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THE

HOLY BIBLE,

CONTA

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OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS,

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THE

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HOLY BIBLE,

CONTAINING THE

OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS,

TRANSLATED OUT OF THE ORIGINAL TONGUES;

AND WITH THE

FORMER TRANSLATIONS DILIGENTLY COMPARED AND REVISED.

THE REFERENCES AND MARGINAL READINGS

OF THE

POLYGLOTT BIBLE,

WITH NUMEROUS ADDITIONS FROM

BAGSTER'S COMPREHENSIVE BIBLE.

NEW YORK.
ROBINSON, PRATT & CO., 63 WALL STREET.

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A Shekel of Silver
Ditto of Gold

34 EZRA

24 NEHEMIAH.

21 ESTHER

4 JOB

31 PSALMS

24 PROVERBS

THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.

50 I. KINGS

22 ECCLESIASTES

40 II. KINGS

25 SONG OF SOLOMON

27 I. CHRONICLES

29 ISAIAH.

36 II. CHRONICLES

A Gerah

A Shekel (20 gerahs)

A Maneh (60 hekels)

A Talent (50 manehs)

A Drachm (silver)

A Bekah, Didrachma, or Half-shekel

A Gerah (1-20th of ditto) about

A Maneh, or Mina (50 shekels)

A Talent of Silver

Ditto of Gold

10

THE NAME 1941

28 II. CORINTHIANS

16 GALATIANS

24 EPHESIANS

21 PHILIPPIANS

28 COLOSSIANS

16 I. THESSALONIANS

16 IL THESSALONIANS

WEIGHTS.-TROY.

MONEY.

REDUCED TO DOLLARS AND CENTS.

.

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WITH THE ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE REFERENCES.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY
GIFT OF
MRS. THOMAS WENTWORTH IOGINISON
MRS. MARCAKET HIGGINSON BARNEY

0 0

2

125

Nu.

Jos.

Ju.

Ru.

THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

13 I. TIMOTHY

6 II. TIMOTHY

6 TITUS

4 PHILEMON

4 TO THE HEBREWS

5 EPISTLE OF JAMES
31. PETER

NAMES AND ORDER

Ps.

Ca.

THE CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER,

Mat.
1Th.

2 Th.
Ga.

1 Co.
Ro.

1 Sa.

2 Sa.

1 Ch. 698 ISAIAH

THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.

Ma.

Ep.

6 0

0

0

OF ALL THE

B. C.

Ge.

1004 I. KINGS, I-XI.

Job. 1004 II. CHRONICLES, L-ix.

Ex.

1000 PROVERBS

Le.

975 ECCLESIASTES.

De.

*.* Silver is here reckoned at $1.12, and Gold at $17.75, per ounce.

800 JOEL

787 AMOS

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750 MICAH

740 HOSEA

713 NAHUM

lb. oz. dwts. grs.

0

0 0

10

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A. D.

63 or 64 LUKE

2 Co. 63 or 64 ACTS

. 150 JOEL

31 AMOS

897 1. KINGS, XII. &c.

862 JONAH

36 JEREMIAH

10 LAMENTATIONS

13 EZEKIEL

10 DANIEL

42 HOSEA

630 ZEPHANIAH

626 HABAKKUK

THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

61 JAMES

62 COLOSSIANS.

62 PHILEMON

62 or 63 PHILIPPIANS.

63 HEBREWS

64 1. TIMOTHY
64 TITUS

D.

C.

0 50 A Log (1-72d of an ephah) about

8 9 An Omer (1-10 ditto)

12 A Seah

0 18 A Cab (1-18 ditto)

0 24 A Hin (1-6th ditto)

0 2 A Seah (1-3d ditto)

25 43 An Ephah, or Bath
1,519 32
23,309 0

MEASURES.-LIQUID.

REDUCED TO ENGLISH WINE MEASURE.

A Cab, nearly

An Omer (or Gomer)

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0 An Ephah

0A Letech, or Half-homer

0A Homer, or Cor

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.

Pr.
Ec.

12 OBADIAH
8 JONAH
66 MICAH
52 NAHUM.

32

5 HABAKKUK

48 ZEPHANIAH
12 HAGGAI

14 ZECHARIAH
3 MALACHI

B. C.

1 Ki. 623 II. CHRONICLES, X. &c.

2 Ch. 590 II KINGS

588 JEREMIAH

Ja.

Col.
Phil.

2 2 0

7 2 04
75 2 1

An Homer (Chomah), or Cor
Carefully distinguish between an Omer and
a Homer, which contains 100 Omers.

DRY, OR CORN MEASURE.

Phi.
He.

Lu.
Ac.

TABLES OF JEWISH MONEYS, WEIGHTS, AND MEASURES.

MEASURES OF LENGTH.

6 IL PETER
41. JOHN
3 II. JOHN
1III JOHN

13 JUDE

5 REVELATION

5

1 Ki. 587 OBADIAH
Jo. 574 EZEKIEL
Joel. 534 DANIEL

Am. 520 HAGGAI .
Mi. 520 ZECHARIAH
Ho. 509 ESTHER
Na. 457 EZRA
Is. 434 NEHEMIAH
Zep. 397 MALACHI
Hab.

galls. qts. pts.

0 0 04

0 3 0

0

0

3

1 1 0

5

0

588 LAMENTATIONS

0

0

0

69 II. JOHN
69 III JOHN

1 Ti. 96 or 97 REVELATION
Tit. 97 or 98 JOHN

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pks gals. pts.

0

0

3

0

1

1A Mite, about equal, in our money, to

3 A Farthing (two mitos)

0A Penny (denarius)

1A Pound (mina)

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ROMAN MONEYS MENTIONED IN THE NEW TESTAMENT. Reduced to Dollars and Cenis.

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A Furlong, or Stadium

145 4 7

A Sabbath Day's Journey, about an English mile.

Rc.

Jn.

paces. ft. in.

0 0 1 0 0 31

0 0 11

0 1

0

1

0

7

0 5

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Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1833, by JAMES CONNER and WILLIAM R. COOKE, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.

STEREOTYPED BY CONNER & COOKE.

INTRODUCTION.

TIE Sacred Volume, which we term the BIBLE, or the Book, by way of the Jews were divided after their canon was closed; as well as their disper eminence, consists of two grand parts, the Old Testament and the New Tession into every part of the globe, concurred to render any attempt at fabrica tament; containing conjointly a variety of different compositions, historical, tion improbable and impossible before the time of Christ. and after that poetical, and judicial, moral, preceptive, and prophetical, written at various period, the same books being in the hands of the Christians, they would intimes by different persons, through a space of fifteen hundred years, and stantly have detected the fraud of the Jews, if they had endeavoured to afterwards collected into a volume. accomplish such a design; while the silence of the Jews, (who would not have failed to notice the attempt if it had been made,) is a clear proof that they were not corrupted by the Christians.

GENUINENESS.

That these books are genuine, that is, were written by those persons whose names they bear, we have the most satisfactory evidence; and have no more reason to doubt, than that the histories which we have under the mames of HERODOTUS, XENOPHON, or TACITUS, were written by those authors. For,

1. The books of the Old Testament have always been received as genuine by the Jews, and those of the New Testament by Christians, from the earliest period to the present time; and, in addition to the earlier books being cited or alluded to by subsequent sacred writers, we have ample evidence afforded of the genuineness of the Old Testament by Jewish Translators and Writers, and of that of the New, by a regular succession of Christian Writers, who quote or allude to a number of passages as we now read them, from the times of the Apostles to the present hour; nor was their genuineness ever impugned by the most determined and acute Jewish or heathen adversaries,

or heretics.

2. The language and style of writing, both in the Old and New Testaments, prove them to have been composed at the time and by the persons to whom they are ascribed. Their diversity of style proves them to have been the work of various authors; and competent Hebrew scholars have shown, that the difference of character and style of the language in the Old Testament, as well as the introduction of certain foreign words, can only be accounted for by the supposition that they were composed at different and distant periods, and by the authors to whom they are attributed; while the Greek, in which the New Testament is written, which is intermixed with many Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, and Latin words and idioms, accords only with the time, situation, country, and circumstances, of the persons to whom it is ascribed.

3. The moral impossibility of their being forgeries is an additional evidence of their genuineness; for, it is impossible to establish forged writings as genuine in any place where there are persons strongly inclined, and well ualified, to detect the fraud. Now, if the books of the Old Testament be forgeries, they must have been invented either by Gentiles, Jews, or Christians. Ent they could not have been invented by the Gentiles, because they were alike ignorant of the history and sacred rites of the Hebrews, who most unquestionably would never have given their approbation to writings invented by them, nor yet to any fabrications of the Christians, by whom, it is evident, they could not have been forged, as they were extant long before the Christian name had any existence; and it is equally certain that they were not invented by the Jews, because they contain various difficult laws and precepts, and relate all their idolatries, crimes, and punishments, which would not have been inserted if they had been forged by them. Equally impossible is it, that the books of the New Testament were forged; for the Jews were the most violent enemies of Christianity; they put its founder to death; and both Jews and Gentiles persecuted his disciples with implacable hatred, Hence, if the New Testament had been forged, the Jews would certainly have detected the imposture; and the inhabitants of Palestine would not have received the Gospels, nor the churches of Rome and Corinth acknowledged the epistles addressed to them, if they had not had sufficient evidence of their genuineness. In fact, these arguments are so strong, that if we deny the genuineness of the Sacred Writings, we may, with a thousand times more propriety, reject all the other writings in the world as spurious.

UNCORRUPTED PRESERVATION.

That the Sacred Writings are not only genuine, but have been transmitted to us entire and uncorrupted, and that they are, in all essential points, the same as they came originally from the hands of their authors, we have the most satisfactory evidence that can be required. That, in the various transcripts of these writings, as in all other ancient books, a few letters, syllables, or even words, may have been changed, we do not pretend to deny ; but that there has been any designed or fraudulent corruption of any considerable part, especially of any doctrine, or important part of history or prophecy, no one has ever attempted to prove.

1. With regard to the Old Testament, the original manuscripts were long preserved among the Jews, who were always remarkable for being most faithful guardians of their sacred books, which they transcribed repeatedly, and compared most carefully with the originals, of which they even numbered the words and letters. That the Jews have neither mutilated nor corrupted these writings, is fully proved by the silence of the prophets, as well as of Christ and his apostles, who, though they bring many heavy charges ainst them, never once accuse them of corrupting one of their sacred writings; and also by the agreement, in every essential point, of all the versions and manuscripts (amounting to nearly 1150) which are now extant, and which furnishes a clear proof of their uncorrupted preservation. In fact, the constant reading of their sacred books, (which were at once the rule of their faith, and of their political constitution,) in public and private; the numerous copies of the original, as well as of the Septuagint version, which was widely spread over the world; the various sects and parties into which

2. Equally satisfactory is the evidence for the integrity and incorruptness of the New Testament. The multiplication of copies, both of the original, and of translations into a variety of foreign languages, which were read, not only in private, but publicly in the religious assemblies of the early Christians; the reverence of the Christians for these writings; the variety of sects and heresies which soon arose in the Christian church, each of whom ap. pealed to the Scriptures for the truth of their doctrines, rendered any material alteration in the sacred books utterly impossible; while the silence of their acutest enemies, who would most assuredly have charged them with the attempt if it had been made, and the agreement of all the manuscripts and versions extant, are positive proofs of the integrity and incorruptness of the New Testament: which are farther attested by the agreement with it of all the quotations which occur in the writings of the Christians from the earliest age to the present time. In fact, so far from there having been any gross adulteration in the Sacred Volumes, the best and most able critics have asserted and proved that, even in lesser matters, the Holy Scriptures of the New Testament have suffered less from the injury of time, and the errors of transcribers, than any other ancient writings whatever; and that the very worst manuscript extant would not pervert one article of our faith, or destroy one moral precept.

AUTHENTICITY.

It is no less certain that the Sacred Writings are authentic, that is, relate matters of fact as they really happened; and consequently, that they are entitled to the fullest credit, and possess the greatest authority. For,

1. The Sacred Writers had the very best means of information, and could not be deceived themselves. They were, for the most part, contemporary with, and eye-witnesses of the facts they record; and those transactions which they did not see, they derived from the most certain evidences, and drew from the purest sources. Thus, in the four last books of the Pentateuch, Moses had a chief concern in all the transactions there related; and the authors of the subsequent historical books, as Joshua, Samuel, Ezra, and Nehemiah, as well as the prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel, relate those events of which they were witnesses; and, when they relate events that took place before their own times, they refer to certain public documents and annals, then extant, which might be appealed to by their readers. In like manner, the writers of the New Testament, as Matthew, Jolin, Peter, James, and Jude, were the immediate disciples of our Saviour; his constant attendants and companions throughout his ministry; eye-witnesses of the facts and miracles, and ear witnesses of the discourses they relate; and the other sacred writers, as Mark and Luke, though themselves not apostles, yet were the contemporaries and companions of apostles, and in habits of society and friendship with those who had been present at the transactions they record; as St. Luke expressly affirms in the beginning of his Gospel: 'Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of these things which are most surely believed amongst us; even as they delivered them unto us, which, from the beginning, were eye-witnesses and ministers of the word, it seemed good to me, also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee, in order, most excellent Theophilus, that thou mightest know the certainty of those things wherein thou hast been instructed.'

2. As the sacred writers could not be deceived themselves, so they neither could nor would deceive others. They were so many in number, and lived at such a distance of time and place from each other, that it was utterly impossible for them to carry on any forgery or fraud without being detected; and the writers of the New Testament, in particular, were plain, honest, artless, unlearned men, in very humble occupations of life, and utterly incapable of carrying on such a refined and complicated system of fraud, as the Christian religion must have been, if it was not true. The principal facts and events themselves are of such a nature as totally precludes the possi bility of imposition; facts which appeal to the very senses of the men to whom the histories were first addressed. Thus Moses could not have persuaded a body of six hundred thousand men (to whom he appeals for the truth and reality of those facts, De. xi. 2.) that they had seen rivers turned into blood,-frogs filling the houses of the Egyptians,-their fields destroyed by hail and locusts,-their land covered with palpable darkness,-their firstborn slain in one night,-the Red Sea forming a wall on the right hand and left for the passage of the Israelites, but overwhelming their enemies,-a pillar of cloud and fire conducting them,-manna falling down from heaven for their food,-water gushing out of the rock to quench their thirst,-and the earth opening and destroying his opponents,--if all these things had been false. Nor could the Evangelical historians have succeeded in persuading their countrymen and contemporaries, that a man, whose death was public and notorious, was risen again from the dead,-that narkness had covered the land at the time of his execution, and that there had been an earthquake at the moment of his decease,-if all these events hød not taken place. And, as it is thus evident, that the sacred writers cou not possibly impose upon others; so it is equally certain that they were I make the

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