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AN

INTRODUCTION

TO THE

CRITICAL STUDY AND KNOWLEDGE

OF THE

HOLY SCRIPTURES. .

BY

THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, B.D.

OF SAINT JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE ;

RECTOR OF THE UNITED PARISHES OF SAINT EDMUND THE KING AND MARTYR AND SAINT NICHOLAS ACONS,

LOMBARD STREET; PREBENDARY OF SAINT PAUL's.

NEW EDITION,

FROM THE

SEVENTH

LONDON EDITION, CORRECTED AND ENLARGED.

ILLUSTRATED WITH NUMEROUS MAPS AND PAC-SIMILES OF BIBLICAL MANUSORIPTS.

VOLUME II.

Philadelphia:
PUBLISHED BY DESILVER, THOMAS & CO., 253 MARKET-ST.

STEREOTYPED BY L. JOHNSOX.

1836.

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79
79, 80

CHAPTER VII. On the Treaties or Covenants, Con-

60, 61 tracts, and Oaths of the Jews.

61

I. Whether the Jews were prohibited from conclud.

ing Treaties with Heathen Nations

II. Treaties, how made and ratified

Covenant of Salt

III. Contracts for the Sale and Cession of alionable

61

Property, how made

62

IV. Of Oaths

ib.

ib.

ib. Chapter VIII. Laws respecting Strangers, Aged,

ib.

Blind, Deaf, and Poor Persons.

62 I. Of Strangers

63 II. Of the Aged, Blind, and Deaf

III. Or the Poor

ib.

ib.

Chapter IX. Of the Military Affairs of the Jews,

63 and other Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.

ib.

63, 64

64

Section I. On the Military Discipline of the Jews.

ib.

I. The earliest Wars, predatory Excursions

II. Character of the Wars of the Israelites .

Their Levies, how raised

Mosaic Statutes concerning the Israelitish Soldiers

III. Divisions and Officers of the Jewish Army

IV. Encampments

64

V. Military Schools and Training

VI. Defensive Arms

64, 65

VII. Offensive Arms

65, 66 | VIII. Fortifications

65

IX. Mode of declaring War

ib.

X. Military Tactics.-Order of Battle

Treatment of the Slain, of captured Cities, and of

65, 66

Captives

66 XI. Triumphant Reception of the Conquerors

ib.

XII. Distribution of the Spoil

ib. Military Honours conferred on eminent Warriors.-

ib.

A Military Order established by David

XIII. Trophies

67

ib.

ib. Section II. Allusions in the New Testament to the

68 Military Discipline and Triumphs of the Romans.

ib.

ib.

VI. Divisions of the Roman Army, and Roman Mili.

ib.

tary Officers, mentioned in the New Testament

ib.

II. Allusions to the Armour of the Romans

ib.

III. Allusions to their Military Discipline.-Strict Sub-

ib.

ordination.-Rewards of the Soldiers who dis-

ib.

tinguished themselves .

69 IV. Allusions to the Roman Triumphs

93, 94

94, 95

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I. Of the Levites.

11. The Priests, their Functions, Maintenance, and

Privileges

III. The High-priest, his Functions, Dress, and Pri-

vileges ..

Succession to the Pontifical Dignity
IV. Officers of the Synagogue
V. The Nazarites; Nature of their Vows

VI. The Rechabites

VIL The Prophets.

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181
ib.

.

1. History

160

2. Poetry

ib.

3. Oratory

160, 161

4. Ethics

161, 162

5. Physics :

162, 163

6. Arithmetic

7. Mathematics

8. Astronomy

9. Astrology

10. Surveying

163

11. Mechanic Arts

ib.

12. Geography

CHAPTER IV. Birth, Nurture, &c. of Children.

I. Child-birth.-Circumcision.--Naming of the Child
Ji Privileges of the First-born

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