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Chief Clerk, Jas. Young, $1,800.
Board for the Examination of Candidates for admission to the Civil Service of Canada, John Thorburn, LL.D. (Chairman); A. D. Dé Celles (Joint Librarian to Parliament); Peter Le Sueur, (Secretary).
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR.
Minister of Customs, Hon. Mackenzie Bowell, $7,000,
RAILWAYS AND CANALS.
Minister of Railways and Canals, Hon. J. H. Pope. Deputy Minister, T. Trudeau, C.E., $4,400. Secretary, A. P. Bradley $2,400.
Chief Engineer of Canals, John Page, C.E., $4,500. Chief Engineer of Government Railways in operation, &c., Collingwood Schreiber, C.E., $5,500.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Postmaster-General, Hon. John Carling, $7,000.
Chief Inspector of Post-Offices, John Dewe, $2,400.
Minister of the Interior, Hon. Thomas White, Chief Clerk of Supplies, Sidney Smith, Jun., $1,900. $7,000.
Deputy ditto, A. M. Burgess, $3,200.
Dominion, Ordnance, and Admiralty Lands Branch.
Geological Survey Branch.
Director of Survey, A. R. C. Selwyn, F.R.S., $4,000. Assistant Directors, Dr. Robt. Bell, Dr. G. M.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS.
Minister of Public Works, Sir H. L. Langevin,
Secretary, A. Gobeil, $1,800.
Chief Engineer, Henry F. Perley, C.E., $3,000.
Members of Board of Official Arbitrators for the
Jas. Cowan (Chairman), Wm. Compton, Joseph
INLAND REVENUE DEPARTMENT.
Minister of Inland Revenue, Hon. John Costigan, $7,000.
Commissioner of Inland Revenue, Edward Miall, $4,000.
Accountant, P. M. Robins, $2,075.
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General, Hon.
Inspector of Penitentiaries, J. G. Moylan, $2,750.
Comptroller, Capt. Fredk. White, $3,200.
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND STATISTICS.
Minister of Agriculture, Hon. John Carling, $7,000.
Chief Clerk of Patents, A. J. Cambie, $2,400.
DEPARTMENT OF MARINE AND FISHERIES.
Minister, Hon. A. W. McLelan, $7,000.
General Superintendent of Lights, Joseph Tomlinson,
Agent at Quebec, for Province of Quebec, J. U. Gregory, $2,000.
St. John, for Province of New Brunswick,
Halifax, for Province of Nova Scotia,
Victoria, for Province of British Columbia,
Charlottetown, for Province of Prince
Chairman of Board of Steamboat Inspection, Samuel Risley, $1,800.
Steamboat Inspectors, W. M. Smith, (Deputy Chairman) $1,400; W. J. Meneilley, $1,200; John Burgess, $1,200; Joseph Taylor, $1,000; F. X. Befort, $1,000; Joseph Samson, $1,000; Thonias Westgarth, $750.
Superintendent of Meteorological Office and Director
Inspectors of Fisheries, W. H. Venning, $1,400;
Chief Constable of River Police at Montreal, G.
Commanders of Government Vessels, Captain J.
Inspector of Harbour Police, and Agent at Montreal,
DEPARTMENT OF MILITIA AND DEFENCE.
Minister of Militia, Hon. Sir J. R. E. A. Caron,
Deputy Minister, Lieut.-Col. E. Panet, $3,200.
Adjutant-General of Militia at Headquarters, Col.
Director of Stores, and Keeper of Militia Proper-
DEPARTMENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs, Right Hon.
Accountant, Robert Sinclair, $2,100.
DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES.
Minister of Fisheries, Hon. A. W. McLelan.
METROPOLITAN, Right Rev. J. Medley, D.D., Bishop of Fredericton.
Bishop of Fredericton, Rt. Rev. J. Medley, D.D. (1845); Rt. Rev. H. T. Kingdon, Coadjutor (1881).
Bishop of Toronto, Rt. Rev. A. Sweatman, D.D. (1879).
Bishop of British Columbia, Rt. Rev. G. Hills, D.D.
Bishop of New Westminster, Rt. Rev. A. W.
Bishop of Algoma, Rt. Rev. E. Sullivan, D.D.
Bishop of Qu'Appell, Hon. Rt. Rev. A. J. R. Anson
Province of Ontario.
Archbishop of Toronto, Most Rev. J. J. Lynch, D.D.;
Province of Nova Scotia.
Province of New Brunswick.
Province of Manitoba.
Archbishop of St. Boniface, Most Rev. A. Taché.
Bishop of Nova Scotia, Rt. Rev. H. Binney, D.D. Bishop of Vancouver's Island, Rt. Rev. J. B. Brondel (1851).
Bishop of Columbia, Rt. Rev. G. Hills, DD. (1860).
Province of Prince Edward Island.
Bishop of Ontario, Rt. Rev. J. T. Lewis, D.D., LL.D. Bishop of Charlottetown, Rt. Rev. P. McIntyre. (1862).
Bishop of Quebec, Rt. Rev. J. W. Williams, D.D.
Bishop of Huron, Rt. Rev. Maurice S. Baldwin,
Bishop of Moosonee, Rt. Rev. J. Horden, D.D. (1873).
Bishop of Niagara, Rt. Rev. Chas. Hamilton, D.D.,
Bishop of Saskatchewan, Rt. Rev. Jno. M'Lean,
Bishop of Montreal, Rt. Rev. Wm. Bond, D.D., LL.D.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CANADA. Moderator, Rev. Alex. McKnight, D.D. (1885).
METHODIST CHURCH OF CANADA.
General Superintendent of the Methodist Church in
CONSULS IN THE DOMINION.
Consul:-Montreal, Geo. B. Day.
Consuls:-Montreal, E. Schultze; Halifax, H. Consul: Halifax, Thomas Abbott.
Consul- General:-Ottawa, C. Elliott Anderson. Consuls:-Montreal, Dickson Anderson; Halifax, Geo. Fraser; St. John, N.B., Allan O. Crookshank; Winnipeg, Wm. Murdoch; Regina, Nicholas Flood Davin; Victoria, B.C., R. P. Rithet.
Vice-Consuls: -Ottawa, F.G. Boswell; Toronto,
Consul-General:-Ottawa, C. E. Anderson. Consul:- Montreal, Frederick Stancliffe.
Consul-General:-Toronto, B. Homer Dixon.
Consul:-Montreal, George B. Day.
Vice-Consul:-Halifax, John Henry Abbott.
Vice-Consuls :-Quebec, S. Suarez; Montreal,
Sweden and Norway.
Consuls :-Quebec, W. A. Schwartz; Vic. B.C., Vice-Consuls:-Ottawa, R. C. W. MacCuarg; Hamilton, S. E. Gregory; Toronto, J. S. McMurray; Montreal, J. F. Wulff; Three Rivers, G. Balcer; Rivière Ouelle, Q., A. Fraser; Chicoutimi, Q., J. G. Scott; Tadousac, Q., J. Radford; Sault-au-Cochon, Q., G. W. Forrest; Bersimis, Q., T. Girouard; Trois Pistoles, Q., N. Tétu; Rimouski, Q., G. Sylvain; Matane, Q., A. Fraser; Métis, Q., David Blair Ste. Annedes Monts, Q., T. J. Lamontagne; Gaspé, Q., F. G. Eden; Dalhousie, N.B., G. Haddow; Bathurst, N.B., John Sievewright; Caraquette. N.B., J. J. Vibert; Miramichi, N.B., J. Hutchinson; Richibucto, N.B., R. Hutchinson; Buctouche, N.B., J. C. Ross; Shediac, N.B., J. Inglis; St. John, N.B., T. Thomson: St. George, N.B., H. Ludgate; Cascumspec, P.E.I., G. W. Howlan; Pugwash, N.S., A. A. Stevens; Picton, N.S., J. R. Davies; Yarmouth, N.S., J. W. Moody; Sydney, N.S., J. E. Burchell; Quebec, E. H. J. Schwartz; Esconmain, J. Topping; Campbelltown, N.B., J. McAlister; Halifax, J. H. Mathers; Liscomb, N.S., S. Creighton; Parrsboro', N.S., A. S. Townshend; Winnipeg, J. A. Green; St. Margaret's Bay, N.S., C. R. Hill; Sheet Harbour, N.S., F. MacMillan; Bridgewater, N.S., F. B. Wade; St. Stephen, N.B., J. Mitchell.
Consul-General:-Montreal, Seargent P. Stearns.
Consul:-Windsor, N.S., Daniel K. Hobart.
Consul:-Pictou, N.S., Edmund Johnson.
Consul:-St. Stephen, N.B., Paul Lange.
Vice-Consul, Charlottetown, P.E.I., Fred. W.
N.S., Gabriel Robertson; Bridgewater, N.S., William H. Owen; Liverpool, N.S., J. W. S. Marshall; Shelburne, N.S., W. W. White; Annapolis, N.S., Jacob M. Owen; Cornwallis, N.S., Ebenezer Rand; Digby, N.S., William B. Stewart; Kempt, N.S., Fredrick A. Hobart; Parrsboro', N.S., Jonathan Hickney; Port Joggins, N.S., William Moffat; Walton, N.S., Alexander McW. Parker; Wolfville, N.S., John W. Hamilton; Yarmouth, N.S., Joseph R. Kinny; Cape Canso, N.S., Thomas C. Cook; Cow Bay, N.S., Charles Archibald; Glace Bay, N.S., David McKeen; Guysborough, N.S., E. H. Franchville; Lingan, N.S., Frederick E. Leaver; Louisburg, N.S., W. H. McAlpine; North Sydney, N.S., William Purves; Port Hastings, N.S., James G. McKeen; Port Sydney, N.S.. Frederick E. Leaver; Fredericton, N.B., Spafford Barker; Grand Manan, N.B., Joseph Lakeman; McAdam Junction, N.B., Charles F. Hoben; Newcastle, N.B., Robert R. Call; St. Andrew's, N.B., George F. Stickney; St. George, N.B., B. Randall; Cascumspec, P.E.I., George Howland; Georgetown. P. E.I., A. A. McDonald; Summerside, P.E.I., Fairley McNeill; Souris, P.E.I., Caleb C. Carleton.
Consuls:-Montreal, F. W. Henshaw; Quebec, J. Maguire.
Vice-Consuls:-Montreal, F. C. Henshaw; Sydney, N.S., H. H. Archibald; Pictou, N.S., Charles W. Ives; Bristol, N.S., S. C. Tupper; St. Mary's Bay, N.S., C. E. Everett; Annapolis, N.S., T. A. Gavaza; Quebec, C. P. Champion; Three Rivers, Q., J. McDougall; St. John, N.B., A. D. Goodwin; Ottawa, C. E. Anderson; Peterborough, Ontario, Arthur White; Halifax, H. W. C. Boak.
II. THE PROVINCES. ONTARIO AND QUEBEC (Old Canada). Canada is said to have been discovered by Sebastian Cabot in 1497; but this is not certain. In 1525, the French took possession of the country in the name of the King of France, and ten years later Cartier explored the St. Lawrence, so naming that splendid river from having entered it on St. Lawrence's day.
In 1608 Quebec, the first settlement, was founded. During their early days, and for a considerable time after, the French settlers were few in number, suffered great hardships, and were much engaged in conflicts with the Indian tribes, the aboriginal inhabitants. The principal incentives to their colonization were the profits of the fur trade and missionary zeal.
tory of Canada was ceded to Great Britain by t Treaty of Paris. It may be mentioned that three years, from 1629 to 1632, Quebec had been English possession, having been captured by o Kirk, but was retro-ceded to France by the pea of St. Germain-en-laye.
From 1763 to 1774, Canada was governed military authority, until in the latter year a nomin council was established by Act of the Parliame of Great Britain. By the same Act the Roma Catholics were allowed the free exercise of the religion: the Catholic Clergy were declared entitle to receive their accustomed dues and rights, b with respect only to those professing the Cathol religion; and in civil cases it was declared th resort should be had to the Laws of Canada for th decision of the same. The effect of this liberalit was made manifest upon the occasion of the Am rican Civil War, when the newly acquired, an then mainly Catholic province of Canada, remaine loyal to England in spite of seductive overture from the revolted Colonies.
In 1791 an Act of Parliament was passed (3 Geo. III., cap. 31), dividing Canada into tw Provinces, upper Canada (now Ontario) and lowe Canada (now Quebec), and establishing a constitu tion for each. As the form of government wa similar in each Province, a description of that o the Lower Province will suffice. By the Act of Parliament in question, the Legislative authority was vested in a Legislative Council appointed by the Crown, and in a House of Assembly elected by the inhabitants; the Lower Province was under a Governor, whilst the Upper was under a LieutenantGovernor. Both the Houses of Assembly thus created, and especially that of Lower Canada, were in constant conflict with the Executive Government from the end of the American War in 1814, until the Canadian Rebellion of 1838. The most fruitful causes of dissension were the right of the Assembly to control public expenditure, and the question of the "Clergy Reserves," lands appropriated by the Imperial Act of 1791 for the exclusive benefit of the Anglican Clergy. The immediate exciting cause of the Rebellion was the establishing, by Governor Sir John Colborne, of 37 rectories in Upper Canada.
After the reductionof the insurgents, the constitution of Lower Canada was suspended, and Lord Durham was sent out from England as Governor-General, with special powers and instructions to report on the affairs of the country. He recommended a Union of the Provinces, and indeed foreshadowed the larger confederation, which has since been adopted. In accordance with Lord Durham's recommenda tion, the two Provinces were re-united by an Act, 3rd and 4th Vic., cap. 35, and the Legislative Bodies of the united Provinces were consolidated: the new Legislative Council was to consist of not less than 20 members (it used in fact to exceed double that number); the members were appointed for life. The new House of Assembly consisted of 84 members, there being an equal proportion returned by either Province. In the same year (1840) also, Municipal Institutions were established in Canada.
The Provincial Legislature was empowered by Act 17 & 18 Vic., cap. 118 (1854), to constitute the Legislative Council an elective body.
The constitution of Canada in operation under this union was defined in its main features under title I. of the Local Consolidated Stat., 1859. Canada was divided into 125 electoral districts and boroughs. In 1759 Quebec succumbed to the British forces returning in all 130 members to the House of under General Wolfe; and in 1768 the whole terri-Assembly, 65 for Upper Canada, and 65 for Lower