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Mr. Adam having inadvertently, in the pursuit of his labours, exposed himself too much to the rays of the sun, became ill; inflammation of the brain ensued, and he died on the 21st of April, 1831. Our readers will do well to refer to the circumstantial account of this event, in our last volume, page 502 ; supplied by another devoted missionary, the Rev. George Christie, who has since fallen into ill health, and has been ordered to Europe as a last resource. The afflictive intelligence reached England in the following October ; on the sixteenth or twentieth of which month his mourning pastor endeavoured to improve the voice of heaven in the event, by two sermons, the first from 1 Thess. iv. 13, 14 ; and the other from Phil. ii. 16–18.
and good report: as a deceiver and yet true; as unknown, and yet well known; as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich ; as liaving nothing, and yet possessing all things.' When such a man is removed from such a sphere of labour, it is an event which claims our tears ; it is homage due to departed worth, and sorrow meet for all' who are grieved for the affliction of Joseph.'-p. 24-26.
or He lives to die no more. He has come out of great tribulation, has washed his robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Death, the last enemy is with him destroyed; he shall feel no more pain, nor sorrow, for the former things are passed away. And where is the Christian father, where the mother in Israel, who, when the paroxysms of grief are passed, would not be happy to have a child die as he died ?-With his face to the foe, with his armour girt about him, with his weapons bright and burnished for warfare, in his work and at his post, so that, on his grave may be written as of one of old, • Here lies my faithful martyr, Antipas.'-p. 26, 27.
• Painful as this event will be to the pa. rents of this excellent young man, yet how much that pain will be mitigated by the reflection that his whole life was spent in the service of God his Saviour; and his journey through this world, as the path of the just, shone brighter and brighter unto noon-day! In the splendour of the heavenly vision he now stands; and there they anticipate a reunion in joy and peace which will never end. Oh, parents! would yo have happiness in your children here, or consolation in the prospect of leaving them behind you ; would you, whilst they live, make them holy, happy, and useful, or give them a hope of a brighter scene to open beyond the grave; would you bring down the cheerful light of heaven to irradiate the otherwise palpable darkness of their sepulchres, or to raise your own spirits to the abodes of tranquillity and joy, bring them up in the fear of the Lord ; train them in the way they should go; teach them, by your example and your admonitions, to say to the Almighty, 5 My Father, my father, thou shalt be the guide of my youth. In this manner was he brought up; and what a lenitive will it be to the bleeding hearts of his parents to reflect, that God had the dew of his youth ;' that his life, though short, was holy, honourable, and useful ; an odour of a sweet smell; a libation poured on the altar of his Saviour ; what a contrast will their feelings form to the feelings of those parents whose negligence or example has ruined their offspring, and whose keenest pang of sorrow, in another world, will be that reflected from the look of their children, who will have to accuse them of being the authors of their exis. tence and their perdition too !"'--p. 29.
REV. RICHARD DAVIS. Died, on Sabbath-day, June 17, the Rev. Richard Davis, late pastor of the Baptist Church in East Street, Walworth, in the sixty-fifth year of his age. His disease was consumption, which made its first manifest approaches at the commencement of the year, and thus took good part of six months for the accomplishment of its slow but sure work. His frame of mind during his whole illness was eminently spiritual, and at the latter end most peaceful. The last words which could be distinctly! made out were, "Lord, have mercy on me now !”
Further particulars would here be fornished, but it is in the contemplation of the bereaved family, for their own solace, and for the gratification of a widely-extended circle of friends, to prepare a brief memoir of the deceased. Should it be found practicable, which as yet is matter of doubt, a few of his sermons, or outlines of them, will be appended. His epistolary correspondence was not large. It is thought, however, that some of his friends are in possession of documents which would greatly add to the interest of the little memorial. If those who hold materials of this kind would allow the use of them to the family for the above purpose, they would feel deeply obliged. The MSS. should be carefully preserved, and duly returned. Communications may be addressed to Rev. John Davis, East Street, Walworth, Surrey.
REV. RICHARD FLETCHER. On Wednesday, June 27th, 1832, died, after about two days' illness, which he bore with Christian meekness and resignation, the Rev. Richard Fletcher, of Bicester, Oxon, in the sixty-seventh year of his age, and the thirty-fifth of his public ministry. Further particulars in our next.
FOR AUGUST, 1832.
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the Funds of this Society will be thankfully received by the Treasurer or Secretaries, at the Mission House, 26, Austin Friars, London; in Edinburgh, by Mr. George Yule; in Glasgow, by Mr. William M'Gavin ; and in Dublin, by Messrs. J. D. La Touche and Co., or at 7, Lower Abbey-street.
MADRAS. Account of SHUMSHA Khan (now ISAAC
David), * formerly a Mohammedan ; abridged from a Tamil Manuscript, drawn up, with his own knowledge and assistance, by NathanAEL, Native Christian. By Rev. William TAYLOR, Missionary at Madras.
Shumsha Khan was formerly orderly sepoy to Major Brett at Cannanore. He became intimate with that gentleman's servants, but more particularly so with Nathanael, son of Peter Zechariah, the head servant. As Nathanael was one day reading the New Testament, the Mohammedan sepoy inquired into the nature of the book, and earnestly desired to hear it read to him. After many refusals his request was at length reluctantly complied with. He heard with great pleasure, and came day after day to hear more, and committed some verses to memory He was particularly struck with that pas sage which speaks of a voice being heard from heaven saying, “ This is my beloved Son : hear ye him.” By degrees he expressed a desire to forsake his own false way, and to profess the true one. On perceiving this desire, Nathanael, to the extent of his ability, addressed to him some very suitable observations, which the Mohammedan, of his own accord, contrasted with the teaching of his own Câzees, and propounded some questions as to the veracity of Mohammed's alleged miracles. These were exposed, and Shumsha Khan admitted him to be a false prophet-compared the lives and doctrines of Jesus and Mohammed-recurred again to the witness from heaven, and concluded by observing, that he found the Christian religion more suitable to the ne. cessities of his soul, and was, accordingly,
desirous of professing it, and of being bap. tized. These conversations continued afterwards during several months, and Nathanael obtained permission from Isaac David, then native teacher at Cannanore, for Shumsha Khan to attend the preaching and prayermeetings. This the latter did with great regularity, earnestness, and improvement in knowledge. He also obtained some small books, and requested his acquaintance among the sepoys who could read, to read them aloud to himself and others. When his mother, brethren, and relations, heard of his proceedings, they mocked him, said he was gone to join the flock of the heavenly Vedam-was mad—was a destroyer of his race-was without sense, and similar expressions. He continued unmoved, and boldly made known his faith to all around. In consequence, Nathanael inquired concerning his intentions, and he repeated his firm resolve to be baptized, quoting Christ's command, and adding that when his master should go to Madras, he was desirous to follow and be baptized there, in order to avoid the inconveniences he would be other. wise subject to from some of his relations. A somewhat lengthened conversation followed on caste, distinctions among Christians, and the opposite nature of such distinctions to the nature of the gospel, enforced both by Scripture, history, and precept. Shumsha Khan admitted that there ought to be but one caste, and continued his endeavours to advance in faith and holiness.
The native teacher, Isaac David, hearing of these matters, himself held some conversation with the sepoy ; but, appearing to doubt his stability, dismissed him for a time.
After these things, Major Brett being about to remove to Belgaum, Nathanael asked permission for the sepoy to accompany them. Major Brett expressed a strong doubt whether a Mohammedan would ever become a sincere Christian ; but, notwithstanding, gave the required permission. A sbort time after arriving at that place, the
sepoy, with Peter Zecharias and Nathanael. waited on Rev. J. Taylor, Missionary at Belgaum. Nathanael and Shumsha Khan had previously made special prayer for the blessing of the Holy Spirit. The conversation ended with an avowal from Mr. Taylor to Zecharias, that he thought no one could say what the sepoy had stated, unless he were a partaker of the Holy Ghost. Permission was given him to attend on prayer, but his baptism was, for a time, deferred. Subsequently, Zecharias and Nathanael proceeded to Madras, and Shumsha Khan, having no other residence, took up his abode with the other sepoys. When there, he one day entered into a discussion with the Câzee, who came on some particular occasion, and held an assembly; and though the sepoy was superior in argument, yet, on declaring at its close, his resolution to forsake Islamism, he was treated with hatred, contempt, and mockery; the spirit of their wit consisting in calling him Peter, Ignatius, Antony, and the like names. His fortitude, decision, and piety, appear, however, to have been duly appreciated by Rev. Joseph Taylor, who baptized him, by the Christian name of David, 'in 1828. Either immediately, or soon after, he was also admitted to the Lord's table, and continued steadfast in doctrine and fellowship. His friends made an attempt to recover him to his first faith in vain ; he rejected their solicitations, warned them faithfully of their own danger, and concluded by desiring them to regard him the same as if dead. From this mind he has not swerved.
In the early part of the present year (1831) he was introduced to the Missionary of the Pursewaukum district, Madras, by his two friends, themselves members of the Pursewaukum native church, he being then a Golundauze sepoy, at St. Thomas's Mount. The Missionary was gratified at the conspicuous evidence which was afforded of his piety and steadfastness. An account, of which the above is an abstract, was drawn up in Tamil for the further satisfaction of the Missionary and the native church; and, after the usual nomination, David (late Shumsha Khan) was unanimously and gladly received as a church member, in full communion, on the 7th of July last. At the instance of Captain C., of the Artillery, he has been introduced to the study of the written Tamil language, being first discharged from the Golundauze battalion, and receiving, from that gentle man, a small monthly stipend for his support. Nathanael (who is much more advanced in learning) has been recommended to a similar employ by Captain L., of the Engineers. The indications of Providence will be attended to in any future directions which they may receive.
COIMBATOOR. Report of the Coimbatoor Mission, from June
30, to December 31, 1831.
During the past six months, in one or two places, the schools have met with a little opposition from some reprobate characters, but the authorities here having investigated the matter, they were soon silenced.
A few Roman Catholics have made inquiries about true Christianity, and have had several conversations with me on the subject, having come several miles for that purpose. But, I fear, unless they be content to lose all for the gospel's sake, there is very little hope concerning them, as their priest appears to have absolute authority over them.
Two have been removed, by death, from my little congregation during the last half year, and I have every reason to conclude they died in the faith and hope of the gospel.
I'he little band of professing Christians collected here have had a share of the trou. bles arising from their profession, and some from other circumstances, which, if thoroughly investigated, might probably have the same origin.
Two, who had excited hopes of being sin. cere in their inquiries and professions, after having forsaken the worship of idols, and knowing something of the one true God, but finding the strict purity of Christianity, have become Deists, and no persuasion can convince them that, although they now believe there is only one God, that they, as sinners, require a Saviour and Mediator.
One person has joined my little congregation from among the heathen. He was a strict idolater, but, having received an invi. tation to attend the preaching of the gospel, he complied, and I have every reason to hope the same was made the power of salvation” to him, for, after regularly attending some time, he became convinced of the sin and folly of idolatry; and on a great feast held here, in honour of a particularly celebrated idol, I was surprised he did not attend it, and inquired the cause, when he, to my astonishment, declared “he had done for ever with such things." He has been a diligent student of the Bible, and his knowledge concerning our holy religion is surprising ; so much so, that I do hope he has, indeed, been taught by the Spirit of God. One or two more have left idolatry, and placed themselves under Christian instruction.
The prejudice against female education at this place is very great, which may be gathered from the fact, that after I had succeeded in collecting a large assembly to hear the truths of the gospel in a large village, they nearly all immediately separated on my mentioning the advantages that would accrue could their women read, and that such ought to be the
DESTRUCTIVE INUNDATION AT
case. Many individuals, with whom I or Mrs. Addis have spoken on the subject, suppose that by teaching their daughters to read, &c., we have a design of making them dancing-girls for the pagodas, as they are the only females who are so instructed (a few among the Brahmin caste excepted). And several respectable people here have declared, even after having had their doubts on the above subject removed, that for people to suppose that, by allowing their daughters to be taught reading, &c., they even intended such a thing would be a great disgrace. The case is widely different in the Travancore country.
The influence of the Brahmins in this place has lately received a great revival, and appears more formidable, from some concessions they have obtained. But while almost insurmountable barriers present themselves to those engaged in disseminating the truths of the gospel around, and the heart mourns over the trials of some of the followers of Christ collected at this place, yet consolation ought to be drawn from the fact, that although the Great Disposer of events has suffered some of his children to be visited with the rod of affliction very severely here, he is adding to his family a few.
I have had fewer visits from the heathen at the mission-house the last few months than I had some time ago, and some of the respectable heathen appear a little more re served and cautious, 'I suppose, in consequence of my plans and statements being a little better understood; and, perhaps, the circumstances above-mentioned might also deter some from inquiring much about a religion they see unsupported, and even its followers apparently lightly esteemed, by many called after the name of its Author.
A short time ago I applied to the Madras government for permission to reside at this place. After investigating the circumstances connected with my removal hither, I received the sanction of the governor in council for my permanent residence here.
The place of worship still remains unfurnished, although I have had liberal subscriptions towards the same. Materials and workmanship, in consequence of the constant demand for the Neelgherries, are very high and scarce, so that a place (although not large) cannot be built here for the same sum as in many other parts of India.
All the European residents continue very friendly to me and my family; and although there have been several changes, we have experienced no diminution of neighbourly feeling, which makes our situation pleasant, even in the midst of our daily discouragements.
(Signed) W. B. ADDIS.
In the Monthly Chronicle for October last (page 459), we communicated some particulars of the gratifying moral and, as to not a few, spiritual change which had taken place among the Hottentots at the above-mentioned station. We now deeply regret to state, that, not many months after those particulars had been laid before the public, the settlement at Hankey was visited by an alarming and destructive inundation, the consequence of violent and excessive rains, which has devastated, to a great extent, the works raised, by the industry and perseverance of the people, for providing the means of subsistence. While this disaster has proved a severe trial of their faith and patience, it has afforded them an opportunity of again disa playing their energy and resolution in the efforts they have already made to repair the injury the settlement has sustained.
The distress produced by this calamity forcibly appeals to the sympathy of those who feel a lively interest in the promotion of religion and civilization among formerly untutored and uncultivated tribes, and who take delight in rendering to virtuous and industrious sufferers the means of extricating themselves from the consequences of disasters, which ordinary penetration might not foresee, and human power could not avert.
In restoring the settlement, it is proposed to build substantial dwelling-houses instead of those of less durable construction which previously existed, and which have been either totally destroyed or irreparably injured by the late inundation ; and to provide, in future, more effectually for the irrigation of the ground necessary to the purposes of cultivation, if the Christian public shall furnish the means of making a new water-course (and this appears to be indispensable), in which iron pipes are designed to be substituted, as the only expedient for its protection from the violence of the elements, which, it is now fully ascertained, no wood-work, however firmly con
structed, would, in every case, effectually
present condition of this station furnishes a resist. Wher our friends consider how much
strong claim on the friends of missions.
The lands on which the institution stands the subsistence and external prosperity of
were partly purchased by the Hottentots; the such a settlement as that in question depend water-course has been to them a work of on agriculture and gardening, and again,
years, to which they have, during that time,
freely given their labour, in the hope that it how much these, in such a country as South
would one day remunerate them; and last, Africa, depend on adequate means of irriga
and not least, God has, during the past year, tion, they will feel how desirable it must be visited that station, showering upon it the to extend to the poor Hottentots at Hankey blessings of his grace, in a manner beyond
what has been seen at any of our other stathe means necessary for the accomplishment
tions in the colony. In 1830, the state of reliof so important an object. '
gion and morals at that institution was such The following letters from the Rev. Dr. Phi that the missionary and his wife earnestly relip; Messrs. Kitchingman and Melvill,mission
quested that they might be removed to another
place, alleging, as a reason of their request, aries at Hankey, and a gentleman resident in the !
the unpromising state of the people. In the becolony-a friend to Christian missions, and ginning of 1831, several of the most ungodly who has, on several former occasions, shown of the people became alarmed for the salvahis readiness to perform acts of kindness in
tion of their souls, and in the course of a few behalf of the Society–will enable our rea
months from that period, the awakening be
came general, and has continued since to ders more fully to understand the real nature
increase so much, that that institution now and extent of the calamity in question, and, wears the most encouraging and pleasing we trust, will, at the same time, effectually
aspect. We took up this institution in its second this less forcible introductory appeal
infancy, we supported it when religion and
morals were in a very low state among its to their benevolence and liberality.
members; and now that God has blessed it,
and poured out his Spirit upon the people, we Extracts of a Letter from Rev. Dr. Philip,
cannot desert them under an affliction not dated Cape Town, March 15, 1832, addressed brought upon them by imprudence, or any to the Directors.
bad conduct of their own. While we have
no ground to believe that the same flood MY DEAR SIR,
would not have happened if there had been The minds of the Directors will be very no missionary station at Hankey, nor have much grieved by the contents of the enclosed had any reason to have hoped that God would letter received from Messrs. Kitchingman and interpose by a miracle to have prevented it Melvill.
on account of that station, we must regard it Towards the end of February, the eastern as a trial of the people's faith, and as designed coast of Africa was visited by one of the to furnish the people at home with an oppormost violent gales in the recollection of any tunity of showing their love to them, not as of the captains who suffered by it; and it they have already shown their love to them, appears, from the accounts we have received as strangers to the covenant of promise, but hy the last post, that its effects by land have as brethren beloved for the Father's sake. not been less destructive than they have been
John PHILIP. at sea. At Algoa Bay, and at Bethelsdorp, considerable damage has been done; but the fury of the tempest seems to have alighted The following is the letter of Messrs. Kitch. upon our beautiful and flourishing station of Hankey. Before this visitation of providence,
ingman and Melvill, referred to by Dr. Philip. .
ing every thing at this institution was in the most
Hankey, March 1, 1832. promising state. The water-course, the. greatest work of the kind ever attempted in
Dear Sir, this colony, had been finished, and the peo. We embrace the earliest opportunity to ple were just beginning to look for the first. give you a brief statement of a disastrous fruits of their immense labour and sacrifices, event which took place at this station, on when this work of years, the admiration of Friday, the 24th ultimo. A few days preevery visiter, and the hope of the people, has viously only moderate rains fell here, but been rendered useless by a flood as unex-' among the adjacent mountains they appear pected as it has been destructive in its effects. to have fallen with uncommon violence, for The success which attended the appeal made at five o'clock in the afternoon of the above in 1823, in favour of Theopolis and Bethels day, most unexpectedly the accumulated dorp, when visited by a similar calamity, waters, from the different sources of the leads me to think that a similar appeal in river which runs through the station, came favour of Hankey would not be in vain. The rushing down, with a force and rapidity so