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DIETARY FOR EMIGRANTS, TO THE EAST INDIES, AS ESTABLISHED BY PARLIAMENT.
Each week 54 113 112 8 611| 1| 113 46 | 21 This table of food has been found sufficient for the ordinary wants of an emigrant while on ship-board. It gives somewhat of a change every day, and is composed of articles easily carried, and as cheap as any kind of provisions.
The law which regulates this table provides, that women, and children of fourteen and upward, are to receive the full rations set down in the table; children from seven to fourteen, to receive two-thirds, and children from one to seven years of age, to receive one-half of the above quantities.
It will be easy for the reader to make his own calculations, as to the quantities of the different articles he will want, on an examination of this table. On another page of
mis book, he will find a table showing the average time of the passage to the United States and Canada. AS A GENERAL RULE, HE SHOULD PROVIDE FOR A SIXTY DAYS' PASSAGE, although he may not be half that time in crossing.
A friend of the writer, who made a second cabin passage in the noble ship Garrick, and who understands how to provide such matters in an economical and comfortable manner, has furnished the following memorandum of his whole expense in reaching New-York in 1842. It will probably be interesting to the reader, if it be given. in detail.
Two tin cups, one holding a quart, the other a
The friend who furnished the foregoing memoranda, took a little extra pains to be comfortable at sea. He purchased a wooden chest about two and a half feet long, and of the usual proportions, which he divided into three apartments of equal size. In one of these he kept his bread, oatmeal, and the like. In another he kept his different mugs which contained his butter, sugar, salt, &c., &c. In the third apartment he kept his potatoes, well dried and ready for cooking. He had another small box to keep his trencher, teakettle, and cups in. He found these little contrivances very convenient, and we would recommend them to emigrants.
To those who are fond of oatmeal, we would recommend it made into hasty-pudding or mush, and used with molasses. Its effect on the bowels, at sea, is highly desirable.
The COOKING UTENSILS for an emigrant are exceedingly few and simple. A short-handled frying-pan; a small tea-kettle with a strainer attached to the spout, and a tin cup, holding about a pint, for drinking out of, are about all he will require. Instead of a tea-kettle, some persons prefer a tin pot with a flat side to it, with a hook to hang it upon the ribs of the grate. If the ship be very much crowded, the latter is the best plan, as such a kind of pot can often be boiled when the fire is crowded with other persons' utensils.
If the person uses coffee, a small tin coffe-pot will be necessary, perhaps; although he will generally make the coffee in the tea-kettle.
We would here caution the emigrant on one point, and advise him to be particular in regard to it. It is this:— always to procure cooking utensils of the strongest descrip
All tin articles should be made of double tin. The handles and spouts of the tea kettles and tin pots to be
riveted on, as well as soldered. Let the emigrant be very particular to attend to these things.
When the emigrant is procuring cooking utensils, let him add to his stock, if he have a family, a tin slop-pail, with a closely-fitted cover; a tin chamber-pot or two; a cheap mop, with a short handle, and a broom. All these things he will surely find use for, and they should not be omitted where the emigrant has a family.
The daily supply of water furnished by the ship, is usually dealt out by one of the mates at a regular hour. The law requires that this be done daily, but it is found to be more convenient to all parties if it be dealt out every other day, or less often, indeed. The passengers furnish their own jugs or other vessels, to receive it in, and on no account must something of this kind be omitted. A wooden vessel, say a keg, holding two or three gallons, is the best article. A stout jug will answer.
Sleeping arrangements. Size of berth. The kind of bedding necessary. Bag for
A sea-chest for clothing. How to
dirty clothing. Clothing for use at sea. pack clothes which are not to be used at sea. Comb, towels, soap, looking-glass, etc. Pills. in America should not be taken The prices of ready-made clothing, piece goods and the like in the United States. Emigrants should take as little luggage as possible. What they should not take. How to transfer spare funds to the United States and Canada. Etc. etc. etc.
THE sleeping place (called berth,) furnished by the ship, consists of nothing more than a sort of shelf, made of unpainted deals, with a strip of deal at the outside to keep the occupant from rolling out.
Each steerage passenger is allowed, by law, ten square feet, for his berth, &c., which will give him sufficient room. On board of some ships, two persons occupy one berth.
The passenger should furnish himself with a mattress of some kind, or a straw bed. Feather beds are not the best kind to use at sea, for various reasons. These had better be sold at home, if the emigrant happen to have any. A good straw bed is, after all, as good a kind as one would wish to have for steerage use. It is easier to lie on than a hair mattress, (no small consideration in a heavily rolling ship,) and it can be thrown away on arriving at quarantine, without loss. This should be reremembered, when providing conveniences for sleeping; for a person of nice habits would not care to use a bed on shore which had been used in the steerage at sea. A coarse ticking, well filled with fresh straw, is all you will Pillows and sheets for forty or fifty days, should