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The private tonnage shipped to Great Britain was, in 1818-19, 49,114 tons; in 1819-20, 34,675 tons; in 1820-21, 26,734 tons: the latter consisted entirely of Bengal extra and licensed ships.
COUNTRY TRADE.-What is termed the country trade, is that carried on by British subjects resident in India, or by native merchants, in Indiabuilt ships, between the British settlements and other parts of British and foreign Asia, including ports and places from the Cape of Good Hope to Japan. This trade has considerably diminished since the competition of British traders from Europe has been permitted.
PORT REGULATIONS.-On arriving off Calcutta, (or if the vessel moors at one of the lower stations, on his arrival in town), the commander must report himself at the Master-Attendant's office, where passengers must also appear, as well as at the Police-office. Immediately on a ship's coming round Kyd's Point, (opposite Fort William), she hoists a blue-peter at the main, as a signal to the Harbour-Master to send an assistant on board, who takes charge of, and moors the ship. A list of the crew and passengers must be delivered at the police-office, where an import manifest, according to a printed form, is sworn to, and then deposited at the Custom-house. A list of officers, passengers, crew, &c. filled up on a printed form, must be delivered to the pilot who takes charge of the vessel; a copy to be sent to the Marine Registry Office, where the crew must be registered. Letters, packets, &c. are to be delivered to the Post-office boat alongside the ship. No ballast or rubbish to be thrown into any part of the river.
Commanders carrying Batta Lascars, or other natives, to sea forcibly, are punished with rigour. No vessel to be moved in the river, unless a pilot or Harbour-Master's assistant be on board, under the penalty of 200 rupees. No pilot can take charge of a vessel outwards until a certificate be obtained from the Marine Paymaster, that all port-charges are paid, to be presented at the Master-Attendant's office.
Previously to a ship's clearing from Calcutta, application must be made at the Master-Attendant's office for a pilot; and if the vessel wants any part of her cargo, permission must be obtained from thence to proceed to the required station, to complete the lading. Commanders may, by usage, chuse their pilots. Commanders must be on board their ships whilst moving up or down the river, unless prevented by sickness or unavoidable cause. A list and specification of crew and passengers must be delivered on oath at the Police-office. An application to the Collector of the Customs for a port-clearance must contain a list of the cargo, according to a printed form, and must be accompanied by the affidavit and a certificate from the Police-office, the ship's pass and certificate of registry, with a certificate from the Commissariat Office in discharge of hospital charges. The portclearance, when obtained, must be taken to the Master-Attendant's office, with the ship's pass and certificate of registry, and a certificate from the Marine Paymaster in discharge of the pilotage and port-charges.
DUTIES.-By Regulation, 1810, (subsequently altered and modified), it is enacted, that Custom-houses shall henceforth be fixed in the Cities of Agra, Furruckabad, Allahabad, Benares, Patna, Moorshedabad, Dacca, and Calcutta, and in the towns of Meerut, Cawnpore, Mirzapore, Chittagong, Hughley, and Balasore; and that duties, under the denomination of Government customs, shall be levied on the under-mentioned goods, at the following rates, viz.
Five per cent. ad valorem, on the importation, exportation, or transit of the following goods :
Gold and silver tissues, lace and thread, gunnies, sugar, jaggery, goor, syrup, dammer, vitriol, or tooteah, raw hides, leather, boots and shoes, stone plates, and Bengal paper.
The same duties on the under-mentioned articles, taken at a fixed valuation, viz.
Cake and seed-lac
....................................10 ditto per md. of 80 Sic. wt.
~~~~~~~25 ditto per factory maund.
Alkali, soojee muttee, or natron. 1 ditto per maund.
7 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation, exportation, or transit of the following goods :
Cotton yarn, carpets and setrenjees, oil and oil seeds, mustard, sesa
mum, and all other oils, aromatic seeds, Chuckrassy wood, Toon and Sitsol ditto, hookahs and snakes, vidree ware, chanks, and pipe staves.
The same duty on the under-mentioned articles, at a fixed valuation, viz.
Elephants' teeth..........~~~~~~~~110 ditto per ditto.
10 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation, exportation, or transit of the following goods:
Assafoetida, Saul timber, Sissoo ditto, Jarrool ditto, Soondry ditto, yellow ochre, vermilion, Indian red, minium, Prussian blue, peoree, verdigrease, arsenic, sulphur, alum, and coral.
The same duty on the under-mentioned articles, at a fixed valuation, viz.
~~~~45 rupees per factory maund.
~~~~~70 ditto ditto.
Pepper, black and white 11 ditto per ditto.
.............................35 ditto per seer.
.....40 ditto per maund, to be levied at Calcutta and Dacca only.
On the importation, exportation, or transit of cotton wool, 12 annas per md. of 96 Cal. Sic. wt. But by Reg. 1815, it is declared, that the inland or transit duty on cotton wool, in its cleaned or uncleaned state, shall not exceed 5 per cent. ad valorem; so that the afore-mentioned rate is reducible accordingly.
Note.-A drawback of all the duty is allowed on the exportation to the United Kingdom of cotton wool, the produce of any part of India.
5 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation, exportation, or transit, generally, of borax and tincal, and 2 per cent. on the importation from Nepaul of the same articles.
7 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation, exportation, or transit, generally, of the following goods, and 25 per cent. on the importation from Nepaul of the same articles, vix.
Ottar, and other essential oils, perfumed oils, ambergris, civet, musk, benjamin, frankincense, putcha paut, rose-water, and keerah-water.
10 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation of pig lead, sheet lead, small shot, and tobacco, imported into Cuttack, (to be levied at Balasore only.) The same duty upon quicksilver, taken at a fixed valuation of four rupees per seer; and tin and tutenague at 20 rupees per maund. The same duty upon an advance of 50 per cent. on the invoice valuation of shawls.
5 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation by sea of the following articles :
All canvas, except such as is manufactured in the country, or of country materials.
Cordage, and other marine stores, except sunn hemp, or materials for cordage, of country growth.
Rosin and turpentine.
Cowries imported at Calcutta, Chittagong, or Balasore only.
The same duty on coir, the produce of Ceylon or the Maldives, at 9 rupees per factory maund.
7 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation by sea only of the following articles :
Mahogany, and all other sorts of wood used in cabinet ware.
Carriages, (the duty on which is to be levied under rules especially enacted for Calcutta).
China goods (tea excepted), coffee, sago, and rattans.
The same duty on galangal and kullinjan, taken at a fixed valuation of 8 rupees per maund.
10 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation by sea only of wines, European goods, and tea.
5 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation generally of furs, cow-tails, and cowries; and 2 per cent. on the importation of the same articles from Nepaul.
10 per cent. on the importation by sea of spices, viz. pimento, cloves, mace, nutmegs, cassia, malabathrum leaf or tauzpaut.
2 per cent. on the importation of the same articles from Nepaul. The same duty on copper or brass, wrought or unwrought, at a valuation of 20 rupees per maund.
10 per cent. on the inland importation generally of unwrought copper and brass, at a valuation of 20 rupees per maund.
10 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation by sea of iron, steel, and manufactured iron and steel; and the same duty on importation by land generally; and 2 per cent. on the importation from Nepaul of those articles, taken at a fixed valuation of 7 rupees per maund.
10 per cent. ad valorem on the importation from Europe or America, and 30 per cent. on the importation from foreign territories in Asia, of gin, brandy, rum, and arrack.
Salt made out of the limits of the territories dependent on this Presidency, is subject, on importation by sea, to the duty of 3 sicca rupees per maund of 40 seers, each seer 82 Sic. wt.
Opium made out of the limits of the territories dependent on this Presidency, is subject, on importation by sea, to the duty of 24 Sicca rupees per seer of 80 Cal. Sic. wt.
Tobacco, imported or exported, is subject to a duty of 4 annas per maund, to be drawn back on exportation to the United Kingdom.
Two rupees each on the importation or transit of matchlocks, one rupee each on swords, and four annas each on shields.
7 per cent. ad valorem, on the importation and transit generally, and 21 per cent. on the importation from the Vizier's and Nepaul territories, of cotton piece-goods, silk piece-goods, and goods partly of silk and partly of cotton, embroidered goods and brocades, thread, tape, and fringes.
5 per cent. ad valorem, on the transit or exportation of country woollens, viz. looys and blankets, the manufacture of the Company's territories; and 2 per cent. on their importation from Nepaul.
71⁄2 per cent. ad valorem, on the transit or exportation of the following goods, the produce of the country, or on their importation by sea :
Dying drugs, viz. allah, morinda, cochineal, cossum flower, madder, loadh, and toond flower.
Woods used in dying, viz. sapan-wood, and sandal ahmer, or red sandal-wood.
Fragrant woods, viz. white or yellow sandal-wood, ugger, or aloewood, and tuggur.
7 per cent. ad valorem, on the transit or exportation of the following gums and drugs, the produce of the country, and 10 per cent. on their importation by sea, viz.
Camphire, cherayta, Columbo root, Soonamooky leaf, copal or karoba, galbanum, gum arabic, senna, spikenard, mastic, hurrah, storax, buhera, ownla, and myrrh.
5 per cent. on the importation, exportation, or transit of indigo, taken at a fixed valuation of 100 rupees per factory maund, and an additional