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To frown upon the enrag'd Northumberland!
lord. BARD. Sweet earl, divorce not wisdom from your
the present passage, or in that in As You Like It : “My voice is rugged.” See vol. vi. p. 396, n. 7. Again, in The Rape of Lucrece:
Thy secret pleasure turns to open shame,
Thy smoothing titles to a ragged name." Again, in our poet's eighth Sonnet:
“ Then let not Winter's ragged hand deface
“ In thee thy summer." Again, in the play before us :
A ragged and fore-stallid remission.” Malone. 6 And DARKNESS be the burier of the dead!] The conclusion of this noble speech is extremely striking. There is no need to suppose it exactly philosophical ; darkness
, in poetry, may be absence of eyes, as well as privation of light. Yet we may remark, that by an ancient opinion it has been held, that if the human race, for whom the world was made, were extirpated, the whole system of sublunary nature would cease. Johnson.
A passage resembling this speech, but feeble in comparison, is found in The Double Marriage of Beaumont and Fletcher :
That we might fall,
BosweLL. 9 This strained passion -] This line, in the quarto, where alone it is found, is given to Umfrevile, who, as Mr. Steevens has observed, is spoken of in this very scene as absent. It was on this ground probably rejected by the player-editors. It is now, on the suggestion of Mr. Steevens, attributed to Travers, who is present, and yet (as that gentleman has remarked) " is made to say nothing on this interesting occasion.” MALONE.
Mor. The lives of all your loving complices Lean on your health ; the which, if you give o'er To stormy passion, must perforce decay. You cast the event of war, my noble lord, And summ'd the account of chance, before you
said, Let us make head. It was your presurmise, That, in the dole of blows your son might drop : You knew, he walk'd o'er perils, on an edge, More likely to fall in, than to get o'er?: You were advis’d, his flesh was capable ?
8 You cast the event of war, &c.] The fourteen lines, from hence to Bardolph's next speech, are not to be found in the first editions, till that in the folio of 1623. A very great number of other lines in this play were inserted after the first edition in like manner, but of such spirit and mastery generally, that the insertions are plainly by Shakspeare himself. Pope.
To this note I have nothing to add, but that the editor speaks of more editions than I believe him to have seen, there having been but one edition yet discovered by me that precedes the first folio. Johnson.
Dr. Johnson was perhaps not altogether correct. See the Preliminary Remarks. *Boswell
in the dole of blows -] The dole of blows is the distribution of blows. Dole originally signified the portion of alms (consisting either of meat or money) that was given away at the door of a nobleman. STEEVENS.
See vol. xvi. p. 248, n. 1. MALONE.
More likely to fall in, than to get o'er :] So, in King Henry IV. Part I, :
“ As full of peril and adventurous spirit,
“ On the unsteadfast footing of a spear.” Malone. 2 You were advis'd, his flesh was capable --] i. e. you knew. So, in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :
“ How shall I doat on her with more advice." i. e. on further knowledge. Malone.
Thus also, Thomas Twyne, the continuator of Phaer's translation of Virgil, 1584, for haud inscius, has advis'd : “ He spake : and straight the sword advisde into his throat
receives.” Steevens. It is still used in mercantile correspondence. Talbot.
Of wounds and scars; and that his forward spirit
BARD. We all, that are engaged to this loss,
3 We all, that are engaged to this loss,] We have a similar phraseology in the preceding play:
“ Hath a more worthy interest to the state,
“ Than thou the shadow of succession." MALONE. 4 The gentle, &c.] These one-and-twenty lines were added since the first edition. Johnson.
This and the following twenty lines are not found in the quarto, 1600, either from some inadvertence of the transcriber or compositor, or from the printer not having been able to procure a perfect copy. They first appeared in the folio, 1623 ; but it is manifest that they were written at the same time with the rest of the play, Northumberland's answer referring to them. Malone.
Seem'd on our side, but, for their spirits and souls,
London. A Street.
Enter Sir John FALSTAFF, with his Page bearing
his Sword and Buckler. FAL. Sirrah, you giant, what says the doctor to
s Tells them, he doth BESTRIDE a bleeding land,] That is, stands over his country to defend her as she lies bleeding on the ground. So Falstaff before says to the Prince, “ Hal, if thou see me down in the battle, and bestride me, so ; it is an office of friendship.” Johnson.
6 And MORE, and less,] More and less mean greater and less. So, in Macbeth : “ Both more and less have given him the revolt.”
Steevens. 7 what says the doctor to my WATER?] The method of
PAGE. He said, sir, the water itself was a good healthy water: but for the party that owed it, he might have more diseases than he knew for.
Fal. Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me 8 : The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, man, is not able to vent any thing that tends to laughter, more than I invent, or is invented on me: I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men. I do here walk before thee, like a sow, that hath overwhelmed all her litter but one. If the prince put thee into my service for
investigating diseases by the inspection of urine only, was once so much the fashion, that Linacre, the founder of the College of Physicians, formed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards giving medicines, in consequence of the opinions they received concerning it. This statute was, soon after, followed by another, which forbade the doctors themselves to pronounce on any disorder from such an uncertain diagnostic.
John Day, the author of a comedy called Law Tricks, or Who would have thought it? 1608, describes an apothecary thus :
- his house is set round with patients twice or thrice a day, and because they'll be sure not to want drink, every one brings his own water in an urinal with him.” Again, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Scornful Lady:
“ I'll make her cry so much, that the physician,
“ To find the cause by.” It will scarcely be believed hereafter, that in the years 1775 and 1776, a German, who had been a servant in a public ridingschool, (from which he was discharged for insufficiency,) revived this exploded practice of water-casting. After he had amply increased the bills of mortality, and been publicly hung up to the ridicule of those who had too much sense to consult him, as a monument of the folly of his patients, he retired with a princely fortune, and perhaps is now indulging a hearty laugh at the expence of English credulity. Steevens.
The time is not yet come, when this is to be thought incredible. The same impudent quackery is carried on at this day,
BosWELL. to GIRD at me:] i. e. to gibe. So, in Lyly's Mother Bombie, 1594 : “ We maids are mad wenches ; we gird them, and flout them,” &c. STEVENS.