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age 33. It may be presumed, that the practice was then carried on with the most arbitrary spirit of oppression and monopoly.
The third is on the pride of pedigree. The introduction is from Juvenal's eighth satire ; and the substitution of the memorials of English ancestry, such as were then fashionable, in the place of Juvenal's parade of family statues without arms or ears, is remarkably happy. But the humour is half lost, unless by recollecting the Roman original, the reader perceives the unexpected parallel.'
Or call some old church-windowe to record
Afterwards, some adventurers for raising a fortune are introduced. One trades to Guiana for gold. This is a glance at sir Walter Rawleigh's expedition to that country. Anuther, with more success, seeks it in the philosopher's stone.
When balf his lands are spent in golden smoke,
Devoteth all his pots and pans to gold. Some well-known classical passages are thus happily mixed, modernised, and accommodated to his general purpose.
Was neuer foxe but wily cubs begets;
23 Without attending to this circumstance, we miss the meaning and humour of the following lines, B. v. 1.
Pardon, ye glowing eares! needes will it out,
In the wide common that he did enclose.
An English wolfe, an Irish toad to see,
Were as a chaste man nursid in Italy 86, In the fourth, these diversions of a delicate youth of fashion and refined manners are mentioned, as opposed to the rougher employments of a military life,
Gallio may pull me roses ere they fall,
Or list he spend the time in sportful game, Sc.
Seest thou the rose-leaues fall ungathered ?
Svch as it got, when thou thyself was bore. In the contrast between the martial and effeminate life, which includes a general ridicule of the foolish passion, which now prevailed, of making it a part of the education of our youth to bear arms in the wars of the Netherlands, are some of Hall's most spirited and nervous verses.
If Martius in boisterous buffs be drest,
Ob, Hercules, how like " to prove a man,
The fifth, the most obscure of any, exhibits the extremes of prodigality and avarice, and affords the first instance I remember to have seen, of nominal initials with dashes. Yet in his postscript, he professes to have avoided all personal applications 104.
In the sixth, from Juvenal's position that every man is naturally discontented, and wishes to change his proper condition and character, he ingeniously takes occasion to expose some of the new fashions and affectations.
Out from the Gades to the eastern morne,
• O Hercules, a boy so delicately reared must certainly prove a hero! You, Hercules, was nursed in your father's shield for a cradle, &c. But the tender Gallio, &c.
100 A ball of perfume.
162 He says with a sneer, “ Do not play with the character of a soldier. Be not contented only to show your courage in tilting. But enter into real service, 8c.”
103 B. iv. 4. In a couplet of this Satire, he alludes to the Schola Salernitana, an old medical system in rhyming verse, which chiefly describes the qualities of diet.
Tho neuer have I Salerne rimes profest,
To be some lady's trencher-critick guest. There is much humour in trencher-critick. Collingborn, mentioned in the beginning of this Satire, is the same whose Legend is in The Mirrour of Magistrates, and who was banged for a distich on Catesby, Ratcliff, lord Lovel, and king Richard the Third, about the year 1484. See Mirr. Mag. p. 455, edit. 1610, 4to. Our author says,
Or lucklesse Collingbourne feeding of the crowes ; That is, he was food for the crows when on the gallows. At the end, is the first use I have seen, of a witty apothegmatical comparison, of a libidinous old man.
The maidens mocke, and call him withered leeke,
That with a greene tayle has an hoary head. 10. B. iv. 6. Collybist, here used, means a rent or tax-gatherer. Konaußısas, nummularius.
And weare curld periwigs, and chalk their face,
Beside what is here said, we have before seen, that perukes were now among the novelties in dress. From what follows it appears that coaches were now in commou
Is 't not a shame, to see each homely groome
The rustic wishing to turn soldier, is pictured in these lively and poetical colours.
105 Attired, dressed, adorned.
106 Of the rapid increase of the number of coaches, but more particularly of hackney-coaches, we have a curious proof in A pleasant Dispute between Coach and Sedan, Lond. 1636, 4to. “ The most eminent places for stoppage are Pawles-gate into Cheapside, Ludgate, and Ludgate Hill, especially when the play is done at the Friers: then Holborne Conduit, and Holborne Bridge, is villanously pestered with them, Hosier Lane, Smithfield, and Cow Lane, sending all about their new or old mended coaches. Then about the Stockes, and Poultrie, Temple Barre, Petter Lane, and Shoe Lane next to Fleet Streete. But to see their inultitude, either when there is a masque at Whitehall, or a lord mayor's feast, or a new play at some of the playhouses, you would admire to see them how close they stand together, like mutton-pies in a cook's oven, &c.” Signat. F. Marston, in 1598, speaks of the joulting coach of a Messalina. Sc. Villan, B. i. 3. And in Marston's Postscript to Pigmalion, 1598, we are to understand coach, where he says,
Run as sweet
In Cynthia's Rebels, 1600, a spendthrift is introduced, who among other polite extravagances, is "able to maintaine a ladie in her two carroches a day.” A. iv. S. ï. However, in the old comedy of RamAlley, or Merry Tricks, first printed in 1611, a coach and a caroche seem different vehicles. A. iv. S. ii.
In horslitters, [in] coaches or caroaches. Unless the poet means a synonyme for coach.
In some old account I have seen of queen Elizabeth's progress to Cambridge, in 1564, it is said, that lord Leicester went in a coach, because he had hurt his leg. In a comedy, so late as the reign of Charles the First, among many studied wonders of fictitious and hyperbolical luxury, a lover promises his lady that she shall ride in a coach to the next door. Cartwright's Love's Convert, A. ii. S. vi. Lond. 1651. Works, p. 125.
“ In the yeare 1564, Guylliam Boonen, a Dutchman, became the queene's coachmanne, and was the first that brought the vse of coaches into England. And after a while, diuers great ladies, with as great jealousie of the queene's displeasure, made them coaches, and rid in them vp and dowue the countries to the great admiration of all the behoulders, but then by little and little they grew vsuall among the nobilitie, and others of sort, and within twenty yeares became a great trade of coachmaking. And about that time began long wagons to come in vse, such as now come to London, from Caunterbury, Norwich, Ipswich, Glocester, &c. with passengers and commodities. Lastly, euen at this time, 1605, began the ordinary vse of caroaches." Edit. fol. 1615, p. 867, col. 2.
From a comparison of the former and latter part of the context, it will perhaps appear that coaches and caroaches were the same.
The sturdy ploughman doth the soldier see
Another, fired with the flattering idea of seeing his name in print, abandons his occupation, and turns poet.
Some drunken rimer thinks his time well spent,
Having traced various scenes of dissatisfaction, and the desultory pursuits of the world, he comes home to himself, and concludes, that real happiness is only to be found in the academic life. This was a natural conclusion from one who had experienced no other situation".
107 This sort of stuff is mentioned in a statute of Richard the Second, an. 12. A. D. 1389.
110 These lines seem to be levelled at William Elderton, a celebrated drunken ballad-writer. Stowe says, that be was an attorney of the sheriff's court in the city of London about the year 1570, and quotes some verses which he wrote about that time, on the erection of the new portico with images, at Guildball. Surv. Lond. edit. 1599, p. 217, 4to. He has two epitaphs in Camden's Remains, edit. 1674, p. 533, seq. Hervey in his Four Letters, printed in 1592, mentions him with Greene. « If (Spenser's] Mother Hubbard, in the vaine of Chawcer, happen to tell one Canicular tale, father Elderton and his son Greene, in the vaine of Skelton or Skoggin, will counterfeit an hundred dogged fables, libels, &c.” p. 7. Nash, in his Apology of Piers Pennilesse, says, that “Tarleton at the theater made jests of him, [Hervey) and W. Elderton consumed his ale-crammed nose to nothing, in bear-baiting him with whole bundles of ballads.” Signat. E. edit. 1593, 4to. And Harvey, ubi supr. p. 34. I have seen Elderton's Solace in Time of his Sickness, containing sundrie Sonnets upon many pithie Parables, entered to R. Jones, Sept. 25, 1578. Registr. Station, B. f. 152. a. Also A Ballad against Marriage, by William Elderton, Ballad-maker. For 7. Colwell, 1575, 12mo. A Ballad on the Earthquake by Elderton, beginning Quake, Quake, Quake, is entered to R. Jones, April 25, 1579. Registr. Station. B. f. 168. a. In 1561, are entered to H. Syngleton, Elderton's Jestes with his Mery Toyes. Registr. Station. A. f. 74. a. Again, in 1562, Elderton's Parrat answ
swered, Ibid. f. 84. a. Again, a poem as I suppose, in 1570, Elderton's ill Fortune, ibid. f. 204. a. Harvey says, that Elderton and Greene were “ the ringleaders of the rhyming and scribbling crew." Lett. ubi supr. p. 6. Many more of his pieces might be recited.
"!! In this Satire, among the lying narratives of travellers, our author, with Mandeville and others, mentions the Spanish Decads. It is an old black-letter quarto, a translation from the Spanish into English, about 1590. In the old anonymous play of Lingua, 1607, Mendacio says, “ Sir John Mandeviles trauells, and great part of the Decads, were of my doing." A. ii. S. i.