Sivut kuvina

And then, as we bave U'eu (be sacrament,

We will unite tbe wbite roue with tbe red :—
Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction.
That long hath fruwn'd upon their enmity I—
What traitor bears me, and says not,—Anient
England hath long beeu mad, and scarr'd her-

The brother blindly shed the brother'* blood,
Tbe father rashly slaughter'd bit own son,
The sou, coraptil'd, been butcher to the tire;
All this divided York aud Lancaster,
Divided, In their dire division.—
Ob 1 now let Richmond and Elizabeth,
Tbe true oucceedcrs of each royal house,
B> God's fair ordinance conjoin together

And let tbelr heirs, (God, If thy will be so,)' Enrich tbe time to come with srooolh-fac'd peace.

With smiling plenty, and fair prosperous


Abate tbe edge of traitors, gracious Lord,
That would reduce these bloody days again.
And make poor England weep In streams of
blood I

Let them not live to taste Ibis land's Increase, That would with treason wound this fair land's peace t

Now civil wounds are stopp'd, peace lives afc-ain; That she may long live here, God say—Amen.


LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. THIS historical play was probably written la the yew 1901. It comprises a period of twelve yean, con mencisg in the 12tb of" Henry's reign, (1521) and terminating with the baptism of Elizabeth, 15S3. It hat always been au easy medium Tor tba display of pageantry and splendour | consequently a great favourite with the generality of audiences. Its most powerfully drawn characters are the Queen and the Cardinal. Th« dying; moments of the former (Act IV. Sc. 2.) are pourtrayad with a mingled majesty and paihoi, sc arcely ever equalled by any other poet (Dr. Johnson numbers it, indeed, amongst '* the greatest efforts of tragedy i") and the exquisite soliloquy of the latter, at the time of his degradation, would ctinea the superiority of Shakspeare'i genius, had be never written auotber line. It is a fine philosophical picture of fallen ambition, brought to reflection by a merited reverts of fortune t the assimilation of human great* Mm to the vegetation of a fruit tree, wi*h the puerility of venturing upon " a sea of troubles," for burden* torn* and pent liable acquisitions! affords a charming specimen of imaginative colouring and didactic moralityVet tb:a U one of the parti which, according to the Doctor, " may be easily couccived, and easily wttfcMt**" Perhaps Shakspeare found it otherwise.


Kino Henry The Eighth.

Cardinal Wolset.—Cardinal Camfeius.

Capucics, Ambassador from the Emperor,

Charles V.
Cranmbr, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Dues Op Norfolk.—Duke Op Buckingham.
Duke Of Suffolk.Earl Of Surrey.
Lord Chamberlain.—Lord Chancellor.
Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester.
Bishop Of Lincoln.Lord Abergavenny.
Lord Sands.

Sir Henry Guildford.—Sir Thomas Lo


Sir Anyhony Denny.—Sir Nicholas Vaux.
Secretaries to Wolsey.
Cromwell, Servant to Wolsey.
Griffith, Gentleman-Usher to Queen Ka-
Three Other Gentlemen.

Doctor Butts, Physician to the King

Garter, King at Arms.

Surveyor to the Dake of Buckingham.

Brandon, and a Sergeant at Arrtt.

Door-keeper of the Council-Chamber.

Porter, and ffls Man.

Page to Gardiner.—A Crier.

Queen Katharine, Wife to King Henry; afterwards divorced.

Anne Bullen, her Maid of Honour ; afterwards' Queen.

An Old Lady, Friend to Anne Bullen.

Patience, Woman to Queen Katharine.

Several Lords and Ladles in the Dumb Shows;
Women attending upon the Queen; Spirits,
which appear to her; Scribes, Officers,
Guards, and other Attendants.

Scene—chiefly in London aud Westminster; once, at Kimbolton.


I Come no more to make you laugh; things

That bear a weighty and a serious brow,
Sad, high, cud working, full of state and woe.
Such noble scents as draw the eye to flow,
We now present. Those that can pity, h>re
May, tf they think it well, let fall a tear;
The subject will deserve it. Such, as plve
Their money out of hope they may believe,
May here And truth too. Those, that come to

Only a show or two, and so agree,

The play may pass ; if they be still, and willing,

I'll undertake, may see away their shilling

Richly in two short honrs. Only they.

That come to hear a merry, bawdy play,

A noUe of targets; or to see a fellow

In a long motley coat, guarded * with yellow,

• Laced.

Will be deceiv'd : for, gentle hearers, know,
To rank our chosen truth with such a show
As foot aud flgbt Is, beside forfeiting
Our own brains, and the opiniou that we

(To make that only true we now intend, *)
Will leave us never an understanding friend.
Therefore, for gooduess' sake, ianu as you are

The first and happiest hearers of the town,
Be sad, as we would make ye: Think, je

The very persons of our noble story,
As they were liviiiK ; thiuk, you see them great,
Aud follow'd with the general throng, and

Of tliousand friends ; then, In a moment sec
How soon this mightiness meets misery I
And, if you cau be merry then, I'll tiy,
A man may weep upon bis wedding day.

• I'rctcnJ.

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SCENE I,—London.—An Ante-chamber in the Palace.

Enter the Duke of Norfolk, atone door; at

the other, the buke of Buckingham, and

the Lord Abiroavinnt

Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How have you done. Since last we raw In France 1

Nor. I thank your grace:
Healthful ; and ever siuce a fresh admirer
Of what I saw there.

Buck. An untimely ague
Stay'd me a prisoner In my chamber, when
Those sunt of glory, those two lights of men, *
Met in the vale of Arde.

Nor. 'Twixt Guynes and Arde: I was then present, saw them salute on horseback; [clung Beheld them, when lbey lighted, how they In their embracement, as they grew together; Which had they, what four throu'd ones could

have weigh'd Such a compounded one t

Buck. All the whole time
I was my chamber's prisoner.

Nor. Then you lost
The view of earthly glory : Men might say,
Till this time, pomp was single ; but now mar-

To one above itself. Each following day
Became the next day's master, till the last
Made former wonders It's : To-day, the French,
All clinquant, * all In gold, like heathen gods.
Shone down the English: and, to-morrow,

Made Britain, India: every man that stood SbowM like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were

As cherubim*, all tfilt; the madams too,
Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear
The pride upon them, that their very labour
Wat to them as a painting : now this mask
Was cried Incomparable; and the ensuing

Made it a fool and beggar. The two kings,
Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,
As presence did present them ; blm in eye,
SU1I him in praise: and, being preseut both,
'Twas said, they saw but one; and no dlscerner
Durst wag bis tongue in censure. | When
these suns [challenged
(For so they phrase them,) by their heralds
The noble spirits to arms, they did perform
Beyond thought's compass; that former fabu-
lous fctory.

Being now seen possible enough, got credit,
That Bevia$ was belie*'d.

Buck. Ob I you go far.

Nor. As I belong to worship, and aflVct
In honour honesty, the tract of every thing
Would by a good discourser lose some life.
Which action's self was tongue to. All was

To the disposing of It nought rebell'd.
Order give each thing view; the office did
Distinctly bis full function.

Buck. Who did guide,
I mean, who set the body and the limbs
Of this great sport together, as you guess t

Nor. One, certes, Q that promises uo element V In such a business.

Buck. I pray you, who, my lord f

A'or. All this was order'd by the good discretion

Of the right reverend cardinal of York.

• Hem- VIII. and Francii 1. king of Fnac*. t Glittering, ihinmj. ] In opinion, which Wm molt noble, \ Sir B«*i», created for hit prowcti E*rl of South

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Buck. The devil speed him 1 uo man's pic is free'd

From bis ambitious finger. What bad he
To do in these fierce * vatiities f I wonder,
That such a keecb t can with bis very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun.
And keep it from the earth.

Nor. Surely, Sir, There's in him stuff that pnts him to these ends:

For being not propp'd »>▼ aucestry, (whose


Chalks successors their way,) nor call'd upon For high feats done to the crown; ueitb«r ailied

To eminent assistance, but, spider-like.
Out of his self drawing web, be gives ns note.
The force of bis own merit makes his way;
A gift that beaven gives for biro, which buys
A place next to the kiug.

Alter. I cannot tell [eye What heaven hath given blm, let some graver

Fierce into that ; but I cau see bis pride hence


Peep through each part of blm: Wh

has he

If not from hell, the devil Is a niggard;
Or has given all before, and he begins
A new hell in himself.

Buck. Why the devil.
Upon this French going-out, took he upon him.
Without the privity o' the king, to appoint
Who should attend on hiui 1 He makes up the
Of all the gentry for liie most part such (tile;
Too, whom as great a charge as little honour
He meant to lay upon : and his own letter,)
The honourable board of council out.
Must fetch him in the papers.

Aber. I do know Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have By this so sickeu'd their estates, that never They shall abound as formerly.

Buck. O many Have broke their backs with laying manors on them

For this great journey. What did tbU vanity
But minister communication of
A most poor issue?

Nor. Grieviugly I think, [values The peace between the French aud us not The cost that did conclude It.

Buck. Every man,
After the bideous storm that follow'd, was
A thing inspir'd : and, not consulting, I rote
Into a general prophecy,—That this tejapot
Dashing the narment of this peac, aboded
The sudden breach on't.

Nor. Which is budded out; For France hath flaw'd the league, and truth attached

Our merchants' goods at Dourdeaux.

Aber. Is it therefore
The ambassador Is silene'd 1

Nor. Marry, is't.

Aber. A proper title of a peace, and purchas'd At a superfluous rate I

Buck. Why all this business Our reverend cardinal carried. |

Nor. 'Like It your grace. The state takes notice of the private dlffeience lietwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you, (And take It from a heart that wishes towards you

Honour and plenteous safety,) that yon read
The cardinal's malice and bis potency
Together : to consider further, that
What bis high hatred would effect, wanu not
A minister in his power : You know his nature.
That he's revengeful ; and I know, bis sword
Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and it may be

• Proud, t Lump of fit. t Lite,

f Set* down Mi hit Icttrr without conaultinf tht rwa»elt | Couiliictad.

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