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Local statutes-Continued.

when not in conflict with law govern,
Limitation of Actions, p. 253, § 182.

two years from plaintiff's seizin, id.
Foreign Miners, pp. 253-5, § 183.

license required of aliens, id.

Mining Corporations, pp. 255-66, §§ 184-92.

id.

their organization, management, etc., pp. 255-8, § 184.
inspection of books of, penal provisions, pp. 258-9, § 185.
assessment of stock of, p. 259, § 186.

canal, etc., companies, pp. 259-60, § 187.

change of place of business-transfer agencies, pp. 260-1,
$188.

sales for non-payment of assessments, pp. 261-3, § 189.
amendment of articles of association, p. 264, § 190.

removal of officers, pp. 264-5, § 191.
protection of stockholders, pp. 265-6, § 192.
Mining Partnerships, pp. 266-9, § 193.

code provisions, pp. 266-7, id.

other statutory provisions, pp. 267-9, id.
Conveyance of mining claims, p. 269, § 194.

Sale of decedents' interest in mines, pp. 269-70, § 195.
Sale of state mineral lands, pp. 270-2, § 196.

Liens, p. 272, § 197

Taxation, p. 272, § 198.

Easements-rights of way-ditches-drains-flumes and

tunnels, dumpage, pp. 272-4, § 199.

water rights, pp. 274-5, § 200.

Code provisions, id.

Police regulations-protection of miners, pp. 276-7, § 201.

modes of ingress and egress, p. 276, id.

penal provisions, pp. 276-7, id.

Quicksilver, p. 277, § 202.

to prevent adulteration of, id.

Fixtures, p. 277, § 203.

III. COLORADO, pp. 278-315, §§ 204-67.

"Claim" defined-Prior rights preserved, pp. 279–80, § 204.

Right of way for water, p. 280, § 205.

Security of surface rights, p. 280, § 206.
Record of tunnel claims, p. 280, § 207.
Tunnel claims defined, pp. 280-1, § 208.
Cross lodes, or lodes uniting, p. 281, § 209.
Two crevices, same lode, p. 281, § 210.

INDEX.

Local statutes-Continued.

Flooding claims, pp. 281-2, § 211.

Right of way for hauling quartz, p. 282, § 212.
Soldiers' claims, p. 282, § 213.

District records, evidence, p. 282, § 214.

Locations to conform to acts of Congress, p. 283, § 215.
Validating former pre-emptions, etc., p. 283, § 216.
Prior rights preserved, p. 283, § 217.

Lode claims statute of 1874, pp. 283-8, § 218-33.
Survey of mines in litigation, pp. 288-9, § 234.
Penal provisions, pp. 290-1, §§ 235-6.

dispossession by force, p. 290, § 235.

homicide on forcible entry, pp. 290-1, § 236.

Drainage of contiguous mines by contribution, pp. 291-4,
§§ 237-45.

Placer mining statute of March 12, 1879, pp. 294-6, §§ 246–7.
annual labor on placers, pp. 295–6, § 247.

Location, of lode claims, follows discovery, pp. 14, 44, § 2320
R. S., § 25.

must be distinctly marked, pp. 16, 44, § 2324 R. S., § 25.
possession prior to, p. 33, § 16.

by alien, cured by subsequent naturalization, p. 38, § 20.
may follow any kind of discovery, p. 43, § 23.

right of, secured by discovery, p. 43, § 24.

under law of 1866, p. 44, § 25.

defective, cured by possession, p. 45, § 25.

date of, in record, p. 51, § 28.

old and new-annual labor on, pp. 52-5, 109, §§ 29, 76.
annual labor period fixed by date of, p. 53, § 29.

of side-veins, at same time as main vein, p. 68, § 39.

of placer, pp. 71-2, § 44.

distinguished from "claim," p. 96, § 65 (N. 6).

under act of May 10, 1872-views of land department,

pp. 110-14, § 78.

laws in force at date of, govern, p. 149, § 90.

rights acquired by, and requisites of, pp. 150-1, § 91.

prior to acts of Congress, pp. 196-8, § 143.

work to complete, p. 198, § 143.

prescribed by local law. (See LOCAL STATUTES.)

may be by agent, id.

in Arizona, of lode claims, p. 243, § 161.

of placer claims, pp. 248-9, § 177.

in Colorado, of lode claims, pp. 283, 284-5, § 215, 222, 224.

Location-Continued.

what included in, pp. 285-6, §§ 226-7.
of placers, pp. 294-5, § 246.

in Dakota, manner of making, p. 317, § 272.
requisites of, pp. 317-18, §§ 274-5.

in Idaho, and notice of claims, p. 323, § 288.
in Nevada, p. 334, § 297.

in New Mexico, of lode claims, pp. 352-3, § 309.
in Oregon, p. 355, § 316.

in Utah, p. 357, § 326.

in Wyoming, p. 361, §§ 335 6.

on distinct parts of same lode, p. 362, § 344.

Location certificate, aids insufficient description in deed,

p. 35, § 17.

record of-contents, pp. 48, 52, §§ 27-8.
in Colorado, p. 284, §§ 220-1.

additional may be filed, p. 287, § 230.

to cover but one location, p. 288, § 233.
in Dakota, pp. 316-17, 318, §§ 270-2, 276.
amended may be filed, p. 319, § 280.

to cover but one location, p. 321, § 284.
Location notice. (See NOTICE of location.)

Locators, their rights of possession and enjoyment, pp. 14-15,
§ 2322 R. S.

subsequent, affected by notice, in absence of record, p. 49,
$ 27.

names of, should appear in record of location, pp. 50-1, § 28.
Lode, definition of, pp. 30-2, § 14.

synonymous with "lead," p. 32, § 14.

in placer claim, how patented, pp. 21, 125-6, § 2333 R. S., § 82.
when excluded from placer patent, id.

Lode claims. Ch. iii, pp. 30-66, §§ 14-38.

DEFINITION OF LODE, pp. 30-32, § 14.

geological definition, p. 31, § 14.

synonymous with fissure veins, id.
of quartz lode, id.

chamber deposits, id.

popular and legal definition, id.

synonymous with "lead," p. 32.

POSSESSION OF, p. 33, § 15.

congressional recognition of rights of, id.

proof of prior, gives prima facie right, id.

right of, only in favor of qualified persons, id. (N. 2.)

Lode claims-Continued.

INDEX.

POSSESSION PRIOR TO LOCATION, pp. 33-4, § 16.
will protect against trespassers, id.

prior to discovery, right of lost by negligence or acquies-
cence, p. 34, § 16 (N. 1).

WHAT CONSTITUTES POSSESSION, pp. 34-5, § 17.

actual, or possessio pedis, p. 34, id.

how governed by physical boundaries, id.

constructive, color of title, p. 35, id.

deed under void judgment does not give, id.
insufficient description in deed aided, p. 35, § 17.
by tenants in common, id.

must be for mining purposes, id.

CHARACTER OF POSSESSORY RIGHT, p. 36, § 18.

raises inference of title, id.
presumption in favor of, id.

is property, subject to exemption, transfer and descent, id.
not good against U. S., id.

PLEADING POSSESSORY RIGHT, p. 37, § 19.

what necessary to aver-possession, description, id.
QUALIFICATIONS ENTITLING PERSONS TO EXPLORE, OCCUPY
AND PURCHASE MINERAL LANDS, pp. 37-40, § 20.
citizens-declarants-corporations, etc., pp. 37-8, id.

aliens excluded-claims forfeited-declaration after loca-
tion, p. 38, id

joint location by alien and citizens, pp. 38-9, id.

alien locators no rights against citizens, p. 39, id.

who are and may become citizens by naturalization, pp.
39-40, § 20.

DISCOVERY, p. 41, § 21.

prerequisite to right of location, id.

subsequent to location, relates back, id.

qualifications same as for location, p. 42, § 21.

WHAT MUST BE DISCOVERED, p. 42, § 22.

mineral in place in vein or lode, id.

definition of term "in place"-Walls, id.

MANNER OF DISCOVERY, p. 43, § 23.

RIGHTS SECURED BY DISCOVERY, p. 43, § 24.

right to locate, extent of claims, etc., id.

cannot be deprived by forcible prevention from compliance

with law, pp. 43-4, § 24.

LOCATION, p. 44, § 25.

follows discovery-must be distinctly marked, p. 44, § 25.

26

Lode claims-Continued.

SURVEY-LENGTH-WIDTH-Form, pp. 46-8, § 26.

measuring off for location, p. 46, § 26.
length prior to act of 1872, id.

length under present law, p. 46-7, id.

width, maximum and minimum, p. 47, id.

form-to follow vein-center of horizontal veins, etc., pp.

47-8, id.

PROVISIONS AS TO RECORDING AND HEREIN OF NOTICE TO
SUBSEQUENT PURCHASERS, pp. 48-50, § 27.
record not required by federal law, p. 48, id.

recording required by local law, p. 48, id.

record as notice to subsequent purchasers, p. 49, id.
time not essential if prior to intervention of subsequent
rights, id.

failure only taken advantage of by purchaser for value and
in good faith, id.

corrections do not vitiate-filing sufficient, pp. 49-50, id.
WHAT RECORD TO CONTAIN-DESCRIPTION, pp. 50-52, § 28
name of locator, how inserted, pp. 50-1, id.

date of location, p. 51, id.

description to identify, id.

parol proof may aid reference to monuments, pp. 51-2, § 28.
ANNUAL LABOR, pp. 52–5, § 29.

on old locations and new-formerly governed by district
rules, p. 52, id.

should apply directly to the claim, p. 53, id.

may be performed by tunnel, id.

commencement of the year, id.

distinguished from location work, id.

amendment of 1880-retrospective or prospective, pp. 53-4,

id.

value of, not to be arbitrarily fixed, pp. 54-5, id.
not required after patent entry, p. 55, id.

FORFEITURE, pp. 55-7, § 30.

distinguished from forfeitures for breach of contract, pp.
55-6, § 30.

relocation may follow, p. 56, id.

odious in law-statute strictly construed, p. 56, § 30.

right subsists until relocation, id.

distinction between, and abandonment, pp. 56-7, § 30.

must be specially pleaded, p. 57, id.

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