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10 All 'my bones shall say, “LORD, " who is like unto

Thee, Which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong

for him, Yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth

him!” 'False witnesses did rise up; They laid to my charge things that I knew not. 12 They " rewarded me evil for good

To the 'spoiling of my soul. 13 But as for me—when othey were sick, my clothing

was sackcloth: I'humbled my soul with fasting;

And Pmy prayer returned into mine own bosom. 14 I 'behaved myself 'as though he had been my friend

or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his

15 But in mine 'adversity they rejoiced,

And gathered themselves together:
Yea, 9 the abjects gathered themselves together against

And I knew it not;

They did "tear me, and ceased not. 16 With hypocritical mockers in feasts, They gnashed upon me with their teeth.

LORD! how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my soul from their destructions—my darling


from the lions. 18 I " will give thee thanks in the great congregation:

I will praise thee among "much people.

1 See Psa. 31. 8.
e Exod. 15. 11. Pse. 71. 19.
: Heb. Witnesses of wrong.

Pse. 27. 12.
Heb. aeked me.
* Ps. 89. 20. Je. 18. 20. John 10. 82.
. Heb. depriving.

Job 30. 25. Psa. 69. 10, 11.
• Or, afflicted.
P Mat. 10. 18. Luke. 10. 6.
7 Heb. walked.
& Heb. as a friend, as a

brother to me.
. Heb. halting. Psa. 88. 17.

9 See Job 30. 1, 8, 12.
r Job 16. 9.
. Psa. 37. 12. Lam. 2. 16.
t Hab. 1. 13.
10 Heb. only one, Psa. 22. 20.
u Psa. 22. 25, 81.
11 Heb. strong.


19 Let 'not them that are mine enemies "wrongfully re

joice over me; Neither w let them wink with the eye *that hate me

without a cause. 20 For they speak not peace;

But they devise deceitful matters

Against them that are quiet in the land. 21 Yea, they 'opened their mouth wide against me, And said, “2 Aha! Aha! our eye hath seen it.”

This thou hast seen, O LORD! bkeep not silence: O Lord ! be not far from me. 23 Stir d up thyself, and awake to my judgment,

Even unto my cause, my God and my Lord ! 24 Judge me, O LORD my God! faccording to thy right

ousness; And let them not rejoice over me. 25 Let & them not say in their hearts, "Ah! so would we

have it: Let them not say, "We have swallowed him up. 26 Let i them be ashamed and brought to confusion to

gether That rejoice at my hurt: Let them be kclothed with shame and dishonour

That 'magnify themselves against me. 27 Let m them shout for joy, and be glad,

That favour my "righteous cause:
Yea, let them "say continually, Let the LORD be mag-

nified, Which ohath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant. 28 And Pmy tongue shall speak of thy righteousness

And of thy praise all the day long.

Psa. 18. 4.
12 Heb. falsely. Psa. 38. 19.
w Job 15. 12. Prov. 6. 18; 10. 10.
» Pea. 69. 4. Lam. 3. 52. John

16. 25.
y Psa. 22. 18.
z Psa. 40. 16.
. Exod 8. 7. Acts 7. 84.

b Psa. 28. 1.
c Psa 10. 1.
d Psa. 44. 23.
e Psa. 26. 1.
12 Thes. 1. 6.
& Psa. 27. 12.
13 Heb. Ah, ah, our soul.
hLam. 2. 16.

i Psa. 40. 14.
k Psa. 109. 29.
I See Job 19. 5.
m Rom. 12. 15. 1 Cor. 12. 26.
14 Heb. righteousness, Pr. 8. 18.
a Psa. 70. 4.
o Psa. 149. 4.
P Psa. 30. 16.




David prayeth for deliverance, complaining of his enemies, 1-6; he prophesieth their overthrow, and the consequent rejoicing of the righteous, 7–10.

T To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. 1 Hear my voice, O God! in my prayer:

Preserve my life from fear of the enemy. 2 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked, From the insurrection of the workers of iniquity.

Who a whet their tongue like a sword, And bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even

bitter words; 4 That they may shoot in secret at the perfect:

Suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not. 5 They encourage themselves in an evil 'matter:

They commune 'of laying snares privily; They dsay, “Who shall see them?” 6 They search out iniquities; *They accomplish ‘a diligent search: Both the inward thought of every one of them, and

the heart, is deep. But God shall shoot at them with an arrow; Suddenly 'shall they be wounded. 8 So they shall make ftheir own tongue to fall upon

themselves : All & that see them shall flee away. 9 And hall men shall fear, and shall i declare the work

of God; For they shall wisely consider of his doing.


a Psa. 11. 2.
b Psa. 39. 7. Jer. 9. 3.
e Gen. 27. 42. See Prov.

1, 11.
10r, speech
? Heb. to hide snares.

d See Job 22. 18.
3 Or, We are consumed by

that which they have

throughly searched.
4 Heb. a search searched.
e Psa. 7. 12, 18.

5 Heb. their wound

shall be, * Prov. 12. 18; 18. 7. $ Psa. 81. 11. h Psa. 40. 8. i Jer. 30. 28.

10 The krighteous shall be glad in the LORD, and shall

trust in him; And all the upright in heart shall glory.

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While Doeg was executing the inhuman command of Saul upon the priests and citizens of Nob, the Philistines were making incursions into the southern part of Judah, and were plundering the “threshing floors." They had advanced as far as Keilah, a fortified city lying west of the mountains of Judah, in the border of the great plain of the Mediterranean, about twenty miles southwest of Jerusalem, and were fighting against it. David, hearing of these movements of the enemy, and learning the distress of the city of Keilah, inquired of the Lord, through Abiathar the priest, if he should go down against the Philistines. “And the Lord said, 'Go and smite the Philistines and save Keilah.'" But David's men feared to adventure from their mountain fastnesses into the open country against so powerful an enemy. A second inquiry of the Lord, however, evoked a second oracle, assuring David that God would deliver the Philistines into his hands. Encouraged by these responses, they now issue forth and advance boldly upon the enemy. Complete victory crowns their arms; they deliver Keilah, and enrich themselves with the spoils of the vanquished. For a while the citizens of Keilah gratefully tendered to David and his men the hospitalities of their city, and paid him all the honours due to a deliverer. His honours and his repose, however, were of short duration.

The news of this victory flew everywhere upon the wings of the wind, and the fame of David and his place of abode were once more brought before the mind of the nation. Upon hearing that David was in Keilah, Saul exulted in transports of joy. He fondly imagined that now, at length, he had secured his prey. “God hath delivered him into my hand,” says the


infatuated king, "for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars." He doubted not that if he suddenly invested the city with his troops, the men of the city would deliver David into his hands. The unhappy fate of Nob was before them, and Saul had reason to suppose that that example would strike terror into all cities which should harbour the proscribed fugitive. It would have been easy for David to have here made a stand against Saul. Keilah was in his power; it was a fenced city; his cause was the cause of the people; he the saviour of the nation, and thousands would have rallied to his standard. But resistance was not his policy. Having inquired of the Lord the intentions of Saul, and the treacherous dispositions of the men of Keilah, he prepares to leave the city.

David had now experienced a new instance of the ingratitude of friends and the power of his enemies. Though he had so recently rescued Keilah and the surrounding country from utter pillage, still they could offer him no protection, and extend to him no sympathy or aid. They dreaded the wrath of Saul even more than the sword of the Philistines; and Saul himself was more intent upon the death of David, than upon the overthrow of the enemies of his kingdom. So terror-stricken were the cities of Judah, that all gates were now closed against him. His friends feared the recognitions of friendship, and his enemies were in close pursuit. His own words are the fittest description of his forlorn state :

"I was a reproach among all mine enemies,
But especially among my neighbours,
And a fear to mine acquaintance :
They that did see me without fled from me.
I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind:
I am like a broken vessel.”

Psalm xxxi, 11-12.

Thus he, who had been the saviour of his country, was cast off and shunned by the very people who owed their liberties to his valour; while he himself was left to seek a shelter from the fury of his persecutors, wherever he might. His men had now increased to about six hundred. Bewildered with the uncertainties of the future, they now departed from Keilah, and, in the significant language of Scripture, they “ went whithersoever they could go.” 1 Samuel xxiii, 1–13.

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