gospel, and the pastoral care over the churches over which he presided, were not the only scenes connected with the public life of our departed friend. Ile will be long recollected as the gratuitous and honorary secretary of the London Missionary Society, with the interests of which most valuable institution his name was en. twined from its earliest commencement. A memorable circumstance relative to his connexion with that great society deserves to be mentioned. For a reason which will in. stantly appear, this is the time, and this is the place, for referring to it. At the public meeting of the society, in the year 1828, which was held, through the kindness of the managers, in this chapel, Mr. Burder offered the introductory prayer. It was the last time that he was able publicly to appear in connexion with an institution so long endeared to his heart. And it is in the same sanctuary, that, by a renewed expression of liberal sympathy, we have now the privilege of assembling, before we consign to the earth the remains of our revered friend. These little coincidences are very instructive. Whoso is wise and shall observe such things, even they shall understand the loying-kindness of the Lord.'
“The numerous small publications of our late excellent friend, and especially his 'Village Sermons,' have been the means of communicating the great principles of evangelical religion in very many circles, to which other. wise he could not have had access. It was a distinguishing feature of his character, that his mind was always at work; and if ever he appeared uncomfortable, it was when he supposed that he had nothing to do. By his indefatigable labours, among many other means, the Great Head of the church was pleased to carry on his own cause, and make manifest the savour of his name. And now, how gratifying to look back on these exertions, and to hear the faithful labourer, in the tranquil evening of life, addressing us, as he might most suitably have done, in the language of the aged apostle, when “the time of his departure was at hand :'- I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give ine at that day; and not to me only, but unto all them also, that love his appeare ing.' .
“I cannot but notice another coincidence, of which this chapel is the memorial. On the day when, as already mentioned, our venerable friend, now deceased, opened with prayer the meeting of the London Missionary Society, having in the preceding year, 1827, resigned, through increasing infirmities, his official labours, the Rev. WILLIAM ORME was appointed to succeed him, and publicly accepted the office of Foreign Secretary to the society. Alas! his able and efficient services were of short continuauce. Two years ago his funeral was solemnized in this chapel. The voice which you now hear was employed in addressing the auditory on that mournful occasion. And the same minister whom he appointed to preach his funeral sermon, has been selected also by our aged friend to fperform the same office for him. Our friends, and brethren, and fathers, have finished their course. We are yet spared. For how long, or how short a time, we know not. Happy will it be for us if, humbly en. deavouring to know and to do our Lord's will, we are waiting the expected summons, which shall call us to give an account of our stewardship.
“In concluding these desultory remarks, suggested by the decease of my revered friend, suffer me to address a few words to persons of different descriptions, of whom this auditory is coinposed.
“My greatly esteemed friends, the immediate descendants, and other relatives of the deceased, account it one of their highest privileges, and a privilege fraught with great obligations, to have been nearly connected with so excellent a man. When engaged in the ministry of the gospel, or in other ho
A BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL DICTIONARY;
explanatory of the History, Manners, and Customs of the Jews, and neighbouring Nations. With an Account of the most remarkable places and persons mentioned in sacred Scripture; an Exposition of the principal Doctrines of Christianity; and Notices of Jewish and Christian Sects and Heresies. By Richa ARD Watson. Second Edition. Imperial
nourable and useful professions, they will ever account it their duty and their delight to follow him, so far as he followed Christ.
“The members of the church of which, for nearly thirty years, he had the pastoral charge, will remember him who had been their spiritual guide, and will • follow his faith, considering the end of his conversation.' How thankful should you be, my dear friends, that you are not left as sheep without a shepherd; and that while your aged minister is received to his reward, you have still one presiding in your assemblies, and labouring for your good, whom he who is now gone delighted to take by the hand as his colleague and his friend ! *
“And if in this listening assembly there should be any of the hearers of our departed friend, who have lived to this hour careless of their eternal interests, let me beseech them to pause, and consider what excuse they will be able to make at the tribunal of the Son of God, for ' neglecting the great salvation. Oh, my friends, it the living ministry of the excellent man, who is now gone, failed to impress you, I intreat you, let his death awaken you to the considera tion. And if this solemn return of his birthday should prove the day of your conversion to God, of your acceptance of Christ, of the commencement of true holiness in your hearts and characters, what a blessed era will this day become, and how thankfully will you review it both in time and in eternity!
“The directors of the London Missionary Society, who have expressed their veneration for the memory of a long honoured and highly valued friend, who have come hither in a large company on this affecting occa. sion, will be encouraged and animated to maintain the great interests of that important institution,—thankful to that Divine Provi. dence which, on the withdrawment of our friend by reason of infirmities, directed their attention to another,-a wise, a faithful, and a devoted labourer in the same cause; and when his exertions were broken off by death, has at length conducted them to a third, who, either in this department or in some other, we trust will be long continued to serve the society in its most important interests, and to advance the kingdom of God our Saviour.t
." Finally; how pressing the call on us who are ministers, whether in elder or in younger life, to persevere in our momentous work as long as we have opportunity, waiting for the day of our discharge, Blessed is that servant, whom his Lord, when he cometh, shall find so doing.'-Amen.”
Mason, City Road. Considerable expectations were awakened in the public mind on the first announcement of Mr. Watson's dictionary. His well-known theological attainments, and the taste and energy of mind which characterize his other writings, induced an expectation of something far above mediocrity. How far the anticipations of the public will be realised we cannot undertake to pronounce; but this we may say, that the work before us cannot be considered, by any competent judge, as common-place. It is full of valuable information, and of sound and conclusive reasonings on a vast variety of topics, deeply interesting to all biblical students and private Christians. The research involved in the production of such a volume, even with all the modern helps which the theological stu. dent can now command, must have been immense ; and the care which has been obviously exerted to avoid tiresome prolixity on the one hand, and unsatisfactory brevity on the other, is deserving of the highest commendation. We think well of the author's impartiality on the whole ; but there are instances in which we cannot help perceiving a slight deficiency of this most desirable quality. When Mr. Watson describes the opinions of Arminius, he is tenacious, beyond measure, to show, by a reference to that divine's writings, that many who call themselves Arminians are not his true fol. lowers in doctrine. This is as it should be. But when he describes Calvinism, he has by no means taken the same pains to show what are the real sentiments of persons who, in the present day, call themselves Calvinists. He has printed largely from Calvin his most objectionable passages ; but he has done very little indeed, in a satisfactory and candid form, to show the real opinions of modern Calvinists. We hope this is an oversight, and, indeed, when we think of the amiable and upright dispositions of our friend, we cannot for a moment doubt it.
Upon the whole, however, we consider Mr. Watson's dictionary as a great treasure, and cordially recommend it to the attention of our theological seminaries.
* The Rev. Caleb Morris, who was desig. nated to the co-pastorship with the Rev. George Burder, at Fetter Lane, Sept. 12, 1827.
+ The Rev. William Ellis.
The MISSIONARY Church. By W. H. STOWELL. 12mo. p.p. 192.
Westley and Davis. This is a well-timed volume, eminently fitted to rouse the church of Christ to her