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exercise it in a peculiar manner. But still there are two considerations, that will make some difference in this duty.

First, Servants are of different degrees; fome of them are entertained for particu. lar purposes, expressed, or well understood on both sides; and if they answer these purposes fairly, and honeitly, they have discharged the duty of their service.

Secondly, No servants now among us are in the same condition, that servants were in formerly; and particularly, when the Scriptures were written; for those were Naves, and the word might properly. be translated so. And therefore, though servants are obliged, no doubt,

ftill, and as much as ever they were, to Tit. ü.g.

be faithful and honest, not purloining, but Jewing all good fidelity; yet they are not bound to all the same things, nor for the same time. With us, they mostly hire themselves, and it is to service, not fervi


tude. By che law of the land, they are not Naves; and there is no Christian law, that obliges them to become such. Art 1 Cor. vii. thou called being a servant, or slave? care not for it; but if thou mayest be made free, use it rather,

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It is both prudent and right in servants to be respectful also, as well as honest. Wife and Christian counsel is that, which is given them by the Apostle, if they can to please their own masters well in all Tit. ii.g. things, not answering again without murmurings, complaints, reluctance, which make their service more painful and less acceptable. Yet in these countries, where they serve only upon agree. ment, they may certainly insist upon the conditions of it.

And though they are obliged by all the ties of reason, and religion, and their own interest to behave themselves well in their service; it may be, they are bound by


none of these to continue in it: and, excepting only the case of contracts for a fixed time, and some little restraints also which are established by custom, when they judge that they can be treated with more kindness, or receive a better recompence from a new master, or in another fation, they are at liberty to try. Con

science towards God does not oblige 1. Pet. ii. them to suffer thus wrongfully: the coun

sels suggested by prudence, may be followed with innocence.


Eph. vi. 9.

And ye, masters, do the same thing unto them; that is, act in the same reasonable and religious manner; be as considerate and equitable, as you expect them to be respectful and honest; in one word, be such masters, as you would wish to meet with, if you were servants. Forbearing threatening : It is a sign you want skill in the art of governing, if you have much occasion for severity; and you must want both religion and humanity, if you use it


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when it is not neceffary. Take care that none of the offences you would correct, nor any other, be any way owing to yourselves; be not partakers of their sins, by giving them encouragement or provocation to commit them, or setting an example of them; Knowing that your master also is in heaven. - Knowing this; you need not have recourse to imagination, to make you see what is reasonable in this case, and : induce you to do, as you would be done to.

The supposition that you too are servants, is very true: You have a master, as well as they, and the same that they have ; who will deal fairly by you both, accord. ing to your merit and not rank: and a very considerable part of

your merit will consist in your good behaviour to them. You shall meet from God with the mercy you shew; at the time when you will want it. But if you be injurious and oppressive, if you be lordly, and insolent, and inhuman; it had been better you had been born to beg, or that you

had VOL. II.



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never been born. Your dead body will be buried with a little more ceremony than their's; and there ends all your

glory: The grave is the concluding Luke xvi. scene of earthly greatness: The rich man

died, and was buried. Then a different ver. 23. prospect opens : And in hell he lift up his

eyes, being in torments, and feeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bofom. There

will be an exchange of station in the Mark X. world to come: Many that are firft, fhall

b: laft; and the last, first.


Princes, Magistrates, Superiours of every sort, have a right to respect and honour, and to obedience, according to their place, and their relation to us, and the Jaws of that civil society in which we live. These duties, resembling so nearly what we owe to our parents, rank easily under the same rule. The relation has been

often expressed by the same name ; and Numb. xi. the obligations are similar. Moses said unta the Lord, wherefore haft thou affliated


II, &c.

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