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to work for under-wages, if necessary. His object was to get something to do; knowing that it is usually more difficult to get the first job than the second. The masterbuilder was finally persuaded to employ him. At the end of each week, he paid this man by an order on a grocer in the town. The man took up the amount each week in tobacco, pipes, and other little matters which his fellow-workmen were in the habit of purchasing, and during the week kept them where he could supply them with such of his little stock as they might want. Being a good-natured sort of man, and disposed to accommodate others, he soon became quite a favorite among the other workmen and their families; and they desired him to add to his little stock, pins, needles, and such-like trifling matters as the women wanted. By this means he turned his wages into ready money, at a very pretty profit. This led him to increase his trade a little. Finally he hired a small shop, and let his wife take care of it while he was at work at his trade. By diligence, prudence, perseverance, and honesty, he continued to prosper, until he became rich. At this present moment he is worth at least thirty thousand pounds sterling-($150,000.)
In America a man must be ready to turn his hand to anything.
With regard to the other various branches of mechanical trades, the same general remarks will apply. Wherever there are many inhabitants, the various branches are needed; and places can usually be found, by a little pains, where a mechanic of any kind can get a good living.
To all such we can only say, that they would do well to make careful inquiry as to the most promising points, before they leave the place at which they arrived.
The wages of sewing females in the seaboard cities are disgracefully low; as low almost as in the old coun
tries. Such persons should proceed at once into the interior towns and cities, where they can live cheaper and get better pay. We have known milliners, tailoresses, capmakers, hat-trimmers, and the like, who succeed very well in the interior towns and cities. Let them by all means
They cannot do worse
quit the crowded sea-port towns.
Lonely feelings on landing. Emigrants bid farewell to each other. Change of air and diet affects the health and spirits. The heat sometimes painfully oppressive. The emigrant will soon get used to it. Be careful of diet on first landing How to proceed if sick. Choice of medical men. Landing luggage. How to proceed if the emigrant has goods liable to duty. Directions in the choice of a lodging-house and the like. Great imposition often practiced. How to guard against it. Call on Harnden & Co. Ascertain prices of lodging-houses beforehand. Prices at the various hotels, lodging-houses, etc. etc. Storing luggage Price of washing. Price of various kinds of provisions. Etc. etc. etc.
A PAINFUL sense of loneliness is often felt by emigrants during the first two or three days after landing. Having looked forward during a long passage to the time of arrival, with their curiosity and hope much excited; they experience a sinking of the spirits when they actually find themselves in a land of strangers and of strange customs. Many is the emigrant we have known who wished himself back on board the ship; though but a day or two before he was eager to get out of her.
The breaking up of the society of the ship is painful to him, however disagreeable the society may have been. It seems as if this was the last link which connected him with his country. His fellow-passengers left their native land with him; with hopes, and plans, and trials like his A community of feeling has existed in the crowded steerage; and when the time to part from each other has come-some to go North, some South, some East, some West—no more to meet, it gives rise to painful emotions.
In addition to this, the sudden change of air and diet which takes place in going from the sea to the shore, has no very pleasant effect on the spirits. The air at sea is
bracing, and never too hot. If the emigrant happen to arrive in July or August, he is oppressed with the heat of the American summer. He has never before experienced the like, and for a time he thinks he shall be unable to endure it. But he should remember, that such extreme heat is principally confined to the months just named; and that the heat seems more oppressive to him from its contrast with the cool air of the ocean. The change from the latter to a crowded, pent-up city, is a very great one. The emigrant will, however, soon become accustomed to the climate of America, and will get to like it as well as that of his native land. Indeed, emigrants not unfrequently give it a preference, after a residence of a year or two in the country.
The change in diet, too, has a tendency to derange the stomach, and make the emigrant low-spirited. Having had no fresh meats, or fresh vegetables, or fruits, for so long a time, he is apt to indulge altogether too freely in such things on first landing; and the almost inevitable consequence is a slight derangement of the health. Emigrants cannot be too guarded on this point. This is a caution we would most earnestly urge, especially upon women and children. Very many deaths and much sickness occur from not paying attention to this matter.
If the emigrant should become ill soon after landing, let him apply at once to some judicious, honorable medical man. A few shillings expense may prevent a fit of illness. The charges for medical advice in the United States are very moderate. If the emigrant apply in person to the medical man for advice, the charge will not exceed fifty cents, say two-and-sixpence sterling. If the medical man visits the patient, the charge will be about one dollar.
The first thing which an emigrant will think of on arrival, is the custom-house permit to land his luggage. If
he has no goods on which duties must be paid, he will have nothing to do, as the captain will procure the necessary permit. If he have goods liable to duty, he must go through the regular custom-house forms. It is unnecessary to specify what these forms are, for the emigrant in these circumstances, will have to apply to a custom-house broker to do the business for him. If he do not wish to employ a broker, the captain of the ship will probably give him all needful information. In another chapter, a table of the duty on certain articles will be found, which the emigrant may find convenient.
The second want of the emigrant on landing, will be that of a good boarding and lodging-house.
On this point he will be liable to the greatest imposition. The most shameful frauds are practiced by the keepers of certain lodging-houses, taverns, and the like. Runners from these houses will be found prowling around the quarantine and the docks. Beware of them. As a general rule, utterly refuse to go with any of them. The best plan is to get the name of a good lodging-house of some one on whom you can rely, before leaving the old country. By calling at the offices of Harnden & Company, either in Europe or the States, they will furnish you with the names and prices of such kind of houses as you may feel safe in going to. Those houses advertised at the end of this little book, may be relied on as being good houses, and where the emigrant will be honestly dealt by.
The various societies which exist for the protection of emigrants from imposition, will also give the reader information on this point. So would the captain and mates of the ship were he to ask them.
On selecting a lodging-house, ascertain beforehand the charges to which you will be subjected. Have a plain understanding on this point, either in writing or in the