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FOR NOVEMBER, 1832.
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY,
Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the Funds of this Society will be thankfully received by the Treasurer or Secretaries, at the Mission House, 26, Austin Friars, London; in Edinburgh, by Mr. George Yule; in Glasgow, by Mr. William M'Gavin; and in Dublin, by Messrs. J. D, La Touche and Co., or at 7, Lower Abbey-street.
MANDACADOO AND KOTNAVILLY.
James M. Venning's Report, 1831.
I have continued to labour chiefly among the families belonging to Kotnavilly congregation, consisting of 185 individuals, including men, women, and children, who reside in ten different villages. On Sabbath mornings worship has been held in Mandakaudoo school-room, on which occasion from 40 to 50 attend. The public service for the fore, noon is conducted in Munsey chapel, at Kotnavilly, when the number of attendance has been from 80 to 110. The number for prayers in the evening, at Mandakaudoo, is generally 25.
I have visited as many Christian families, daily, as I am able, and catechize, teach scripture passages, &c. The women, being more diligent than the men, have made better progress. The number that meet for prayers every evening at Mandakaudoo, is from 15 to 22. Several of the Christians seem to feel that they are not to walk in ignorance and in the lusts of the flesh and of the mind, as in times past; they express contrition for their sins, and in the time of disease and death are not afraid of the evil spirits, as formerly, but endure affliction with resignation. They are aware that not a sparrow can fall to the ground without the will of their heavenly Fa. ther. They are fully persuaded that this world can afford them no consolation, and though the body must be destroyed, yet in the world to come they hope to obtain eternal rest. They endure various trials with meekness, and trust that by the righteousness of Jesus their sins shall be forgiven them.
I have visited the people at Sentaravilly, Colatchy, and Pullavilly; where I have not only read to and exhorted those who have become indifferent, but also extended my lan
bours to the heathen, Mahomedans, and Roman Catholics, as well as constantly ex. amined four schools under my charge, distributing tracts, &c. At Mandakaudoo, four families, that had relapsed, have returned, with a heathen and his family; and at Sentaravilly, three heathens have renounced their idols. These continue to hear the Scriptures and tracts with attention, and are learning catechisms. Several children belonging to the schools under my charge have, for a few months, not been constant in their attendance, partly owing to business, and partly to the small-pox, then raging ; but now I am glad to see that the number is increasing and their attendance regular; they are also daily improving in their learning. There are four families, consisting of 18 persons, who formerly came over from the Roman Catholic persuasion; about fifteen of these attend worship on Sabbath at the Mandakaudoo bungalow. The assistant reader chiefly attends to these people, to whom the Gospel is daily read, the catechism taught, and instruction imparted; a few assemble also for eveniny prayers daily. Sometimes I make it my business to call on these fishermen also, and exhort them to stand fast in the true religion of Jesus Christ. I remind them of their former follies when they worshipped the Virgin Mary, and other saints, and the vain sacrifices which they offered to the images which they thought represented them. I show them the impossibility of their being saved by so doing, and by giving the priests money for the remission of sins; and that salvation solely consists in faith in Jesus, and through his atonement. I enforce upon them, that they should feel their need of that Saviour, and be grateful for his calling them to the light, exhorting them to believe on him only with their whole heart for salvation, which is they do not, but give beed to the foolish superstitions of their neighbours, who still persist in the way they have renounced, ihey will undoubtedly perish. They appear stedfast, and improve slowly ; but, hoping that my, labour amongst them will not be vain
in the Lord, I endeavour to do them all the some time before them embraced it. They good I can.
give good attention when the gospel is read, When conversing lately with some hea and when instruction is imparted. They then, one of them said, “We also call upon evince sorrow for their sins, and earnestly the one God, as well as yourselves--is not accompany us in prayer. They are very that right?” I replied, that God will not pressing and earnest in their requests that hold him guiltless that taketh his name in teachers should be frequently sent amongst vain. “Do we, then,” said he, “worship them; this excites in me a desire of going to God in vain ?” I answered, “ You make them as often as possible. I have been with gods of wood and stone, the work of men's them many times myself, and several times hands, and sacrifice, and perform foolish ce. accompanied the Rev. Mr. Mead, and at other remonies, and worship idols as gods; be- times Mr. Ashton. The heathen that have not sides, you refrain not from lying, stealing, yet openly renounced idolatry, in these and cheating, pride, and uncleanness; you vene other villages, give better attention to the rate and worship also evil spirits ;--thus you word of God than usual, and they begin to worship God in vain.” He then asked, feel a dislike to their idols. They receive “ Well, if our worshipping of idols is vain, the Scriptures and religious tracts, and read what are we to do then?" I replied, “You them with attention. It is to be hoped that should only worship the one true God, who most of them will, before long, turn to the made heaven and earth, and all things that right way. A heathen one day saw me, and are therein, whose presence fills the whole said, “You say that the worship of idols is earth, before whose eyes nothing is hid, and a very wicked thing ; is it true, that it is not who can do all things.” This saying satisfied of any importance ?" I replied, that idolatry him, and I gave him a tract on regeneration, cannot at all be called good; your gods, as and a copy of Luke's gospel, and begged him described in your Veda, were full of lies and to peruse them carefully. I cannot conclude deceit; they were fornicators and adulterers, my half-yearly report, without stating that and committed numerous and heinous sins : many of the heathen, who formerly shunned they that put their trust in such will derive the hearing of the gospel, and reviled it, now no comfort, but will after death be sent to gladly listen, and feel an increasing desire (yere naragam) burning hell. The heathen after the truth. Some have received religious then said, that he hoped to obtain (motscham) tracts and read them with delight. There heavenly bliss by worshipping them. To this are several heathen at Colatchy, Panavilly, I replied, “ To do the works of the flesh, is Kareavilly, Vananvilly, and other places, only ruining your precious souls: I would who express their intention of embracing the therefore earnestly advise you to cast away true Vedam. May the Lord open the eyes of the idols you now worship, and turn to the their understanding, so that they may see the Lord God, who is every where present, and light of life and live!
is acquainted with the most secret thoughts of man, and repent of the numerous sins you
have committed against that God, sincerely John Oldfield's Report, 1831.
believe on the Lamb of God that taketh away I have been engaged in various villages of the sins of the world, pray to Jesus for grace different districts, reading the Scriptures and and strength to lead a new life: you will then religious tracts, and preaching the gospel to derive comfort in this world, and in the world the Christians, to the Roman Catholics, Ma. to come life everlasting.” He acknowledged homedans, but chiefly to the heathen. By all I said was good, and received a tract on the blessing of God, and the grace of our the nature and value of the soul, which, I Lord Jesus Christ, and the aid of the Holy hear, he reads with diligence. Spirit, four families, consisting of ten persons, who had formerly attended at the vil. lages, Panavilly, Colaichy, and Vananvilly,
ETAVILLY. but became indifferent, now feel a contrition for the sins they committed, and are constant
John Tweedy's Report, 1831. attendants on public worship to hear the word The number of families belonging to Etaof God.
villy congregation is 59, consisting of 190 inAmongst the idolaters at the villages of dividuals, who reside in seven villages. The Ainkamum, and such other places, 29 fami. usual number that attend service on Sabbath lies, consisting of 80 persons, have given up · mornings is from 50 to 60; the number of their idols, are grieved for their sins, and have attendance in the forenoon is from 90 to 120; turned from the worship of devils to the wore in the afternoon about 20 ; the usual number ship of the ever-living God. They regularly for the evening devotions on Sabbaths and attend on Sabbath for service, and are pretty other days is from 15 to 20. I read the Old constant in their daily devotions, both morn- and New Testament, and speak to the people ing and evening. They appear to be more from passages ; I select chiefly from the goszealous towards the new religion they have pels. I show then that Jesus Christ is "the undertaken, than many of those who have way, the truth, and the life ; and that no man
of a peacock, stole another woman named Daivanee, and styled himself the brother-inlaw of the fowlers (a low caste), who were her brethren. Is not this folly in your gods? From these, and various other wicked descriptions of your gods, as stated in the Shasters, it is evident that they were nothing but a set of liars, adulterers, and robbers; and how can they, then, be called gods ?”
I advise them to know and worship the one living and true God, who is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent-who marks every one, and will reward every one according to his deeds.
During the past year several have renounced idolatry, and joined the congregation. When the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ is preached they receive it with gladness.
cometh to the Father but by him:'~that “he that believeth on the Son hath eternal life; and he that believeth not on the Son shall not see life." I enlarge upon these and other comfortable passages of Scripture, and urge all the people to believe firmly on the true Saviour, Jesus Christ-showing them that he alone “ bore our griefs, and was bruised for our iniquities ;' that while we were enemies to God, he made reconciliation and peace; and that we ought therefore to love him with all our hearts, with all our soul, and with all our strength. These exhortations have been concluded with prayer.
On other days, I have visited the people at their dwellings, catechized them, chiefly teaching and examining them from Brown's Catechism ; as well as read and converse from the Scriptures and tracts. If any do not attend worship on the Sunday, I have called on them during the week, and exhorted them from the fourth commandment to keep holy the Sabbath of the Lord. But all, except a few, have been pretty regular in observing the Sabbath. Their attention and behaviour, during service, has been encouraging. On the day of rest they have not gone to work, as formerly, for themselves or others, nor do they go to the Sunday market, to buy or sell things, which they used to say it was not possible to avoid.
Some embrace every opportunity of showing the heathen the folly of devil-worshipthat the idols they put their trust in are not able to bestow on them any good-and that they will perish if they do not renounce them, and turn to the Lord God of heaven and earth. At the time of sickness they are not heard to complain (as the heathen do), but bear afflictions with patience and resignation-read or hear the word of God, and engage in prayer.
Though many, by such good behaviour, evince their sincerity, yet it has been occa. sionally discovered that a few are still void of genuine love one towards another; with out this (love), as the apostle observes, we are nothing, though we possess faith enough to remove mountains.
I have continued to labour amongst the heathen, exhorting them to turn from their evil ways. Some give good heed, and assent to the truth ; and others say, “Why are the gods we worship false? if they were not true gods, would so much money be spent on their festivals ?-would they be drawn on cars, and adored by thousands and millions ?” To such, I answer, “ It is said in your Vedam, that one of your gods, Supramanean (greatly adored in these parts) deserted his wife, and disguised himself in the habit of a mendicant, and went to a place called Tinpunam, where he stole a young woman named Vullee." I asked them if that was good and becoming in their god. “And, on another occasion, the same god, it is said, mounted on the plumes
An Account of John Lockyer. In the year 1806, I was born of heathen parents, in the village of Covilvilly. We were the worshippers of the deity Perumal, whose doctrines consist of eight (mysterious) letters; the name of this Veda 'is styled Yetteluttoo-poojah (i. e., the eight-letter Vedam). The temple dedicated in honour of this deity contains no idols, * but offerings are made of goats, fowls, arrack, rice, plaintains, flowers, &c.; after which the people dress the provisions variously, such as they imagine the deity likes. This being done, they carry the food, and place it in the temple, when the priest comes, and several times repeats the eight letters, with certain ceremonies and gestures of the body. When that is performed, it is thought that the god has received the savour, and the food is consecrated; the priest then distributes it among the people in regular shares to each, and both men and women commence eating, each feeding his neighbour, by cramming a handful in his mouth. Amidst this feasting the priest drinks, and offers them a quantity of arrack (a spirituous liquor), allowed as their share ; but he who is not habituated to drinkt must, at least, dip his finger in it, and touch his forehead. When they had made an end of feasting they proceeded with all manner of lewdness.
B y performing these ceremonies, feastings, and rites, we thought we pleased the god who preserves us, and were quite satisfied, in
* In heathen worship, a rude stone, or altar of earth, frequently supplies the place of an image.
+ Intemperance, or even the habit of drinking arrack, is very rare amongst the Shanar caste, whether heathen or Christian. The gospel can make the drunkard sober, but it is better never to have imbibed the habit.
the hope that we would be happy. About Report of his Labours at Oodiarvilly, 1831. the fourth year of my age, the late catechist of Malaudy caine, for the first time, to our Here there are twenty-three families in village to preach the gospel. He explained four villages, inclusive of those who live the impossibility of salvation by the false scattered in various directions. I daily visit religion we professed, and pointed to us the these, as far as time permits. On Sabbath right way of salvation. On my grandfather morning about twenty-five attend the chapel. and parents hearing this welcome news, they In the forenoon fifty, and about fifteen in the made up their minds to pursue the same, and evening. On these occasions I read, catewent to the Rev. Mr. Ringeltaube, who gave chise, and address the people from the sacred us further instruction, and, in a short time, volume--begin and end with prayer. Those visited our village, and erected a chapel and who are constant improve in knowledge, and a school, where I was early taught in the do not fail in imparting the same to the ige knowledge of God, my Saviour. After the norant; they also continue to advise the departure of Mr. Ringletaube, God was heathen on the folly and sin of their devilpleased to send more of his faithful servants worship, showing them plainly that they to this country. In the eleventh year of my cannot derive the least benefit to their souls age I was taken into the seminary at Nager by devoting their lives to the devil. In coil, and taught in the truths of Christianity. many respects they evince proofs of their When the holidays arrived, the children were faith and zeal in their profession. They are sent home to their friends and relations, and strict in keeping the Sabbath-day holy. I I was likewise sent to my parents, but, un devote some part of my time in reading to happily, I remained at home without return and exhorting the heathen. Some of them ing to Nagercoil. I was, at this time, very own that what I read and say is right, while indifferent with regard to my soul, and that others are not of the same opinion, and, on of others, and felt very little or no relish in the contrary, speak in praise of Rahman and the word of God. I was afterwards gently Narayanan, their heathen deities. I told reproved for my long stay, and returned to them that these cannot be called gods, for it the seminary. From this time I began to is said in your Veda that one of them, not be somewhat interested in the word of God, being able to earn his support, desired to be and made it my concern to read it with dili fed by the labour of others, for which he gence and carefulness. I used to be sent to was severely whipped ; and another god enassist the late reader, Moses, in his labours. gaged himself as a shepherd or cow-keeper, I felt concerned for the good of my country. and when he felt hungry he stole the buttermen, which excited me to use my best en milk, for which act he was tied to the rice deavours to expel the gross ignorance, in mortar, and punished by his mistress, an old seeking salvation from idols, which can only woman. I, therefore, advised them to worbe obtained through and in Jesus Christ. I ship the only one and true God, who created was, at different times, sent with the rea all things, and bestows every good on his ders, Cooroopadum and Masalamany, to creatures, and preserves them from danger, assist them in their labours at Trevandrum, and who is only able to give them real comwhere, and in many other places about that fort and happiness. direction, we preached the glad tidings of The Christians, in general, give good atthe gospel. We proved and vindicated to tention when the Scripture is read, and the heathen, by the Scriptures, that they can appear to be much comforted and encounever obtain remission of sins from idols, or raged by it. A heathen and his family, any merits of their own, but by the precious consisting of three individuals, has recently blood of the Lamb of God, who taketh away renounced idolatry ; they seem to possess a the sins of the world. I was soon after sta. regard for the new religion they have emtioned at Valeatoory, to labour there as a braced. I have occasionally visited the elereader. I remained there for more than a ven Christian families at Aranmany and year, reading to and instructing the Chris. Tipparapoor. tians, heathen, and Roman Catholics, &c. ; also conducted divine service, and visited
(To be Continued.) the schools.
LETTERS RECEIVED FROM MISSIONARIES, &c.
C, Wilson .............Ditto ...............12 and 18 Ditto, ditto.
A. Simpson............Eimeo...............12 and 15 Ditto, ditto.
Mr. E. Armitage..............Ditto ...............15 Ditto, ditto. ULTRA GANGES .... Rev. W. H. Medhurst.......,,Batavia ............ 7 Ditto, ditto:
Secretary to the Calcutta
“ Ditto ............... 23 Ditto, ditto.
Ditto ............... 8 and 16 Ditto, ditto.
1 Ditto, ditto.
1 and 4 November, 1831, anil AFRICAN ISLANDS. D. Griffiths ............Madagascar .......3 6 January, and 23 May, 1832.
J.J. Freeman....... ...Ditto............... 6 April, ditto.
15 Ditto (2 letters), ditto.
23 and 28 March, and 11 April, do. Mr. J. Capham ..............Ditto...............24 January, and 13 February, ditto.
E. Barker ..... .....Ditto...............23 May, ditto. - G. Chick ......
...10 April (2 letters), ditto.
.......11 Ditto, ditto.
.12 and 16 January, ditto. BRITISH GUIANA... Rev. J. Wray ......... ..... Berbice............. 9 August, ditto.
MONTHLY MISSIONARY PRAYER-MEETING.
TRAVANCORE. The kingdom of Travancore is situated on the western side of the southernmost part of the peninsula of India, and between the 8th and 10th degrees of north latitude. It was for some time, at the beginning of the present century, under the government of a Ranee, or queen, who held the supreme authority as regent, in trust, for her nephew the present Rajah, then in his minority. No correct census has been taken of the population of the kingdom, but it has been calculated to contain about 1,500,000, of which, it is computed, from 60,000 to 70,000 are Syrian Christians. The number of Protestants is between 4,000 and 5,000 ; but neither the number of the Roman Catholics nor that of the Jews is known. The rest of the population consists of Hindoos, whose religion does not essentially differ from that of the Hindoos in other parts of India ; but, in consequence of Travancore being the only portion of Hindostan which was not subjected to Mohammedan conquest, its mythology (as is also the case with its customs and manners, and the style of its buildings,) retaiņs more of its ancient character than that of any other part of India. The metropolis of the kingdom is Trivanderam. It is that part of the country, by far the most populous one, which lies southward of the capital, extending from thence to Cape Comorin, that constitutes the principal scene of the Society's operations in this part of the East Indies.
Nagercoil, the principal station of the Society's mission, in this quarter, is situated about 14 miles from Cape Comorin, in a populous vicinity ; centrical as to a considerable number of the out-stations belonging to the mission, possessing the advantages of a comparatively temperate and salubrious climate, and surrounded by scenery both of great beauty and of extraordinary magnificence.
The Society's mission in Travancore was commenced by Mr. Ringeltaube in 1806, under the auspices of Colonel (now General) Macaulay, the British Resident, who rendered valuable aid to the infant cause. Mr. Ringeltaube was the first Protestant missionary in this part of India. His highly useful labours, which were chiefly of an itinerant character, commenced in the Tinnevelly country, but were afterwards prosecuted partly in that district, and partly in Travancore, and, at length, in Travancore only. Here he fixed his head quarters at Malaudy. In one of his earliest itinerancies in the Tinnevelly country, he made a circuit of about 400 miles, during which he visited the Syrian Christians scattered throughout the district, endeavouring, as far as possible, to promote the purification of their churches, and the appointment of more efficient catechists.