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INTRODUCTORY AND CONCLUDING REMARKS. Abundantly agreed, that Domitian was the author of John's banishment." This also has the express sanction of Irenaus, Origen, and other carly fathers; and is supported by strong internal evidence: for this book describes the seven Asiatic churches as not only existing, but as having flourished, and, some of them, subsequently decayed, which could not have been the case at a much earlier date.

Another question, and one we think least attended to, relates to the scenic representations here described. The exhibitions in the first and fourth chapters, strongly remind us of the scenes exhibited in the prophecies of Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel: but in chapters v. and vi. we have a volume, or roll of parchment, sealed with seven seals: each of which, as it opens, displays (as suggested by Harmer) a pictorial delineation of certain figures, emblematical of future events, which exhibitions become more and more vivid, till they quire all the interest of real life: sounds are added to pictorial representation, and the great Ezekiel of the New Testament, wrapt in prophetic raptures, hears thunders unitterable, and describes scenes inconceivable.

We have alluded to Ezekiel, and, indeed, there is a singular resemblance between his visions and those of the beloved disciple. Both saw the sapphire throne, and the rainbow round about it; with the glorious vision of the bic animals. Both prefigure the terrible judgments of God upon the earth, and particularly upon Gog and Magog; and both describe the New Jerusa lem, with an angel measuring the temple..

There is something, however, peculiar in St. John's plan, or method: first, seven seals are unloosed, and produce six grand pictorial views. Under the seventh seal we have a solemn pause, and seven angels with trumpets are introduced: the sounding of the first six trumpets produce six grand prophetic scenes; and the seventh trumpet ushers in the Millennium.

The following brief analysis is from the pen of the late learned and judicious Hurd:

mous, was well known to be the production of a son of the late Dr. Toners, of political memory; and though professedly religious, was so deeply imbued with politics, that, soon after its publication, it was thought prudent to suppress the sale, to prevent prosecution, which rendered it for several years very scarce. It contains, however, curious and interesting extracts from more than thirty writers of the two last centuries, and is thought to excel in a judicious exposition of the prophetic symbols, which abound in this book. 3. On the other hand, the Rev. G. S. Faber, B. D., a very learned and respectable clergyman, differs from most preceding interpreters in explaining Antichrist, and the Man of Sin-neither of the pope nor popery, but of "tae Infidel King," or atheistical government of France; a system which he has certainly defended with great ability and ingenuity. He is also a strong and ac-able advocate for the complete restoration of the Jews.

Since these gentlemen, who were the first, we believe, to propound and support these systems, we have had a long succession of writers of varied talent; among whom we recollect the names of three learned lay gentlemen, Messrs. Cuninghame, Frere, and Gallaway; and, still more recently, the Rev. Mr. Irving-of all whom we wish to speak with respect, though, from the little cheru-knowledge we have obtained of their respective systems, we consider them as rather curious than correct.

The first, and certainly one of the most judicious, of these works, is the "Paraphrase and Notes of the Rev. Moses Lowman, forty years a dissenting minister at Clapham." Ours is the fourth edition. When the first edition of this work was published, we cannot say; but the author died in 1752. Of this work, it is sufficient praise that Doddridge has said of it-" From which I have received more satisfaction, with respect to many of its difficulties, (i. e. the dif ficulties of the Apocalypse,) than ever I found elsewhere, or expected to have found at all."-Doddridge's Works.

2. Bishop Newton's Dissertations on the Prophecies we need only name, as their merit is universally acknowledged. The 24th Dissertation only has reference to this book.

3. The Apocalypse, or Revelation of St. John, translated, with notes, critical and explanatory. To which is prefixed, a dissertation on the divine origin of the book, &c. by J. C. Woodhouse, D. D. Archdeacon of Salop. It is abundant praise to this author, that no less a man than Bishop Hurd wrote in a blank leat of this book, in the Hartlebury Library-" This is the best book of the kind I have seen. It owes its superiority to two things: 1. The author's understanding, for the most part, the Apocalyptical symbols in a spiritual, not in a literal sense; and, 2dly, To the care he has taken to fix the precise import of those symbols, from the use made of them by the old prophetical, and other writers of the Old and New Testament."

4. An Essay towards a connected elucidation of the prophetical part of the Morell, author, who is since bore the character of intelligent, modest, and temperate in judgment; and has had the merit of condensing into the compass of an octavo pamphlet, the substance of Lowman, Newton, and several other writers.

5. Expository Discourses on the Apocalypse, interspersed with practical reflections, by Andr. Fuller, 1814. This was the last work of Fuller, and bears the characteristic stamp of his maturest judgment. The author died just before its publication.

The reader may form a distinct idea of the method in which the whole book of the Apocalypse is disposed, by observing, that it is resolvable into three great parts. The first part is that of the Epistles to the seven churches, contained in the first three chapters, and is not at all considered by Mede.

"The second part (with which Mede begins his commentary) is that of the Sealed Book, from chap. iv. to chap. x. ; and contains the fates of the empire, or its civil revolutions, yet with a reference still to the fate and fortune of the Christian church.

"The third part is that of the Open Book, with what follows, to the end; and exhibits in a more minute and extended view, the fates of the Christian church, especially during its apostacy, and after its recovery from it. This third division may farther be considered as consisting of two parts. The first contains, in chap. xi., a summary view of what should befall the Christian church, conthe events deduced in the second the and is given in this place in order to connect the second and third parts, and to show their correspondence and contemporarity. The second part of the last division, from chap. xii. to the end, gives a detailed account of what should befall the Christian church, in distinct and, several of them, synchronical visions." It would be in vain to attempt to harmonize, or even to enumerate, the various expositors of this mysterious book; yet so much curiosity has been excited within the last few years, by the exercise of uncommon genius and learning, that we feel disposed to give a faint outline of the hypothesis of a few of the most popular, which we shall do with impartiality; and, according to the best of our recollection, nearly in the order of their publication. The French Revolution, and the events which followed, renewed, in a singular way, the study of this sacred book. Most remarkable, certainly, were the interpretations or conjectures (as the reader may please to call them) of the judgments foretold in chap. xi., relative to the fall of the French government, and certain events which followed, as they were explained by the Rev. P. Jurtieu, Rob. Fleming, and others, in the latter end of the 17th century. One of the first writers who particularly noticed this event as the fulfilment of that prophecy, was the Rev. James Bicheno, M. A., a Baptist Minister of Newbury, and a most zealous friend to civil and religious liberty. This benevolent gentleman (for the writer knew such to be his character) was so delighted with the fall of popery and slavery in France, that he flattered himself that this was, at least, an introduction to the Millennium. Some of his peculiarities were-that the great dragon, mentioned in Rev. xx. 1-3, signified the German empire; and the two witnesses, in chap. xi., the advocates for civil and religious liberty. He wrote in 1794, &c. and predicted the final destruction of popery and despotism in 1819!

2. Illustrations of Prophecy-In which are elucidated many predictions in Isaiah, Daniel, the Revelation, &c. supposed to refer to the Revolution in France, the overthrow of ccclesiastical tyranny, civil despotism, &c., with a large collection of extracts, &c., 2 vols. 8vo. 1796. This work, though anony.

6. A concise Exposition of the Apocalypse, so far as the prophecics are fulfilled, by J. R. Park, M. D. This answers to its description, and contains, as appears to us, an abstract of the great work of Woodhouse, above mentioned, so far as relates to prophecies supposed to be fulfilled. The five first chapters are omitted, as not prophetical. The author professes to have consulted the archdeacon at every step, but to have differed from him freely, wherever he saw occasion.

CONCERNING the Revelation, Dr. Priestley (no mean judge of Biblical subjects, where his own peculiar creed was not concerned) has declared, "I think it impossible for any intelligent and candid person to peruse this Book without being struck, in the most forcible manner, with the peculiar dignity and sublimity of its composition, superior to that of any other writing whatever; so as to be convinced, that, considering the age in which it appeared, none but a person divinely inspired could have written it. These prophecies are also written in such a manner as to satisfy us that the events announced to us were really foreseen; being described in such a manner as no person, writing without that knowledge, could have done. This requires such a mixture of clearness and obscurity, as has never yet been imitated by any forgers of prophecy whatever. Forgeries, written of course after the events, have always been too plain. It is only in the Scriptures, and especially in the Book of Daniel, and this of the Revelation, that we find this happy mixture of clearness and obscurity in the accounts of future events." The obscurity of this prophecy, which has been urged against its genuineness, necessarily results from the highly figurative and symbolical language in which it is delivered, and is, in fact, a strong internal proof of its authenticity and divine original: "For it is a part of this prophecy," as Sir Isaac Newton justly remarks, "that it should not be understood before the last age of the world; and therefore it makes for the credit of the prophecy that it is not yet understood. The folly of interpreters has been, to foretell times and things by this prophecy, as if God designed to make them prophets. By this rashness, they have not only exposed themselves, but brought the prophecy also into contempt. The design of God was much otherwise. He gave this, and the prophecies of the Old Testament, not to gratify men's curiosities by enabling them to foreknow things, but that, after that they were fulfilled, they might be interpreted by the event; and his own Providence, not the interpret ers, be then manifested thereby to the world. For the event of things, predicted many ages before, will then be a convincing argument that the world is governed by Providence. For as the few and obscure prophecies concerning Christ's first coming were for setting up the Christian religion, which all nations have since corrupted: so the many and clear prophecies concerning the things to be done at Christ's second coming, are not only for predicting, but also for effecting a recovery and re-establishment of the long-lost truth, and setting up a kingdom wherein dwells righteousness The event will prove the Apocalypse; and this prophecy, thus proved and understood, will open the old prophets; and all together will make known the true religion, and establish it. There is already so much of the prophecy fulfilled, that as many as will take pains in this study, may see sufficient instances of God's promise; but then the signal revolutions predicted by all the holy prophets, will at once both turn men's eves upon considering the predictions, and plainly interpret them. Till then we 40

7. The most recent, and ingenious work we have met with, is "The Apocalypse of St. John.... a new interpretation, by the Rev. Geo. Croly, A.M. H. K. S. L."-Without professing ourselves converts to his, or to any new system, as a whole, we certainly regard Mr. C. as an elegant and an able writer. 8. There is another work which we have not classed, nor can we cluss, with the above, because it is unique, and, in general, opposed to all the preceding. It is entitled, "A general History of the Christian Church.... chiefly deduced from the Apocalypse of St. John," on which it is, in fact, a commentary. It appears under the name of Sig. Pastorini, but is well known and acknowledged to be written by the late Dr. Walmesley, of Bath, a Roman Catholic divine, and "Vicar Apostolic of the West of England." This profound mathematician, and such he confessedly was, has endeavoured to demonstrate that Protestantism (and not popery) is the grand apostacy." which was to have been exterminated in 1825--but has happily survived the author's rash prediction. This work was first printed in 1771; but ours, which is marked the fifth edition, is dated "Dublin, 1812."


must content ourselves with interpreting what hath been already fulfilled." And, as Weston observes, "if we were in possession of a complete and particular history of Asia, not only of great events, without person or place, names or dates, but of the exactest biography, geography, topography, and chronology, we might, perhaps, still be able to explain and appropriate more circumstances recorded in the Revelation, under the emperors of the East and the West, and in Arabia, Persia, Tartary, and Asia, the seat of the most impor tant revolutions with which the history of Christianity has ever been interwoven and closely connected." History is the great interpreter of prophecy, Prophecy is, as I may say," observes Newton, history anticipated and contracted; history is prophecy accomplished and dilated; and the prophecies of Scripture contain the fate of the most considerable nations, and the substance of the most memorable transactions in the world, from the earliest to the latest times. Daniel and St. John, with regard to those latter times, are more copious and particular than the other prophets. They exhibit a series and succession of the most important events, from the first of the four great empires to the consummation of all things. Their prophecie may really be said to be a summary of the history of the world; and the history of the world is the best comment upon their prophecies.... and the more you know of ancient and modern times, and the farther you search into the truth of history, the more you will be satisfied of the truth of prophecy." The Revelation was designed to supply the place of that continued succession of prophets, which demonstrated the continued providence of God to the patriarchal and Jewish churches. "The majority of commentators on the Apocalypse," says Townsend, generally acted on theso principles of interpretation. They discover in this Book certain predictions of events which were fulfilled soon after they were announced; they trace in the history of later years various coincidences, which so fully agree with various parts of the Apocalypse, that they are justly entitled to consider them as the fulfilment of its prophecies; and, by thus tracing the one God of Revelation through the clouds of the dark ages, through the storms of revolutions and wars, through the mighty convulsions which, at various periods, have agitated the world, their interpretations, even when they are most contradictory, when they venture to speculate concerning the future, are founded on so much undoubted truth, that they have materially confirmed the wavering faith of thousands. Clouds and darkness must cover the brightness of the throne of God, till it shall please him to enable us to bear the brighter beams of his glory. In the mean time, we trace his footsteps in the sea of the Gentile world, his path in the mighty waters of the ambitious and clashing passions of man. We rejoice to anticipate the day when the bondage of Rome, which would perpetuate the intellectual and spiritual slavery of man, shall be overthrown, and the day-spring of united knowledge and holiness bless the world."

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B. C. 4004.

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a Pr.8.2 Jn.1.1,2 He.1.10.

b Job 38.4. Ps. 33.6. Is. 40.26. Je.51.15. Ze. 12. L. Ac. 14. 15. Ro. 1.20. Co. 1.16.

c Job 26.7. Je. 4.23.

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22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

Job 26.13 Ps. 104.30.

e P8.33.9. Mat.8.3.

the light, and between the darkness.


Is. 45.7.

i and the

n Job 38.8.

9 And God said, "Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, p tender and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

o Mat.6.30.


10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: And God saw that it was good.

q Lu.6.44. r Ps. 136.7.

evening was and the morn

ing was.

j Job 37.18

k expan


1 Jer. 10.12

m Pr.8.28.

s between

the day

and be tween the night.


12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 13 And the evening and the morning werey the third day.

u for the rule of the day.


w creeping.

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z face of


14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and 1 for seasons, and for days, and years:

15 And let them be for lights in the firmament a E729 of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

Eph. 4.24.
Col. 3. 10.

b creepeth.

Ps. 69.34. c secding seed.

d c.2.16.

16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the c. 14. 17. heaven to give light upon the earth, e a living


Job 36.31.


18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

the firmament of heaven. ver. 7,14.

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21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly after their kind, and f Job 23.4. every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

g Is.2.22.
h 1 Cor.15.



And God said, Let the earth bring fortn the living creature after his kind, cattle, ana creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

27 So God created man in his own image,

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5 And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew for the LORD God had not caused it

a Ex. 20.11.
Is. 58.13.

b created to to rain upon the earth, and there was not a



1 The first sabbath. 8 The garden of Eden. 16 The tree of knowledge. 19, 20 The naming of the creatures. 21 The making of woman, and institution of marriage.


HUS the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. 4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,

man to till the ground.



6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. 7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his 5 nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.


And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight E.31.8,9. and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

J c.3.22.
k ver. 17.

10 And a river went out of Eden to water

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12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of m Ethiopia.

23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.



14 And the name of the third river is Hidde-
kel: that is it which goeth toward the east 31,3,
of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
15 And the LORD God took the man, and
put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it,
and to keep it.

23. 1 Cor.

16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

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o or, easte
ward to

10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

t dying


11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof thou shall I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the vas before tree, and I did eat.

17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good
and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day
that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.x or, the

w Ps. 8.6.

13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.


18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone: "I will make him a help meet for him.

y called.
z c. 15.12.
a builded.

14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field: upon thy belly shalt thou go, and "dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of b Pr.18.22. the air, and brought them unto Adam to see e Ep.5.30. what he would call them; and whatsoevera Isha. Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.


15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and Pher seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

e Ish.
f Ma.10.7.
a Re. 12.9.
b 2 Co.11.3.

20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field: but for Adam there was not found a help meet for him.

e yea, be

cause, &c.


21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleepd c.217. to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he tooke Jn.8.44. one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead | f 1 Ti.214. thereof:

g a desire.

Por, Adam


22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and broughth c.2.25. her unto the man.

2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, "Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

r eating


thou shalt


u 1 Cor. 11.
9. 1 T1.2


i or, things
to gird

J wind.

k Je. 23.24.

Am. 9.2,3 11Jn.3.20.

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v Ac. 17.26.
w Is 61.10.

x ver.5.

2 ver. 19.
a P.80.1,

5 For God doth know, that in the day ye eaty Re27.
thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and
ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
6 And when the woman saw that the tree
was good for food, and that it was pleasant
to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and
did eat, and gave also unto her husband with
her, and he did eat.

7 Ánd the eyes of them both were opened,

&c.; 99.1.

The birth of Cain and Abel. and they knew that they were naked: and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.

9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?

b 1 Ch.21.


c He. 10 20.

A. M. 2

B. C. 4003.

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a i. e. got
ten, or
b Hebel.

ca feeder. tiller of the ground.

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g Le. 3 16,17

h He. 11.4.

or, have
the reel


kor, subject
unto thee
11 Jn.3.12.
Jude 11.
m Ps. 9.12.

6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art bloods
thou wroth? and why is thy countenance

o He. 12.24.


9 And the LORD said unto TM Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?

10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's "blood crieth unto me from the ground.

d at the end

e Nu. 18.12.

of days
sheep, or,


15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, i sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

Re. 6.10. por, mine iniquity is greater than that it may be forgiven.

Mat. 12.31 the day when they were created.

q Job 15.
Pro. 28.1.

8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: 2K13
and it came to pass when they were in the
field, that Cain rose up against Abel his bro-
ther, and slew him.

23. 24.20.
Pr. 51.11.

s Chanoch.
A. M. cir.


B. C. cir.

1 Lemech.

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B. C. cir.


v whetter.

w or, I
elay a
man in

The translation of Enoch.

25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: Then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.


11 And now art thou cursed from the earth,
which hath opened her mouth to receive thy
brother's blood from thy hand:
12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not in my and twelve years: and he died.
henceforth yield unto thee her strength: a fugi-
tive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punish-
ment P is greater than I can bear.


14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth: and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay


i Muleleet.
ver. 4.
A. M. 1235.

B. C. 269.

A. M. 460.
B. C. 3514.
1 Jered.


1 The genealogy, age, and death of the patriarchs from Adam unto Noah. 2 The godliness and translation of Enoch.

A. M. 9.7.
B. C. 3017.
pe. 6.9; 17.1
De. 13.4.

HIS is the book of the generations of
Adam. In the day that God created man,


a the likeness of God made he him:

2 Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in

23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah
and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of La-
mech, hearken unto my speech: for I have
slain a man to my wounding, and a young
man to my hurt.
24 If Cain shall be avenged seven-fold, truly AM 574
Lamech seventy and seven-fold.

2 Ki. 20.3.
Ps. 16.3.
A. M. 957.

B. C. 2017.
q He. 11.5.

B. C. 3130.

x Lemech.

9 ¶ And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:

A. M. 130. B. C. 3874. y Sheth, i.e. appointedor, put.

10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan AM 25 eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat

B. C. 3769. 7. Enosh.

sons and daughters:

a or, to call
selves by
the name
of the

De 26.17 begati Mahalaleel:

Ps. 116. 17.
Is 44.5.
Joel 2. 32.
1 Co.1.2.
A. M. 1.

B. c. 4004.

a c 1.27.
1 Co. 11.7.


Mal.2 15.

A. M. 130.
B. C. 3874.

Job 25.4.

1 Co.15.49

3 And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth: 4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:

5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.

6 ¶ And Seth lived a hundred and five years, and begat Enos:

7 And Seth lived, after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:

8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred

d ver.7,10,
A. M. 930.
B. C. 3074.

17 And Cain knew his wife and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch.

e He.9 27.
A. M. 235.

B. C. 3769.

f c. 1.26.
A. M. 1042.

A. M. 325.

18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad B. C. 2962 begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methu-B. C. 3579. sael: and Methusael begat Lamech. A. M. 1140 hver.5.



B. C. 2864.


A. M. 395.

And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

B. C. 3609.

20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the Father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.


and begat Methuselah:

22 And Enoch P walked with God after he 21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was Abegat Methuselah three hundred years, and the father of all such as handle the harp and mver 5

begat sons and daughters:


A. M. 622.
B. C. 232.
nover. 5.

A. M. 697.
B. C. 3317.

22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: Gr. Ma and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.


11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.


And Cainan lived seventy years, and

13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:

14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died. 15

And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:

16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:

17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died. 18 And Jared lived a hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:

19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:

20 And all the days of Jared were nine hun dred sixty and two years: and he " died.

21 ¶ And Enoch lived sixty and five years,

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23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:

24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.

25 And Methuselah lived a hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech:

26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:

27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years and he died.

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The order of the ark.

28 And Lamech lived a hundred eighty and AM 106. two years, and begat a son:

B. C. 2948. s Gr. Noe;

i e. reet, or, com


29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.


30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:

31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died. 32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth. CHAPTER VI.



1 The wickedness of the world, which caused the flood. 8 Noah findeth grace. 14 The order, form, and end of the ark.



ND it came to pass, when men began to the

daughters were born unto them,

2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of b that they were fair; and they © took men, them wives of all which they chose.

3 And the LORD said, My Spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.

9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man, and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.


10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

11 The earth also was corrupt before God; and the earth was filled with violence.


12 And God looked upon the earth, and behold, it was corrupt: for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

13 And God said unto Noah, 1 The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them: and behold, I will destroy them with the earth.


A. M. 1651.

B. C. 2353. A. M. 1556.

B. C. 2448.


17 And behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall


и с.6.10. 7.13.

20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of Ch.1.4. the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall


a c.1.28.

b Job 31.1.

e De. 7.3.4. Err.9.2 Ne. 13.26, 27. 2 Co. 6.14.

d Ne.9.30.

Is. 5.4.

Je. 11.7,
11. 1 Pe.

e Pr. 78.39. f Ps. 14.2.


4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them: the same became mighty men, which were of old, men of renown.

5 And GoD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his every heart.

day. } from man

unto beast.

gor, the whole


tion: The Hebrew word sigbilies not only the


tion, but also the purposes and desires.

7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth 1 1 Pe.4.7. me that I have made them.

8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

h c.8.21. De.29.19. Eze. 8.9, 12 Mat 15.19.

kor, upright.

o Pr. 93.3,4. Am. 9.6.

p c.7.8.9.
He. 11.7.

A. M. 1656

B. C. 2345.

11 Make thee an ark of gopher-wood: rooms" shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

C seven se171.

15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three a blot out. hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof: with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

1 P320.

2 Pe 25.

b Le. 11.

The beginning of the floou.

18 But with thee will I establish my covenant. and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, anc thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee.

e or, on the secenth day.

f c.8.2 Pr.S.29. Mat 21 33. 1 Th. 5.3.

19 And of every living thing of all flesh, two P of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee: they shall be male and female.

gor, floodgates. h c.6.13. i wing. j Dc. 33.27. P. 46.2. 91.9 Pr.3.23.

m or, from
the earth.
A. M. 1536.

B. C. 246 creepeth upon the earth,

n nests.

come unto thee, to keep them alive.

21 And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.


22 Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he. EX


1 Noah, with his family, and the living creatures, enter into the ark. 17 The beginning, increase, and continuance of the flood.

the LORD said unto Noah, come thou

and all thy house into the ark: for a thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.


2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female; and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female.

3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.

4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights: and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth. 5 And Noah did according unto all that the LORD commanded him.

6 And Noah was six hundred years old when, the flood of waters was upon the earth.

7¶ And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that

9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.


10 And it came to pass, after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains! of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

13 In the self-same day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark;

14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.

15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.

16 And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded, him and the LORD shut him in.)

17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.

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