« EdellinenJatka »
Boat Hire, viz.
Rds. Fs. P.
Shipping or loading, per trip.................. 15 0 0.........30 0 0
Weighing an anchor, per day or trip
Laberlot or Schuyt :—
Shipping or loading, per trip..............
-.........30 0 0
Grain, carrying to Government godown, or like distance, per 100 bags 5
Rds. Fs. P. 0 0
Iron or iron hoops, and lodging in the Custom House, per laberlot, ör
Sundry goods, ditto, viz............
3 0 0
Chest of claret, (smaller box in proportion), each..............
Coolies loading from Government Godown, or like Distance.
Cable or rope, from Callanelle into boat, per candy of 500 pounds
from Custom House, ditto
Anchor from shore into boat, ditto...............
from wharf, ditto, per 20 Cwt., or in proportion...... Water filled and putting into boat at the fort, per leager
Artificers, &c. employed on board vessels outside the harbour, to receive double pay.
MATURA is in latitude 5° 58′ N., and longitude 80° 40′ E. The fort, which is square, and built of stone, stands on the W. side of the river. The gate communicates with two wooden bridges leading across the water to a fortification of larger dimensions. The two wooden bridges are connected together by a small island, lying near to the W. side of the river. They are built of strong piles driven into the sand, and covered with planks, of sufficient breadth for carriages, but without balustrades.
REFRESHMENTS.-Plenty of wood and good water may be procured in the river, the entrance to which is about half a mile to the W. of the fort. Boats go a small distance up this river to fill water; but the coming in is made dangerous by the rocks which lie under water; and the outset of the stream is so strong, that any boat touching on them, is in danger of being overset; therefore it is best to have the natives to pilot you in. Ships anchor here in the N. E. monsoon, abreast the town, in 20 fathoms.
DONDRA HEAD, the S. extreme of Ceylon, in latitude 5° 55′ N., and longitude 80° 43′ E., is a low point, with a grove of tall coco-nut trees on its extremity. Near it is Dondra, a populous village, which must at one time have been a place of great note, and much resorted to on account of a Hindoo temple in its vicinity, formerly a magnificent structure, now in ruins. The Portuguese and Dutch used many of the stones for erecting Matura Fort. There is still a small temple much frequented by the Cingalese.
TENGALLE is about fifteen miles to the N. E. of Dondra Head, and is known by the small fort and ruins of an old pagoda, situated on an elevated and projecting point of land on the W. side of the bay. The bay itself is of considerable extent, being 43 miles from Tengalle Point to the extreme point of land opposite. Off from each point run extensive and dangerous reefs; within them is good anchorage and shelter during the S.W.
Here is a fortress of two bastions, erected on the summit of a small hill. The landing-place, which is perfectly free from surf, lies under the rising ground on which the fort stands, having the ruins of a house a little to the S. of it. About a quarter of a mile from the landing-place, passing the fort, is a well containing good water. A pathway leads directly from the fort to the well, where water may be filled, and the casks rolled down the beach.
BATICALOE-This island is about two miles up a small arm of the sea, in latitude 7° 45′ N., and longitude 81° 53' E. It is about three miles in circumference, and there is a pleasant walk on the sand beach round it. The fort is of a square construction, having four bastions. The internal dimensions are small, containing only a low barrack, a granary, a magazine, and the spacious mansion of the Commandant. A little village stands a few hundred yards from the walls of the fort, and several huts are scattered over the island. At the farther end of it are two Portuguese chapels within a short distance of each other, neatly built of stone. The great body of the inhabitants are Hindoos and Mahometans. The number of Protestant Christians is very small.
The inlet of the sea, which surrounds the little Island of Baticaloe, extends thirty miles into the country, and contains several other islands of similar dimensions. The frith in many places is one mile broad, and affords excellent navigation for boats. Unfortunately a sand bar stretches across the entrance, on which are no more than six feet water, so that only small vessels can come into it; but when once entered, they ride in complete security. The anchorage is about two miles from the mouth of the river, bearing about S., and the Friar's Hood, a remarkable mountain about five leagues inland, S. S. W. The road is not always safe in the N. E. monsoon, but in the S. W. monsoon it is always so.
PROVISIONS AND REFRESHMENTS.-You may water at the island, landing your casks at the wharf, and roll them to a well on the green. It is necessary to carry funnels and buckets to draw the water Wood may be cut on the banks of the river, near the bar, in any quantity. Bullocks and other refreshments are in abundance.
TRINCOMALEE.-This bay, the entrance of which is about five miles broad, is formed by Foul Point, its S. E. extreme, and Flagstaff Point, in latitude 8° 33′ N., and longitude 81° 22' E. This point is the N. extremity of a narrow and crooked peninsula that bounds the E. and S. E. sides of Trincomalee Bay, and separates Back Bay from it, and from
great bay to the S. Ships generally moor abreast the town. During the S. W. monsoon ships lie in Back Bay, with Flagstaff Point bearing
S. S. E., about a mile distance. This harbour, one of the finest in the world, from its centrical position, and the easy ingress and egress which it affords at all seasons, is better adapted for being made a marine depôt, and a rendezvous for his Majesty's squadrons, than any other station in India. The view of Trincomalee from Back Bay is striking and beautiful. On one hand stands a projecting cliff, rising in many places perpendicularly from the sea upwards of 100 feet, and the broken hill above it is elevated about 200 feet more. The flagstaff is placed near to the outermost point of the rock; and along the summit and declivities of the higher ground are situated the bungalows of the officers, and barracks of the private soldiers. On the other hand, a line of native villages are shaded amidst groves of Coco-nut trees. The great body of the fort and town of Trincomalee is situated at the bottom of the rock, and joined to a narrow neck of land, running parallel to the sea, and separating the harbour from two adjacent bays, one of which lies on each side of the promontory. The only disadvantage attached to this noble harbour is, that the tide does not rise to a sufficient height to admit of the construction of wet docks for vessels of a large size.
TRADE.-This is a very convenient port for trade; but till lately none had been earried on to any extent. The Government has given encouragement to the resort of shipping, and the influx of trade hither, by lightening the duties in regard to this port.
DUTIES.-By Regulation, 1817, goods brought into Trincomalee, in any vessel arriving from Europe or America, and East India and Chinese goods brought direct from the place of growth or manufacture, or the ports at which commonly they are originally exported, are liable to only half duties. Bombay to be deemed a port of original export for goods the production of countries bordering on the Persian Gulph and the Red Sea; and Calcutta and Madras deemed ports of original export for goods the production of places to the eastward of the Bay of Bengal, except China. Goods thus imported are liable, upon re-exportation beyond the district of Trincomalee, for purposes of trade, whether by sea or land, to the duties remitted, subject to the same exceptions as stated at Columbo, when warehoused.
Articles the produce of the district of Trincomalee, which, by oath, appear to be returns for goods imported under this Regulation, are subject, upon exportation, to half duty only.
REGULATIONS are the same as at Columbo, with these additions:
All vessels lying in Back Bay are to come to an anchor within seven fathoms of water; beyond that depth double boat hire will be charged.
No goods are to be landed or shipped but near Mr. Neil's house, in the Inner Harbour, at present occupied as the cutcherry of the district, and by the Custom-Master, under penalty of confiscation.
Vessels are only permitted to land cargoes in Back Bay, between the 1st of April and the 25th of October, in each year; during the N. E. monsoon, they must land their cargoes in the Inner Harbour, at the place above pointed out.
A merchant vessel, of 600 tons and upwards.......... 50 0
For every boat, landing or carrying off rice, wheat, or grain, per bag 0 1 0 And if employed landing or carrying off other goods, at the rate of
tonnage of the boat in that proportion.
For every leager of arrack, carried alongside, or landed from a vessel 1 0 0 For every leager of water carried alongside...
For ditto, when filled and carried alongside by ship's own boats and
crews, with permission of the Master-Attendant
For a ton of ballast, carried alongside ....
The same rates of boat hire are fixed for vessels lying in the Inner
If boats are detained the whole day, in shipping or landing cargo, so
For a boat employed in warping a vessel out or in .......
-in carrying out or weighing an anchor.............. 7 6 0 ➡in clearing a cable..........
Donies landing or carrying off their cargoes, without using the boat
Cingalese donies without riggers are exempted.
5 0 Q
1 0 0
Hire of coolies and artificers :-Coolies unloading grain, and carrying