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But though the Sabbath, in all it's *XXI. 17. strictness, was a ritual inftitution, a sign,

as it is written, between Almighty God and the children of Israel; the seventh day was sanctified from the beginning of the world.

Ezek. XX.

Gen.ii. I, Thus the heavens and the earih were 2, 3.

finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it, he had rested from all his work, which God created and made.

How pleasing is it to observe the divine simplicity of the most ancient, and yet unequalled historian! that perfect propriety, which is the genuine mark of Truth and Nature, and which Art cannot reach! And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it. This is all. Nothing more, you see, was originally enjoined to


man than this, that he should esteem the seventh day blessed and san£tified. Not a word is added; not even that he ought to rest from his labour on that day; though this is a circumstance, to which the historian's attention, one would think, should have been naturally led, by the reason which he himself adds : God blessed the Seventh day, and fan&tified it; because that in it he had refted from all his work, which God created and made.

When the precept was afterwards delivered to the Jews, it is expressed very differently: Six days shalt thou labour, and do all that thou hast to do; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy Jon, nor thy daughter, thy manfervant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy franger that is within thy gates.

you obferve, the seventh day is styled a Sabbath: and this Idea of rest



from labour swallows up every

other consideration, and engrosses the commandment.

Whatever honour God commands to be paid to himself, it is all required for the sake of the worshipper. Rest was

now become a relief necessary to fallen Gen.ji, man, condemned to eat bread in the sweat 19.

of his face.

23, 18.

But when the seventh day was first Gen. iii. blessed and sanEtified, he was not yet driven

forth from the garden of Eden, 10 till the ground from whence he was taken; nor that ground yet cursed, to bring forth thorns and thistles to him. His daily task was pleafure ; exceeded only by the joy he felt at the weekly return of his thanksgivings.

Happy state of innocence and ease, froin which we fell in Adam!

y Cor. xv. 226

But, as in Adam all die, even so in Chris

Jhall Shall all be made alive. There remaineth yet Hebr. iv. a rest for the people of God.


This life is to us the fix days of labour, Hebr. iv. and Heaven our everlasting Sabbath. Let us labour therefore to enter into that rejt.

Driven out from the seat of bliss by cherubims and a faming sword,condemned to struggle through the thorny wilderness of this world, and eat our bread in Gen. iii. forrow till we return to dust, we yet look 17, 19. for a better country, that is an heavenly; a Hebr. xi. happier Eden; gained by the second Adam, and to be loft no more. To him Rev. ii. 7. that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God.

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