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His temper, therefore, must be well observd:
Chide him for faults, and do it reverently,
When you perceive his blood inclin'd to mirth:
But, being moody, give him line and scope;
Till that his passions, like a whale on ground,
Confound themselves with working. Learn this,

And thou shalt prove a shelter to thy friends ;
A hoop of gold, to bind thy brothers in ;
That the united vessel of their blood,
Mingled with venom of suggestion ?,
(As, force, perforce, the age will pour it in,)
Shall never leak, though it do work as strong
As aconitum, or rash gunpowder'.

Cla. I shall observe him with all care and love.
K. Hen. Why art thou not at Windsor with him,

Thomas ?

in voce.

Again, in Arden of Feversham, 1592:

And saw a dreadful southern flaw at hand.” Chapman uses the word in his translation of Homer; and, I believe, Milton has it in the same sense. STEEVENS.

Our author and his contemporaries frequently use the word flaw for a sudden gust of wind; but a gust of wind congealed is, I I confess, to me unintelligible. Mr. Edwards says, that "flaws are small blades of ice which are struck on the edges of the water in winter mornings." Malone. Flaw in Scotch, is a storm of snow.

See Jamieson's Dictionary Boswell. 7 Mingled with venom of suggestion] Though their blood be inflamed by the temptations to which youth is peculiarly subject. See vol. iv. p. 60, n. 6. Malone.

8 As ACONITUM,] The old writers employ the Latin word instead of the English one, which we now use. So, in Heywood's Brazen Age, 1613:

till from the foam The dog belch'd forth, strong aconitum sprung." Again :

“With aconitum that in Tartar springs." STEEVENS.

RASH gunpowder,] Rash is quick, violent, sudden. This representation of the prince is a natural picture of a young man, whose passions are yet too strong for his virtues. Johnson. VOL. XVII.



Cla. He is not there to-day; he dines in Lon

don. K. Hen. And how accompanied ? can’st thou

tell that? Cla. With Poins, and other his continual fol

lowers. K. Hen. Most subject is the fattest soil to weeds; And he, the noble image of my youth, Is overspread with them: Therefore my grief Stretches itself beyond the hour of death; The blood weeps from my heart, when I do shape, In forms imaginary, the unguided days, And rotten times, that you shall look upon When I am sleeping with my ancestors. For when his headstrong riot hath no curb, When rage and hot blood are his counsellors, When means and lavish manners meet together, 0, with what wings shall his affections' fly Towards fronting peril and oppos'd decay! WAR. My gracious lord, you look beyond him

quite: The prince but studies his companions, Like a strange tongue: wherein, to gain the lan

guage, 'Tis needful, that the most immodest word Be look'd upon, and learn'd: which once attain'd, Your highness knows, comes to no further use, But to be known, and hated'. So, like gross terms, The prince will, in the perfectness of time, Cast off his followers: and their memory

1- his affections -] His passions; his inordinate desires.

Johnson. 2 But to be known, and hated.] A parallel passage occurs in Terence:

quo modo adolescentulus Meretricum ingenia et mores posset noscere, Mature ut cum cognorit, perpetuo oderit. ANONYMOUS.

Shall as a pattern or a measure live,
By which his grace must meet the lives of others;
Turning past evils to advantages.
K. Hen. 'Tis seldom, when the bee doth leave

her comb In the dead carrion'.-Who's here ? Westmore

land ?

Enter WESTMORELAND. West. Health to my sovereign! and new happi

ness Added to that that I am to deliver ! Prince John, your son, doth kiss your grace's

hand :
Mowbray, the bishop Scroop, Hastings, and all,
Are brought to the correction of your law;
There is not now a rebel's sword unsheath'd,
But peace puts forth her olive every where. .
The manner how this action hath been borne,
Here at more leisure may your highness read;
With every course, in his particular *.


3 'Tis seldom, when the bee, &c.] As the bee having once placed her comb in a carcase, stays by her honey, so he that has once taken pleasure in bad company, will continue to associate with those that have the art of pleasing him. Johnson.

in his particular.] We should read, I think"in this particular ; ” that is, ' in this detail, in this account,' which is minute and distinct. Johnson.

His is used for its, very frequently in the old plays. The modern editors have too often made the change; but it should be remembered, (as Dr. Johnson has elsewhere observed,) that by repeated changes the history of a language will be lost.

STEEVENS. It may certainly have been used so here, as in almost every other page of our author. Mr. Henley, howerer, observes, that “ his particular" may mean the detail contained in the letter of Prince John. “A Particular" is yet used as a substantive, by legal con

yai ers, for a minute detail of things singly enumerated. MALONE.

K. Hen. O Westmoreland, thou art a summer

bird, Which ever in the haunch of winter sings The lifting up of day. Look! here's more news.

Har. From enemies heaven keep your majesty;
And, when they stand against you, may they fall
As those that I am come to tell you of !
The earl Northumberland, and the lord Bardolph,
With a great power of English, and of Scots,
Are by the sheriff of Yorkshire overthrown:
The manner and true order of the fight,
This packet, please it you, contains at large.
K. Hen. And wherefore should these good news

make me sick ?
Will fortune never come with both hands full,
But write her fair words still in foulest letters ?
She either gives a stomach, and no food, -
Such are the poor, in health ; or else a feast,
And takes away the stomach,-such are the rich,
That have abundance, and enjoy it not.
I should rejoice now at this happy news;
And now my sight fails, and my brain is giddy :-
O me! come near me, now I am much ill.

P. Humph. Comfort, your majesty!


my royal father! Est. My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself,

look up! WAR. Be patient, princes; you do know, these

fits Are with his highness very ordinary. Stand from him, give him air; he'll straight be



Cla. No, no; he cannot long hold out these


The incessant care and labour of his mind
Hath wrought the mure”, that should confine it in,

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s Hath WROUGHT the MURE, &c.] i. e. the wall. POPE.

Wrought it thin, is made it thin by gradual detriment. Wrought is the preterite of work. Mure is a word used by Heywood, in his Brazen Age, 1613 :

" "Till I have scald these mures, invaded Troy." Again, in his Golden Age, 1611 :

“ Girt with a triple mure of shining brass.” Again, in his Iron Age, 2d Part, 1632 :

Through mures and counter-mures of men and steel.” Again, in Dyonese Settle's Last Voyage of Capteine Frobisher, 12mo. bl. 1. 1577 : the streightes seemed to be shut up with a long mure of ycem."

The same thought occurs in Daniel's Civil Wars, &c. book iv. Daniel is likewise speaking of the sickness of King Henry IV.:

As that the walls worn thin, permit the mind

To look out thorow, and his frailtie find.” The first edition of Daniel's poem is dated earlier than this play of Shakspeare. Waller has the same thought:

“ The soul's dark cottage, batter'd and decay'd,
“ Let's in new light thro' chinks that time has made.”

STEEVENS. On this passage the elegant and learned Bishop of Worcester has the following criticism : “At times we find him (the imitator) practising a different art; not merely spreading as it were and laying open the same sentiment, but adding to it, and by a new and studied device improving upon it. In this case we naturally conclude that the refinement had not been made, if the plain and simple thought had not preceded and given rise to it. You will apprehend my meaning by what follows. Shakspeare had said of Henry the Fourth :

6 . The incessant care and labour of his mind
" • Hath wrought the mure, that should confine it in,

So thin, that life looks through, and will break out.' “ You have here the thought in its first simplicity. It was not unnatural, after speaking of the body as a case or tenement of the soul, the mure that confines it, to say, that as that case wears away and grows thin, life looks through, and is ready to break out.”

After quoting the lines of Daniel, who, (it is observed,)" by refining on this sentiment, if by nothing else, shews himself to be the copyist,” the very learned writer adds,—"here we see, not simply that life is going to break through the infirm and muchworn habitation, but that the mind looks through, and finds his frailty, that it discovers that life will soon make his escape.

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