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His temper, therefore, must be well observd:
Cla. I shall observe him with all care and love.
Again, in Arden of Feversham, 1592:
“ And saw a dreadful southern flaw at hand.” Chapman uses the word in his translation of Homer; and, I believe, Milton has it in the same sense. STEEVENS.
Our author and his contemporaries frequently use the word flaw for a sudden gust of wind; but a gust of wind congealed is, I I confess, to me unintelligible. Mr. Edwards says, that "flaws are small blades of ice which are struck on the edges of the water in winter mornings." Malone. Flaw in Scotch, is a storm of snow.
See Jamieson's Dictionary Boswell. 7 Mingled with venom of suggestion] Though their blood be inflamed by the temptations to which youth is peculiarly subject. See vol. iv. p. 60, n. 6. Malone.
8 As ACONITUM,] The old writers employ the Latin word instead of the English one, which we now use. So, in Heywood's Brazen Age, 1613:
till from the foam “ The dog belch'd forth, strong aconitum sprung." Again :
“With aconitum that in Tartar springs." STEEVENS.
RASH gunpowder,] Rash is quick, violent, sudden. This representation of the prince is a natural picture of a young man, whose passions are yet too strong for his virtues. Johnson. VOL. XVII.
Cla. He is not there to-day; he dines in Lon
don. K. Hen. And how accompanied ? can’st thou
tell that? Cla. With Poins, and other his continual fol
lowers. K. Hen. Most subject is the fattest soil to weeds; And he, the noble image of my youth, Is overspread with them: Therefore my grief Stretches itself beyond the hour of death; The blood weeps from my heart, when I do shape, In forms imaginary, the unguided days, And rotten times, that you shall look upon When I am sleeping with my ancestors. For when his headstrong riot hath no curb, When rage and hot blood are his counsellors, When means and lavish manners meet together, 0, with what wings shall his affections' fly Towards fronting peril and oppos'd decay! WAR. My gracious lord, you look beyond him
quite: The prince but studies his companions, Like a strange tongue: wherein, to gain the lan
guage, 'Tis needful, that the most immodest word Be look'd upon, and learn'd: which once attain'd, Your highness knows, comes to no further use, But to be known, and hated'. So, like gross terms, The prince will, in the perfectness of time, Cast off his followers: and their memory
1- his affections -] His passions; his inordinate desires.
Johnson. 2 But to be known, and hated.] A parallel passage occurs in Terence:
quo modo adolescentulus Meretricum ingenia et mores posset noscere, Mature ut cum cognorit, perpetuo oderit. ANONYMOUS.
Shall as a pattern or a measure live,
her comb In the dead carrion'.-Who's here ? Westmore
Enter WESTMORELAND. West. Health to my sovereign! and new happi
ness Added to that that I am to deliver ! Prince John, your son, doth kiss your grace's
3 'Tis seldom, when the bee, &c.] As the bee having once placed her comb in a carcase, stays by her honey, so he that has once taken pleasure in bad company, will continue to associate with those that have the art of pleasing him. Johnson.
in his particular.] We should read, I think"in this particular ; ” that is, ' in this detail, in this account,' which is minute and distinct. Johnson.
His is used for its, very frequently in the old plays. The modern editors have too often made the change; but it should be remembered, (as Dr. Johnson has elsewhere observed,) that by repeated changes the history of a language will be lost.
STEEVENS. It may certainly have been used so here, as in almost every other page of our author. Mr. Henley, howerer, observes, that “ his particular" may mean the detail contained in the letter of Prince John. “A Particular" is yet used as a substantive, by legal con
yai ers, for a minute detail of things singly enumerated. MALONE.
K. Hen. O Westmoreland, thou art a summer
bird, Which ever in the haunch of winter sings The lifting up of day. Look! here's more news.
make me sick ?
my royal father! Est. My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself,
look up! WAR. Be patient, princes; you do know, these
fits Are with his highness very ordinary. Stand from him, give him air; he'll straight be
Cla. No, no; he cannot long hold out these
The incessant care and labour of his mind
s Hath WROUGHT the MURE, &c.] i. e. the wall. POPE.
Wrought it thin, is made it thin by gradual detriment. Wrought is the preterite of work. Mure is a word used by Heywood, in his Brazen Age, 1613 :
" "Till I have scald these mures, invaded Troy." Again, in his Golden Age, 1611 :
“ Girt with a triple mure of shining brass.” Again, in his Iron Age, 2d Part, 1632 :
Through mures and counter-mures of men and steel.” Again, in Dyonese Settle's Last Voyage of Capteine Frobisher, 12mo. bl. 1. 1577 : the streightes seemed to be shut up with a long mure of ycem."
The same thought occurs in Daniel's Civil Wars, &c. book iv. Daniel is likewise speaking of the sickness of King Henry IV.:
“ As that the walls worn thin, permit the mind
“ To look out thorow, and his frailtie find.” The first edition of Daniel's poem is dated earlier than this play of Shakspeare. Waller has the same thought:
“ The soul's dark cottage, batter'd and decay'd,
STEEVENS. On this passage the elegant and learned Bishop of Worcester has the following criticism : “At times we find him (the imitator) practising a different art; not merely spreading as it were and laying open the same sentiment, but adding to it, and by a new and studied device improving upon it. In this case we naturally conclude that the refinement had not been made, if the plain and simple thought had not preceded and given rise to it. You will apprehend my meaning by what follows. Shakspeare had said of Henry the Fourth :
6 . The incessant care and labour of his mind
So thin, that life looks through, and will break out.' “ You have here the thought in its first simplicity. It was not unnatural, after speaking of the body as a case or tenement of the soul, the mure that confines it, to say, that as that case wears away and grows thin, life looks through, and is ready to break out.”
After quoting the lines of Daniel, who, (it is observed,)" by refining on this sentiment, if by nothing else, shews himself to be the copyist,” the very learned writer adds,—"here we see, not simply that life is going to break through the infirm and muchworn habitation, but that the mind looks through, and finds his frailty, that it discovers that life will soon make his escape.