Sivut kuvina

FEB. 8, 1828.)

Militia Courts Martial.

(H. Or R.

selves. My first position is: That, if a slave enter the therefore, for a recommitment of the bill, that the item service of the United States, whether as a soldier or in relation to the slave may be stricken out. servant, for a day or year, with the consent of his master Mr. OAKLEY supported the views which had been the ordinary wages of the service cover the risk; the given by Mr. Bates. master becomes the insurer, and if the slave be killed He was answered by Mr. DRAYTON and Mr. Lly. or injured, the loss is the master's loss. I do not agree INGSTON, who commented on the testimony, and inwith the gentleman from New York, (Mr. BARNARDI to sisted that it contained full proof of the impressment. whom I listened, in the main, with the most unqualified Mr. McDUFFIE said a few words in support of the delight, that the consent of the slave is at all material. bill, contending that, even if the slave had been taken on But if so, the consent of the master and the service of the agreement, no price had been stipulated, and it was for slave being proved, in the absence of any proof to the Congress to fix the compensation. contrary, the consent of the slave is to be presumed. But Mr. WILLIAMS referred to former decisions of the I concede that the master may put the life of his slave House, who had twice deliberately rejected amend. in jeopardy, without his consent. Not wantonly. But, ments proposing to make compensation for slaves lost if D'Auterive's house had been on fire, might he not or injured in the public service. have compelled his slave to aid in extinguishing the The question was then put on the recommitment of flames? If his children had been assailed by a wild beast the bill to the Committee of Claims, and decided in the from the forest, or a monster from the lake or fen, might affirmative-Ayes, 82, Noes 79. be not have compelled a reluctant slave to aid in rescu. So the bill was recommitted. ing them? If the quiet of his plantation had been dis. turbed by the war-whoop of the savage, might he not have awakened and compelled his slaves to aid in the

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1828. common defence? And if so, when attacked by a com

MILITIA COURTS MARTIAL. mon enemy, he might, without doubt, have compelled his slaves to arm, and to fight in the common cause. The following resolution moved by Mr. ŠLOANE, yesTherefore, I think the master may, and if he do consent terday, was taken up and read : to the service, that the wages cover the risk. Again: Resolved, that the Secretary of War be instructed If the master do not consent, and the slave be impressed to furnish this House with copies of all letters and corres. without a necessity sufficiently urgent in our view to expondence between the Secretary of War and General cuse the act, I will leave the party injured to his reme. Jackson, from the commencement of the Creek war, undy against the party injuring, as in any other case of til the 1st March, 1815, on the subject of the draft, ser. trespass. But, on the contrary, if the slave be, in fact, vice, and discharge, of the several corps of Tennessee impressed, I mean coerced into the service, without the Milltia." consent of his master, and there be an urgent necessity fur Mr. SLOANE, referring to a statement made yesterday it, growing out of the exigencies of war, as that we shall by Mr. Hamilton, Chairman of the Committee on Mili. now say in review, that, in the same situation, we would tary Affairs, that the committee would shortly report on have done the same thing; then I will indemnify the the communication from the War Department, (in relaowner, because I will interpose and protect the impress. tion to the six militiamen) said, that he wished the coring officer, and will do directly without the intervention respondence referred to in the resolution might go to that of a suit at law against the officer, what I should feel in committee, and be considered, with the others, before honor bound to do, after a judgment and an execution the report was made. against him. Such a case of nccessity may exist; it may Mr. WICKLIFFE called for the reading of the former have existed at New Orleans.

resolution, calling for documents on this subject, and it Now, what is the evidence here ? An impressment is was read accordingly. not to be presumed, for all agree that it is against the Mr. HAMILTON called for the reading of Mr. SLOANE's law. There is no proof of impressment here. The evi- resolution ; and it having been again read, dence is the other way; it is of consent, not impress. It was agreed to by the House, nem. con. ment. This slave, Warwick, the Syndic says, was " put Mr. WRIGHT, of New York, who had been appointin requisition," with many others, in obedience to an or. ed by the Chair, as one of the Select Committee on the der from General Jackson to the Mayor of New Orleans, inquiry on the subject of retrenchment, requested of the and from the Mayor to the subordinate city Magistrates. House to be excused from serving on that Committee, Putting in requisition is said to mean impressment. This and stated, as his reasons for making the request, that his is all the evidence there is to establish the fact of im-late duties as a member of the Committee on Manufacpressment. Now, I say, that every lawful call by a Go. tures had been very laborious, and had detained him vernor of a State for troops is a putting in requisition of from his seat for a long space of time, in consequence of those troops. But, I do not rely upon this; nor upon which, he hacl not had time to attend to the private apthe receipt given by the Syndic to D’Auterive for this plications from his constituents, or to his correspondence slave, which looks very much like consent, like con with them. The subject which formed the stated busi. tract ; but I say, that precisely the same phrase is used ness of that committee, was, in a great measure, new to by two witnesses, Amena and Doricourt, in relation to him; and to obtain even a tolerable degree of acquain. the cart. They swear the cart was put in requisition. tance with its details, consumed all the leisire time Major Morgan, by whom the cart was put in requisition, which was left after his public Juty was over. Were he if at all, swears that he gave D’Auterive permission placed in different circumstances, he should esteem the that it might remain in the service of the army, negativ-appointment he had received as a compliment of no small ing the suggestion in relation to the cart, that putting in value ; but it would be doing deep injustice to himself, requisition means impressment. What is the evidence, and to the duties already assigned to him, should he ac. then, that it does, in relation to the slave? There is none. cept a situation which he could not fill with propriety. It is a case of doubt at least ; and, until that doubt is re. He, therefore, asked it as a personal favor that he might moved, I shall say the slave was in the service with be excused from serving on the Committee of Inquiry. D'Auterive's consent, and at his risk. He receives, for The question being put, Mr. Wright was excused, the use of his cart one month and one week, 895. He and, on motion of Mr. HAMILTON, it was ordered that loses upon the slave, wins upon the cart: 1 shall vote, another member be appointed in his place.

H. Or R.)

Washington College. -— Militia Courts Martial.

(Feb. 11, 1828.



Mr. HAMILTON moved to print the report, together The bill “concerning the Washington City College in

with the documents. the District of Columbia," was taken up in Committee of

Mr. DORSEY rose to ask a single question. In the the whole, Mr. INGHAM in the Chair. (This bill pro-Guvernor Blount, was there any order for calling out the

correspondence between Major General Pinckney and poses to give to the College the power of conferring de

militia in 1814! grees.] Mr. BURGES wished further information, before he

Mr. HAMILTON replied there was no such. could consent to pass this bill. The individual at the

Mr. STORRS wished to divide the question. The dohead of it was unknown to him, and the institution had cuments had already been ordered to be printed. It was not been incorporated.

quite unnecessary to order them to be reprinted. The Yr. ALEXANDER, Chairman of the Committee on documents had been ordered to be printed so far back as the District of Columbia, explained the circumstances. the 30th of January, The individual presiding was of good character and res.

Mr. HAMILTON said the motion was not capable of pectable literary standing. He had set up this Institu- division. He had not asked for the printing of the dotion by his own enterprise, and had already obtained cuments a second time. more than one hundred students. He had not asked for

The SPEAKER suggested to Mr. HAMILTON the proincorporation, but only for the power to confer the usual priety of reducing his motion

to writing. literary degrees, for want of which, the students, after

Mr. HAMILTON then offered the following resolu.

tion : having matured themselves in their course, would be obliged to enter some other College in order to obtain a

Resolved, that the report of the Committee on Military diploma.

Affairs, made to this House, on certain documents comMr. BARTLETT urged a legal objection to the bill. It municated by the Department of War, touching the prospoke of the President and Directors of Washington Col. ceedings of a Court Martial which convened at Mobile lege, but no names were specified, nor was any such in on the 5th December, 1814, and a correspondence be. stitution known to the law, not having been incorporated. tween the Secretary of War and Governor Blount, re. If the bill should pass, any persons who chose might specting certain drafts of the militia of the State of Tenclaim the benefit, on assuming the same title.

nessee, be printed with said documents, which have been Mr. BURGES reprobated the idea of giving to one in previously ordered to be printed by this House. dividual the literary power which, both in Europe and in

Mr. STORRS moved to amend the resolution by strik this country, was claimed only by a faculty of learned ing out the words “ with said documents, which have

The gentleman had been spoken of as modest, been previously ordered 19 be printed by the House." but really such a request evinced any thing but modesty! These documents have already been ordered to be printIt savored of an arrogance which seldom dwelt with greated, and would, he presumed, in obedience to that order, learning and talent. If the gentleman wished in reality be immediately laid on our tables. to found a College, let him come forward with his friends tice, whether, if the amendment were adopted, it would

Mr. HAMILTON would inquire, as a matter of prac. and seek a regular incorporation.

Mr. WEEMS said, that, under no circumstances in life, not prevent the report from being prefixed to the docu. would he ever consent that an innocent unoffending man ments, and, in that case, he put it to the candor of the should be injurecl as Mr. Keily was by the remarks of the gentleman from New York, whether such a modification gentleman from Rhode Island. If there was any irregu. ought to prevail.

Mr. STORRS said it would have been much more ac. larity in the proposition now before the House any thing the least reprehensible, he felt it a duty he owed to Mr. cording to practice, if the documents bad been printed Keily-nay, sir, (said Mr. W.) a duty' I owe to myself before, in order that the members of the House might and the committee who reported this bill, of which I am mittee were engaged in the same examination. He bego

have had an opportunity to examine them while the com. an humble member, to take all such reproach upon my. self, rather than suffer an innocent unoffending individual ged to say that he did dissent from some of the concluto be thus censured. Mr. Keily asked nothing, wants sions to which the committee had arrived. As the docu. nothing unreasonable. He wishes to be empowered, by ments were ordered to be printed for the use of the this Congress, to confer the usual literary degree on such House, they ought to be so printed. Such was his con. students as should, from time to time, be found deserving, casions. He could point to several very important sub.

clusion. It had been the course pursued on former ocwithout their parents being obliged to incur the unne jects where the papers had been printed, and laid on the cessary expense of sending them elsewhere for that puriable for the information of the House. Such was the pose. He was not a legislator, and therefore not to dictate the mode. He left that altogether with course in the debate which grew out of the Seminole the Committee, and the present bill is the result of their from the documents. There was not an instance of an

That came before the House in a report separate deliberation, not Mr. Keily's-and, as one of that Comas we still do, the mode adopted all

sufficient. As, how had been any, he would be glad if any gentleman would mittee, 1, with the other gentlemen, (said Mr. W) thought, opposite course of practice, or if there was, he did not

know it. He recollected no such instance ; but if there ever, objections are started, I will not say ill-naturedly, state it, in which documents were printed in the manner and I wish to remove every obstacle to this very commen. dable desire, and to obtain it hereafter without opposi presented by the present resolution. tion, by baving it introduced, as suggested by a regular printed under the existing order, the report would not

The SPEAKER stated, that if the documents were incorporation, I move you, sir, to recommit the bill. The bill was recommitted, and the House adjourned

be printed with them. 10 Monday.

Mr. STORRS said, that as to the Georgia documents, they were printed after the session of Congress had ter:

minated. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1828.

Mr. HAMILTON said that he did not desire to detain MILITIA COURTS MARTIAL.

the House from acti on the questiom, and, therefore, in

his remarks in reply to the gentleman from New York, The report of the Committee on Military Affairs, (made he should be very brief. He understood the original mothis day,) on the subject of the documents in this case, tion of the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. WICKLIFFR] being under consideration

l-when the documents came in from the War Department,

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Fax. 11, 1828. ]

Militia Courts Martial..

(H. Or R.

that they should be referred to the Committee on Military been precluded from giving any opinion. It was then Affairs, and be printed. He thought, under this order, the wish of the gentlemen that the facts should go forila it was competent for the committee to determine whe- to the people without any commentary. Now, the same ther, under the reference, they would consider the docu- gentlemen seem to tear lest the people should have the ments, either before or afier they were printed, and if facts without a commentary. It is intended to insinuata the order of the House was satisfied by the printing of that the people have so little knowledge that they would the documents

, that it was a question exclusively of con not be able to understand the documents if they were venience with the committee, when such considerations presented to them by themselves. He was astonished to should be made. He did not think that the printer was hear such a doctrine asserted. He did not know with entitled to any priority as to the possession of the docu. what kind of people the gentleman from South Carolina ments. Mr. I said that the argument of the gentleman was acquainted; but those of the people with whom he from New York (Mr. Stones) went to prove, he thought, was himself acquainted, he could assure the gentleman, conclusively, that the report, in its publication, ouglit want no glossary nor commentary to serve as a g’ide to not to be separated from the documents. If there were their understandings. This mode of accompanying the any errors in the report, which the documents would cor documents with a glossary might have a very different rect, they would, by this arrangement, be in a tangible effect from keeping the people from committing errors shape to furnish such correction. But he would not con- of opinion. ceal a fact which the report discloses, that from the clas. He asked what friend there was of Gen'l Jackson who sification of the letters in the correspondence between would

come forward and say that the naked truth shall Governor Blount and the Secretary of War, the natural not go forth until his friends had prepared a commentary priority of the dates of the respective letters had not to accompany it! He was astonished that any gentleman been preserved ; that the letters had been numbered could advance the doctrine here, that papers must, of by the Department in suclr a manner that that which necessity, go to the world with a commentary and arguought to have been first, was sixth, in the series.- ment to teach his fellow-citizens how to understand the This letter might well be called the leading communica record. He prayed that members of the House, who tion in the correspondence ; and, what was very material, who had been nearly a fortnight waiting for these papers would show the circumstances under which the Secretary to be printed might have the privilege of having these of War had written his letter of the 3d of January, 1814. documents before them. He admitted that the argument It was to prevent any misapprehension growing out of a of the committee was ingeniousconfusion of dates, that the committee had arranged the The SPEAKER reminded the gentleman from Rhode correspondence in a series prescribed by the natural or- Island, that it was not in order to discuss the merits of der of time itself. If this order will subserve the pur- the report on a question to print. poses of truth and justice, he presumed that no man on Mr.' BURGES said, he was not about to go into the that floor would be opposed to it, as he could not believe merits. He would say the report had no merits. He there was one who did desire that truth and justice wished to have the testimony without the commentary : should be perverted.

and he prayed that the order already made by the House Mr. DRAYTON moved to amend the resolution, hy should be complied with. adding these words :

The SPEAKER stated, that when the order of the " And that the documents heretofore ordered to be House was made to refer the documents and print them, printed, shall

, when printed, be appended to said report, he had submitted the papers to the Chairman of the in the order in which they have been arranged by the Committee, a course which he thought perfectly proper. committee."

Mr. DRAYTON referred to the course pursued at the Mr. HAMILTON accepted the amendment as a modi- last session, as to the documents connected with the disfication of the resolution.

pute between the U. States and the State of Georgia. A Mr. BURGES said, that, by way of apology that the motion was then made, by the Chairman of the Commit. order of the House had not been complied with, it had tee, that all the documents should be appended to the been said that it was one of the high privileges of Con- report of the committee, and they were so appended. gress, to say when and how documents are to be printed. The committee, of which he was a member, had, in the He denied that. He denied that when the House had course of their investigation, found it necessary to exam. said certain papers are to be printed, a committee, or a ine a mass of documents, some of which were only to be member of a committee, may put them in their pockets, obtained from the Indian Department, and all these were and prevent them from being printed. If such a doctrine appended to their report. There was nothing novel, were to prevail, a committee might put documents in therefore, in this proposition. Similar cases have been their pockets, and keep them there until the end of the before the House ; and the course; pursued in relation to session. The mode of printing had been indicated by them, is such as is now suggested with respect to these the order of the House. This is not merely a conflict documents. between the privileges of a committee and of the printer. Mr. POLK said, that the motion made by the gentle. What had the printer to do with it beyond putting it into man from New York, seemed to him to be one, not only type, that which was before the House is chirography of an unusual, but of an extraordinary character. The Why then should it be stated that this is a confict be. gentleman proposes to separate the report of the Commit. tween the privileges of a committee and the printer tee on Military Affairs, from the documents on which that With all due deference, the House had a right to examine report is founded. Both the gentleman from New York, the documents at the same time as the committee. He and the gentleman from Rhode Island, insist that this re. knew not why the committee had claimed the privilege port, and these documents, shall be detached from each of giving their opinions, when they were not asked for other, and that when printed,

the one shall not be append. When documents were ordered to be printed, it was not ed to the other ; but that they shall be separated, and the usual way to retain them from the clerk, so that he be printed separately. He would ask, why these docu, could have no opportunity--should not be able to send ments were referred to the Committee on Military Affairs ? them to the printer-but they had been uniformly sent For what purpose was this reference made ? Certainly to the clerk, and from bim to the printer. It was now that the committee should report to the House, the facts perfectly clear that it was the object of the committee in a succinct form. These documents were voluminous, that the people should not have the documents without a and it would be laborious, if not impracticable, for gentleglossary to accompany them. The Secretary of War bad men here,or for the public, to examine them individually,

Vol. IV.-94

II. Or R.]

Militia Courts Martial.

(Fxv. 11, 1828.

in detail, constituting, as they do, a compound mass of same order of the House then disposed of the whole. papers. They were referred then, for what? That the What is the cage here? The House has ordered the Committee might lay before the House the facts, and the printing a fortnight ago: and he challenged gentlemen to facts alone, in a succinct form, and not for the pur. show any case in which, when such order had been made, pose, as had been insinuated, by the gentleman from it had been prevented from going into effect by the inRhode Island, of accompanying them with a glossary or tervention either of Clerk or committee. The printing commentary.

of documents had frequently been delayed, but that de. The SPEAKER here announced that the hour appro- lay has arisen from the circumstance of the printer being priated by the rule, to motions and resolutions, had expired. previously engaged in executing the previous orders of

Mr. HAMILTON then moved to postpone the orders ihe llouse. When these documents came from the De. of the day, for the purpose of proceeding on the resolu- partment, and the House ordered the printing, gentle. tion-ayes 104.

men were very anxious that no opinion of the Secretary Mr. POLK then resumed. So far as he was concern. of War should be obtained. They ther. wanted the facts ed, his only object had been, since the gentleman from only, without any comments ; and the resolution was so Ohio had made the call for these documents, to procure framed, that nothing but matter of fact was asked for. the whole of the facts, that they might go to the public. They said that no legislation could grow out of the resolu; He could not conceive why the report of the Committee, tion; they were willing to have the tacts, but they would made on the very matter referred to them, should be have the facts only; the facts, the whole facts, and nothing separated from the evidence on which that report was but the facts are here; and he would ask gentleman if they founded. He repelled the insinuation made by the gen. were not willing that these facts should go to the world tleman from Rhode Island, that there was any desire or without commentary. After stating that all they wanted intention to give to the people a glossary to the docu. were the facts, and now that the facts are here, it is ments, or a commentary upon them, to justify the distin. deemed improper and inexpedient that they should go to guished individual to whom they relate. He might ask, the people without commentary. He saw nothing in the if he were disposed to recriminate, (which he would not analogies which had been quoted and relied on to justify do,) why this great sensitiveness, this desire to separate this departure from the practice of the House. from the documents a report (not a commentary-not a Mr. WEEMS said, this seemed to him, to use the inild. glossary,) of one of the Standing Committees of the est term possible, the most extraordinary opposition he House?' The people ought to have laid before them a had ever yet witnessed ; an opposition to what certainly concise summary, so that they might see the whole sub- appeared to him, a very common, every day proposition. ject at one view, and not be presented with a voluminous, what is it, Sir ? Nothing more ihan a simple proposition confused mass of documents, deranged as to dates, and to print a report of an honorable standing committee of difficult to be comprehended. This will be effected by this House, together with the documents that had been the report. The documents will be appended to it, and previously referred by the House to that commillee, and can be examined by every individual for himself. The upon which that report was predicated, and so arranged report did not alter or change the documents in a single as to dates, as to render them easily and readily to be unletter, but simply summed up the facts together, with derstood, by all who may read them. And is it not, Sir, due reference to dates, so as to enable every man, with the universal usage of this House to refer every subject more facility, and less labor, to understand them. As to introduced here, to that particular committee, which has precedents he apprehended that many cases could be charge of such matter, or to a special committee, whose cited. Indeed he considered it the usual and proper report, with the documents and vouchers, &c. when of

The case of the Georgia question, as it had sufficient importance, are ordered to be printed? And been called, had already been cited. "He would cite the why, sir? That the House may, thereafter, be enabled case of the Vice President, which was before the House, to take up the subject, and at once act upon it, as we do at the last session of Cong ress. In that case the docu- nine times out of ten, without much further inquiry ; de. ments were appended to the report of the Committee, pending, as we are compelled, by way of getting through and they were printed together. Where, then, was the the business of Congress, upon the wisdom, justice, and objection to the adoption of a similar course, in this in- impartiality of our committees. Sir, when the resolution, stance? If it was intended to send forth the information calling for the papers, and orders &c. preparatory to the to the people, in a clear view, and not to cloud and ob- investigation of this great matter, was first introduced, ! scure it, by transposing dates, and the voluminous nature had the honor of taking a part in the then debate. I well of the documents themselves, he could not see why this recollect to have tendered the honorable mover of the objection was made, which, he would repeat, appeared to resolution, from Ohio, (Mr. Sloanx) my thanks, for havo him, in every light, to be most extraordinary.

ing introduced the subject. I disagreed with some of my Mr. WHITTLESEY said it had been remarked by the friends, and voted against stopping the inquiry, for reagentleman from South Carolina, that there was a strong sons then assigned, viz : That ihe nation wanted informa. analogy between this case and the Georgia report. It tion on the subject ; that I wanted myself all that could would be recollected, by those gentlemen who were then be come at; being well convinced, from what I know of here, that the documents relative to that affair were that great and good man, (Gen. Andrew Jackson,) whom referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of it was intended to affect, that he would come out, like fine the Union. A few mornings afterwards, a resolution gold, seven times refined-more pure, the oftener his conwas offered relative to the expediency of purchasing the duct or patriotism should be scrutinized. lands of the Creek India ns, which was referred to the same Sir, it seems I was not mistaken ; the report, when testCommittee. A communication from the President on the ed by the evidence produced by his enemies, and now subject of this controversy was received, and a motion asked to be published with the report, proves that I was was made to refer that to the same Committee. It did not mistaken. And why, let me ask, is an attempt now 110t, however, take that course, but went to a Select made to withhold the provt? Is it just ? Is it fair? Is it Committee. The order of the House to print the docu- honorable ? ments was then carried into effect. The Committee sent But it is pretended that as order for printing the to the War Department for documents, but there documents passed some days before the report was made, was no order for publishing them when they were obtain they ought not now to be printed together! Sir, the on ed. Such was the fact in the other case. There was ders to refer the documents to the Committee on Militano order to print until the report was made ; and the ry Affairs, and to be printed, were simultaneous, as the

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FEB. 11, 1828.!

Militia Courts Martial.

(H. or R.

journal of that day's proceedings will show to the nation. dents in the practice of the House for his guide on the The committee, therefore, had a right to take them from present question. If he did so, he could find enough for the Clerk's desk, and at once, as they have done, enter his justification, but there was something in this case sufupon the examination. The importance of the subject, ficient to make a precedent, which he would presently certainly merited it, and the committee deserve the show. It should be observed, that these documents were commendation of this House, as they will still more cer laid before the House ten days ago ; referred to the tainly receive it from the people, for having so soon, and Committee on Military Affairs, and ordered to be printso justly relieved their suspense. I am unwilling, sir, ed. They could not be in the hands of the committee to judge harshly at any time ; neither will I ; but surely and of the printer at the same time, and the only ques. there must be a snake in the grass here, a riper some tion was, whether the committee or the printer should where. But it will not all do, s r; the good sense of the first have the papers. There could be little difficulty in people will enable them to see clearly what is attempted deciding which the House ought most to depend upon, to be concealed; they are honest themselves, and will, its own responsible committee, or the printer. Does in their strength, award what is just to every one ; and not the House well know, that its documents are not when the day of requital shall arrive, those who would printed in the order of time in which they are sent to the selfishly deceive them, whether here or elsewhere, will printer? The printers often exercise their own discre. discover, if for the first time, that honesty would have tion on this subject, and many documents are not printbeen the best policy. Sir, ilois opposition is attempted ed for several weeks after others subsequently ordered. to be justified, by a fear of impugning the honorable Se. Now, it is very remarkable, that so much sensibility cretary of War, should the documents be published, ac. should be excited by the circumstance of a Standing Comcording to the collocation of placing of them, (as to the mittee of the House retaining in their hands, for a few dates,) as referred to by the report : that is, to have the days, a voluminous document, when the printer exercises letters, &c. printed, agreeably to their dates, to follow the privilege of doing the same thing at his pleasure. after; and as they really are in answer to each other, there. But there is something more in this case, which Mr. I. by rendered clear and easy to be understood, by every said, he rose to refute. The committee have informed us one who reads them. And should it not be so ? How can in their report, that the correspondence as arranged this possibly be considered an objection, at least of any when it came to the House, is calculated to mislead the merited force ? Sir

, I have as high a respect for the hon- public mind; that a letter which speaks of a three months o able Secretary of War, as any member of this House draft from the order in which it has been placed, would ought to have, and would be one of the last men in it, to seem to refer to the draft of Pipkin's regiment, to which it injure him or any one else, in character or feeling ; but has no relation. Mr. I. said, the object of the motion of I must be allowed to be equally interested to see justice the Chairman of the Military Committee, was to print this done to others. If, then, some of the clerks in his De correspondence in its proper and natural order; the propartment, who have no doubt been ordered to transcribe, position was so reasonable and just, that he could not im those letters, have done so as they actually (perhaps) agine an objection to it. It has been ascertained, that this stand recorded in letter books; Árst, the letters (all of correspondence has been shuffled up and so deranged as them) from the Department to the several individuals, to give an improper coloring to the transaction. Will this and next the letters from the individuals to the Depart. House sanction such a procedure ? The amendment pro. ment-1 say, Sir, said Mr. W., if those letters have been posed by the gentleman from New York, (Mr. STORRS,) so transcrite !, and ad ressed by the honorable Secretary will, if adopted, leave the correspondence to be publishto the honorable Speaker of this House, perhaps without ed as it came to us, thus shuffled up at the War Depart. examination-I mean that sort of examination that would ment. Mr. I. said he could not believe that the Head of cause him to see the difficulties it might create in coming that Department had done it : but it had been done by st the proper understanding of the subject--at least some body, perhaps some underworker, but no matter by with the greatest part of our community, will it, can it im- whom ; it is due to ourselves and to truth, to place the pugn him, for the House to correct that evil, or order it documents in their proper order before the public. He so done, only by a transposition of the letters, as to trusted, therefore, that the House would reject the dates, for the proper understanding of them in the print amendment, and that, whatever may have been the ob• ing? Surely not, Sir. It is not expected that the head ject of this derangement of the documents, we would not of a Department can have time to spare, sufficient to get lend our aid to their transaction, and whatever may have througli all such drudgery. He must trust a great deal been the practice heretofore, in relation to printing, this to old and well tried, and, as he believes, faithful officers; case contained within itself a full justification for making and much, very much, must pass through his hands, the special order proposed by the Committee on Military without his being able to read the one-tenth. Here, then, Affairs. there need be no opposition. But, were it otherwise, Sir, Mr. WHIPPLE spoke to order. What evidence was are we to blast, or rather to see attempts made by others there before the House, that the cards had been stocked. to blast one individual, and that for ever, and unjustly, The SPEAKER said that the gentleman from New rather than mortify another in a small matter indeed, com- Hampshire had misunderstood the gentleman from Pennparatively ? Surely not, Sir. Justice is due, rigid, strict jus. vania, and that the latter was in order. tice to every man. Surely, then, we shall not be found to Mr. WHIPPLE said there was no evidence before the deny it to Jackson, who has done so much for his coun. House that those documents had been shufiled up by any try. I do therefore hope, Sir, the resolution of ihe hon person, either in the House, or out of it ; the documents orable gentleman from South Carolina, (Mr. HAMILTON) not being in the possession of the House to enable it to to print the report and the documents together, may, and decide if the fact was so or not. The matter is not be. will pass ; unless indeed, Sir, it would produce unanimity fore the House. to order 6000, copies of each to be printed, and laid on Mr. INGHAM (being pronounced in order by the our tables, at the same time. We could then, ourselves, SPEAKER) said he had but little more to say. If the gentack them together, or not, as we pleased; and if it would tleman had attended to the reading of the report, he be in order, I would now make that motion. But I presume would have seen that the matter was brought regularly it is not.

under the notice of the House, in that report. The SPEAKER sald such a motion would be not now Mr. WHIPPLE said he should vote for the amendin order.

ment. He had no feeling on the subject. He had no Mr. INGHAM said, he would not look into any prece. I idea of prejudicing the cause of the individual to whom

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