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scouring of the streets of the large cities of Germany. Some of the German papers say, that the improvements in the land and in the condition of the people would appear absolutely incredible to those who had not seen them. For these benevolent and patriotic services the king, in 1831, made Mr. Lutz a Member of the Order of Civil Merit, and conferred upon him the gold medal.
Now the enemy began zealously to bestir himself. Envy at Mr. L.'s civil honour led to complaints against him for holding private religious meetings, for teaching heretical doctrines, for dispensing with the cross and the holy water, for hindering the Moss people in their work, and the like allegations, which sufficiently speak for themselves. Yet the clergymen and persons of influence who were active against him gave this remarkable proof that his character was unimpeachable; that they succeeded in gaining their end, his removal from the Moss, only by inducing the king to present him to Bayersoyen, a rich living ! 'In vain did he and his poor people (185 families), in October, 1831, petition their sovereign. The decree was gone forth, He was compelled to depart, and his successor has taken possession of Carlshuld, O that we could find room for his farewell address to his broken-hearted people! As for the new living, the bait of temptation, he has declined it, and has OPENLY SEPARATED from the Church of Rome. So also have the great body of the Moss people, of whom NINE HUNDRED are, in the judgment of Christian charity and caution, the fruits of his ministry-genuine converts to Christ and
utmost joy. For eight months they have been deprived of the public means of grace. The pious people of Germany, who are in general of the poorer classes, are taking up their cause, and making contributions. Should Britain, happy and privileged Britain, be backward on so interesting an occasion ?
The following announcement appeared in the Hamburg “ Stauts und Gelehrte Zeitung" (Journal of Politics and Literature), a highly respectable but not a religious paper, for June 28th last.
" At Carlshuld, in Bavaria, six hundred* persons have been brought to the knowledge of evangelical truth. Being for the most part very poor, even destitute of the most common necessaries of life, they turn their eyes to the Christian sympathy of their Protestant brethren, supplicating for help. They have not a school room, nor a place for worship upon the humblest scale possible, Their destitution is extremely great. Not a few families are in want of daily bread. We cannot seriously reflect upon the merciful freedom which from our childhood we have enjoyed, without participating in the happiness of those who now acknowledge no other Master than Him who is of God made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption ; without giving thanks to God for the illumination which he has granted them, or without beseeching him, by his grace, to carry on the work thus begun. If we follow the intimations of duty which he himself gives us, we shall be not only the happy witnesses, but also the blessed instruments, of his fatherly care ; and though we cannot be immediately active for the saving benefit of Christians more than 100 miles (German, equal to about 580 English miles,) distant from us, yet we may be efficient, by our acts of beneficence, in pro. moting their outward welfare, and thus, by the divine blessing, advance their spiritual benefit. The undersigned earnestly hold out their hands to their brethren of the Lutheran confession to receive their gifts of beneficence, and be answerable for their proper application. Here, most certainly, is a pecu, liarly forcible application of our Redeemer's precious declaration : 'What ye have done to one of these my least brethren, ye have done unto me!
“ E. G. A. BÖCKEL, D.D. Pastor, , “ G. C. J. von Hosstrup,
“M. H. HUDTWALCKER, Juris D.
“L. C. G. STRAUCH, Pastor.” Contributions for this object will be re, ceived at the Banking House of Messrs. Hankey; or by Dr. Steinkopf ; by Dr. Pye Smith, Homerton; by Dr. Morison, Hans Place, Sloane Street; or by the Rev. John Arundel, Mission House, Austin Friars.
; Mr. Lutz has been put under arrest, and has (according to the monstrous laws of Bavaria and Austria) to go through a year of trials, disputations, and examinations, before he can be legally entitled to profess himself a Protestant. The new Protestants of the Moss district have determined to form themselves into a Lutheran church. They have many oppressions to endure; nor is it at all probable that they will be allowed to have their beloved pastor, Lutz. Indeed, we learn from the Bergedorfer Bote, June 30, that a Lutheran clergyman, Mr. Paechtner, described as "a well qualified man, and adapted to the station," has been appointed by the government (for such, alas! is the allmeddling vice of the continental government) to be pastor of the Carlshuld Protestants. But they have to support him, and to build but they have to support a chapel and a school for their children,
their children. Their poverty is deep; ten or twelve families among them, including forty to fifty children, are literally destitute of food and clothing, and would think themselves rich with a scanty supply of rye bread and bad potatoes, such as English paupers would throw away, They have not wood, nor building materials, nor money; but every kind of labour and workmanship they will perform with the
* Other accounts say expressly nine hundred.
MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. JOHN ADAM,
MISSIONARY TO INDIA. N. B. This valuable article, we regret to state, could not appear this month in the memoir department; but we considered it best to place it in the same number with Mr. Adam's portrait.]
Our late beloved and greatly-lamented friend was the second of the four sons of Mr. Benjamin Adam, of Crutched Friars and Homerton, and grandson of the Rev. Wil. liam Adam, who was many years an assidu ous minister of Christ at Soham, in Cambridgeshire. The family is of ancient and honourable Scottish ancestry, the Adams of Culross.
Mr. John Adam was born in London, May 20th, 1803. From his earliest days he was blessed with the advantages of Christian piety, discipline, and example at home, and the interesting ministry and faithful pastoral care of the Rev. John Clayton, Sen. When at school in the country, he was distinguished by his calm and amiable temper, his docility, diligence, and moral propriety. The same was his character at home; and in all situ. ations and circumstances, as he advanced from childhood to youth. In his seventeenth year he left school, having made respectable literary attainments, and received gratifying testimonies of approbation and love from those who had conducted his education. His mind being disinclined to any of the walks of commerce, he was indulged, by the libe. rality of his pious father, with every oppor. tunity and means that he could desire for pursuing the course of retired study and self-improvement. In that course he was diligent and unremitting. He attended with constancy and evident thoughtfulness upon all the visible means of religion ; but, with his characteristic reserve, the result of habi. tual thoughtfulness, he did not disclose his views and feelings upon the most important of all subjects, till they had acquired a considerable degree of maturity and strength. This progress of his mind was greatly aided by one of the most important and beneficial events of his life. The Rev. Cæsar Malan had been ejected, on account of his evange. lical faithfulness and intrepid zeal (as is probably well known to the larger part of our readers), from the office of a minister or licentiate in the established church of Geneva, and from his situation as one of the regents or masters in the public grammar. school of that city, which, with the academy, (an institution fülly entitled to take the rank of a university), was founded, in 1559, in a great measure by the exertions of the im. mortal Calvin. M. Malan opened a private
seminary for liberal and pious education ; and our young friend's father embraced the opportunity of conferring so important an amount of benefits on his son, by sending him to be one of the early pupils of that per secuted servant of Christ. There the fine elements of his character were called more prominently forth, and were consolidated into firm and manly habits. His diligence, prudence, punctuality, order, and perseverance, made him an example and a blessing to his companions. There, too, the long cherished principles of true religion displayed their firm hold upon his mind; and, after that mature consideration which was so striking a part of his character, he made his open and solemn profession of personal piety. He joined the congregational church at Bourg du Four, in Geneva, under the joint pastorship of M. Guers and M. Empeytaz. Here also it was that Mr. Adam arrived at a settled determination, if it should appear to be the approving will of God, to devote himself to the ministry of the gospel ; he applied with great diligence to theological studies; and he made his first essays in public speaking, by homilies or exhortations, in the French language. - Having spent two years under the tuition, and enjoying the confidential friendship of M. Malan, the interesting subject of this narrative returned to England in the summer of 1823. He now occupied himself for three months in the delightful retreat of his parental home, cultivating his mind and im proving in divine knowledge, till his kind and liberal father sent him to the University of Glasgow; from which, however, he soon removed to that of St. Andrews, attracted by the lectures in moral philosophy, and by the personal friendship of Dr. Chalmers. His conscientious industrry would not allow him to enjoy such advantages without deriving a full measure of benefit from them. There he enjoyed the friendship of several pious and highly talented students, among whom was the lamented John Urquhart, the interesting memorial of whose extraordinary character for abilities, attainments, and piety, was raised by the late equally lamented servant of Christ, the Rev. William Orme. Between him and John Adam a most affectionate intimacy subsisted, founded on a congeniality of taste, experience, present occupations, and future prospects. Their minds both arrived, at a determination, with submission to all accessible indications of the divine approbation, to consecrate their lives to the labour of Christian missions among the heathen. Well may we adore, with submissive humiliation, the unsearch ableness of the divine counsels, which in the
one case totally prevented the execution of when they were likely to be hindrances to
This course he continued till the latter
ture, and prayer. “Mr. Townley delivered The decision once declared, there was no the introductory discourse, which presented, fear of vacillation. Our young friend ap- from the stores of his personal knowledge plied himself, with a mind more free, and and experience, a selection of the most imwith renewed vigour, to his sacred and other portant information concerning the people of appropriate studies, among which was that of Bengal, the peculiar circumstances of the the Sanscrit language. This he rightly con Calcutta station, the nature of the evangesidered to be of great importance as the ety. lical labours that would be demanded, the mological basis of the living dialects of difficulties, obstructions, sorrows, temptaHindoostan. As his father's residence is in tions, which were to be expected ; and the the immediate neighbourhood of the Protes- heavenly encouragements which the grace of tant Dissenting College at Homerton, he was Christ afforded under every trial. To the welcomed, without entering as a student, to questions proposed by Mr. Orme, our beloved an attendance, as constant as other engage candidate delivered answers signally pertiments allowed, upon the lectures of that nent, simple, and pathetic. The ordination academy, in exegetical, doctrinal, and prac- prayer was offered up by Mr. Collison. The tical divinity, church history, and pastoral charge was, by his pastor and theological ethics. During this period of his life he did tutor, from Acts xxii. 21 : “ And he said honour to the high place which he had al unto me, Depart, for I will send thee far ready obtained in the love and esteem of the hence unto the Gentiles.” Mr. H. F, Burder tutors and the students, with whom he was (now Dr. Burder), uttered the concluding now brought into closer intimacy. His ex prayer. tending circle of friends felt similar affections On April 15th, he took the last farewell of towards him. His solid judgment, united his parents and four sisters, amidst flowing with a charming simplicity and unaffected tears of natural grief and sacred joy, and piety in all his conversation and habits, ren- with hearts devoutly raised to God in all dered his occasional society greatly prized; prayer, supplication, and reciprocal intercesyet he firmly resisted pleasing engagements, sion. His mother gave him this passage as
her parting token of love : Isaiah Ixvi. 13, “ As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you; and ye shall be com forted in Jerusalem.“ His brothers accompanied him to Gravesend, but on the following day they also had their final parting ; and he stood on the poop of the Boyne, watching their boat with his affectionate eye till it could be descried no more, and then, beyond a doubt, his soul rose to his God and Saviour in fervid prayer on their behalf.
His voyage to India was peaceful, merciful, and on the whole as pleasant as a long voyage can ordinarily be. Among the passen. gers was the Rev. John Smith, a fellow missionary, going to his station at Madras, with his excellent wife, who died in the midst of her pious and useful labours, not two months after the subject of this narrative. (See the Missionary Chronicle for January last, p. 33.) They had also some other pious persons on board; and the other passengers, with the captain and officers, were respectable, orderly, and agreeable. The two missionaries were allowed, as regularly as the captain's opinion of naval necessities would permit, to read prayers and to preach on the Sundays; and they embraced the frequently occurring opportunities of private conversation, for the religious instruction and the highest welfare of the different classes on board. Among these was one which, though trying to their feelings, could not but be a beneficial exercise of their knowledge and trial of their judgment: the being called repeatedly to sustain the Christian argument, in conversation with polite and gentlemanly sceptics.
They landed in India first at Madras, where Mr. Adam's preaching and conversation made a very grateful impression of his amiable disposition and Christian excellence; and there he left his faithful friends, Mr. and Mrs. Smith.
He re-embarked on board the Boyne, and arrived at Calcutta on Wednesday, September 3d, 1828.
He met with the most friendly reception from Mr. Hill, Mr. Gogerley, Mr. Ray, and their associates in faith and labour. Much respect and encouraging kindness was shown to him, in a variety of ways, by the members of the Baptist Mission, by Archdeacon Corrie, and by many other friends of the gospel and the immortal welfare of mankind.
Of the manner in which Mr. Adam ful filled his mission during the short period of two years and nearly eight months, which the wise and holy sovereign permitted to be the term of his labours, we are favoured to possess a testimony borne by a competent judge and eye-witness, his friend, and faithful senior in the Calcutta Mission, the Rev. James Hill. We make the following extracts from his “ SERMON, occasioned by the Death of the Rev. JOHN ADAM, preached in
Union Chapel, CALCUTTA, on May 1, 1831 ;" published at that city.
“The removal of such men is a public loss; a loss both to the church and to the world ; a loss which nothing earthly can repair--not splendid talents ; not high literary attainments; not the wisdom of the wise, nor the power of the mighty. Such men are the 'chariots of Israel, and the horsemen thereof;' and when they fall it is as though 'a standard-bearer fainted.
“But one of this noble army was our departed friend; a Christian of no common growth, no mean stature, no dwarfish standard of excellence. By persons who judge of character by rank or station in society, or by the adventitious ornaments of exterior embellishments, he would probably have been overlooked. He had nothing sparkling, nothing meretricious, about him : but if piety the most ardent, sincere, and unostentatious; if zeal the most fervent, enlightened, and benevolent; if the deepest and most unaffected humility ; if unshrinking, uncompromising integrity ;-in a word, if meekness, gentleness, charity, faith, love, purity, would place any man in the rank of high moral excellence, that station belonged to him. These remarks are not made at random, or from a slight and superficial knowledge of his character ; but from the closest intimacy formed from daily intereourse ; and I can say, my conscience bearing me witness before God, that, in private and in public, in solitude and in society, in the devotions of the closet, the labours of the study, or the active exertions of a Christian missionary, I have never seen so perfect an exhibition of Christian excellence as in him. It was next to impossible to come into his company with i out feeling the force and energy of his Christian principles ; these pervaded his whole character, and gave it a beauty, simplicity, grace, and dignity, which words do but feebly express.
is of his active exertions, combined with the most intense application to mental and moral improvement, we may form some estimate, from the following brief statement which he gave of his labours to the committee of the Bengal Missionary Society.
"• Imperfectly acquainted with the language, and anxious, as much as possible, to combine my own improvement with the instruction of others, ihe attempts to present the gospel to the adult population, at this station and its vicinity, have been modified accordingly. At an early stage of a missionary's career, it is much easier to hold a conversation in a familiar manner, than to deliver a sustained address to a floating, pot unfrequently hostile, and always suspicious auditory ; my habit, therefore, has been to go out in different directions every morning, from eight till ten or eleven o'clock; enter into friendly conversation, invite discussion,
read and distribute tracts, examine schools, &c. Two or three times a week, I frequent markets, very numerous in this neighbour hood (which present the most inviting field of labour). These excursions are of the most interesting character, and present daily encouragement to persevere, so long as prac. ticable, in the plan I have adopted. "The afternoon has been devoted to the examination of schools by the road-side, in the catechism or gospels, by which means numbers of persons become acquainted with the elements of the Christian doctrine.
“Of his piety I will repeat the following instance :--A day being set apart, some short time since, for humiliation and prayer by the whole congregation, he led part of the public devotional services of the morning; and so apt were his scriptural allusions, so holy his aspirations, so ardent his intercessions, such a glow of fervid piety to God, and benevolence to man, seemed to breathe through his prayer, as must deeply have impressed all who beard him. After the service, I asked him if he could give me an outline of the prayer he had offered up. He said he could Dot; nor was he aware that there was any thing remarkable about it ; but if, said he, I felt more happy than usual, perhaps it is owing to this that I rose soon after three o'clock this morning, and spent the time before I came here in communion with God.
"Perhaps, however, the most conspicuous features in his character were humility, modesty, and meekness; with the former, he might be said to be clothed as with a robe, whilst he wore, as an ornament, a meek and quiet spirit, which, in the sight of God, is of great price. His humility, however, had nothing mean, nothing servile, nothing time serving about it.
“. The mode in which it operated,' to use the words of an eloquent writer, ‘was at the utmost remove from the shallow expedients adopted by those who vainly attempt to secure the praise of that quality without possessing it.' It neither prompted him to depreciate his talents, nor to disclaim his virtues; to speak in debasing terms of himself, nor to exaggerate his imperfections and failings. It taught him the rarer art of forget. ting himself.
“Finally, men even of piety and talent are not of equal value and importance in all places
"If an army were composed chiefly of Veterans, the loss even of a leader would not be irreparable. In a country abounding with men of ability, the death of a person of ac. knowledged worth is not so severely felt; others step into his situation qualified to discharge his duties. Had our lamented friend been a minister of the gospel in his native land, his death, though any where a public loss, would not have been of the magnitude which it is here. In this country, he formed
one of a very small band, whose object is a evangelize this vast continent of heathen darkness; a band so small, when compared with the overwhelming multitudes which require their aid, that, uniting all the ministers and missionaries of the gospel of every persuasion in India, there would not be one for each million of souls. To the duties of a missionary in such a country he had consecrated his life ; and for this office, by natural endowments, and acquired attainments, he was singularly qualified.”-p. 18--23..
“From such sources, aided by a mind of no common capacity, and impelled to incessant labour by an ardent thirst for knowledge, and a deep concern for the glory of God, he made very respectable proficiency in several departments of learning, more especially in an acquaintance with the original languages of Scripture. Biblical studies were his great delight, and the knowledge which he had of the Bible, considering his age, was very remarkable; he was acquainted, not merely with its general contents, but with every thing which appertains to the science of biblical criticism; -chronology, geography, history-natural, civil, and ecclesiastic-the original languages of the Scriptures, the manners and customs of oriental nations, the sources of evidence for the genuineness and authenticity of particular books, and of the whole volume. With a mind thus furnished with knowledge, and a heart still more richly fraught with the fruits of the Spirit, he gave himself to the life of a missionary. In September, 1828, he arrived in this country, and applied himself with the greatest diligence to the acquisition of the Bengalee language, in which, for the period he was engaged in it, he made uncommon proficiency. As a public speaker, either in his own or any other tongue, it is probable he never would have attained a very high degree of excellence; some slight defect in the conformation of the organs of speech rendered his articulation indistinct; but he had so many other excellent properties of a good missionary, that this defect was not only more than counterbalanced, but to those who knew him almost lost. Of his active labours amongst the heathen some account has already been given ; much more might be said ; for, at home and abroad, in his study and by the way-side, in the crowded bazaar, the thronged street, or the lone and retired village, every where, and at all times, he was the good servant of the Lord Jesus Christ.' In all things approving himself as the minister of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in new cessities, in distresses, in labours, in watchings, in fastings; by pureness, by knowledge, by long-suffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, by honour and dishonour, by evil report