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As the plan pursued in the subsequent work is detailed in the first chapter, it would be superfluous to say any thing concerning it in this place. But there is another point on which the reader may wish for some explanation, before he enters on the perufal of the following pages. He will be aware that it can scarcely fall to the lot of any individual to attain to such a degree of personal knowledge of the habits, pursuits, and occupations of the different ranks and professions into which the higher and middle classes of society in this country are distributed, as to qualify him to delineate their respective duties with tolerable accuracy. And he may with justice expect to be informed whether the author of the present performance has enjoyed advantages of any kind, affording him a chance of accomplishing, in a satisfactory manner, the task which he has undertaken. It is therefore in.


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cumbent on me to state that I have enjoyed, in carrying on the work, advantages of such a nature as to leave me almost without apology for the greater part of its errors and imperfections. The endeavours which I have studioully made to derive intelligence from various quarters respecting the several topics which I have had to discuss, have been amply recompensed. And in executing most of the chapters appropriated to particular defcriptions of men, and especially some of those chapters with the subjects of which I was the least acquainted, I have been fortunate enough to receive the unreserved suggestions, advice, and animadversions of persons severally occupying the flation, or belonging to the profession in question, and accustomed strictly to consider its duties in a conscientious light. Were I at liberty to mention the names to which I allude, some of them would be found in possession of no small share of public respect and esteem. Yoxall Lodge, near Lichfield,

Nov. 6th, 1794.


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General Remarks on the First Principles

of the British Constitution.

Tendency of Men to Social Union

9-II Simplicity of early Forms of Government exemplified

11-15 First General Principle of the British Constitution 17, 18 State of popular Representation considered as to strict Justice

19-22 Hereditary


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